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THIS beautiful Gate is one of the en- the Fifth was a great contributor to the
trances into the Area of the Cathe- decoration of Norwich Cathedral, as his dral, and was built by Sir Thomas Er- arms very often occur in different parts of piagham about the year 1417. It may the fabric, be fupposed that this favourite of Henry
AT the desire of some Correspondents, Susanna, 4. Lady Louisa, s. Lady
we deviate this Month from our usual Georgina.
The Duchess of Gordon is the danghter by patent, dated July the 4th in that year,
grapher Mr. Spence, might be deprived of his eye-light by the small-pox. esteemed one of the most extraordinary His father (who by his son's account of characters that has appeared in this or any
him muft have been a particular,y good ether age. He was the son of a poor man) had intended to breed hiin up to tra-lesman at Annan, in Scotland, his own, or some other trade : but as this where he was born in the year 1721. Be- misfortune rendered him incapable of
any, * His father and mother were natives of the county of Cumberland, where his paternal sceltors lived from time immemorial. They generally followed agriculture ; and were diftingu:lhed for a knowledge and humanity above their sphere, His father was an honest aid worthy tradesman, had been in good circumstances, but was reduced by a series of mis. fortones
. His mother was daughter of Mr. Richard Raé, an extensive dealer in cattle, a con. fiderable business in thas county ; and was equally esteemed as a map of fortune and impor.
all 415950 B :
all that this worthy parent could do, was to, it was from that time that he began, to thew the utmolt care and attention that by degrees, to be fomewhat more talked he was able toward him, in so unfortunate of, and his extraordinary talents more a firmation ; and this goodneís of his left known. It was about a year after that so itrong an impression on the mind of he was sent for 10 Edinburgh by Dr. his fon, that he ever spoke of it * with the Stevenson, a man of taite, and one of the greatelt warmth of gratitude and affection. physicians in that city; who had the goodWhat was wanting to this poor youth neis to supply him with every thing nefrom the loss of his fight and the narrow- cessary for his living and studying in the ness of his fo.tune, seems to have been re- University there. Dr. Blackluck looked paid him in the goodness of his heart and on this gentleman as his Mæcenas; and the capacities of his mind. It was very the poem placed at the entrance to his early that he thewed a strong inclination works was a gratitude-piece addrefiled to toward poctry in particular. His father hin, in imitation of the firit ode of Ho. and a few of his other friends used often race to that great patron. to read, to divert him : and among the He haci got some rudiments of Latin in rest, they read several paflages out of tome his youth, but could not easily read a Laof our poets. These were lis chief de- tin author till he was ncar twenty, when light and entertainment, He heard them Dr. Stevenson put him to a grammarnot only with an uncommon pleasure, but school in Edinburgh. He afterwards with a sort of congenial enthusiasin; and fudied in that University; where he not from loving and admiring them to much, only perfected himielf in Latin, but also he foon began to endeavour to imitate went through all the beit Greek authors them. Among these early essays of his with a very lively peature. He was also genius, there was one which is intented a master of the French language, which he in his works. It was composed wlien acquired by his mtimacy in the fainily of he was but twelve ycars old; and has Mr. Provott Alexander, whole lady was a something very pretty in the turn of it; Parisian. and very promiling, for one of lo tender After he had followed his studies at
Edinburgh for four years, he retieated Providence was so kind as to indulge from thence into the country, on the him in the affistance of this good father breaking out of the rebellion in 1745 ; till he was nineteen, in the year 1740: and it was during this recets that he was and as this misfortune, when it did hap- prevailed or hy some of his friends to pent, neceilitated his falling into more publith a little collection of his poems at Sands than he had ever before been used Glasgow. When that ioinpest was blown
Where now, ah! where is that supporting arm
See his Poems, p. 158. 410 edition. + Dr. Blacklock's father was a bricklayer, and being informed that a kiln belonging to a son in-law of his was giving way, his folicitude for his interest made him venture in below th- ribs to fer where the failure lay; when the principz! beam coming di'wn upon him, with eight; b.dels of malt, which were upon the kiin at that time, he was in one moment erulised to death,
