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ink is beneath it or not. If it is, the points are racy after it has passed through the fiery ondeal of pressed into the surface of the other plates; if not, corruption in great cities, now is the time for it to they are withdrawn and prevented from cutting. show itself and prove its worth. In a place like The feeler and the bruins must, of course, all New York, where the wealth of two worlds rolk in follow a spiral track. This is crude, and can be at full tide, where magnificent natural advantages made applicable to the reproduction of certain have fixed a commerce which hardly any of the kinds of designs only, but it is considered a long crimes or follies of the people can injure, men are step in the direction of practical success.
for the most part too busy making money to troe. Cheap Photography.— There is no art under: ble themselves about petty thefts and swindles. going more rapid improvement just now than
A New York merchant or Wall-street speculator photography. An Antwerp photographer has does not, in ordinary cases, think it worth his lately discovered a means superseding the costly
while to waste time—which is money, in a very chemicals which hitherto have been indispensable.
real sense, to him-to incur annoyance, or, priHe uses a thick ink and obtains impressions very haps, to expose himself to serious risk, in the difficult much in the same way as by ordinary lithography. task of exposing a fraud on the city taxpayers A Frenchman has invented a photographic appa. It would be about as idle as to expect a speculator ratus which can be carried in the pocket, and costs on the Stock Exchange, during some time of crisis, under £5. With this apparatus there is no neces. to run after a pickpocket in the labyrinths of sity to submit the negatives to a chemical process city and to spend precious hours in the fruitless immediately. It is enough that they shall be kept chase. A prosperous New Yorker calculates that in the dark, and they need not be manipulated for though fraudulent civic administration may plunder a year. Photography by this apparatus is a most him in common with the rest of his fellow-citizer, rapid process. Four minutes suffice to set up the the loss is distributed among so many who are all instrument, three to get the picture, and four to hastening to grow rich, that each one will feel it take the instrument down. So that in less than a but slightly. On the other hand, an exhibition of quarter of an hour a photograph of any object can public spirit may draw down on those who attempt be taken.
to vindicate public justice and honor the ren. The Builder says it is intended to erect in
geance of the scoundrels who are in possession of Urbino a memorial worthy of Raffaelle, and to
power. The Chiefs of the Tammany Ring who establish a museum of art in the house in which he
now govern New York have shown how unpleasant was born. The great point of attraction in this
they can make the position of any man who dares house is the fresco painted by Raffaelle's father.
to oppose their sovereign will. If a citizen shoes This house and the precious fresco are now for
public spirit, he is punished by being assessed at a sale ; and the Count Gherardi, president of the
extravagant rate; or if a spirited and able newspa. Academy, is anxious to secure them for the town.
per like the New York Times courageously exposes The sum demanded is 25,000 f., and a subscription
official malpractices, its property is attacked by the has been opened to raise this amount.
Corporation in a frivolous and vexatious suit.
Again, the fact that the Tammany Ring, with its Mr. Ruskin has founded a separate mastership
organized machinery for electoral frauds, and its for teaching drawing in connection with the Slade
command of vast sums of money, has been at the endowment of an Art Professorship at Oxford.
disposal of the Democratic party for political pa. Mr. Ruskin proposes to open elementary schools
poses, had induced hitherto even respectable Denin the course of next month, in the University
ocrats to wink at its plunderings For all these galleries, Oxford. Here, it appears, the author of
reasons, public spirit and readiness to make sacrif* Modern Painters” will instruct his pupils in
ces for the general interest have been fatally want. accordance with his latest views, and, as we pre
ing among the decent classes in New York; they sume, in some respects with reference to his “land
have shrunk from encountering rowdyism at the scheme," or St. George's Fund.
polls, from insisting on the responsibility of the With the second number of the Paris Auto municipal officers to the taxpayers, from demandgraphe a supplement is given which contains, ing a strict account of the expenditure of the pabaniongst the interesting historical documents of lic money. Naturally, rowdyism has had all its the day, an unpublished drawing by M. Gustave own way at election, and corruption has reigned Courbet, drawn by him on coming out from a sit- supreme in the municipal administration. We ting of the Council of War at Versailles, and cannot be astonished that the Tammany Ring, dedicated to Maître Léon Bigot.
