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and Pennsylvania; but, there remaining some Indian council at Onondago, however, disappart of this coast which was not planted by the proved of their deputies parting with so mucha Hollanders, the Swedes sent a fleet of ships thi- sand; and, in 1755, obliged the proprietaries to ther, and took possession of it for that crown ; reconvey great part of the same to the Indians. but the Dutch, having a superior force in the A dispute subsisted a long time between the preneighbourhood, compelled the Swedes to submit prietaries of the province and lord Baltimore, to their dominion,allowing them, however,to enjoy proprietary of Maryland, about the right to certhe plantations they had settled. The English, tain lands; which was at last amicably adjusted, not admitting that either the Dutch or Swedes greatly in favor of the Penns. About 1704 there had any right to countries first discovered and happened some alteration in the constitution of planted by a subject of England, and part of the province. The establishment that took place, them at that time possessed by English subjects, and subsisted till the American war broke out, under charter from queen Elizabeth and king consisted of a governor, council, and assembly, James I.: king Charles II. during the first each with much the same power and privileges Dutch war in 1664, granted New York, Jersey, as in the neighbouring colony of New York. and Pennsylvania, of which the Dutch had The lieutenant-governor and council were ap, usurped the possession, to his brother James pointed by the proprietors Thomas and Richard duke of York: and Sir Robert Carr being sent Penn, with his majesty's approbation ; but, if the over with a squadron of men of war and land laws enacted here were not repealed within six forces, and summoning the Dutch governor of months after they had been presented to the king the city of New Amsterdam, now New York, to for his approbation or disallowance, they were surrender, he yielded that capital to the English: not repealable by the crown after that time. and the rest of the places in the possession of the A state of peace and happiness affords few maDutch and Swedes followed his example; and terials for the historian. On the breaking out of these countries were confirmed to the English by the American war, the citizens of Philadelphia the Dutch, at the next treaty of peace between took an early and active part. In September the two nations. The duke of York afterwards 1776 they established a new constitution; which parcelled them out to under proprietors ; selling was considerably altered and improved in June in particular, to William Penn the elder, in 1792. In 1793 this state, but particularly the 1683, the town of Newcastle, alias Delaware, and capital, was visited by the yellow fever, which, a district of twelve miles round the same; to in the short space of three months, carried off whom his heirs, and assigns, by another deed of about 5000 people. In 1794 an alarming insurthe same date, he made over all that tract of land rection took place in the western counties, the from twelve miles south of Newcastle to the ostensible cause of which was an excise upon Whorehills, otherwise called Cape Henlopen, whisky, but an incendiary letter, afterwards disnow known by the name of the Three Lower covered, showed that a deep scheme had been Counties upon Delaware River. All the rest laid to excite a rebellion in the state. of the under-proprietors, some time after, sir- the wise and decisive measures adopted by the rendered their charters to the crown; whereby executive government, supported by the great New York and the Jerseys became royal govern- body of the citizens, the insurrection was quelled ments ; but Penn retained that part of the coun and tranquillity restored almost without bloodtry which had been sold to him by the duke of shed. York, together with what had been granted to The legislature at this period consists of a sehim before, in 1680, 1681, which now consti- nate and a house of representatives. The repretutes the State of Pennsylvania. As soon as sentatives, whose number cannot be less than Penn had got his patent, he began to plant the sixty por more than 100, are chosen annually country. Those who went over from England The senators are chosen for four years, one quarwere generally Dissenters and Quakers, whose ter of them being elected every year. Their religion is established by law here, but with full number cannot be less than one-fourth, nor more liberty to all other Protestant sects. The Dutch than one-third of the representatives. The goverand Swedes, who were settled before Mr. Penn nor is elected for three years by the people, but became proprietor, choosing still to reside in this cannot hold the office more than nine years in country, as they did in New York and the Jer- twelve. The elections are made on the second seys, obtained the same privileges as the rest of Tuesday in October and the legislature meets in the king's subjects; and their descendants are December. This state sends twenty-three reprenow the same people, speaking their language and sentatives to congress. being governed by the same laws. Mr. Penn, The principal rivers are the Delaware, Schuylhowever, not satisfied with the title granted him kill, Lehigh, Susquehanna, Juniatta, Alleghany, hy king Charles II. and his brother, bought the Monongabela, Ohio, and Youghiogeny. lands also of the Indians for a valuable considera Pennsylvania is intersected by various mountion, or what they esteemed such, paying them tains. T'he principal ridges up the Alleghany in cloth, tools, and utensils, to their entire satis- Mountains, comprehended in Pennsylvania, are faction ; for they had not hands to cultivate the the Kittatinny, or the Blue Mountains. Behind 100th part of their lands, and, if they could have these, and nearly parallel to them, are Peters, raised a product, there was nobody to buy: the Tuscarora, and Nescopeck mountains, on the purchase, therefore, was all clear gain to them; east side of the Susquehanna ; on the west Shareand, by the coming of the English, their paltry man's Hill, Sideling Hill, Ragged, Great, Wartrade became so profitable, that they soon found rior's Evit's and Will's mountains ; then the their condition much altered for the better. The great Alleghany ridge, which, being the largest,