over, and the calm entirely restored, he re- mend him more to the public esteem, than turned again to the University of Edin- the united talents of an accomplifhed burgh, and purned his Itudies there for writer.” fix years more. The second edition of his
Among his particular virtes, one of poeins was published by him there, in the the firit to be admired was his case and beginning of the year 1754, very much contentedness of mind under so many improved and enlarged; and they might circumstances, any one almost of which have been much more numerous than they might be thought capable of depressing it. were, had he not hewn a great deal more Considering the meanness of his birth; the nicenefs and delicacy than is usual ; and lowness of his situation; the defpicableress kept several pieces from the press for wa- (at least as he himielf so spoke of it) fons which seemed much stronger to him- of his person ; the narrownels and dit. felf, than they did to his friends, fome of ficulties of his fortune ; and, above all, whom were concerned at his excess of his so early loss of his sight, and his infcrupulousness, and much withed not to capacity from thence of any way relieving have had liim deprived of so much more. himet under all these burthens; it may reputation, nor the world of so many poe- be reckoned no finall degree of virtue in tical beauties as abounded in them. him, even not to have been generally
Dr. Blacklock during liis ten years difpirited and complaining. ftudies at the University “ not only ac- Each of these humiliating circumstances quired," as Mr. Hu:me wrote to a friend, he spoke of in some part or other of his
a great knowledge in the Greek, Latin, poems; but what he ciwelt upon with the and French languages, but also made a molt laring cast of melancholy was his confiderable progress in all the sciences;' loss of light, which in cne place carries and (what is yet more extraordinary) him on in a deploring style for above fifiy has aitained a considerable excellence in lines together. But at the same time it poetry; though the chief inlets for poetical orght to be considered, that this is in a ideas were barred up in him, and ail the picce writen when his fpirits were partie visible beauties of the creation had been cularly depressed by an incident that very long lince totally blotted out of his meino- nearly threatened his life * ; from which he ry. How far he contrived, by the un- had but jult escaped with a great deal of common force of his genius, to compen- difficulty, and with all the terrors of lo fete for this vaf défect; with what eles great a danger, and the dejection occagance and harmony he often wrote; with lioned by them juft froh upon his mind. how much propriety, how much sense, It is in the fame melancholy Poem that and how much emotion, are things as he exprefled his dread of falling into exeasy to be perceived in reading his poems, treme want, in the following very Itrong as they would be difficult to be fully ac- and moving manner : counted for. Considered in either of these points, he will appear to have a great Dejecting prospect !-soon the hapless hour ihare of merit; but if thoroughly contider: May comic-- perhaps, this moment it inied in all together, we are very inuch in
pends !-clined to say, (with his friend Mr. Which drives me forth to penury and cold, Hume) as he may be regarded as a pro
Naked, and beat by all the Iturms of digy."
Heav'n, Of his moral character Mr. Hume ob- Friendless, and guideless, to explore my served, " that his modesty was equal to the
way ; goodness of his disposition, and the beauty Till on cold earth this poor unshelter'd of his genius ;” and the author of the ac
head count presixed to his works, speaking of Reclining, vainly from the ruthless blast the pieces which Dr. Blacklock would not Respite I beg; and, in the frock, expire. suffer to be printed, and wirich, he said, However, his good sense and religion abounded with so many poetical beanties enabled him to get the better of thele that nothing could do him greater honour, fears and of all his other calamities in correcting himself, added, “ yet I must his calmer hours; and indeed, in this very ftill except his private character, which, Poem (which is the most gloomy of any were it generally known., would recom- he had written), he seemed to have a gleam
See the beginning of his Soliloqny, p. 153 ; a Poem (as he there fays) occasioned by his escape from falling into a decp wel!; where he must have been irrecoverably loft, ii a favourite lap-dog had not (by the found of its feet upon the board with which the well was covered) warned him of his danger.
of of light fall in upon his mind, and re- situation in the University of Edinburgh *. covered himself enough to express his hopes In 1760 he contributed some Poems to a that the care of Providence, which had Scotch' collection publithed at Edinburgh hitherto always protected him, would in that year, and being there ftyled the again interfere, and diilipate the clouds Rev. Mr. Blacklock, it appears he had that were gathering over him.