thus left to work their will with the Government A bust of Mr. Grote is to be placed in Poet's and taxation of the greatest city in the New World, corner, Westminster Abbey. The commission have robbed and mulcted the citizens on a scale has been intrusted to Mr. Charles Bacon. The never paralleled anywhere, and almost surpassing model is finished, and has been pronounced by belief. ---Spectator. Mrs. Grote, Lady Eastlake, Professor Robertson, General Washington's Private Accounts.and other friends of the deceased, to be a perfect Some curious records of General Washington likeness.
have come to light. The Treasury officials, in The work of reconstructing the Vendome Col. making arrangements for the better preservation umn has been begun at Paris, under the supervision of the valuable papers, have lately removed from of M. Renard, the famous contractor.
a vault, in which they have lain for more than half
a century, the accounts of General George Waste VARIETIES.
ington while he was commander-in-chief of the
American army during the Revolutionary var. The Revolt against Tammany Hall.-If there The accounts are stated to be in General Wasbbe any bone and muscle in the American Democ- ington's own handwriting, are written in clear and
bold characters, and arranged with systematic law." He was soon afterward elected County accuracy. The title-page of the accounts bears Judge of Grant county by the Democrats, and rethe following inscription :-“ Account of G. mained there till the Spring of 1870, during which Washington with the United States, commencing time he accumulated considerable money, and pubJune, 1775, and ending June, 1783." Entries lished in the local newspaper, from time to time, are made of every item of his household expenses, a part of the poems which he has collected and and for all moneys used in transport of troops, published in London. Last Spring he came back and, in fact, every disbursement incidental to the to his old home at Eugene City, separated from Revolutionary war. These accounts show that his wife, leaving her and two children provided for, Washington repeatedly declined to accept com: and on June 6th, 1870, the day of our State elecpensation offered to him while serving as com- tion, he left the Wiliamette Valley for Europe, mander-in-chief. His determination not to cover and was, I believe, the Paris correspondent of a up or take advantage of the oversight of other leading New York paper during the Franco-GerGovernment officers is illustrated by the following man war. His last production before leaving the entry and the marginal note in explanation of the shores of the Pacific was a parting farewell to his same :-“By cash, £133 16s. Note. This sum wife, entitled “Myrr," and addressed to “M. M. stands in my account as a credit to the public, but M.” (Minnie Myrtle Miller). It was published I can find no charge of it against me in any of the over his signature, on the uth of June, a few days public offices where the mistake lyes. Know it, after his departure (he carrying away an advance but wish it could be ascertained, as I have no proof-sheet), in the Oregon State Journal, which, desire to injure or be injured." Washington also although Republican, was the paper he selected as submitted a table giving the amount of money re- the medium of most of his publications, as his ceived at different times, with its nominal value father, brothers, and nearly all of his warmest perand value by depreciation, from which it appears sonal friends were of that school of politics. To that in October, 1777, 1,000 dols. was worth 911 this production his wise published a reply in verse dols. ; in January, 1778, 2,000 dols. was worth soon after his departure, in which she criticised 1,370 dols. The market value of money contin him in severe terms. One of his brothers, Dr. ued to depreciate, so that in March, 1779, 2,000 John D. Miller, left Oregon to serve in the Union dols. was quoted at 200 dols., and 500 dols, at Army in Virginia, and is now residing in Easton 50 dols. The final note at the end of his state- (Penn.). His brothers and parents are still residment is as follows:-"I received moneys on ing near Eugene City, in the beautiful valley of the private account in 1777, and since which, except Willamette, and his only sister, Ella, died in that such sums that I had occasion now and then to place a few months ago. It was reported that he apply to private uses, were all expended in the became acquainted with Miss Myrtle by seeing her public service, and through hurry, I suppose, and verses in print, and commenced corresponding with the perplexity of business, for I know not how her before they had seen each other. Then he else to account for the deficiency, I have omitted called at her home, on Coos Bay. The first time to charge, while every debit against me is here another gentleman, who was paying, his addresses credited. July 1, 1783.”
