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REPORT

OF

THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

WAR DEPARTMENT, November 19, 1878. Mr. PRESIDENT: In accordance with law I have the honor to submit the annual report of the operations of this department.

THE ARMY. It appears from the report of the General of the Army that, according to the latest returns, received October 15, 1878, the strength of the several arms of the service was as follows:

Enlisted men. Cavalry

7,829 Artillery

2, 630 Infantry

11, 205 Engineer Battalion....

199 Permanent and recruiting parties, music-boys, and recruits in depots..... 1, 121 Enlisted men detailed on general service..

372 Ordnance Department..

394 West Point detachments..

190 Prison-guard.......

71 Hospital stewards..

188 Ordnance sergeants

114 Commissary sergeants

148 Indian scouts

300

Grand total ....

24,761 The reports of the Quartermaster-General and Commissary-General of Subsistence, as well as those of the General of the Army and the department and division commanders, all concur in showing that the Army has been well and economically subsisted and clothed, while the character of the rank and file has been materially improved. Great care has been exercised in the selection of recruits, and as one of the gratifying results the number of desertions has been considerably reduced, the total decrease below the number last year being 838. The aggregate number of desertions during each of the past six years has been as follows: Aggregate number of desertions from United States Army, fiscal year endingJune 30, 1873....

7,271 June 30, 1874.

4, 606 June 30, 1875.

2,521 June 30, 1876.

1, 844 June 30, 1877.

2,516 June 30, 1878.

1,678

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