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GENERAL

CONTENTS.

Original Poetry.

GERALD MASSEY.

W. MOY TIIOMAS.

''Twas Christmas Eve'-24. A Call to the

Sonnet to Spenser-120. Song from Burger

People—56. The Three Voices--72.

The Cry

-168. Lucifer: a fragment-469.'

of the Unemployed—104. The Kingliest Crown

THOMAS COOPER.

-120. A Lay of Love-136. This World is • Truth is growing'—40. The Time shall

full of Beauty- 216. • No jewelled Beauty is come'- 40.

Spring-280.

my Love'-218.
· Press on, press on!'-264.

F. TURNBULL.
• There's no dearth of Kindness'- 296. The

Sonnet to Spenser–7. A Winter Dream
Famine-smitten-344. Sweet Smile on the

(Hereward)-184.

cheek of thy Home-358. Song of the Red

FRANK GRANT.

Republican—376. A Night Musing-892.

Hints-89. A Night Thought-136.

J. A. LANGFORD.

GEO. HOOPER (EUGENE).

Oh, give us Rest !'- 88.

The Wish re-

The Hopes of ’48—24. To little Lelia E.-56.

paired -- 137. Oh, never doubt of Man !-
152. Sonnet to Kossuth-198, Sonnet to

WM. WHITMORE.
Mazzini-198. Helen-232. The Poet's Heri-

To Mazzini and Kossuth-56. Shakspere's
tage--204. Stanzas for the Times—296. The Birth-day in the Future-328,
Tale of Love-312, Ode of Horace translated

S. M. KYDD.

-408. An Autumn Reverie-424. Sonnet to Boat Song-25.

Shelley—328. Human Nature-469.

EDWARD SMITH.

WM. JONES.

The Red Indian--57.
The Peasant's Epitaph-—41. February—88.

WM. WYLIE.

Sonnet-168. The March Wind-200. The

Lowlands sweet-246. The Hawthorn Bush

A Moorland Carol-104.

in bloom-360.

ALEXANDER BELL.

J. W. KING.

The Mountain Glen–440.
Martial Glory— 248. •Lookup, ye toiling mil-

THOS, BELL.

licns'-345. A Summer invitation-424. Song Blue Bell and Primrose-120.

-468.

S. WILKS.

H. R. NICHOLLS.

The True Sabbath-408.

Thoughts-326. The Worker's Vision-422,

EDRIC.

Country Musings—456.

To Kenilworth Castle-312.

JOHN ACKROYD.

HOMO.

Sonnet to Spring—280. Sonnet on Beauty A Lay of Free Thought-344.

296. To Poverty—312.

A POWER-LOOM WEAVER.

GE0. TWEDDELL.

Toil, Brothers, toil !-152.

The Primrose~232. Sonnet, written in York

SHELDON CHADWICK.

Castle-263. Rienzi-264.

Eternal Beauty-456.

Original Prose.

THOMAS COOPER.

LETTERS:- -To the Young Men of the Work- / 4. The Miracles (Second Discourse)—185, 201,
ing Classes—1,81, 129, 209. To the Lord Harry 219, 237, 253, 269, 284.
of Exeter-5, 66, 177. To Lord Nugent-17. 5. The Transfiguration of Jesus-300, 316, 333.
To Lord Dudley Stuart--33. To Earl Talbot-65. 6, The Passion, Crucifixion, &c.-345, 363, 38).

CRITICAL EXEGESIS OF GOSPEL HISTORY :- 7. The Resurrection and Ascension-397, 413,
1. The Birth and Childhood of Jesus—8, 25, 41. 425, 441, 457, 476.
2. The Baptism and Temptation of Jesus—57, ORATIONS:- The Life and Genius of Sir Isaac
37, 89.

Newton--271, 233, 249. The Age of Chivalry
3. The Miracles (First Discourse)-105, 121, —265, 281. Moral and Political Lessons of
137, 153, 169.

Gulliver's Travels-297, 313, 329.

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THOMAS COOPER (CONTINUED).

SAMUEL M. KYDD.

The Times' putting on its Spectacles-18. Letter on Mental Culture-3. Pen and Ink

Probable Whig Tactics for 1850–49. Resolu- Sketches of Life-67, 99. The Ten Hours' Act

tion of Whiggery to take its ease-97. Good --178. State of the Nation-419. Louis Napo-

News: The Organisation of Labour commenced leon-449. Mercantile Philosophy_466.

in London–98. Education and Sabbath Obser- !

