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COLONIAL AND ASIATIC
JULY TO DECEMBER, 1852.
AND SOLD BY
TRELAWNEY SAUNDERS, CHARING CROSS ;
COLONIAL AND ASIATIC REVIEW.
OUR COLONIAL POLICY.
The ancient Greeks went forth carrying with them their Lares and Penates, their arts, sciences, and social refinements, in ready formed societies, embracing every age and rank, planting at once not only the seeds of freedom, but freedom itself in the tree in full vigour, ready to take root and be fruitful.
Some distinguished soldier or statesman acted as the leader of the Colony, and when it became a settled state, the chief magistracy usually gratified his ambition.
The parent state retained no hold on the allegiance of those who had gone forth to found new habitations ; but they were united by the bonds of mutual interest and affection. Instead of being Colonies, as we understand the term, they were allies. But where there was no acknowledged supremacy, there could be no real unity of action or cohesion, as amongst several communities looking up to a common head. They only too much resembled their parent states, in the jealous sensitiveness with which they watched their liberties, to form with them, or with each other, a united and powerful empire or confederation.
The Romans planted military Colonies, both as a reward to their victorious legions and to keep newly subdued provinces from disaffection. Virgil, we find, petitioning Augustus successfully to restore to him his patrimony in Mantua, which had been granted to a centurion ; Mantua having, at that time, been converted into a Colony to appease the clamours of the war-worn troops, who demanded on their return from foreign service a settlement in Italy.
VOL. 1., NO. I.