But by


gives name to the whole ; and west of this are coin is numbered. See below. Pennyless is ihe Chestnut Ridges. Between the Juniatta and without pence or money; poor : pennyweight, the west branch of the Susquehanna, are Jacks, a weight of twenty-four grains troy: pennywise, Tussys, Nittiny, and Bald Eagle mountains. wise only in pence; saving in small sums, and The valleys between these mountains are often of careless of greater : pennyworth, as much as a a rich, black soil, suited to the various kinds of penny, or any given portion of money, will buy; grass and grain. Some of the mountains admit hence a bargain; a purchase; a good bargain. of cultivation almost to their summits. The other And whanne the covenaunt was maad with werkparts of the state are generally level, or agreeably men of a peny for the day he sente hem into his vynediversified with hills and valleys.


Wiclif. Matt. xx. The soil of Pennsylvania is various; a small And they say unto him, Shall we go and buy two part of it is barren, but a great proportion of it hundred pennyworth of bread ? Mark vi. 37, fertile, and a considerable part very excellent. The same servant found one of his fellow-serrants, It is generally better adapted to tillage than which owed him an hundred pence, and took him by grazing; and much of it, particularly the south- the throat.

Matthew east part, is under excellent cultivation. The two As for corn it is nothing natural, save only se best tracts of land are, one in the south-east part, barley and oats, and sonie places for rye; and therealong the Susquehanna, the other in the north-fore the larger pennyworths may be allowed to them. west part, between Lake Erie and Alleghany

Spenser on Ireland.

You shall hear River. Wheat is the most important article of

The legions, now in Gallia, sooner landed produce. The next in value is Indian corn.

In our not fearing Britain, than have tidings Buck wheat, rye, barley, oats, flax, hemp, beans,

of any penny tribute paid. peas, and potatoes, are extensively cultivated.

Shakspeare, Cymbeline. Cherries, peaches, apples, and cider, are abun We will not lend thee a penny. Shakspeare. dant. There are large dairies in many parts. Pirates may make cheap pennyworths of their pilPennsylvania has an excellent breed of horses.

lage, The number of domestic animals in the state, And purchase friends.

Id. Henry VI. according to the returns of 1810, was as follows : Be not pennywise; riches have wings and fly horses 255,645, neat cattle 612,998, sheep away of themselves. 619,223. of the sheep 4128 were Merinos, death are translated into the bodies of asses, and

Lucian affirms that the souls of usurers after their and breeds mixed with Merinos. Iron ore is distributed in large quantities in there remain certain days for poor men to take their

pennyworths out of their bones and sides by cudgel many parts of the state; and in some places cop- and spur.

Peacham. per, lead, and alum are found. Here are also

Because there is a latitude of gain in buying and numerous lime-stone quarries, and various kinds selling, take not the utmost penny that is lawtul, of marble; and in the middle and western parts for although it be lawful, yet it is not safe. Taylor. there is an abundance of coal.

She sighs and shakes her empty shoes in vain, The general style of architecture in this state is No silver penny to reward her pain. Dryden. neat and solid. Stone buildings are most com Pepper and Sabean incense take ; mon in old settlements; brick houses are fre- And with post-haste thy running markets make; quent; log and frame houses abound in the new Be sure to turn the penny.

Id. country. In the towns there is a considerable For fame he prayed, but let the event declare proportion of brick houses. Many turnpike He had no mighty penn'worth of his pray'r. roads of the most durable materials, and best

Though in purchases of church lands men have construction, are made in various parts of the usually the cheapest pennyworths, yet they have not

always the best bargains.

Sout. state. That from Philadelphia to Lancaster is

It may be a contrivance of some printer, who hath sixty-two miles in length, twenty-four feet wide, a mind to make a penny.

Swift's Miscellanu. and covered eighteen inches deep with powdered

My friendship I distribute in pennyworths to those stone. Numerous bridges, of great strength and about me who displease me least.

