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DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

The committee has recommended for the conduct of the Department of Labor for the fiscal year 1932, exclusive of permanent appropriations, a total of $13,830,200, an increase over the present year of $1,609,030, and a decrease under the Budget estimates of $107,200. The following table shows the appropriations for 1931, the recommendations carried in the accompanying bill, and increases for the seven different appropriation units in the department:

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The principal increases for the fiscal year 1932 over the 1931 appropriations, exclusive of transfers and consolidations of appropriations, are as follows: Printing and binding

$56, 000 Bureau of Labor Statistics.

79, 500 Bureau of Immigration.

1, 421, 200

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

Salaries. From the Budget estimate of $220,460 the committee has deducted the amount included for promotions of $2,040, and also the amount estimated for the employment of an additional clerk at $2,360 per annum, and has recommended in the bill $216,060 for the fiscal year 1932, an increase of $6,300 over the present year for new personnel

Contingent expenses.-For contingent and miscellaneous expenses of the offices and bureaus of the department, for which appropriations for contingent and miscellaneous expenses are not specifically made, the bill carries $61,800. This is an increase of $6,300 over 1931 and is for the purchase of furniture, equipment, and supplies for the increased activities of the various bureaus.

Printing and binding.–For printing and binding for the department, including all its bureaus, offices, institutions, and services, the committee recommends for the fiscal year 1932 $296,500, which is the same as the Budget estimate. This is an increase of $56,000 over the current year, due to enlarged activities of the different bureaus.

LABOR STATISTICS

Salaries and expenses. For this activity the bill carries for the next fiscal year $440,480, which is $2,820 (promotions deducted) under the Budget estimate, but $79,500 over the 1931 appropriation. This increase is made necessary by the act of July 7, 1930, which provides that the Bureau of Labor Statistics shall collect and publish at least once each month full and complete statistics of the volume of and changes in employment.

BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION

Salaries and expenses. For the Bureau of Immigration, including salaries and expenses and the regulating of immigration, the committee recommends that there be appropriated for the fiscal year 1932 $10,034,160. This is $1,070,200 greater than was appropriated for the current fiscal year, and $83,580 under the Budget estimate for 1932, which decrease represents the amount for salary increases deducted by the committee. The increase over 1931 includes $500,000 additional for deportation of aliens and the rest is mainly due to new personnel to be employed as follows: 75 inspectors, 24 clerks, 20 guards, and 28 other employees. In addition, $70,000 is included to provide allowances for living quarters, heat, fuel, and light, for officers and employees of the service stationed in foreign countries in accordance with the provisions of the act approved June 26, 1930.

During the fiscal year 1930 there was deported a total of 16,631 aliens at a total expenditure, exclusive of overhead, of $1,062,818, an average per head of $63.90. The appropriations for the current fiscal year will permit the expenditure of approximately $1,125,000 for deportations, and the original estimate for the fiscal year 1932 contemplated the expenditure of $1,150,000 for such purposes. The additional $500,000 estimate, received after the regular Budget came in and now included in this bill for deportation expenses, is made immediately available, which means that the sum will be expended partly in the fiscal year 1931 and partly in the fiscal year 1932. The total, therefore, available for deportation purposes over the 2-year period of the fiscal years 1931 and 1932 is $2,775,000. This sum should permit the deportation of a considerably larger number of aliens in the fiscal years 1931 and 1932 than were sent out of the country in the fiscal year 1930, the actual number in each fiscal year to depend very largely upon the percapita cost of deportation which in turn must of necessity vary according to the distance from the United States of the country to which the deportee is sent.

Immigration stations. For remodeling, repairing (including repairs to the ferryboat Ellis Island), renovating buildings, and purchase of equipment, the bill carries $400,000, an increase over the current fiscal year of $351,000. The hearings on pages 27 and 28 contain an itemized statement of the way in which it is contemplated to expend this fund.

BUREAU OF NATURALIZATION Salaries and expenses. For this activity the committee recommends for the fiscal year 1932 an appropriation of $1,149,020, a decrease of $7,950 under the current fiscal year and a decrease of $10,680 under the Budget estimate on account of salary increases.

CHILDREN'S BUREAU

For salaries and expenses of the Children's Bureau the bill contains $395,500, a decrease (due to promotions deducted) of $3,900 under the Budget estimate and an increase of $27,500 over the appropriation for the current fiscal year. This increase is for additional personnel and travel expense.

WOMEN'S BUREAU

For the Women's Bureau the Budget estimate for the fiscal year 1932 was $180,500. After deducting $600 for salary increases, the committee recommends $179,900, which is an increase over the current fiscal year of $21,400 for the purpose of carrying on the study of the hazards to women employed in industry.

LIMITATIONS AND LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS

The following limitations on expenditures or legislative provisions, not heretofore enacted in connection with any appropriation bill, are recommended:

On page 50, in connection with the appropriation for prison camps:

Provided, That reimbursements from this appropriation made to the War or other departments for supplies or subsistence shall be at the net contract or invoice price notwithstanding the provisions of any other act.

On page 51, in connection with the appropriation for the probation system:

Provided, That no part of this or any other appropriation shall be used to defray the salary or expenses of any probation officer who does not comply with the official orders, regulations, and probation standards promulgated by the Attorney General.