to Miss M., happened to be in the house, whereCalifornia's New Poet.- The new California upon Hiner introduced himself by drawing a repoet is an Oregonian, and his real name is C.
volver and driving his rival from the room. They Hiner Miller. His father, Hulins Miller, settled were then married and went to Eugene City. with his family-wife, four sons, and one daughter Perhaps there is some truth in this, because in her - near the town of Eugene City, in Lane county, reply, Mrs. M. M. M. reproaches him for coldness Oregon, nearly twenty years ago, when the subject and neglect, alter having driven her lover from her of this sketch was a boy. Hiner went to California presence and separated them forever. He is as probably in 1858. and spent a short time in the impulsive and reckless as Byron, but is a true and mines near Yreka, where it was reported that he noble friend. In his farewell he predicted that got into a difficulty and shot at the Sheriff of Sis. he would have “a name among the princely few,” kiyou county. On returning home he attended which may yet be verified. school in Eugene City till late in 1860, and was in Circassian Women.-- The Circassian women, the same class as the writer of this article. He concerning whom we have read such marvels, in then spent about a year in Eastern Oregon, and prose and verse, are declared by Mrs. Harvey to be what is now Idaho, running a pony express and not generally good-looking (though very great carrying letters and papers from the nearest post beauties are sometimes seen among them), and office, a distance of two or three hundred miles those of the Abasian province are decidedly plain. over the mountains, and through the Indian coun- “ The national dress,' says the writer, “does not try, to the miners. Again he returned home, and heighten their charms. They usually wear loose after a short time during the early part of the war Turkish trousers, made of white cotton, and a of the rebellion, he edited the Eugene City Re- peculiarly frightful upper garment of some dark view, a Democratic paper, and as the writer of cloth, made precisely like the coats worn by High this was editing the Republican paper there at the Church clergymen-tight and strait, and buttoned time, he has a distinct recollection of a fierce war from the throat to the feet. A striped shawl is of words. Soon after this he married Miss Minnie sometimes twisted round them like an apron. A Myrtle, a young lady who had acquired a reputa blue gauze veil is thrown over the head, and their tion as a writer of verses. He then went east of hair, which is generally long and thick, is worn in the Cascade Mountains with his young wife, and two heavy plaits that hang down behind. The settled in the gold mining camp of “Canyon City," beauties who obtain such great reputation in Conon John Day's River, in the new county of Grant, stantinople and the West almost invariably come where he put out his shingle as an “attorney-at- from Georgia and the valleys near El Berouz. In
those districts the women have magnificent eyes gained. The prolegomena bring the book to and fair complexions."
shame ; the drill is more scientific than the bat. It has an odd effect to find Mrs. Harvey lament- tle; the actual enemy is a disappointment after ing that they had “ arrived too late in the season the theoretic enemy for whom preparation was to see the good-looking girls ;” and a still more odd made. The German finds School bigger and effect when she explains this vexatious circumstance completer than Life, it teaches him so much more in the simple words, they have all been sold. than he can ever make use of in life. This is his Early in the year, the traders arrive from time to strength, but also his weakness. If he cannot use time, and Circassian parents do not object to dis. his elaborated methods, he is in danger of col. pose of their daughters for a consideration ; they lapse.-Spectator. only do it with more candor and less cant than
THROUGH LIFE. Belgravian parents. It is said that the “inooneyed” beauties themselves, far from making things We slight the gifts that every season bears, unpleasant, are delighted to escape from the tedium And let them fall unheeded from our grasp, of house-life, and to take their chance of being In our great eagerness to reach and clasp purchased by a rich pacha.