Swift. beauty, are constructed over the rivers.

The Seville piece of eight is 1 pennyweight in the Pennsylvania exceeds all the other states in pound worse than the English standard ; weighs fourthe variety and extent of her manufactures, some teen pennyweight ; contains thirteen pennyweight, of which are of superior excellence. In 1810 twenty-one grains, and fifteen mites, of which there there were sixty-four cotton-manufactories, forty- are twenty in the grain of sterling silver ; and is in four blast furnaces, six air furnaces, four bloome

value forty-three English pence, and eleven hundredths ries, seventy-eight forges, fifty trip-hammers,

Arbuthnex. eighteen rolling and slitting mills, 175 naileries, Penny, or Peny, in commerce, an ancient sixty-four paper-mills, eight glass works, thirty- English coin, which had formerly considerable five rope-walks, and 108 printing-offices. The course; but, till of late, was dwindled into an total amount of the manufactures, embracing imaginary money, or money of account, con220 articles, was 44,194,740 dollars. The ex- taining the twelfth part of a shilling, or 240th of ports in 1816 amounted to 7,196,246 dollars. a pound. Camden derives the word from the They consist of flour, grain, iron, and various Latin pecunia, money. The ancient English manufactured articles.

penny, penig, or pening, was the first silver coin PEN'NY, n. s. Plural pence. Sax. struck in England; and the only one current PEN'NYLESS, adj. peniz. A small coin, of among the Anglo-Saxons : according to Camden, PEN'NYWEIGHT,

which twelve make a shil. Spelman, Dr. Hicks, &c. The peony was equal Pen'nYWISE, ling; the radical denomi- in weight to our three-pence : five of them made Per'nYWORTH,

nation from which English one shilling, or scilling Saxon; thirty a mark or

of a penny.

mancuse, equal to our seven shillings and six- trance of the bay. The towns on the west side pence. Till the time of king Edward I. the of the river and bay, beginning at the head of penny was struck with a cross, so deeply in- navigation, are Bangor, Hampden, Frankfort, dented in it that it might be easily broke, and Prospect, Belfast, Northport, Lincolnville, Camparted, on occasion, into two parts, thence called den, and Thomastown; on the east side, Brewer, half-pennies ; or into four, thence called four- Orington, Bucksport, Orland, Penobscot, Casthings, or farthings. But that prince coined it tine, Sedgewick, and Deer Isle. without indenture; in lieu of which he first Penobscot Bay, a large bay of the Atlantic, struck round halfpence and farthings. He also on the south coast of Maine. It embosoms Long reduced the weight of the penny to a standard; Island, on which is the town of Islesborough, ordering that it should weigh thirty-two grains the Fox Islands, containing the town of Vinalof wheat, taken out of the middle of the ear. haven, and several smaller islands. It is a very This penny was called the penny sterling. fine bay, affords great advantages of navigation, Twenty of these pence were to weigh an ounce; and presents a variety of beautiful landscapes. when the penny became a weight as well as a Its entrance between the Isle of Holt and Owl's coin. See Coins. The silver penny is now Head, is eighteen miles wide, and its length disused.

from north to south is about thirty. Long. 68° Penny, in ancient statutes, is used for all 40 to 68° 56' W., lat. 44° to 44° 30' N. silver money: and hence the ward-penny, aver Penobscot Hills, mountains of Maine, ou penny, hundred-penny, tithing-penny, and bro- the west coast of Penobscot Bay. ihal-penny.

PENRITH, a market town and parish of PÉNNYCUICK (Alexander), M. D., a Scot- Cumberland, seventeen miles south from Cartish poet and physician, who published a small lisle, and 2834 N. N. W. from London. Checks, volume of humorous poems in the Scottish dia- hats, and fancy waist-coat-pieces, are the manulect, in the seventeenth century. He was pro- factures of this place. The town was originally prietor of New Hall and Romanno.

claimed, and continued a long time in the posPENNY-ROYAL, in botany. See MENTHA. session of the Scots; but it being disputed by PENNY-ROYAL, VIRGINIAN. See SATUREIA. the English, it was twice burnt in the reigns of

The PENNY-WEIGHT is a Troy weight, con Edward III. and Richard II., when it had a taining twenty-four grains; each grain weighing castle. It consists of several irregular streets, a grain of wheat gathered out of the middle of but some of the houses are handsome and cointhe ear, well dried. The name took its rise modious, and extensive improvements have been hence, that this was formerly the weight of one made of late. The church is a large and handof our ancient silver pennies. See Penny. some modern structure. It has a good freeTwenty of these penny-weights make an ounce school, a charity-school, and two Sunday-schools, Troy.