On page 79, in connection with the appropriation to the Bureau of Standards for investigation of the utilization of waste products from the land:

Provided, That the Bureau of Standards cooperate with the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, Department of Agriculture, without duplication of work.

TINKHAM

This is a dissenting report in relation to the appropriation for the Bureau of Prohibition contained in the Department of Justice appropriation bill for 1932.

This appropriation bill for the Department of Justice carries a lump sum of $11,369,500 for the Bureau of Prohibition, an increase of $2,369,500 over the corresponding appropriation for 1931, when the bureau was in the Treasury Department.

The increase in the appropriation for the Bureau of Prohibition for 1932 is largely for 500 additional enforcement officers and for other employees made necessary by the appointment of these officers, bringing the contemplated new appointments to 688, at a cost of $1,614,260 for salaries and of $356,581 for traveling expenses, or a total of $1,970,841.

Unless human nature has radically changed—and there was no evidence placed before the committee that it had—the 500 additional enforcement officers provided for in the bill will add a new measure to the corruption, lawlessness, and perjury now generally connected with the enforcement of prohibition, and must increase the present resentment of and contempt for law and government and the disrespect of the administration of justice in the United States.

Within the last six months, since the Bureau of Prohibition has been in the Department of Justice, dismissals have occurred for the following reasons:

Abstracting complaint letter from files and communicating contents to persons involved.

False statements to superior officer and intoxication.

Intoxication and violation of official orders by driving automobile after purchase of and drinking intoxicating liquors.

Intoxication.
Alleged conspiracy to falsely identify a defendant.
Conversion to personal use of property seized in raid.
Collusion with violators.
Attempted extortion.
Assault on private citizen after stopping his car.
Taking stock room keys and absenting himself from duty without permission.
Annoying and insulting women employed in office.

As recently as December 19, 1930, evidence was reported to have been given before a coroner in San Francisco by one Federal enforcement officer against another that he, the latter, "was in no condition to drive an automobile' the night he shot to death Ugolino Prasso, suspected bootlegger, on a lonely road in Napa County."

The Director of Prohibition testified before the committee that there was no investigation made of the conduct of his agents except when a complaint was received, so that extensive corruption might exist among his force without his knowledge.

At present there are 2,638 employees in the Bureau of Prohibition, whereas in the Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice, whose work covers all Federal crimes except prohibition, there are only 738 employees. The Director of Prohibition stated that he had not sufficient time to explain why this discrepancy in the personnel of the two bureaus should exist.

Neither the Attorney General nor the Director of Prohibition would estimate what the ultimate cost of enforcement might be. Two former directors of the prohibition work are said to have stated that it would reach at least $300,000,000 annually.

In the appropriation bill for the Department of Justice for 1932, $20,510,728 is requested for the judiciary, an increase of $8,787,271, or about 75 per cent, over the corresponding appropriation of $11,723,457 for 1921.

It was estimated by the general agent of the Department of Justice that about 50 per cent of the appropriation requested for the judiciary, or about $10,000,000, was due to prohibition.

In the appropriation bill for the Department of Justice for 1932, $14,194,935 is requested for Federal penal institutions. Of this amount $2,514,135 is said to be for construction. The difference of $11,680,800 is an increase of $6,897,826, or 144 per cent, over the corresponding appropriation of $4,782,974 for 1921.

On December 1, 1930, the number of Federal prisoners in Federal and State institutions was 26,469, 49 per cent of whom had been sentenced for violations of the liquor laws. In 1921 the number of prisoners in Federal institutions was 4,296. The number of Federal prisoners in State and county institutions in 1921 is said to be unascertainable.

The number of Federal prisoners in Federal institutions alone on December 1, 1930, was 12,149, almost three times the number that were in Federal institutions in 1921. Were it possible to make a comparison of the Federal prisoners both in Federal and in State and county institutions between the years 1921 and 1930, a much larger increase would doubtless be shown. Of the number of Federal prisoners in State and county institutions on June 30, 1930, 67 per cent had been sentenced because of violations of the liquor laws and 71.3 per cent of the prisoners awaiting trial on that date were offenders against the prohibition laws.

Many of these prisoners sentenced for violations of the liquor laws, deprived of their liberty for acts to which is attached no moral turpitude, stamped with criminality, with their futures wrecked, are martyrs to the present maniacal ecclesiastical domination of government as truly as were those who suffered under the Spanish Inquisition martyrs to the ecclesiastical fanaticism of their day.

From the above figures it is obvious that any addition to the prohibition enforcement force not only increases the appropriation for the Bureau of Prohibition but also will increase automatically the appropriations for the Federal judiciary and for the maintenance of Federal prisoners. In addition to the appropriations for the Department of Justice for prohibition there are also very large sums for the Coast Guard, the Bureau of Industrial Alcohol, and the Customs Service of the Federal Government and large expenditure under State and local governments, the past and future totals of which no attempt has been made to enumerate, or predict. The only conclusions to be drawn from these facts are that ultimately a large segment of the American people will have become prisoners under Federal and State prohibition laws and that enforcement of prohibition constitutes a bottomless pit for Government expenditures.

The appropriation bill for the Bureau of Prohibition for 1932 contains an item of $316,500 for “Special and miscellaneous current expenses,” $250,000 of which is for the purchase of liquor—some of

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