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accumulation action advancing agriculture amount association become capital cause centralization century circulation cloth combination command commerce commodities competition condition consequence constant consumer consumption continues cost cultivation decline demand differences diminishing direction earth effect effort employment enabled England equal Europe evidence exhibited existence fact faculties fixed force France freedom further given giving gradually greater growing growth hands human improvement increase individual interest Ireland Italy labor land latter less live look manufactures materials means nature nearly necessity obtain passing perfect period persons poor population portion present production profits proportion purchase quantity rapid regarded remain rent result says seek seen slave slavery society soils steadily supply tends things throughout tion trade turn United various wages waste wealth whole
183 페이지 - The school-boy whips his taxed top — the beardless youth manages his taxed horse, with a taxed bridle on a taxed road ; — and the dying Englishman pouring his medicine, which has paid seven per cent.
134 페이지 - ... difference in their productive powers. At the same time, the rent of the first quality will rise, for that must always be above the rent of the second, by the difference between the produce which they yield with a given quantity of capital and labour. 'With every step in the progress of population...
418 페이지 - But it cannot be expected that individuals should, at their own risk, or rather to their certain loss, introduce a new manufacture, and bear the...
418 페이지 - The superiority of one country over another in a branch of production, often arises only from having begun it sooner. There may be no inherent advantage on one part, or disadvantage on the other, but only a present superiority of acquired skill and experience. A country which has this skill and experience yet to acquire, may in other respects be better adapted to the production than those which were earlier in the field...
167 페이지 - sacredness of property " is talked of, it should always be remembered, that any such sacredness does not belong in the same degree to landed property. No man made the land. It is the original inheritance of the whole species. Its appropriation is wholly a question of general expediency. When private property in land is not expedient, it is unjust.
68 페이지 - No regulation of commerce can increase the quantity of industry in any society beyond what its capital can maintain. It can only divert a part of it into a direction into which it might not otherwise have gone; and it is by no means certain that this artificial direction is likely to be more advantageous to the society than that into which it would have gone of its own accord.
332 페이지 - That the condition of the lower multitude of English labourers approximates more and more to that of the Irish competing with them in all markets; that whatsoever labour, to which mere strength with little skill will suffice, is to be done, will be done not at the English price, but at an approximation to the Irish price : at a price superior as yet to the Irish, that is, superior to scarcity of third-rate potatoes for thirty weeks yearly ; superior, yet hourly, with the arrival of every new steamboat,...
339 페이지 - The cause to which I allude is the constant tendency in all animated life to increase beyond the nourishment prepared for it.
68 페이지 - ... the general industry of the society, or to give it the most advantageous direction, is not, perhaps, altogether so evident. The general industry of the society never can exceed what the capital of the society can employ. As the number of workmen that can be kept in employment by any particular person must bear a certain proportion to his capital, so the number of those that can be continually employed by all the members of a great society must bear a certain proportion to the whole capital of...