with several meeting-houses for Presbyterians PENNY-WORT, Marsi. See HYDROCO- and Quakers, a museum for natural curiosities,

and an assembly-room. On the north bank of PENNY-WORT, Wall. See COTYLEDON. the Emont are two caves or grottos, dug out of PENNY-WORT, WATER. See HYDROCOTYLE. the solid rock, and very extensive. This town

PENOBSCOT, a county of Maine, North suffered greatly by the plague in 1380 and 1598. America, bounded on the east by Washington Markets on Tuesday and Saturday. Fairs, June and Hancock counties, on the south by Hancock 8th, and August 5th. county, and on the west by Kennebeck and So PENROSE (Thomas), was the son of the Rev. merset counties. It is watered by the Penobs- Mr. Penrose, rector of Newbury, Berks, a man cot, formed 'from the north part of Hancock of great abilities, descended from an ancient county. Chief town Bangor.

Cornish family. Mr. Penrose, jun., being inPenobscot, a sea-port and post town of Han- tended for the church, pursued his studies with cock county, Maine, on the east side of Penobs- success, at Christ Church, Oxford, until summer cot Bay; four miles north of Castine; and 240 1762 ; when, his eager inclination to the naval north-east of Boston. Population 1302. It is and military service overpowering his attacha place of considerable trade. The shipping be ment to his real interest, he left college, and emlonging to this port, in 1816, amounted to 18,611 barked in the unfortunate expedition against tons.

Nova Colonia, in South America, under captain Penobscot, the largest river in Maine. The Macnamara. The issue was fatal. The Clive western and principal branch rises in the western (the largest vessel) was burnt; and though the part of the state, some of its sources being near Ambuscade escaped (on board of which Mr. the head waters of the Chaudiere, and others Penrose, acting as lieutenant of marines, was near those of St. John's. It flows east by south wounded), yet the hardships which he afterthrough Chesuncook and Pemmidumpkok lakes, wards sustained in a prize sloop, in which he and unites with the eastern branch, fifty-four was stationed, utterly ruined his constitution. miles in a right line, north by east of Bangor. Returning to England with ample testimonials The eastern branch rises near the sources of the of his gallantry and good behaviour, he finished, Aroostic. After the junction it holds a general at Hertford College, Oxford, his course of stucourse south by west, till it flows into the head dies; and, having taken orders, accepted the of Penobscot Bay, between the towns of Penobs- curacy of Newbury, the income of which, by the cot and Prospect. It is navigable for ships to voluntary subscription of the inhabitants, was Bangor, where the navigation and tide terminate, considerably augmented. After had contififty-two miles north of Owl's 'Head, at the en- nued in that station about nine years, he was


presented by a friend to a living worth nearly PENSACOLA, a town of West Florida, on £500 per annum. It came, however, too late; the gulf of Mexico, at the head of a bay or basin, for Mr. Penrose's health was now in a deep de- formed by several rivers. This harbour is safe cline, and he died at Bristol in 1779, aged from every wind, and has from seven to eight thirty-six. In 1708 he married Miss Mary Sio- fathoms water; so that vessels drawing twentycock, of Newbury, by whom he had one child, one feet may enter. Pensacola is in 30° 28° N. Thomas, who was educated at Winton College. lat., and 87° 12' W. long. The city is of an obMr. Penrose was respected for his extensive eru- long form, about a mile in length, and a quarter dition, admired for his eloquence, and esteemed of a mile in breadth, delightfully situated. The for his social qualities. By the poor, to whom entrance into the bay is fortified by a fort on he was liberal, he was venerated. To his poeti- Rosa Island, and a battery on the opposite shore. cal abilities, the public, by their reception of his When it was in the hands of the English it exFlights of fancy, &c., have given a favorable ported, in skins, furs, logwood, and dyeing stuffs, testimony.

