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36 STAT. 1, p. 4, JULY 2, 1909.
AN ACT To provide for the Thirteenth and subsequent decennial censuses.
Be it enacted, etc., That a census of the population, agriculture, manufactures, and mines and quarries of the United States shall be taken by the Director of the Census in the year 1910, and every 10 years therafter.
SEC. 8. * The schedules of inquiries relating to manufactures and to mines and quarries shall include the name and location of each establishment; character of organization, whether individual, cooperative, or other form; character of business or kind of goods manufactured; amount of capital actually invested; number of proprietors, firm members, copartners, stockholders, and officers and the amount of their salaries; number of employees and the amount of their wages; quantity and cost of materials used in manufactures; amount of miscellaneous expenses; quantity and value of products; time in operation during the census year; character and quantity of power used, and character and number of machines employed.
The census of manufactures and of mines and quarries shall relate to the year ending December 31 next preceding the enumeration of population and shall be confined to mines and quarries and manufacturing establishments which were in active operation during all or a portion of that year. (Amended 36 Stat. 227.)
SEC. 24. And it shall be the duty of every owner, president, treasurer, secretary, director, or other officer or agent of any manufacturing establishment, mine, quarry, or other establishment of productive industry, whether conducted as a corporation, firm, limited-liability company, or by private individuals, when requested by the Director of the Census or by any supervisor, enumerator, special agent, or other employee of the Census Office acting under the instructions of the said director, to answer completely and correctly to the best of his knowledge all questions on any census schedule applying to such establishment. Remainder of section imposes penalty.)
36 STAT. 227, FEBRUARY 25, 1910. CENSUS REPORTS-AMENDMENT.
AN ACT To amend section 8 of an act to provide for the Thirteenth and subsequent decennial censuses, approved July 2, 1909.
SEC. 8. *
* The schedules of inquiries relating to manufactures and to mines and quarries shall include the name and location of
each establishment; character of organization, whether individual, cooperative, or other form; character of business or kind of goods manufactured; amount of capital actually invested; number of proprietors, firm members, copartners, stockholders, and officers, and the amount of their salaries; number of employees and the amount of their wages; quantity and cost of materials used in manufactures; amount of miscellaneous expenses; quantity and value of products; time in operation during the census year; character and quantity of power used, and character and number of machines employed. The census of manufactures and of mines and quarries shall relate to the year ending December 31 next preceding the enumeration of population and shall be confined to mines and quarries and manufacturing establishments which were in active operation during all or a portion of that year.
24 STAT. 310, p. 329, AUGUST 5, 1886.
AN ACT Making an appropriation for the construction, repair, and preservation of certain public works on rivers and harbors, etc.
Be it enacted, etc.,
SEC. 2. That in places where harbor lines nave not been established, and where deposits of débris of mines or stamp works can be made without injury to navigation, within lines to be established by the Secretary of War, said officer may, and is hereby authorized to, cause such lines to be established; and within such lines such deposits may be made, under regulations to be from time to time prescribed by him.
DÉBRIS DEPOSITS COMMISSION-CALIFORNIA.
AN ACT For the investigation of the mining-débris question in California.
Be it enacted, etc., That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed to detail three officers from the Engineers Corps of the United States Army as a commission for the purpose of making a thorough examination and investigation of the mining-débris question in the State of California, for the purpose of ascertaining whether some plan can be devised whereby the present conflict between the mining and farming sections may be adjusted and the mining industry rehabilitated; and for a complete examination of the injured navigable river channels, their tributaries and lands adjacent thereto, with a view to the improvement and rectification of said rivers. And that the sum of $10,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this act, said sum to be expended at the discretion of the Secretary of War; the said commission to report as early as practicable to the Secretary of War the result of their investigation, and the Secretary of War shall make report thereof to Congress.
27 STAT. 393, FEBRUARY 25, 1892.
JOINT RESOLUTION Investigating mining débris in California.
Resolved, etc., That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, requested to submit for the consideration of Congress what amounts can be profitably expended during the coming year to carry out the
recommendations made by the commission of engineers, United States Army, appointed under the provisions of an act of Congress approved October 1, 1888, entitled "An act to investigate mining débris in California," for "restriction works, dams, and wingdams, to restrain the mining débris where now situated, and prevent its lodgment in the rivers of California, to the injury of navigation and commerce.'
27 STAT. 507, MARCH 1, 1893.
CALIFORNIA DÉBRIS COMMISSION-HYDRAULIC MINING.
