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2. Name the five great lakes on or near the northern boundary of the United States
What river carries their waters to the ocean?
Name its principal tributaries.
What are its three principal tributaries? 4. Where is Great Salt Lake?
Where is Lake George?
Lake Michigan? 5. Bound Kentucky; name and locate its principal city; name also its political capital.
NOTE.—In bounding States—the 5th, 6th, and 7th questions-name the adjoining States, as well as the water-boundaries, rivers, &c.]
6. Bound South Carolina, and name its principal city, and name also its political capital.
7. Bound Missouri, and name its principal city.
8. What is the political capital of New York? Of Ohio? Of Illinois? Of Missowi? Of New Hampshire? Of Virginia? Of Louisiana ? 9. How many States in the Union !
Which is the largest State in area?
Which has the greatest number of inhabitants ? 10. Name the Pacific States.
Name the Gulf States in order, beginning on the east.
What States border on the British possessions or on the great lakes ! 11. How many Territories belong to our Union ?
Which one touches the Pacific Ocean?
Which ones touch old Mexico ? 12. Name the principal mountain ranges of North America. Locate them.
13. Going all the way by water (excluding canals) from Saint Paul, Minn., to West Point, N. Y., through what bodies of water would you pass ?
And along what States would you pass ?
What three large cities would you see ! 14. Locate the following bays:
Chesapeake. 15. What gulf separates North from South America ? What land connects them!
16. What is the principal river of South America and into what does it flow! Give the latitude of its mouth, about.
17. What and where is the principal mountain range of South America !
Cape St. Roque.
Which is the largest ?
Which is the largest 1
Which the least civilized ?
And what separates England from the Continent! 26. Where is the Black Sea!
Where is the Baltic ?
The Adriatic Sea ? 27. What sea is between Africa and Asia ?
What isthmus connects Africa and Asia ? 28. What high mountain range in the northern part of India ? 29. What large islands in the Indian Ocean are crossed by the equator!
30. In going all the way by water, and by the Suez Canal, from Calcutta to St. Petersburg, along what waters will you pass ?
The candidate will state the text-book, or books, that he has studied upon this subject.
EXAMINATION IN ARITHMETIC.
DIVISION I.. 1. Find the number of times / off of a cubic yard contains 1377.57 cubic inches. 2. Reduce 91 - 1 34
to a simple fraction. 63
to an equivalent decimal. 4+3.45
2 4. 5 cubic feet of gold weigh 98.20 times and 2 cubic feet of copper weigh 18 times as much as a cubic foot of distilled water, how many cubic inches of copper will weigh as much as y of a cubic inch of gold?
5. If a person travels 154 miles a day, and receives 2.76 shillings for each 19,360 feet passed over, how many gallons of wine, at 132.8 farthings a pint, could he buy with the money received, after traveling 7 days, 10 hours, 4 minutes, and 48 seconds 7
DIVISION II. 1. Define the least common multiple of two or more numbers, and give the rule for obtaining it.
2. Define the greatest common divisor of two or more numbers, and give the rule for obtaining it in the case of two small numbers.
3. Detine a fraction, and explain the difference between a common fraction and a decimal fraction.
4. Explain why multiplying the denominator of any fraction is equivalent to dividing the fraction by the multiplier.
5. Give the rule for obtaining the value of a denominate fraction in integers of lower denominations.
6. Give an example of each of the following, and in the same order as indicated: an improper fraction, a simple fraction, a compound fraction, a complex fraction, and a mixed number.
7. Give the rule for reducing a common fraction to an equivalent decimal, and explain why the resulting decimal will be equal to the common fraction from which it is obtained.
8. Explain how to change any fraction to an equivalent fraction having a given fractional unit. Illustrate by finding how many 17ths there are in 4.
9. State when four numbers are in proportion, and give an example. 10. Give the rule for reducing a compound denominate number to a decimal of a given denomination.
(The candidate will state the text-books in this subject that he has studied, and write his number in a legible hand.)
EXAMINATION IN HISTORY.
