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dred a year for his · Taxation no Tyranny,' alone.” I repeated this, and Johnson was much pleased with such praise from such a man as Orme.

At Mr. Dilly's to-day were Mrs. Knowles, the ingenious Quaker lady,* Miss Seward the poetess of Lichfield, the Reverend Dr. Mayo, and the Rev. Mr. Beresford, tutor to the Duke of Bedford. Before dinner Dr. Johnson seized upon Mr. Charles Sheridan’ss “ Account of the late Revolution in Sweden," and seemed to read it ravenously, as if he devoured it, which was to all appearance his method of studying. " He knows how to read better than any one (says Mrs. Knowles ;) he gets at the substance of a book directly ; he tears out the heart of it.” He kept it wrapt up in the tablecloth in his lap during the time of dinner, from an avidity to have one entertainment in readiness, when he should have finished another; resembling (if I may use so coarse a simile) a dog who holds a bone in his paws in reserve, while he eats something else which has been thrown to him.

The subject of cookery having been very naturally introduced at a table where Johnson, who boasted of the niceness of his palate, owned that “ he always found a good dinner," he said " I could write a better book of cookery than has ever yet been written; it should be

book upon philosophical principles. Pharmacy is now made much more simple. Cookery may be made so too. A prescription which is now compounded of five ingredients, had formerly fifty in it. So in cookery, if the


4 Dr. Johnson, describing her needle-work in one of his letters to Mrs. Thrale, Vol. I. p. 326, uses the learned word sutile ; which Mrs. Thrale has mistaken, and made the phrase injurions by writiug * futile pictures, $ [The elder brother of R. B. Sheridan, Esq. He died in 1806.


nature of the ingredients be well known, much fewer will do. Then, as you cannot make bad meat good, I would tell what is the best butcher's meat, the best beef, the best pieces; how to choose young fowls; the proper seasons of different vegetables ; and then how to roast and boil and compound." DILLY. “Mrs. Glasse's • Cookery,' which is the best, was written by Dr. Hill. Half the trade 5 know this." JOHNSON. “ Well, Sir. This shews how much better the subject of cookery may be treated by a philosophers. I doubt if the book be written by Dr. Hill; for, in Mr. Glasse's' Cookery,' which I have looked into, salt-petre and sal-prunella are spoken of as different substances, whereas sal-prunella is only salt-petre burnt on charcoal; and Hill could not be ignorant of this. However, as the greatest part of such a book is made by transcription, this mistake may have been carelessly adopted. But you shall see what a Book of Cookery I shall make : I shall agree with Mr. Dilly for the copy-right.” Miss SEWARD. 66 That would be Hercules with the distaff indeed.” JOHNSON. “ No, Madam. Women can spin very well; but they cannot make a good book of Cookery.”

JOHNSON.“ O! Mr. Dilly-you must know that an English Benedictine Monk at Paris has translated 6 The Duke of Berwick's Memoirs, from the original French, and has sent them to me to sell. I offered them to Strahan, who sent them back with this answer:

That the first book he had published was the Duke of Berwick's Life, by which he had lost: and he hated

" 5 5

s As Physicians are called the Faculty, and Counsellors at Law the Profession, the Booksellers of London are denominated the Trade. Johnson disapproved of these denominations.

55 [A lady has lately refuted this assertion, by making the best and most popular book of Cookery, that has appeared in our days. C.]


the names "Now I honestly tell you, - that Strahan has nefused; them but I also honestly tell you, that the did it upona no principlegia for her never looked into them.I ĐILY . Are they well translated, Sirp!! JOHNSON. "Why, Sir; very well-iny a style very current and very clear. I have written to the Benedict tine i to give me an answer upon two points; What evidence is there that the letters are authentick? (för if they are not authentick, they are nothing And how long will cit, be before the original French is pub. lished? For if the French edition is not to appear for a considerable time; the translation wilhobe almostioa's valuable i as an original booka They will make two volumes in detayot and I havel undertaken to correct every sheet as iti comes from the press. Mr: Dilly desired to see them and said he would send for them. He asked Dr Johnson, . if he would write a Preface to them.) JOHNSON 5 799 No, Singi The Benedictines were very kind tô men and I'll do what I undertook to do butih will not mingle my name with them. I am to gain nothing by themi TI?ll turn them, lobse. upon the world, and let them take their ehance A, DR MAYÓ. * Pray, Sir, dre Ganganelli's letters i authentieki?'* JOHNŠÓN. 4. Nos Sür." Voltaire put"the same question for the editor of them, that I did to Macphersona Where are the originals ?? abis krant * I2Y co! Mrs. Knowles affected to complain that 'men had much more liberty allowed them than women. * JOHN SON. " Why, Madam, women have all the liberty they should wish to have? We have all the labour and the danger, and the women all the advantage Wego to sea, we build houses, we do every thing, in short, to pay our court to the women." Mrs. KNOWLES. “ The tores tabFREE to, nato nukutt i Vester

