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seven hundred years before the things there spoken of came to pass. St Jerom calls Isaiah's

prophecy, an abridgment of the holy Scriptures. And Grotius prefers Isaiah to all the writers of Greece and Rome. But how truly blessed are the predictions of Isaiah to the believer who hath lived to see the whole fulfilled in the Lord Jesus Christ, and by the Holy Ghost is led to discover not only the correspondence between them, but his own personal

interest therein. ISCARIOT. A name peculiarly suited to the traitor

Judas : for the word means, a man of murder; from

Ish, a man; and Corath, he that cuts off. ISHBIBENOB. The son of Ob, (2 Sam. xxi. 16, 17.)

The meaning of the name is, he that sits in the word, or prophecy, from Isheba, to sit; beth, in ;

neba, the prophecy. ISHBOSHETH. The son of Saul (2 Sam. ii. 8.);

a man of shame; from Ish, a man; and bosh,

shame. ISHI. We meet with this word Hos. ii. 16. Our

translators have thought proper to preserve the word in its original, giving the meaning of it in the margin, my busband. And it becomes a subject of no small concern to ask the cause wherefore the translators thought proper so to do? I do not presume to speak decidedly to the point, and to determine what their designs were; yet I venture to conjecture, and shall give the reader my opinion.

Let the reader first observe, that the prophet was commissioned to tell the church, that in the gospel-day, when the glorious Messiah, whom the church had been all along expecting, should come, the church should know the Lord by this name Ishi, my husband, or my man; and should drop the common name of Baali, my Lord: as if this was not sufficiently expressive of the nearness and dearness between them. The church was then to know her Lord in his human nature, as well as his GODHEAD, and in the union of both as her Lord her Righteousness. Now then, saith the Lord Jesus, (for observe it is Jesus bimself that is the speaker in this chapter) now then, thou shalt call me by, that tender and endearing name, in the nature that I shall then openly appear in among you, my man.


I have been from everlasting the Husband and Head of my church, in the secret transactions of covenant redemption; but in that day when I shall openly manifest myself in that character I will be called Ishi: “for my people shall know my name, therefore they shall in that day know that I am he that doth speak, behold, it is 1!" (Isa. lii. 6.) Reader think of the love and tenderness of thy Jesus! Was there ever such grace manifested as by him? Who but must love him? Who but must delight in him ? Yes, Lord, I will do as thou hast said, and call thee Ishi, my Husband, my man, and

also the Lord my Righteousness! See Ammi. ISHMAEL. The son of Abraham and Hagar. His

name is derived from Shamah, to bear; and El,

God. (Gen. xvi. 1.) ISHTOB. An inhabitant or man of Tob, a country

north of mount Gilead, where Jephtha resided. (See Judg. xi. 3.) The name is a compound of Ish, a man; and Tob, good: so that to say, au inhabitant of Tob, seems to have been proverbial for a good


person in the days of Hezekiah, to whom the king intrusted the offerings of the

temple. (2 Chron. xxxi. 13.). The name signifies, as one joined to the Lord; from Samach, to unite; e and Jah, the Lord.

ISRAEL-Or more properly, as it is rendered, Ish

rael, the name given to Jacob by the Lord himself, on his wrestling with God in prayer and prevailing. (See Gen. xxxii. 24—28.) from Sharah, to subdue or govern ; and El, God. The whole people of God are frequently in Scripture called by this name. (Exod. ij. 6, 7. So again, chap. vi. 6.7.) But what endears this name yet intinitely more is, that the Lord Jesus himself, as the glorious Head of his church and people, including both Jew and Gentile, calls himself by this name; and JEHOVAH, doth the same by Christ. (See Isa. xlix. 1-6. and Isa. xliv. 145.) And hence the whole church of the Lord Jesus are called Israelites. (Rom. ix. 4.) and the Lord Jesus, when speaking of his sheep under one view, saith, that they shall be brought

into “one fold under one shepherd.” (John x. 16.) ISSACHAR. The son of Jacob, by Leah. (Gen.

