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(Section 10. The provisions of these regulations relating to the collection of samples and hearings before the Secretary of Agriculture or his representative have no application to proceedings instituted under section 10 of the statute.)
REGULATION 21. IMPORTS.
(Section 11.) All Paris green and lead arsenate imported into the United States will be considered to be intended for use as insecticides and treated accordingly, unless the contrary is shown.
REGULATION 22. IMPORTS—DECLARATION.
(Section 11.) All invoices of insecticides, Paris greens, lead arsenates, and fungicides imported into the United States shall be accompanied by a declaration of the shipper, made before a United States consular officer, as follows: I,.....
...,the undersigned, do hereby
(Name in full)
declare that I am the....
.of the mer
(Manufacturer or shipper) chandise herein mentioned, which consists of insecticides, Paris greens, lead arsenates, or fungicides. None of this merchandise is falsely labeled in any respect, nor dangerous to the health of the people of the United States, nor forbidden entry into, nor sale, in nor restricted in sale in, the country in which it is made or from which it is exported. The merchandise was manufactured in by
and is (Country)
(Name of manufacturer) exported from.
..consigned to... (City)
. day of.....
REGULATION 23. IMPORTS-RELEASE ON BOND.
(Section 11.) Consignments of insecticides, Paris green, lead arsenates, or fungicides sought to be imported into the United States may be delivered to the consignee before examination to determine whether they are adulterated or misbranded, upon the execution and delivery by the consignee of a penal bond in a sum equivalent to the invoice value of the consignment, including the duty, conditioned upon the prompt return of the consignment to customs custody, upon demand by the Secretary of the Treasury or his representative.
REGULATION 24. IMPORTS—HEARING.
(Section 11.) If upon examination or analysis of a sample from a consignment of insecticides, Paris greens, lead arsenates, or fungicides adulteration or misbranding appears, the owner or consignee shall be promptly notified of the nature of the charge and the time and place at which consideration as to the disposition of the consignment will take place, in order that he may appear and introduce evidence.
REGULATION 25. IMPORTS-DETENTION.
(Section 11.) A reasonable time will be allowed the owner or consignee to secure evidence for sonsideration in connection with charges of misbranding or adulteration. lf after examination or analysis of a sainple from a consignment of insecticides, Paris greens, lead, arsenates, or fungicides, such sample has been found not to comply with the provisions of the act and, after a hearing granted to the owner or consignee of the goods shall have been held, all the evidence in the case, including the sample, shall be transmitted to such official stationed in Washington as Secretary of Agriculture may designate for examination or analysis. If it then appears that the consignment may not lawfully be imported into the United States in consideration of the results of the analysis or examination of the said sample, the Secretary of Agriculture shall report to the Secretary of the Treasury that the particular importation is adulterated or misbranded, as the case may be, under the provisions of the Insecticide Act of 1910.
Paris green and arsenate of lead carry their standard, but if either of these articles, or any other arsenical preparation is used for making another insecticide or fungicide the per cent of metallic arsenic must be on the label, also the percent of other constituents in said insecticide or fungicide.
Any article used for an insecticide or fungicide, or for making such articles shall contain percent of other ingredients, also name and per cent of other constituents.
Articles that are used for making insecticides or fungicide, but contain no such properties may be mentioned under one item as inert matter.
I submit a rule for estimating the per cent of arsenicum. Refer to some work on chemistry or the U. S. P. and ascertain the molecular weight of the arsenical article, and estimate the weight of metallic arsenic in a given quantity of it, and from this the percentage of AS, in the mixture.
Convert all quantities into grains, and divide the weight of arsenical article used by the molecular weight of the specified article (thuis being the number of molecules used), multiply this by the atonic weight of arsenicum AS2. Multiply this by 100 and divide the result by the sum total weight of your product. Thus giving the per cent of metallic arsenicum AS, in the mixture.
·Arsenic Trioxide :
Molecular Weight 197.8
Use for Mixture 197.8 (1X149.8=149.8.
This example showing 197.8 grains of Arsenic Trioxide used= 7.57 per cent of Arsenicum AS, and 2.43 per cent of oxigen. The latter must be accounted for in making such mixture and may be considered as inert matter. A multiply of this may be made for quantity used.
Jones & Co. may wish to make an insecticide of their own. Tlus: of Arsenic Trioxide 20 per cent, Indigo 20 per cent, lime, sand or saw dust 60 per cent. The quantities figured and labeled as follows:
In estimating the per cent there is a loss of 4.86 per ce of oxigen which must be accounted for and may be done as inert matter.
For Treating Grain for Smut and for Disinfectant Purposes.
Directions—Mix one pound of Formaldehyde in about sixty gallons of water. (Do not use less than forty-five gallons of water or it may destroy the grain.) Wet the grain thoroughly with the solution. Also treat inside seeder with the solution.
For disinfecting purposes use the same solution. Sprinkle in all places where a disinfectant is required. For closets and cesspools use one-half pound to five gallons of water and pour into closets and cesspools.
Antidote—Give an emetic of two teaspoonfuls of mustard stirred with enough water to form a creamy mixture. Follow with mild alkaline drinks; a teaspoonful of baking soda or a teaspoonful or aromatic spirit of ammonia in a glass of water. Inhale ammonia.
This makes a legal label for the U. S. P. article when sold in large quantities as an insecticide or fungicide. The directions and antidote are advisable on such articles. If either is required by any of the States, such information can be found in Wells' Guide, under the respective State Laws.
When sold in small quantities as a medicine the simple term as shown in Wells' Guide meets all legal requirements.
The Commissioners do not give specific directions for the making up of labels, as those of the Pure Drug Law.
My deduction from their statements is that they want a label that is easily understood, so I suggest that the Pure Drug Law instructions be followed thus: The percent follows the name of the article without line space or intervening matter between them, but a line or a space between the percent and following matter. That the per cent be printed in type not smalled than 8-point caps, Brevier, and that two per cents should not be on the same line.