Time allotted, two hours. 1. Give the names of four of the principal Spanish discoverers and explorers in America, and the countries visited by them, together with the dates of their explorations. 2. Give the same facts of three English explorers prior to 1620.
3. Who explored and named the Gulf and River of Saint Lawrence and for whom did he claim the country?
4. Give dates and important facts connected with the settlement of the followingnamed colonies, stating the different settlements therein, by whom made, the motive of immigration, and under whose auspices established: 1. Virginia.
3. New York. 2. Massachusetts.
4. Maryland. 5. How many colonial wars between France and England and by what names are they severally known!
6. Where and when was the treaty of peace between Great Britain and the United States signed after the war of Revolution, and what were the geographical limits assigned by its provisions ? 7. When did slavery exist in the New England States! 8. When were the Articles of Confederation between the colonies agreed to by Con
gress and when ratified? When did the Constitutional Convention meet, who was its presiding officer, and how long before the Constitution was fully ratified by all of the States 1
9. What were the causes of the war of 1812 and its results ?
10. When was the city of Washington taken by the British and what were the circumstances of its capture?
11. State the limiting dates of the following administrations and the principal events occurring therein:
1. Jackson. 2. Polk. 12. What was the political condition of the country at the beginning of the civil war; what great questions were at issue, and what parties brought forward candidates for the Presidency? Who were these candidates ?
13. What States adopted ordinances of secession ?
14. What men composed the Cabinet of President Lincoln during his first administration and what office did each hold ?
15. When was the emancipation proclamation issued ?
16. What movement of the Confederate forces resulted in the battle of Gettysburg; when was it fought, and what its effect?
17. What campaign preceded the surrender of Lee; what was the last important battle of the war, and when did Lee surrender?
Name the text-books you have studied upon this subject.
at Vest Point,
WEST POINT, N. Y., June 10, 1878. Hon. DAVID A. WELLS,
President Board of Visitors, West Point, N. Y. : Sir: In compliance with your verbal request of yesterday, I have the honor to snbmit the following remarks upon the necessity, estimated cost, and adequacy of the proposed additional water supply for this post.
This proposed supply is to be obtained from “Ronnd Pond," a small mountain lake, situated about four miles west of the post.
1.- NECESSITY. In the summer of 1876, for several weeks, the use of bath-rooms and water-closets was prohibited, the water-backs of all ranges were removed, at considerable cost for plumbing, and at the front gate of each house was to be seen a barrel, which was filled daily from a cart. During this time there was no means of checking a fire, had one broken out; the health of the inhabitants was in danger from the poisonous gases of sewers and gas-pipes, and much labor needed for other things was absorbed in providing the daily supply, such as it was. This state of affairs is liable to occur every summer. In 1877 the regular supply was again exhausted, and water had to be pumped into the main from a spring near the level of the river, which is about 160 feet below the level of the principal buildings. This expedient prevented the necessity of removing waterbacks and hauling, but it furnished no protection against fire, and would not have answered the other purpose for any considerable length of time.
ESTIMATED COST. For purchase of lake
$3,000 00 For purchase of adjoining lands, 41 acres, at $40
1, 610 00 For right of way to post.
350 00 For syphon and appendages..
2, 053 00 For 328 tons of 6-inch water-pipe, at $33
10, 224 (NO For laying 20,698 feet of same, at $1.
20, 698 00 For contingencies.
1, 435 000 Total.....
40, 000 00 3.—ADEQUACY. The present consumption of water at this post is less than 100,000 gallons daily. The area of Round Pond at the surface is 11.43 acres; its depth near the middle is 29 feet; the quantity of water available, placing the outlet 23 feet below the surface, is fortyeight million gallons. It will therefore furnish 400,000 gallons daily—four times the present consumption--for four months, which more than covers the dry season. Its depth can be increased to 10 feet by a short embankment and at a small cost, should that be desired in the future.
The water has been analysed under the direction of the post surgeon, and pronounced
The height of the lake above the reservoir at the post is 715 feet.
0. H. ERNST, U. S. A.,
Captain of Engineers.