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DAVID'S CHARG E.
(1 CHRONICLES XXVIII, xxix.) David, who had long filled the throne of Israel, finding that he was on the borders of the grave, appointed his successor in the person of his son Solomon. This was known to Adonijah, his eldest surviving son, who, notwithstanding, took measures to obtain the throne for himself. But he was unsuccessful. Hearing of his rebellion, David caused Solomon to be publicly crowned, and, the voice of the people being generally in his favour, Adonijah dropped his ambitious designs, and sank into retirement.
Shortly after this, the aged monarch called a general assembly of the nation, to ratify the coronation of Solomon, and to make a public declaration of his views and designs. Standing up on his feet, he addressed the assembly at considerable length. He pointed out how the sceptre had been assigned to Judah; and in the tribe of Judah, to the family of Jesse; and of the sons of Jesse, to himself; and of his own children, to Solomon.
David's charge was not confined to the ratification of the coronation of Solomon. His heart had long been inflamed with pious zeal for the honour of God, and he had long meditated the erection of a temple, on the fair site of the hill of Zion, where his people might assemble, and unite in prayer and praise to his holy
This is discovered in his inimitable verse:
Lord, remember David,
An habitation for the mighty God of Jacob. Psa. cxxxii. 1-5. This pious resolve of David was not forgotten in his old age. Neither prosperity nor adversity abated his zeal, and hence this object formed a conspicuous feature in his charge. After explaining the reason why he had been prevented from carrying his design into effect — because he had been engaged in war—he exhorted Solomon and the nation to erect the temple, according to the
Nor go up
model which he had himself supplied, and to contribute liberally towards it, in addition to the stores and materials which he had, in the course of his reign, been enabled to provide. His personal address to Solomon is replete with interest and instruction :-“ And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. Take heed now; for the Lord hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.—Be strong, and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the Lord God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord. And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they shall be with thee for all the service of the house of God: and there shall be with thee for all manner of workmanship, every willing skilful man, for any manner of service: also the princes and all the people will be wholly at thy commandment.” 1 Chron. xxviii. 9, 10—20.
In the course of his address to Solomon, the aged monarch gave him the pattern of the Temple, and an account of the gold and silver which he had collected for the hallowed work. But, great as this amount was, it was not sufficient for the magnificent Temple he contemplated, and hence he exhorted the assembly to assist in the undertaking. His discourse was so animated, that his people responded to his exhortations by making the most liberal contributions on the spot, towards its erection. Their zeal was so great, that, in contemplation of it, David uttered this noble and devout thanksgiving to Jehovah :-“Blessed be thou, Lord God of Israel our Father, for ever and ever. Thine, O Lord, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine: thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou art exalted as head above all. Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand is power and might; and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all. Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name. But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we