to England to the amount of £63,000 annually; PENKYN, a borongh and market-town of and its imports from this country were valued at Cornwall, situate on an eminence at the mouth £97,000. 'After the Spaniards took it in 1781 it of the hings Road River, that runs into Fal- gradually declined. In 1794 the total population mouth harbour, three miles north-west from Fal- did not exceed 400. When the town was attacked mouth, and 2664 W.S. W. from London. Its by the Spaniards, in 1781, the defence was principal business is in the pilchard and New- spirited, and the progress of the siege slow; but, foundland fisheries. It is a large town, consist- unfortunately, a shell, bursting at the door of a ing of one main street, and several smaller ones. magazine in one of the advanced works, set fire Formerly it had a collegiate church. Here is a to the powder, which in an instant blew up the market-house, te vn-hall, assembly-room, and a whole redoubt: seventy-six of the garrison were good custom-house. The town is extremely killed, and twenty-four badly wounded. In well watered, having streams running through 1818 Pensacola was occupied by an American the streets; on which are four grist-mills, and force, in virtue, as was supposed, of a treaty beone paper-mill. Here are several good breweries, tween Spain and the United States for the ceswhich supply the Falmouth shipping; and it is sion of the Floridas. The forces were, however, reckoned the granary of the south-western part recalled. Long. 87° 12' W., lat. 30° 28' N. of the county. It was anciently surrounded by

PE’NSILE, adj. Lat. pensilis. Hanging; a wall, and defended by a castle. It is governed Pea'siLENESS, n. s. S suspended. by a corporate body, consisting of twelve alder

Two trepidations; the one manifest and local, as men, twelve common-councilmen, a recorder, of the bell when it is pensile ; the other, secret of steward, and other officers, and sends two mem

the minute parts.

Bacon. bers to parliament, who are elected by the mayor,

This ethereal space, portreeve, aldermen, and inhabitants at large,

Yielding to earth and sea the middle space, paying scot and lot. The number of voters is

Anxious I ask you, how the pensile ball about 140. The manor of Penryn-Forryn has a Should never strive to rise, nor never fear to fall. court of record, and the steward holds pleas to

Prior. any amount, and proceeds by bailable capias in

PENʼSION, n. s. & v. a. Fr. Span. Belg. all cases above £10. Market on Wednesday,

Pen'sIONARY, adj. & n.$.

and Teut. pensur; Friday, and Saturday. Fairs, 1st of May, 7th of

Pen'sIONER, n. s.

Sof Lat. pensio. A July, and 21st of December.

stipend paid without equivalent: to pension PENSA, a government in the east part of is to support by a gratuitous stipend : pensionary European Russia, lying between Niznei-Nov- means supported by or connected with a pension : gorod and Saratov. Its area is 16,500 square pensioner, a person thus supported. miles; the number of its circles or districts ten. Lying between 530 and 54° N. lat., its climate is excessive to the hurt of pensioners, soldiers, and all

Prices of things necessary for sustentation, grew mild, and the soil fertile; but it is as backward hired servants.

Camden. in cultivation as the rest of this vast empire. The corn raised, however, is more than is wanted

Scorn his household politics,
His silly plots and pensinary spies.

Donne. for consumption; part of the overplus is distilled,

They were devoted by pensionary obligations to the and the rest exported. Here are Tartars of


Howel. various tribes, such as Morduans, Baschkirs, Calmucs, and some Circassians. These retain

Hovering dreams, their pastoral habits; and the Morduans, in par

The fickle pensioners of Morpheus' train. Milton. ticular, attach themselves to the rearing of bees.

Those persons whom he trusted with his greatest With the exception of distilled spirits and soap,

secret and greatest business, his charity, seldom had the manufactures are insignificant; and the ex

recourse to him, but he would make enquiry for new pensioners.

Fell. ports are limited to spirits and raw produce, i. e.

A charity bestowed on the education of her young corn, wax, honey, and wool. Population 800,000. Pensa, the capital of the above goverment, is subjects has more merit than a thousand pensions to

those of a higher fortune.

Addison. situated on an eminence at the confluence of the Pensa and Sura, on a height. It contains twelve highest perfection, when there is a society pensioned

One might expect to see medals of France in the churches, and two monasteries. The high church

and set apart for the designing of them. is a fine buil The manufactures are leather

Id. on Medals. and soap, and the inhabitants carry on a brisk The rector is maintained by the perquisites of the traffic in corn and foreign wines. inhabitants curate's office, and therefore is a kind of pensioner to 10,000. 460 miles south-east of Moscow. him.


