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MINING LOCATIONS OR CLAIMS Continued.
as permanent monument, 212, 229, 443.
possessory title legal in character, 120.
property, 9, 32, 93, 122, 123, 188, 701.
of locator, 56, 404.

subject to taxation, 123.
purchase from Government, 22.
real estate, 124, 188.

under State of Utah, 125.
ascertaining boundaries of, 443.
asphaltum lands, 532.

assessment work performed by grantee, 250.

assignee protected by State registration statutes, 122.

assignee's right to patent, 329.

association claim limited to statutory size, 63.

authority of Land Department in granting patent, 63.
Secretary, 293.

authorized by Colorado statute, 182.
based on discovery, 64.

by third person, 1047.
basis for obtaining patent, 404.
of possessory rights, 515.

becomes mining claim after being located, 22.

below high-water mark on river, 53.

beneficial character of improvements, 346.
benefits of discovery, 181.

Black Hills Reservation, 1187.
boundaries must be readily traceable, 310.
buildings as improvements, 347.
burden of proof, 33.

as against surveyor's return, 1196.
to cutting timber on, 1327.

on town-site entryman to show nonmineral character, 1381.
by alien not subject to attack by individuals, 32.
cancellation of mineral entry, 59.

can not extend beyond end of lode, 61.

rest upon imaginary existence of vein, 63.
carries grant of easement from Government, 21.
carved out by vertical plane, 648.

cash entry of coal lands, 732, 735, 785.

central idea is discovery, 649.

certainty in description, 232.
certificate of, admissible in evidence, 874.
change of boundaries, 224.

name before record, 212.
surface lines, 182.

character of placer location, 94.
citizen authorized to make, 26.
citizenship and proof, 28.

of locator not determined by court in Alaska, 910.
⚫laim and location synonymous, 179.

may refer to single or consolidated location, 338.
not included in reservations, 189.
partly within town site, 331.
"claimant" means locator, 535.
protected by protest, 375.
classes of titles, 116.

recognized by mining statutes, 574.

closes contract of purchase, 22.

coincidence of lode and placer claims, 557.

colorable locations in forest reserve not protected, 1168.
compliance with all requirements, 49.

law after withdrawal of Indian lands, 957.
mining statutes necessary, 36.

statutes necessary, 49, 112, 178, 694, 974.

conditional estate forfeited by failure to perform labor, 702.

condition for sale of adjoining land, 654.

MINING LOCATIONS OR CLAIMS-Continued.
conditions as to ownership, 187.
possession, 187.

for obtaining patent, 662.

imposed on sale of adjoining lands, 654
conflict area forfeited by senior locator, 257.
between patent and monument, 505.
of lode and placer claims, 158.
conflicting claims settled by court, 719.
extralateral rights, 158.
locations, 183.

rights determined by adverse claim, 184.
conforming to public survey, 49.
statute as to length, 648.
conformity to miners' rules, 196.

contents of record, 177, 701.

contestants, 33.

connected with survey or monument, 849.
connecting with mineral monuments, 321.
public survey, 342.

township line and section corners, 849.
consists in appropriating mineral land according to requirements, 180.
of acts by which possession of minerals is acquired, 50.
mineral-bearing vein or lode and surface ground, 50.
construction of location statute, 111.

provisions for marking boundaries, 178.

before recognized by department, 196.

contests over, determined by court proceedings, 430.
contract for survey, 579.

controversies determined by law of possession, 832.
conveyance and forfeiture of coowner's interest, 276.

by deed, 93, 188.
locator, 56.

one coowner, 276.

of vein or lode, 648.

to separate persons, 94.

coowner may acquire interest of other, 274.

interest forfeited after notice, 275.
to be forfeited, 276.
right to patent, 279.

coowners, 177, 271.

who are, 272.

corner tied to public survey or mineral monument, 321.
corporation, 27.

as joint locator, 28.

cost of improvements as a basis of value, 355.

course of discovery vein determines lines for all veins, 149.

courses and distances must be followed in absence of monument, 443.

court may determine method of locating deposit, 467.

criminal liability for robbing or destroying in Alaska, 909.

cross locations unauthorized, 144.

crosswise of vein, 82, 144.

curved figure, 62.

cutting timber on, 1335, 1352.

limited to use of claim, 1335.
damages for appropriation for right of way, 1144.
date of location on abandoned ground, 262.
defined in adverse-claim proceedings, 465.
definition of, 179.

lode, 649.
vein, 649.

delinquent coowner entitled to notice, 275.

may be advertised out, 274.
Department regulations as to conflicting claims, 158.
dependence of steps in making, upon each other, 54.
dependent on discovery, 56, 71.

MINING LOCATIONS OR CLAIMS-Continued.

description, 177, 225, 340, 504.

survey, 701.

and connection with
survey, 701.

by reference to natural objects or monuments, 227, 321, 340, 700, 701.
in notice or record, 226.

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division among several by locator, 94.

dower rights in, 33.

duty of locator to protect against trespass, 123.
effect and rights within forest reservation, 1168.
validity on lands not subject to, 310.
as against railroad grant, 1189.

grant from Government, 56, 111, 700.
establishing mineral character of land, 1295.
segregation of lands, 542.

of cross location on extralateral rights, 144.
customs, 642.

destruction of notice, 206.

excessive location, 695.

failure to comply with miners' rules, 196.
perform assessment work, 255.
record in Alaska, 899.

forfeiture of senior on junior location, 257.
general finding as to right of possession, 873.
intersecting claim, 139.

irregular location, 59, 138.

on extralateral rights, 144.

local laws, 642.

statutes on, 506.
location, 21, 56.

as notice, 700.

within limits of prior location, 184.
marking on surface, 57.
miners' regulations on, 506.
mistake in description, 232.
on timber and stone entry, 1316.

MINING LOCATIONS OR CLAIMS-Continued.
effect of patent as a conveyance,
34.

for placer location on lode location, 310.
priority of location on extralateral rights, 157.
relocation, 704.

removal of stakes and markings, 92.
surface boundary lines, 696.

Sutro tunnel act, 629.

triangular location, 85, 145.

want of discovery on adverse claim, 379.
within forest reservation, 1168.
zigzag, 59, 64.

on classification of railroad lands, 1155.
lands returned as agricultural, 53.

withdrawn from private entry, 1390.

of homestead entry, 1322.

town-site patent, 1381.

to segregate area from public domain, 56.

when in form of triangle, 60.

interest of alien escheats, 30.

where discovery shaft is upon prior location, 88.

embraces prior location, 310.

end lines pass through discovery shaft, 323.
located within line of Sutro tunnel, 1385.
surface lines are laid on private property, 93.
peaceably laid on senior location, 86.

ejectment against trespasser, 703.
proof as against stranger, 117.

elements of property, 93.

embraces definite tract of land and vein, 51.

employees of General Land Office can not make, 27.

end lines. See title End lines.

enlisted persons exempted from assessment work, 287.

enterable in Minnesota, 630.

entries on, not suspended by, 1155.

entry, 189.

and effect, 391.

as notice, 701.

canceled, 398.

equivalent to patent, 189.

for patent and extent of area, 707.

of town site on, 1366.

equitable right on payment of purchase price, 250.

evidences of discovery, 79.

excepted from amendatory acts of California and Nevada, 1277.

grant to California, 1260.

Indian lands reserved, 974.

railroad grants, 1109, 1116.
town-site patent, 1382.

excess of lineal feet on the surface harmless, 648.

excessive, 90, 514, 647.

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