xxx. 14—18.) His name signifies a price or hire ; and so it is rendered in the margin of our Bibles, derived from Shachar, a price. The most remarkable circumstance in the history of Issachar, is his father's prophetical blessing of him. (Gen. xlix. 14, 15.) “ Issachar (said the dying patriarch) is a strong ass, couching down between two burthens; and he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.” If the sense of this passage (as most of the other blessings Jacob when a-dying bequeathed to his children are) be spiritual, there is much of Jesus, and his person, and salvation in it. Issachar, like all true Israelites, bends between the two burthens of sin and sorrow, for they are inseparable ; and no rest but Jesus can be found, to deliver from the dread. ful pressure. He is, indeed, “the rest wherewith he causeth the weary to rest” from the burden.


Easy will be the tribute of a redeemed heart to the Lord, to bless him for his mercy. We find similar beauties in the blessing of Moses, the man of God, over Issachar, if explained in the same gospel-sense.

(See Deut. xxxiii. 18, 19.) ITHAMAR. The fourth son of Aaron. (Exod. vi.

23.) His name signifies, island of the palm tree, from Tamar, a palm tree, on Ai, an island. We have nothing particularly interesting in the Bible

concerning this man. ITHIEL. The son of Jessaiah. (Neh, xi. 7.) The

name signifies, with God; from Eth, with—and EI,

ITHMAH. One of David's worthies, (1 Chron. xi. 46.)

Perhaps the name means admiration; from Thamah,

to admire. ITUREA. A province of Syria. (See Luke iï. 1.)

The meaning is, what is guarded ; from Thur, to

keep. JUBAL. The son of Lamech. (Gen. iv. 21.) He

invented instruments of music. His name is from

Jobel, he that produceth. See Father. JUBILEE–Or Jobel more properly, which signifies

a ram's horn. The day of Jubilee was a high feast in the Jewish church, and appointed by the Lord for the great year of release, every forty-ninth year, or seven times seven. In the twenty-fifth of Leviticus, we have the whole account of the appointment. Some have taken for granted, that the name itself was taken from Jubal, or Jobel, the son of Lamech, because he was the father or inventor of music : but others, more probably, derive it from the verb Hebiel, to bring back; because it was the year of general restoration, or bringing back. The imagination cannot conceive the effect of the morning of the day which commenced the Jubilee, which must have been wrought

upon the different orders of the people among the Jews. It began, we are told, on the first day of the month Tizri, the first month of the civil year, and the seventh of the ecclesiastical year, and corresponded to our month of September; and on the ninth day of Tizri, when the trumpets sounded, at that instant, every poor captive among the Jews was freed, and every mortgaged inheritance returned to its original owner. I leave the reader to his own reflections, what feelings must have been wrought on the different minds of all concerned, both of the master and of the servant, both of the man with whom was vested bonded land, and the one who received back his mortgaged inheritance. But while I pass over the Jewish camp on these particulars, I cannot help observing how infinitely surpassing must be the effect of the Jobel trumpet in the Christian church, when the captive sinner, and the poor soul who hath mortgaged his inheritance, first hears the joyful sound of redemption by the blood of Christ, and is brought “ to walk in the light of the Lord's countenance.” (Ps. lxxxix. 15.) And this is not limited to every forty-ninth year, but is every year, and

every day, yea, every hour of the day since Christ wrought salvation for his people, and the type of the Jubilee trumpet done away by the thing siguified being come. Concerning this blessed event the Lord hath said, “the year of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.” (Isa. Ixiii. 4.) See Feasts. It is said, that after the Jews returned from Babylon the Jubilee was discontinued, but they ob

served the Sabbatical year. See Sabbatical. JUDAH. The fourth son of Jacob, by Leah. The

name more properly is Jehudah. And Leah bis mother made this remarkable observation on his

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