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(e) With starboard Hoist yards chock up, lugs to leeward.

(or port) sheet, Haul aft sheets on the designated side make sail.

and tend them-never belay. Bowmen keep a bright lookout ahead and

report promptly the proximity of dan

gers. Station two men under foot of foresail, dis

tribute the remainder of the crew as necessary to give the boat best trim for

sailing and handling: Constantly bear in mind that a boat will

sail and handle her best when making good headway through the water.

2. To TACK. (a) Ready about..... .Given as a warning to the crew to prepare

for the evolution. The coxswain gives the boat a good full, waits for a smooth time, then eases down the tiller. At the same time the man tending the mainsheet hauls the main boom amidships slowly. (Care must be taken not to haul it across the midship line, for it will then act as a back sail.) Keep sails drawing and boat going ahead as long as possible. As the boat's head comes to the wind the man tending the fore-sheet takes in the

slack as it comes to him. (6) Shift over fore sheet. As the boat's head passes the wind and the

foresail fills from the new side, the men under the foresail grasp the foot of it and carry it bodily across with the wind; not forcing it over, but carrying it with the wind, keeping it from flapping and shifting the sheet smartly as the foot of the

sail goes across. If the boat gathers sternboard, shift the

tiller.

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(c) Haul aft sheets...... When the boat has passed the wind and is

on the new tack, trim the sails as desired. It is not necessary to dip the lug in going about. However, in making a long board on one tack, it may be worth while to dip the lugs to leeward as the sails will stand a little better. This can usually be done without touching the halyards, a man grasping the luff of the sail and the forward end of the yard and bearing down on them while the sheet is slack.

3. TO WEAR.

(a) Stand by to wear....Given as a warning to the crew to prepare

for the evolution. The coxswain puts

the tiller up when ready. (6) Ease off the main- Given as the boat's head pays off, in order sheet.

to get the maximum effect of the mainsail in increasing her headway. Keep fast fore sheet until wind is abeam as it

helps pay her head off. (c) Ease off fore sheet...Given when wind is abeam. Slack off the

sheet gradually to give headway. (d) Up mainsail........Given when the wind comes nearly aft.

Top up the main boom. This is unnecessary in a light breeze, but in a moderate breeze or anything stronger it should be done on account of the danger of gybing. In a strong breeze give the order “Down

mainsail” and lower the mainsail. (e) Shift over the sheets. Given when wind is aft. Stand by to haul

sheets aft on new side. (f) Down mainsail......Given when wind is a little on the new

weather quarter. Set mainsail and haul aft mainsheet, leave fore sheet flying or smother sail into the mast, so boat's head

will come up rapidly. (9) Haul aft fore sheet...Given as boat comes by the wind on the

new tack. Haul aft fore sheet and trim both sails.

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Heaving-to is not practicable unless there is

a jib. In this case the evolution is performed as described for the sliding gunter, except that instead of “Up foresail” the

order is “Down foresail."

5. To REEF SAIL. (a) Stand by to reef. ...Given as a warning to the crew to prepare

for the evolution. Tend halyards. Prepare earings and reef points. The coxswain brings boat by the wind in order to

retain headway and keep the boat under (6) Reef sail....... The coxswain lutis slightly. Halyards are

slacked down just enough to pass reef earings and reef points. Secure reef earings and pass reef points around foot of sail, not

around boom. (c) Make sail... ...Given when ready. Men at halyards hoist

sails and coxswain lays the boat on the desired course. When a boat begins to take water it is time to reef. She should never, even in smooth water, be allowed to heel too much.

6. To SHAKE OUT REEFS.

(a) Stand by to shake Given as a warning to the crew to prepare out reefs.

for the evolution. Tend all halyards.

Coxswain brings the boat by the wind. (6) Shake out reefs......Coxswain luffs slightly. Halyards are

slacked down just enough to cast off ear

ings and reef points. (c) Make sail.

Men at halyards hoist sails and coxswain

lays the boat on the desired course. Keep boat under control at all times.

7. To SHORTEN SAIL (AS FOR A HEAVY SQUALL). COMMAND.

DUTIES. (a) Stand by to shorten Given as a warning for the crew to prepare sail.

for the evolution. Tend halyards. The

coxswain lays boat by the vind. (6) Shorten sail.. The coxswain luffs. The yards are low

ered. Crew await next command, which may be either to make sail or to furl sail.

8. To TAKE IN SAIL.

(a) Stand by to shorten

sail. (b) Shorten sail. .Proceed as described above for this evolu

tion. (c) Furl sail.

Cast off fore tack and jaws of main boom.

Starboard thwartmen unhook and furl mainsail, using the sheets as gaskets; similarly, the port thwartmen unhook

and furl foresail. (d) Stand by to unstep..Cast off shrouds. Starboard thwartmen

prepare to receive the mainmast; port

thwartmen prepare to receive foremast. (e) Unstep...

The bow and stroke oarsmen seize their

respective masts and lift them vertically until they are clear of the thwarts, at the same time inclining them in the proper directions. They are then lowered, foremast on port side, mainmast on starboard side. Men amidships standing on bottom boards to receive and stow them. The crew then place foresail and mainsail along their respective masts, lash them with the shrouds, and quickly take their seats on the thwarts.

SAILING LAUNCHES-DRILL FOR 50-FOOT MOTOR

SAILING LAUNCH. 89. (1) THE DRILL FOR THE 50-Foot MOTOR SAILING LAUNCH IS

BASED ON A CREW OF 12 MEN AND A CoxSWAIN. The station bill gives in a condensed form the individual duties of each member of the crew for various evolutions.

For evolutions under sail, coxswain is at tiller in charge of boat and gives commands:

No.1 is in charge of jib and forecastle and mans or tends jib hal. yards; reports when jib is ready.

No. 2 tends and mans jib downhaul.

No. 3 clears foremast rings in making sail; hauls down on rings in shortening sail; acts as bowman when alongside dock or vessel and as lookout underway.

No. 4 is in charge of foremast detail; clears mainmast rings in making sail and hauls down on rings in shortening sail; tends foresheet; reports when fore is ready.

No. 5 mans and tends throat halyards (fore). No. 6 mans and tends peak halyards (fore); assists on jib sheet, when necessary.

No. 7 tends jib sheets.

No. 8 is in charge of mainmast detail and tends mainsheet; reports when main is ready.

No. 9 mans and tends throat halyards (main).
No. 10 mans and tends peak halyards (main).
No. 11 tends main boom topping lift and assists No. 10.

No. 12 acts as stern man when alongside dock or vessel; assists No. 8 on mainsheet.

NOTE.-All gear must be kept clear for running at all times. evolution is completed the gear must be neatly laid up immediately. Men in charge of parts of boat shall see this carried out.

As soon as one

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