6 [They were published in 1779 by Mr. CadeltA. c) VOL. III.

Doctor reasons yery Wittily, but not convincinglya Noni take the instance of building: the mnąson's; Wifeylif she is ever seen in liquor, is rụinęd sithe mason may gett himself drunk as often as he pleases, with little loss of characten; nay, may, let his wife

and childrens starvel JohụSON., Madam, you must considengif, the) mason does get himself drunk, iand, lets his wife and children starve, the parish, will gblige shim to find security for their maintenance o:We have different modes ôf restraining evil.s. Stocks, for the men,tia ducking-stool for women, and a pound for beasts. If we require more perfection from women than from ourselveszi itcis doing them honours/7 And wonteni chave not the same temptations that we have'; (they may always dimeldin virtuous company; men mýst-mix, in the world indis criminately, If a woman has no inclination to do what is wrong, being secured, from ; it is no restraint:to: hdi. I am at liberty to walk into the Thames z buttif I were to try it, my, frignds would restrainımęcin Bedan, vand I should she, obliged, tothomólgni MRS.(1 KANOVILES

Stillo: Doetgr, I cannot shelp thinking ixraihardshig that more indulgence, is allowed to men than to women. It gives a superiority toinen, to which I dọipot seeillow they are entitled," (JOHNSON. “It işo plain, Madam, one or other must have the superiorityło Adidhakspeare says, “If two men ride on sa Thorse online mustride behindii” - Dilluns I suppasen Six, Mrs. Knowles would have them aide; in panniels, one on each sidac JOHNSON:d}" Then Sirs the horses Vould throw thema both,kod Mrs. II KNOWLES. Wielbet Aihopkothat in another world the: sexes, will be equale”; BOSWEB & That is being too ambitious, Madamblidhe might as Well desire todbe equal Avith the angels.od We shall all I hope, be happy in a future state, but we must not expéct -to behall. Happfrinatherische degree'] "It is

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enough, if we be happy according to our several capa? eities. A worthy carman will get to heaven as well as Şir: Isaac Newton. Yet, though equally good, they will not have the same degrees of happiness,"?: JOHN soŅ. Probably not." CSS WUpon this subject I had once before sounded him by mentioning the late Reverend Mr. Brown, of Utrecht's image; that a great and small glass, though equally full, did not hold an equal quantity; which he threw aut to refute David Hume's saying, that a little miss, going to dance at a ball, in a finé new dress, was" as happy as a great oratour, after having made an eloquent and applaụded: speech. After some thought, Johnson said, “ I come over to the parson." As an instance of coincidence of thinking, Mr. Dilly told me, that Dr. King, a late dissenting minister in London, said to him, upon the happiness in a future state of good men of different capacities, “ A pail does not hold so much as a tub; bat, if it be equally full, it has no reason to eomplaints Every Saint 'in 'heaven will have as much happiness as he can hold." "Mr. Dilly thought this a elear, I though a familiar, illustration of the phrasé,

One star differeth from another in brightness.” ..: Dr. Mayo hafing asked Johnson's opinion of Soame Jenyns's View of the Internal Evidence of the Chris tian Religion ;? JOHNSON. I« I think it a pretty books not very theological indeed; and there seems to be an affectation of ease and carelessness, as if it were not suitable to his character to bé řery serious about - the matter;" 1 BOSWELL. He may have intended this to introduce his book the better among genteel people,

[See on this question Bishop Hall's. Epistles, Dec. iä, Epist. 6 ***Of the different degrees of heavenly glory, and of our mutua! knowledge of each other above.** MALONE.) et (See wol. ii. p.7 where also this subject is discussed?" MALONET

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