페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

which is to be consumed by the employees of the Bureau of Prohibition-and for various incidental expenses such as the buying of meals, hotel expenses, and the like. This very large sum of money from the Public Treasury is admittedly intended to be spent for the commission of the very act which is made a crime by the prohibition law, and the Director of Prohibition was unable to submit to the committee a statute or a court decision to prove that such acts of his employees were not crimes.

In other words, this fund, assessed upon the taxpayers of the country, constitutes a Federal Government slush fund for the commission of crime. It is a scandalous and indefensible expenditure, especially when expanded to the proportion of the item requested this year. The corresponding appropriations for previous years have been freely used for the entrapment and ensnaring of the unwary.

The bill contains an item of $160,500 for "Temporary employees and special payments. It appeared in the hearings that this item was intended largely for payments to stool pigeons or criminals. The Director of Prohibition was willing that a proviso should be added to the bill prohibiting the use of any money for this purpose, but a majority of the committee were unwilling to agree to such action.

The bill contains an item of $2,000 for the purchase of stationery and office supplies for undercover work. The use made of like appropriations in the past suggests the establishment by the Government of offices where arrangements are made for the commission of crime and for the establishment of places for the illicit sale of liquor. A proviso should be added to the bill that no money is to be expended for such purposes.

The bill contains an item of $50,000 for “Dissemination of information."

On page 4592 of part 10 of the “Lobby investigation hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate," 1930, appears the “Report of legal and legislative department, Anti-Saloon League of America, quarter ending February 18, 1925." This report, addressed to the members of the executive committee by the late Wayne B. Wheeler, contains the following paragraph:

The oi.e outstanding gain we made was in establishing a new policy in having a certain sum designated for printing posters, etc., appealing to the people for obedience. While we got only $50,000 this time, it sets a precedent that we can use in the future and increase the amount. We have worked for this for four years. Both administrations were afraid of it, but we finally got it written into the law. We believe it will be a great advantage to have these posters in public buildings and have the Government officially back of our appeal for law obedience.

As may be seen from the above, this appropriation originally was obtained purely for propaganda purposes by the Anti-Saloon League of America, an ecclesiastical-political organization.

Under this appropriation for 1931 a pamphlet entitled The Value of Law Observance" and marked “A Factual Monograph” was issued by the Bureau of Prohibition of the Department of Justice. This publication is filled with false and misleading statements, some of which were reviewed during the hearings on this bill. As one of the two editors of this monograph was formerly associated with the Methodist Board of Temperance, Prohibition, and Public Morals, another ecclesiastical-political organization, the bias and prejudice of the publication are obvious.

Prohibition is a political question. It was one of the principal political issues in 1930 and it now appears that it will become the principal issue upon which the next President and the next Congress will be elected. Propaganda for such a political issue should certainly not be paid from money derived from all the taxpayers. Such expenditures are improper, unprincipled, and indefensible. A proviso should be added to the bill forbidding the expenditure of any money for political purposes.

The Director of Prohibition admitted before the committee that private telephone wires were tapped but he even refused to disclose the amount of money that had been expended for this nefarious work. A minority of the Supreme Court has characterized this contemptible practice as "dirty business" and 27 States have made wire tapping a penal offense. The Director of the Bureau of Investigation when before the committee in connection with the appropriation for his department for 1931 had the following to say on this subject:

We have a very definite rule in the bureau that any employee engaging in wire tapping will be dismissed from the service of the bureau.

While it may not be illegal, I think it is unethical, and it is not permitted under the regulations by the Attorney General.

What is unethical for the Bureau of Investigation is unethical for the Bureau of Prohibition, and if wire tapping is not permitted under the regulations of the Bureau of Investigation by the Attorney General, it should not be permitted under the regulations of the Bureau of Prohibition. The practice of wire tapping by the Bureau of Prohibition is another example of the debasing and perverting influence of prohibition upon ethical and normal conduct. A proviso should be placed in the bill prohibiting the use of any money for wire tapping.