The hero William, and the martyr Charles, kinds, the greater and the less; the former of One knighted Blackmore, and une pensioned Quarles. whom are generally called fellow-commoners,


because they eat with the fellows of their college; He has lived with the great without flattery, and the latter are always called pensioners, and eat been a friend to men in power without pensions. Id. with the scholars, who are those students of the In Britain's senate he a seat obtains,

college, either under-graduates or bachelors, who And one more pensioner St. Stephen gains. Id. Chremes, for airy pensions of renown,

are upon the foundation, who receive emoluDevotes his service to the state and crown.

ments from the society, and who are capable of Young.

being elected fellows. See SERVITOR and Sizar. A pension given as a reward for service to the state Pensioner, in general, denotes a person who is surely as good a ground of property as any security receives a pension, yearly salary, or allowance for money advanced to the state.

Burke. from government. Hence
Arrived, the pensionary band,

PensionERS, THE BAND of Gentlemen, a Hopping and chirping, close at hand,

sort of guard to the king's person, consisting of Solicit what they soon receive,

forty gentlemen, who receive a yearly pension of The sprinkled plenteous donative. Cowper.

£100, and are supposed to wait in his bed. A Pension is, or ought to be, a sum of money chamber. This band was first instituted by paid annually for actual services, or considera- king Henry VII., and their office is to attend tions already past. The yearly payment of each the king's person, with their battle-axes, to and member to the houses of the inns of courts are from his chapel-royal, and to receive him in the likewise named pensions; and the yearly assem- presence-chaniber, or coming out of his privy bly of the society of Gray's Inn, to consult on lodgings : they are also to attend at all great the affairs of the house, is also called a pension. solemnities, as coronations, St. George's feast,

Pensionary, or Pensioner, a person who public audiences of ambassadors, at the sovehas an appointment or yearly sum, payable reign's going to parliament, &c. They likewise during life, by way of acknowledgment, charged carry up the sovereign's dinner on the coronationon the estate of a prince, company, or particular day and St. George's feast; at which times the person.

king or queen often confers the honor of knightPENSIONARY, in the former government of hood on two such gentlemen of the band as their the United Provinces, was the first minister of captain presents. Their arms are gilt battlethe regency of each city in Holland. His office axes; and their weapons on horse-back, in time was to give his advice in affairs relating to the of war, are cuirassiers' arms, with sword and government, either of the state in general, or of pistols. Their standard, in time of war, is arthe city in particular ; and, in assemblies of the gent, a cross gules. Their captain is a noblestates of the province, he was speaker in behalf man, who has under him a lieutenant, a standardof his city. The function, however, of these bearer, a clerk of the check, secretary, paymaster, pensionaries was not every where alike : in some and harbinger. cities they only gave their advice, and were never found in assemblies of the magistrates, except from Latin, penso.

PE'NSIVE, adj. Pr. pensif ; Ital. pensivo ;

Sorrowfully serious or when expressly called thither; in others they at- thoughtful; melancholy. tended constantly; and, in others, they made the propositions on the part of the burgomasters,

So fair a lady did I spy, drew up their conclusions, &c. They were

On herbs and flowers she walked pensively called pensionaries, because they received an ap

Mild, but yet love she proudly did forsake.

Spenser. pointment or pension.

Think it still a good work, which they in their Pensionary, Grand, an appellation given to the first minister of the states of Holland. The pensive care for the well bestowing of time account

Hooker. grand pensionary was chairman in the assemblies

Concerning the blessings of God, whether they of the states of that province: he proposed the tend unto this life or the life to come, there is great matters to be consulted on; collected the votes; cause why we should delight more in giving thanks formed and pronounced the resolutions of the than in making requests for them, inasmuch as the states ; opened letters; conferred with foreign one hath pensiveness and fear, the other always joy

Id. ministers, &c. His business was also to inspect annexed. the finances, to maintain the authority of the Are you at leisure, holy father ? states, and to see that the laws were observed ; --My leisure serves me, pensive daughter, now. and he was perpetual deputy of the states-general

Shakspearo. of the United Provinces. His commission was,

Would'st thou unlock the door .however, given him only for five years; after

To cold despairs and gnawing pensiveness ?

Herbert. which it was deliberated whether or not it should be renewed; but there is no instance of its being the truth, which from these pensire numbers flow

We at the sad approach of death shall know revoked; therefore death only put an end to the functions of this important minister.

That we pursue false joy, and suffer real woe.

Prior. Pensioner, in the university of Cambridge, and in that of Dublin, has a very peculiar mean

Anxious cares the pensioe nymph opprest, ing; for those students, either under-graduates or

And secret passions laboured in her breast.

Pope. bachelors of arts, are called pensioners who live wholly at their own expense, and who receive no PENSTOCK, a sluice or flood-gate, serving emolument whatever from the college of which to retain or let go the water of a mill-pond, or they are members. They are divided into two the like.


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