TIIOMAS SHORTER.

vance-145. Doing Nothing the Season for Mis - 1

The People's Duty regarding National Edu-

chief-161. What the Poor think in France.--

cation--194. The Crisis at hand, in France-

243. Arguments and Purposes of the Sunday 322. Reflections on the 79th Birth-day of Robert

Sabbatarians-257. Of what Use is St. Paul's Owen-370. Power of the Working Classes, and
Cathedral ?—275. The only Help for Working their Duty in reference to Association—418.
Men-305. The Type of the Principle of • Or-

RICHARD OTLEY.

der'-321. The Working Man's Question-417.

Testimony to the Value of Mesmerism–60. Phi.

Reminiscences of Ebenezer Elliott--339, 354,

losophy of Mesmerism-225. A Reminiscence

The Demon of Despotism--356, 377, 393, 409.

of Wordsworth-231, 324. Notes which they

The Philosopy of Death-127.
who run may Read—117, 133, 196, 307. Notes

GEORGE NOOPER.

of Travel and Talk--387, 438, 454, 467. Fare- France; The Chaos of Order--50. The

well Words-471. Matters which are note- Duty of the Hour-353.

worthy at the Present Time—472.

FRANK GRANT.

Thoughts Suggested by the Birth of a Child-

A Political Lesson from the Vasty Deep-83. 361. What can we Do?–403. A Country Walk
An Argument for Universal Suffrage-115. Unity –444.
of Sentiment in Authors-132. The Church

GE0. TWEDDELL.

really in danger - 193. The Church and her Marriage Sketches—84.

Grievances__213. Friends of Order'in France:

GERALD MASSEY

Who are They ?—241. The Quarterly,' M. Gui-

Signs of Progress--113.
zot, and Democracy–244. The Educationists and

ALEXANDER BELL.
the Religionists -- 289. Episcopal hostility to
Secular Education-337. The Lords, and their

Labour and Capital: Association–273.
New House-369, The Value of Leisure--372..
Lamartine on Socialism-385. A Word about Principle and Expediency-148.
Sunday Observance--401. The Golden Prize-

C. F. NICHOLLS.

406. What's the Use of a House of Lords ?--433. Thoughts on Progress-435.

LEGO.

Correspondence.
From Walter Cooper-21. Samuel M. Kydd T. T. Campbell--101. W. Peplow-149. E.Med-
--22. Thomas Shorter-36, 69. John Vickers ley-163. T. E. B.-181. J. H. Nodall—230,
-35. Friend of the People - 37. C. F. Nicholls "Times'-230. Alpha Beta-292. D. C. (on the
–52. James Benny-52. An Operative--58. word Proletarian) --294. Omicron-310. One of
E Wilson–53. W. Middleton-53. W. Whit- the People in the Potteries-342. E.J.Turner-
more--53. James M.Donald-69. J.Black-69. 374. J.Clark-374. J. Holmes-451. Dr. Smiles

-470.

OF

OR, UNFETTERED THINKER AND PLAIN SPEAKER FOR

TRUTH, FREEDOM, AND PROGRESS.

And though all the winds of doctrine were let loose to play upon the earth, so Truth be in the field, we do injuriously to misdoubt her strength. Let her and Falsehood grapple! Who ever knew Truth put to the worse, in a free and open encounter?"-Milton's Areopagitica.

No. 1.-Vol. 1.]

FOR THE WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1850. [Price One Penny.

TO THE YOUNG MEN OF THE WORKING CLASSES.