The deplorable results of prohibition and its utter impracticability were made clear during the hearings on the appropriation bill for the Department of Justice. There was submitted to the committee a publication of the Department of Justice itself entitled "Possible Production of Illegal Liquor in the United States for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1930," which included statistics taken from another official publication, the Statistical Abstract of the United States, issued by the Bureau of the Census. This publication discloses that whereas in 1914, a normal year before prohibition, the actual consumption of distilled spirits was 143,447,227 gallons (from which revenue was derived), in 1930 the possible production of distilled spirits was about 69,000,000 gallons (from which no revenue was derived), a reduction of only about 50 per cent; that whereas in 1914 the actual consumption of wine was 52,418,430 gallons (from which revenue was derived), in 1930 the possible production of wine was 118,320,300 gallons (from which no revenue was derived), an increase of about 125 per cent. It is not to be presumed that the Bureau of Prohibition was over liberal in these calculations, and it should be noted that no account was taken of the possible quantities of alcoholic liquors smuggled into the country.

It was also admitted to the committee that a private dwelling was immune from search even if it was known that liquor was manufactured there provided no sale was made, from which admission it was concluded and is beyond contradiction that every home in the United States is a potential and legally protected winery, brewery, or distillery.

GEORGE HOLDEN TINKHAM.

STATE, JUSTICE, COMMERCE, AND LABOR APPROPRIATION BILL, FISCAL YEAR 1932

Comparative statement of the amounts appropriated for the fiscal year 1931, the Budget estimates for the fiscal year 1932,

and the amounts recommended in the accompanying bill for 1932
(NOTE.-Appropriations for 1931 include amounts in the regular annual and deficiency acts]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Secretary's office, salaries, including temporary

employees.
Contingent expenses and miscellaneous expenses.-
Printing and binding-
Passport bureaus..
Collecting and editing official papers of Terri-

tories of the United States.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Ambassadors, ministers, etc. (including $10,000

for 1931 in deficiency act).

649, 000.00

649, 000.00

649, 000. 00

Chargés d'affaires ad interim.

30, 000. 00

30, 000.00

30, 000. 00

Clerks at embassies and legations.

456, 850. 00 482, 350. 00 482, 350. 00 +25, 500. 00 Contingent expenses, foreign missions (including $50,000 for 1931 in deficiency act)

1, 386, 325. 00

912, 740. 00 912, 740. 00 - 473, 585. 00 Foreign Service inspectors, expenses of

25, 000.00 25, 000.00 25, 000. 00
Clerk hire, United States consulates.

1, 853, 266. 00 2, 234, 088. 00 2, 234, 088.00 +380, 822. 00
Contingent expenses, United States consulates. 1, 737, 140.00 925, 931. 00 905, 931. 00 - 831, 209. 00 - 20,000.00
Immigration of aliens.

600, 000.00
(1)

--600, 000.00 Relief and protection, American seamen.

50, 000.00 50, 000.00 50, 000.00 Foreign Service officers, salaries of

3, 298, 500.00 3, 373, 500.00 3, 373, 500.00 +75, 000.00 Salaries while receiving instructions and in transit 23, 000.00

23, 000.00 23, 000.00 Transportation of diplomatic, consular, and Foreign Service officers

518, 000.00 518, 000.00 518, 000.00 Emergencies arising in Diplomatic and Consular Service

400, 000. 00 400, 000.00 400, 000, 00 Allowance to widows or heirs of Diplomatic, Con

sular, and Foreign Service officers who die abroad.

2, 000.00

2,000.00 2, 000. 00
Post allowances to diplomatic, consularand
Foreign Service officers.

100, 000. 00 100, 000. 00 100, 000.00
Foreign Service buildings fund.

1, 700, 000. 00 2, 000, 000. 00 1, 200, 000.00 -500, 000.00 -800, 000.00 Foreign Service buildings, Tokyo, Japan.

120, 000. 00

- 120, 000.00 Foreign Service retirement and disability fund.. 216, 000.00

215, 000.00 215, 000.00 - 1,000.00 1 Merged with "Salaries, Department of State,' sulates,” and “Salaries, Foreign Service officers.”

,” “Allowance for clerks at consulates,” “Contingent expenses United States con

Comparative statement of the amounts appropriated for the fiscal year 1931, the Budget estimates for the fiscal year 1932,

and the amounts recommended in the accompanying bill for 1932Continued

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Cape Spartel Light, Morocco, annual expenses of.
Rescuing shipwrecked American seamen.
International Bureau of Weights and Measures..
Customs Tariffs, International Bureau for Pub-

lication of

[blocks in formation]

Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico

(including $30,000 for 1931 in deficiency act)
Boundary line, United States and Canada -
Boundary treaty of 1925 between United States

and Great Britain

[blocks in formation]
« 이전계속 »