AN ACT To create the California Débris Commission and regulate hydraulic mining in the State of California.
Be it enacted, etc., That a commission is hereby created, to be known as the California Débris Commission, consisting of three members. The President of the United States shall, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint the commission from officers of the Corps of Engineers, United States Army. Vacancies occurring therein shall be filled in like manner. It shall have the authority, and exercise the powers hereinafter set forth, under the supervision of the Chief of Engineers and direction of the Secretary of War.
SEC. 2. That said commission shall organize within 30 days after its appointment by the selection of such officers as may be required in the performance of its duties, the same to be selected from the members thereof. The members of said commission shall receive no greater compensation than is now allowed by law to each, respectively, as an officer of said corps of engineers. It shall also adopt rules and regulations, not inconsistent with law, to govern its deliberations and prescribe the methods of procedure under the provisions of this act.
SEC. 3. That the jurisdiction of said commission, in so far as the same affects mining carried on by the hydraulic process, shall extend to all such mining in the territory drained by the Sacramento and San Joaquin River systems in the State of California. Hydraulic mining, as defined in section 8 hereof, directly or indirectly injuring the navigability of said river systems, carried on in said territory other than as permitted under the provisions of this act is hereby prohibited and declared unlawful.
SEC. 4. That it shall be the duty of said commission to mature and adopt such plan or plans, from examinations and surveys already made and from such additional examinations and surveys as it may deem necessary, as will improve the navigability of all the rivers comprising said systems, deepen their channels, and protect their banks. Such plan or plans shall be matured with a view of making the same effective as against the encroachment of and damage from débris resulting from mining operations, natural erosion, or other causes, with a view of restoring, as near as practicable and the necessities of commerce and navigation demand, the navigability of said rivers to the condition existing in 1860, and permitting mining by the hydraulic process, as the term is understood in said State, to be carried on, provided the same can be accomplished, without injury to the navigability of said rivers or the land adjacent thereto.
SEC. 5. That it shall further examine, survey, and determine the utility and practicability, for the purposes hereinafter indicated, of storage sites in the tributaries of said rivers and in the respective branches of said tributaries, or in the plains, basins, sloughs, and tule and swamp lands adjacent to or along the course of said rivers, the storage of débris or water or as settling reservoirs, with the obI using the same by either or all of these methods to aid in the improvement and protection of said navigable rivers by preventing deposits therein of débris resulting from mining operations, natural erosion, or other causes, or for affording relief thereto in flood time and providing sufficient water to maintain scouring force therein in the summer season; and in connection therewith to investigate such hydraulic and other mines as are now or may have been worked by methods intended to restrain the débris and material moved in operating such mines by impounding dams, settling reservoirs, or otherwise, and in general to make such study of and researches in the hydraulic mining industry as science, experience, and engineering skill may suggest as practicable and useful in devising a method or methods whereby such mining may be carried on as aforesaid.
SEC. 6. That the said commission shall from time to time note the conditions of the navigable channels of said river systems, by crosssection surveys or otherwise, in order to ascertain the effect therein of such hydraulic mining operations as may be permitted by its orders and such as is caused by erosion, natural or otherwise.
SEC. 7. That said commission shall submit to the Chief of Engineers, for the information of the Secretary of War, on or before the 15th day of November of each year, a report of its labors and transactions, with plans for the construction, completion, and preservation of the public works outlined in this act, together with estimates of the cost thereof, stating what amounts can be profitably expended thereon each year. The Secretary of War shall thereupon submit same to Congress on or before the meeting thereof.
SEC. 8. That for the purposes of this act "hydraulic mining" and "mining by the hydraulic process," are hereby declared to have the meaning and application given to said terms in said State.
SEC. 9. That the individual proprietor or proprietors, or in case of a corporation its manager or agent appointed for that purpose, owning mining ground in the territory in the State of California mentioned in section 3 hereof, which it is desired to work by the hydraulic process, must file with said commission a verified petition, setting forth such facts as will comply with law and the rules prescribed by said commission.
SEC. 10. That said petition shall be accompanied by an instrument duly executed and acknowledged, as required by the law of the said Štate, whereby the owner or owners of such mine or mines surrender to the United States the right and privilege to regulate by law, as provided in this act, or any law that may hereafter be enacted, or by such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by virtue thereof, the manner and method in which the débris resulting from the working of said mine or mines shall be restrained, and what amount shall be produced therefrom; it being understood that the surrender aforesaid shall not be construed as in any way affecting