The promised treasure of the coming years; An Eminent American Naturalist.-America Or else we mourn some great good passed awas, has lost one of her greatest naturalists. Dr. John And, in the shadow of our gries shut in, Edwards Holbrook, one of the most eminent zool. Refuse the lesser good we yet might win, ogists and comparative anatomists of the United The offered peace and gladness of to-day. States, has recently died at Wrentham, in Massa
So through the chambers of our life we pass, chusetts. One who knew him intimately favors us
And leave them one by one, and never stay, with the following details :-Dr. Holbrook, born at Beaufort in South Carolina in 1795, educated in New
Not knowing how much pleasantness there was
In each, until the closing of the door England, and graduated at Brown University, in
Has sounded through the house, and died away, Rhode Island, subsequently studied in Philadelphia,
13. And in our hearts we sigh, “ For evermore." Edinburgh, and London. In 1842 he published a large work on the reptiles of the United States, Some New Historical Documents. In the AB with costly plates (mostly at his own expense), gemeine Zeitung of March 19, G. M. Thomas gives which at that period were only rivalled by Audu- an account of a collection of Italian MSS. presented bon, in another department. In 1824 he was lately to the Munich Library. They mostly ili chosen Professor of Anatomy in the University of trate the history of Europe during the 16th, 17th, South Carolina, and in later years he was engaged and 18th centuries; but though almost all Europeas upon a work on the Ichthyology of the United kingdoms are represented, Venice and Rome have States, which promised to be one of the greatest the largest share, and the collection was probably scientific achievements of his country. But the re- made in the former place.
made in the former place. There are a number
The cent war broke in upon his labors. His beauti.
of the famous Reports of Venetian Ambassadors, ful estate, near Charleston, where so many Euro made like the reports on the state of the country pean sävans have been hospitably entertained, contributed by our foreign agents to the Blue was no longer a habitation for culture and the re- books. One relates to the war of Cyprus vith sort of science. Amid the ravages, however, of Sultan Selim, 1570; another to that with Sultan civil war, his library was spared ; and if his oaks Soliman, 1537-9; another to the Hungarian w were cut down-those “live oaks” of great age of 1661. Much light is thrown on the history a and beauty, of which he was so proud and fond the Cardinals and of the Conclave during the period his unpublished plates were saved, and will be va- --the satire and epitram which have their native lued by the coming student. Dr. Holbrook was home in Rome not being wanting. A biography extensively known upon this side of the water, of Sixtus V., and memoirs about Clement XI. and was a member of many foreign academies. In 21 books, are specially noteworthy. The Papel his own home the close companion of Agassiz, the and French intervention in Germany during the friend of Peirce, of Treadwell, of Bancroft, his Thirty Years' War occupies much room ; the plan name will not be forgotten in London, where of breaking up the Empire is distinctly visible ca eminent names are always best remembered. — all sides. The anxiety of Rome to get the cosThe Spectator.
trol of the new art of printing into its own hands, The German Weakness.-The Pall Malls and the watch kept on the Sorbonne, are charBonn correspondent tells an admirable story of acteristic. The Bavarian archduke Maximilian is a German General who, on inspecting his troops shown to have early manifested that desire to a not long ago, addressed them thus, "Now, my sorb the Palatinate which had such a disastrous children, we can once more get seriously to work. effect on German history, and separated Bafara The pastime of war is at an end, and drill must from the national feeling of Germany for as go on regularly as heretofore.” The great Ho The history of the Palatinate, as introductory to henzollern drill-sergeant must have got his system the Bohemian war, has a special bearing on the well into the very heart of the people, before that English history of the Stuart age. There is much speech could have been even imagined. It is too on the Jesuits and the Inquisition, something much the German weakness, evenly in purely in against the Pope's infallibility and superiority to tellectual departments of thought, to make a General Councils, and considerable reference to thorough and elaborate mastery of the prelimi- France in the times from Henri IV. to Louis XIV. naries so much an end in itself, that when the and during the Seven Years' War with Fredere moment for practical application comes, it almost the Great. Lastly, there are MSS. of Sarp, seems to be unworthy of the preparation, to be an Campanella, and G. Capponi. The collector inadequate occasion for the display of the powers must have had a special taste for historical studies.