LETTER I. NEW SERIES.
“ They say your purpose might be gained-at once-
By some rare method, could you find it out;
But, men, in their impatience, often scorn
The surer path, and essay many roads-
Only to be chagrined: then turn to take
The way which first did promise them success ;

And sorrow o'er their time and labour lost."-Old Play. MEN OF THE FUTURE, -If any new proof had been wanting, in addition to the many recorded by history, that the freedom which the intellectual Few can win, the unintellectual Many may easily lose,--this proof has been given us in the events of the year just closed. The unintellectual Many elevated Louis Napoleon to the Presidency, and France became a Republic only in name; hence followed the overthrow of Italian liberty ; noble Hungary was left helpless, while her despotic and barbarous foe took fresh courage-deriving also his fatal advantage from treachery; and the prospect of European freedom which opened so brilliantly upon us in 1848, was blighted. Should not this sad catastrophe of struggles so hopefully begun, teach us, more than ever, to labour earnestly for the increase of intelligence in our own fatherland—in order, first, that the demand for the franchise may be more speedily successful, by its being the universal demand of an intelligent people--and, then, that the franchise when won, may be preserved unimpaired, by its being wisely exercised ? I know that many a young and earnest mind will give an affirmative response to this question.

What, then, can we do, in this year 1850, towards laying a sure and enduring foundation for our great enterprize—the enlightenment and enfranchisement of ALL? The old Mechanics’ Institutes, it is confessed by their best and worthiest supporters, have failed to accomplish their purpose: the political associations of the Working Classes have become almost lifeless. Is it the time to attempt the formation of a PROGRESS UNION, that shall combine efforts for the spread of intelligence with an united struggle for the franchise, and for the general amelioration of our political and social condition ? Such a union, it seems to me, (but, by many of you reflecting upon it, the thought may be improved) might be created by these means :

1. Societies should be formed, having Mutual Instruction and Discussion Classes, Libraries, and weekly lectures : their rules should be free of all restriction as to the subjects of discourse or debate, or the character of the books or papers purchased; above all, their quarterly, monthly, or weekly

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payments should be within the means of all working men-by being proportioned to the average earnings of workmen in each locality. Such societies, I have pleasure in knowing, are already formed in several districts of London, and in some of the populous towns in the provinces. I care nothing about their names, whether · Mechanics’ Institutes,' (though there are few of these free of restrictions,) Working Man's Institutes,' Mutual Improvement Societies,' or 'Temperance Associations. The difference of their names need be no hinderance to their joining in a general PROGRESS UNION. Nor need any new, or general name, be imposed on such new local societies as may hereafter be formed, unless by general consent.

2. Such societies should call together their members, in order to learn their minds respecting the advisableness of joining such a union. If their consent were obtained, it might be signified in this journal; and, when the idea was sufficiently ripened, a Conference of Delegates should be held, to determine upon rules and the general operations of the Union.

Concerning the machinery and purposes of such a Union, I may be permitted to give my notions, a little more at large.

1. The life of the Union would consist in a body of Lecturers--selected for their intelligence, moral character, and sincere devotion to their work -labouring for a given time in one neighbourhood, and then removing to another, according to a matured plan.

2. So fast as the list of localities augmented, new districts should be formed—until, in the course of time, a network of communication (similar to the Wesleyan Circuits') should be spread over the country.

3. The stations and movements of the body of Lecturers should be fixed and regulated by a Conference of Delegates, meeting annually (or oftener in the outset)—while the affairs of the Union, in the interim, might be managed by a Board, or Council, appointed by the Conference; but in this Board there should be no stated President,-the Board being left to elect its own chairman at each of its meetings, or for such period as it judged fit. A General Secretary, of course, would be necessary; and as the Union grew, and it became needful for him to devote the whole of his time to the business of his office, he would have to be properly remunerated.

4. The Union when formed should have a missionary spirit. The effort should be made to form Societies in every possible direction—without waiting, at all times, for formal invitations into a locality.

5. To raise the intellectual and moral condition of the whole community should be the first professed object of the Union: its Lecturers would, therefore, be required to select (according to their ability) subjects in history, biography, science, politics, social economy, and general literature, for their themes, and to endeavour to do all in their power towards enlightening, refining, and elevating their audiences; while both in example and precept the teacher should recommend the highest morality of life.

6. The great indubitable right of every human being, of sane mind, and arrived at the years of maturity, to share equally in the choice of representatives by whom laws are made and mankind governed-should invariably be asserted by the Lecturers of the Union.

1. The equally indubitable right of every man and woman to live happily by their useful labour, whether of hand or brain,-should be as invariably asserted.

8. The wickedness and injustice of persecution for opinion,--the evil of taxes on knowledge, -the turpitude of war,--the folly and wrong of capital punishments, and all other excessive penal laws,--the absurdity and in

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