then entered into Holy Orders. About Towards the close of ihe same piece, 1766 he obtained the degree of Inoctor be fliewed not only that he was fatisfied of Divinity; and in 1767 published “ Pawiih bis own cundi.ion, but that he could raciens ; or, Contulations deduced from diicover some very great bleilings in it; Natural and Revcaded Religion, in two and through the general courte of his other Dirtations,” 8vo. In 1768 he printed poenis, one may discern such a juities “ Two Dilcourtes on the Spirit and of thinking about the things of this world, Evidences of Christianity," trantiated and such an ealy and contented turn of from the French of Mr. James Armand, mind, as was every way becoming a good and dedicated to the Rev. Moderator of christian and a good philofopher. the General Asiembly," 8vo.; and in 1774
This was the character given of our preciuces The Graham; an Heroic Auibor by Mr. Spence, who in the year Ballad, in four Cantos 4tc. In 1776 ap1754 took upon himseif the patronage of peared “ Remarks on the Nature and ExDr. Blacklock, and fuccuisfully intro- tent of Liberty as compatible with the duced him to the notice of public. In Genius of Civil Societies ; on the Printhat
ус аг he published a painphiet, entitled, ciples of Governmeni, and the proper li. “An Account of the Life, Character, mits of its Powers in Free States ; and on and Poems of Mr. Blacklock, Student of the Justice and Policy of the American Philosophy in the Univertity of Edin- War; occafioned by peruling the Obferbugh,” Svo. which, with fome improve. vations of Dr. Price on thele Subjects," mints, was prehixed to a Quarto Edition Svo. Edinburgh. This we have been of Dr Blacklock's Puerns published by assured was wriiten by our Author, who fubfcription. By this public tion a con. at length, at the age of 70, died during tiserable tiim of money was obtained, and the course of the priient month. foon afier our Poet was fixed in an eligible
CHARACTER of the late Dr. CULLEN, from a WORK of Dr. TROTTER,
HE history of this great man's opinions the faith of those physicians and pröfeffors
forms an important epoch in medic who thought that the doctrines of Boercine and philofophy; not inerely becauie baave could neither be refuted or admithis doctrines archieved a revolution in ted of improvement. medical science ; but “ nullius iriditus
This arduous taik he lived to accom. jurare verba magijiri,” he taught us how plith. Hoffmann had before faid, that unito think for ourleves, pointed out a me- vertal pathology was to be more certainly thod of investigation unknown to our pre- and calily expiained « ex virio motuur decilors, and items to have been the first microcojmicorum in folidis, quàm ex vaphysician that received nothing gratui. riis affectionibus vitiorum humorum," tovliy, or what was not supported by ra- on which Dr. Cullen founded his princitional induction.
ples ;--and hence the overthrow of the Puffered of a genius quick of appre- humo; al pathology. hention, original ard univerta), he seemed It was leli iv him to finish the work, to formed by nature for the trudy and prac- beautify the whole, and to polith it into tice of an art, that must for ever in time fyttam; and while the disciples of the decree bc conjectural, where to large a Boerhaavian fchool were accumulating field is left for ingenuity to explore, and uppetitions on lentor and! acrimony, and for the knowledge of which a thorough ac. straining tacis to confirm the doctries of qua ntance with the auxiliary branines of their matter, the spirit of Cullen arose. teience is to higtily necefiary.
