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145. (1) At morning or evening, colors boats passing near United States naval vessel, or when lying off a foreign man-of-war, shall salute as follows:

(2) Pulling boats by laying on oars and power boats by stopping engines. Coxswains of the boats shall stand and salute and members of a power boat's crew outside of the canopy shall stand facing toward the colors and salute.

146. (1) When a power boat salutes another boat in passing, or when it passes a ship that parades a guard or otherwise salutes an officer in the boat, the members of the crew outside the canopy shall stand at attention, facing the boat or vessel.

(2) Similarly, if the boat is carrying an officer for whom a salute is being fired, men outside the canopy shall stand at attention, facing the saluting ship. The engines are stopped at the first gun, and the boat headed up parallel to the saluting ship.

147. (1) Boatkeepers and all other men in boats that are not under way and not carrying an officer, i. e., at the booms or at a landing, shall, when boat awnings are not spread, stand and salute when an officer comes alongside, leaves the side, or passes near them and shall remain standing until the boat passes or reaches the ship's side. If boat awnings are spread, they shall sit at attention, article 149 (1), and salute with the hand without rising.

(2) Men working on the ship's side do not salute, but continue their work, except when the bugle sounds the call "Attention."

148. (1) Salutes shall be extended to foreign military or naval officers, or officers of our own Army, Marine Corps, Naval Militia, or Revenue-Cutter Service, in the same manner as to United States naval officers of corresponding rank. This rule applies alike afloat and ashore,

(2) No junior shall ever pass a senior in a boat going in the same direction without first obtaining permission to do so.

149. (1) The position of attention in a boat is sitting erect on thwart or in stern sheets.

(2) At landing places officers are saluted by the crew of a pulling boat sitting at attention, and by the coxswain rising and saluting with the hand.

150. Enlisted men who are passengers in running boats which contain officers shall maintain silence.

151. (1) Boats at landings shall always show deference and respect to boats of other ships of our own or of a foreign service. Coxswains shall remember that landings are for the use of all

, that they should exercise patience and forbearance in awaiting their turn

to go alongside, and when once alongside they should give way for other boats as soon as possible. In such cases boats carrying seniors should be given the opportunity to land first, and officers shall be saluted and in every way treated with the deference and respect due their rank.

(2) It should be remembered that boats at a landing come more intimately into contact with officers and men from other ships than at any other place; therefore a strict observance of all courtesies by a boat crew will reflect credit upon the ship. If a doubt exists about the rank of an officer in a boat, it is preferable to salute rather than risk neglecting to salute one who is entitled to that courtesy. (3) Boats

are not to lie alongside a gangway or landing place, but are to lie off while waiting. In case a long wait is probable, or in bad weather, or on occasions at night, permission may be asked to make fast to the boom, also for the crew to come on board.

(4) Small gear should not be left in boats which remain at the boom after sunset, as otherwise it may be stolen by passing shore boats.

(5) When a visiting party goes alongside, the petty officer in charge thereof shall go on board and obtain permission before allowing any of the visiting party to leave the boat. If permission is granted, he allows the party to come on board, each one saluting if colors are hoisted, as he crosses the gangway. If the boat is to wait, it shoves off and lies off the quarter, as above mentioned, unless the officer of the deck gives permission for it to haul out to boom. The regular crew will remain in the boat unless the officer of the deck grants permission for it to come on board.

152. Except when there is a special countersign, the answering hail from a boat, in reply to a ship's hail, shall be varied according to the senior officer or official who may be in the boat, as follows: President of the United States..

“United States." Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Navy..

.“Navy." Flag officer in chief command..

“Fleet." Chief of Staff (when not in command of a ship).......

“Staff." Force commander...

"Force" (giving name of

force). Division commander.

Division" (giving number of his divi

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er.

Marine officer commanding a brigade. “Brigade commander." Flotilla commander....

“Flotilla” (giving name

of flotilla). Commanding officer.....

The name of the ship

under his command. Marine officer commanding regiment..... “Regimental commandOther commissioned officers.

"Aye, Aye.” Other officers..

“No, No. Enlisted men and marines.

“Hello." Boats not intended to go alongside regardless of rank of passengers....