Bului, acute, penetrating and comprehenA mind to richly endowedt, icon perceived five, fraught with all the resouces of orithe imperfections of the reigning fytiems of ginality io correct prejudice', develope physic, and his first clinicai leciues in the tiror, or enlighten diicuery, he tiod be.. Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh staggered neath him the dominion of authority that
* In His Dedication of the Second Part of “ Paraclefis” to Mr. Sper.ce, he says, “ It is in your kind patronage that I owe my introduction into the republic of letters, and to - berevolence in some measure my preient comíos table situation."
fubdued ito immediate and original feale, signifies the
fubdued the energy of enquiry: not like long as his health permitted, a day in the the plod der in science, he selected only week was set apart for converting with from the labour of ages that was luited to students ; and in this perhaps we see an the dignity of his fubject, and the great- exalted character in the most amiable point bels of his purpose ; and finally, he turn- of view, when the austerity of the preceped the tide of searching for the proxi. tor is laid aside to communicate know. mate causes of diseases from the fanciful ledge through colloquial society. He itu. hypothesis of a depraved state of the fluids, died the profeifion, as he said, “ to its proper channel the more rational a:rore," and he rejoiced to inculcate the and refined investigation of a vital princi- love of it in others. By these means he ple, and the primary moving, powers in became the favourite professor and dailing animals. Before he came to the practical among students : witness the affectionate chair, he had been profesor in all the other addresses from the different societies when branches of medicine ; and what he says he resigned the practical chair, and the of Boerhaave, may be well applied to him. eulogies on his character to be found in felf: " he excelled in each, and was cer- the inaugural differtations of his pupils. tainly a candid and genuine eclectic." In medicine, changes and revolutions In the exercise of a profession where ge- may be progressive, but the outlines of his nius alone can be successful, and which no fyítem will remain, whatever may be acided rules can fupply, the vigour of his judge- by the induction of fresh ficts and expement and solidity of his understanding riments : the love and ardour of the study were sagularly conspicuous :-it was that which his example has excited, will be long accurate collecting of symptoms, that preferved in the Royal Medical and acuteness of apprehension, which, as if by Physical Societies, and will defcend to intuition, catched the leading features of pofterity. The tyro in the art, will his patient's conftitution and disease, that there find his labours encouraged, and in forming a prognostic, so often the bane stimulated by the freedom of debate ; and of medical reputation in private practice, the young physician who delivers his opihe was seldom mistaken. But amidst all nions with candour and modeity, will be thefe fplendid talents and transcendant heard and approved, in spite of the capabilities, the philanthropy of his heart, and tious petulance of his senior ; who, grown the urbanity of his manners, will be long grey in error, too often detpiles conviction remembered by his numerous pupils. As from a youthful opponent.
The following LETTER has appeared in the public Papers, and is said to be genuine. -It is addressed to the Conductors of a Par fi in Print entitled " The Republican." GENTLIMEN,
As the Public has done me the unmerited M. PUCHASTELET has mentioned to favour of recognizing me under the appella
me the intention of some persons to tion of “ Common Sense,” which is my commence a work under the title of “ Tbe usual rignature, I shall continue it in this Republican."
publication, to avoid mittakes, aatto preAs I am a Citizen of a Country which veni my being supposed the author of works knows no other Majesty than that of the Peo- not my own. As to my political principles, ple- no other Government than th:t of the Inhill endeavour, in this Letler, to trace their Representative Body- no other Sovereignty general features in such a manner as that they than that of the Laws, and which is attached Cannot be misunderstood. to France both by alliance and by gratitude, It is desirable in most instances to avoid I voluntarily offer you my services in support that which may give even the least suspicion of principles as honourable to a nation aselsey with respect to the part meant to be adopted ; are adapted to promote the happiness of man. and particularly on the present occasion, kind, I offer them to you with the more where a perfect clearners of expression is ne. zeal, as I know the moral, literary, and po- cessary to the avoidance of any poilible mitinlitical character of those who are engaged in terpretatico, I am happy therefore to find, the undertaking, and find myself honoured that the work in question is entitled “ Tbe in their good opinion.
Republican.” This word expresses per fe&tly But I must at the same time observe, that the idea which we ooglit to have of Govern. from my ignorance of the French language, ment in general-Res Publica-che public my works muft necefTarily undergo a tran- atiairs of a nation. Alation. They can of course be but of little As to the word Monarchy, though the ad. ulity, and my offer ing mutt confitt more of dress and intrigue of Courts have rexlered ic wishes than services—I must add, that I am familiar, it does not contain the lefs of re. obliged to pass a part of this summer in Eng, proach or of insult to a nition. The word, in bard and Ireland.