“Passing." 153. Power boats approaching a ship when flag or pennant is not displayed in the bow, or at night, or during the day when the curtains are so drawn that the rank of passengers can not be distinguished, may sound short blasts with the whistle, as follows: President of the United States..

8 Secretary of the Navy..

7 Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

5 Admiral of the Navy.

7 Admiral... Vice admiral..

5 Other flag officer.

4 Commanding officer, chief of staff, or torpedo flotilla commander. 3 Other commissioned officers..

2 All others......

1 154. Boat ensigns are not to be used for boats to which they do not belong, and the insignia on the head of the pennant staff and flagstaff shall be as prescribed for the rank of the officer to which it belongs. The insignia on the head of the pennant staff and flagstaff are identical and are as follows: (a) Flag officer..

Gilt lance head. (6) Captain...

Gilt ball.
(c) Commandere...

Gilt star.
Lower rank......

Flat truck. 155. Whenever any of the following-named officials is regularly embarked on board a ship of the Navy, but is absent therefrom at night with intention to return within 24 hours, his absence shall be

indicated by the number of lights herein indicated displayed at the peak, one above the other: President of the United States..

.8 white lights. Secretary of the Navy...

-6 white lights. Assistant Secretary of the Navy..

.4 white lights. Admiral of the Navy.....

.6 white lights. Admiral...

-5 white lights. Vice admiral.

.4 white lights. Rear admiral.

.3 white lights. Captain appointed to command a force, squadron, or

division other than destroyers, submarines, submarine chasers, etc.....

.3 white lights. Commander of a division of destroyers, submarines, submarine chasers, etc..

1 white light. Captain of a ship (but none, if any of the above are displayed)....

1 white light. 156. Every flagship when in port, or when at sea in company with other ships, shall carry two white lights in a horizontal line 6 feet apart, using outriggers if necessary, on the after side of the mainmast and about 6 feet below the absence lights.

MAN-OF-WAR LIGHTS.

157. At night when approaching an anchorage where men-of-war are likely to be found all naval ships shall hoist at the peak two white lights in a vertical line. When at anchor in port and sighting an incoming ship making this display of lights, United States ships at anchor shall answer such display by hoisting the same signal.

SPEED INDICATORS. 158. Speed indicators are primarily intended for use in formation, but as the actual moment of leaving or joining a formation is mani. festly indeterminate, ships maneuvering in the presence of other ships under conditions which render it advisable that the latter should be apprised of their movements shall use the speed indicators day or night.

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DAY.

SPEED CONES.

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159. The speed of a ship in formation may be indicated by the position of a speed cone, 24 feet in diameter at the base and 3 feet in height, hoisted at the signal yardarm. As a black cone is not easily seen when projected against the gray smoke pipes, cage masts, etc., the cones shall be of a bright yellow color on odd-numbered ships in formation, and bright red on the even-numbered ships.

160. The significations are as follows: Apex up

All the way up to the yardarm or "two-blocked”: “Going

ahead at standard speed.” About two-thirds way up to yardarm: “Going ahead at two

thirds standard speed.” (It should show above the smoke pipes.) About one-third way up to yardarm: “Going ahead at one

third standard speed.' (It should show well clear above

boat cranes, etc.) Apex down,

Hoisted part way to yardarm: “Engines backing."

All the way up to the yardarm: "Engines backing full speed." The cone lowered out of sight: "Engines stopped.”

161. In general, the position, i. e., “apex up." or "apex dowp" indicates in which direction the engines are turning, and the relative height the cone is hoisted above the bridge indicates the fraction of standard speed the engine is making.

SPEED PENNANT.

162. The speed pennant alone at yardarm next to the speed cone (apex up) signifies, “Have increased speed one-eighth of standard speed.". It shall indicate what is being actually done, pot simply what it is desired or attempted to do. When used in this signification, the speed pennant shall be used only in conjunction with the speed cone.

FLAG SPEED INDICATORS.

163. Except when entering or leaving port or during special circumstances to be determined by the commander in chief, speed cones will not be used by battleships in formation.

164. During daylight when speed cones are not used, the speed of battleships shall be indicated by the use of flag speed indicators as

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