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Unhook sister hooks of jib halyards from
head of sail; hook one hook in clew and place other hook over jib stay; haul taut halyards and belay, tricing sail up along jib stay. Haul taut and belay both jib
sheets. See all gear hauled taut and neatly laid up or flemished down.
4. To Tack. (a) Ready about........Given as a warning for the crew to prepare
for the evolution. The coxswain gives the boat a good full, waits for a smooth time, then eases down the tiller. At the same time the man tending the mainsheet hauls the main-boom amidships
slowly. (b) Ease off the jib sheet Given when jib begins to shiver, never
before. (c) Let go fore-sheet.....G when foresail ceases to draw. (d) Shift over main sheet When wind is ahead, shift over the main
sheet. (e) Haul aft fore and jib As soon as the bow of the boat has passed sheets.
the wind, haul aft fore and jib sheets, leaving the mainsheet slack until boat is
well around, then trim by the wind. NOTE ON TACKING.–The boat should be sailed around and not jammed into the wind and backed around. To do this the tiller must be eased down slowly and the main boom hauled amidships very slowly, but not across the midship line, for it will then act as a back sail. In a light breeze the boat will appear inclined to stop head to wind, due to the drag of the propeller. If this occurs, haul aft the new weather jib sheet. This will be taken aback and will pay her head around. If the boat gathers stern hoard shift the tiller. În a gentle to moderate breeze the boat will tack without backing the jib. If, after having gotten around, the boat falls off too far from the wind, flow the jib sheet, ease off fore-sheet, and sail her up
to the wind, hauling sheets aft slowly. If sheets are hauled flat aft immediately the boat will lose ground to leeward. When nearly high enough, haul aft the jib sheet and trim by the wind.
5. To WEAR.
(a) Stand by to wear.....Given as a warning for the crew to prepare
for the evolution. The coxswain puts
the tiller up when ready. (6) Ease off mainsheet. Given as her head pays off in order to get
the maximum effect of the mainsail in keeping headway. The fore and jib sheets are kept fast as they help to pay
off her head. (c) Ease off fore and jib Given when wind is a little abaft the beam. sheets.
The sheets are slacked slowly in order to
give headway. (d) Down main peak....Given when wind is nearly aft. Slack
peak halyards until gaff is perpendicular to mainmast. Mainsheet must be rounded
in rapidly. (e) Shift over sheets.....Given when wind is aft. Stand by to haul
all sheets aft on the other side. (1) Up main peak.......Given when main boom has been gybed and
wind is on new weather quarter. Set mainsail and haul sheet aft; leave other
sheets flying so she will come up rapidly. (9) Haul aft fore and Given as she comes by the wind on new jib sheets.
tack. Trim both sheets aft, but not too flat.
6. To REEF SAIL.
(a) Stand by to reef....Given as a warning for the crew to prepare
for the evolution. Tend all halyards.
Coxawain brings boat by the wind. (6) Slack down the Coxswain luffs slightly, but not enough to halyards.
cause boat to lose headway. Throat, peak, and jib halyards are slacked sufficiently to bring the single reef points down to the boom.
COMMAND. (c) Reef sail.. ..Secure tack lashing and then reef earing.
In passing earing first take a hauling out turn to stretch the sail along the boom, then take a holding down turn around the boom and through the cringle. Pass reef points around foot of sail, never around boom. Men in charge of parts of boat
report when ready. (d) Hoist away. .Men at halyards hoist sails, and coxswain
lays the boat on desired course. Always keep boat under control while reefing Reef when boat begins to take in water over lee rail or sooner if considered neces
sary. Never be afraid of reefing too soon,
7. To SHAKE OUT REEFS. (a) Stand by to shake Given as a warning for crew to prepare for out reefs.
the evolution. Tend all halyards. Cox
swain brings boat by the wind (6) Slack down the Coxswain luffs slightly, but not enough to halyards.
cause boat to lose headway. Jib, peak, and throat halyards are slacked' hand
somely. (c) Shake out reefs...... Come up reef points first, then ease away
earings and tack lashings together. Men in charge of parts of boat report when
ready. (d) Hoist away.
.Men at halyards hoist sails. Coxswain lays
boat on desired course.
8. To HEAVE-TO. (a) Stand by to heave- Given as a warning to the crew to prepare to.
for the evolution. Coxswain brings boat
by the wind and keeps tiller a-lee. (6) Haul main-boom These commands are given simultaneously
amidships. Haul and are obeyed by the men at their
In light breezes the fore-sheet may
If bow falls off, slack away jib sheet. If
bow comes into the wind, ease tiller and
slack away mainsheet. In this condition boat should lie dead in the
water, wind about abeam. 9. To GET UNDERWAY FROM "HEAVE-TO." (a) Make sail..
Haul aft jib-sheet, hoist foresail or fore-peak
if dropped, and haul aft fore-sheet; ease the tiller and ease off main-boom.
10. To UNSTEP MASTS. (SEE NOTES ON UNSTEPPING AT END OF
THIS SECTION.) (a) Prepare to unstep... Remove thwarts and place fore and aft,
outboard; remove bottom boards in wake of heels of masts and provide marline spike and hammer for each mast. Unhook jib halyards from clew of jib and hook in ringbolt in eyes of boat, reeve hauling part of jib halyards through ringbolt and belay to samson post. Come up jib-stay; come up fore and main shrouds, keeping one turn with them only; come up mainstay and keep it in hand, carrying it inboard to fore and aft line. Unship foreand main-boom goosenecks, and swing fore-boom to port and main-boom to starboard side of their respective masts; come up fore and main gaff parrel lashings. Cast off main boom topping lift, putting
figure 8 knot in end so it will not unreeve; unhook lower block of mainsheet from traveler. Unhook lower block main throat halyards and hook into bowline thrown in end of port stern fast; carry hauling part of throat halyards aft and round-in, taking a light strain.
(6) Stand by..... Come up starboard fore shrouds and carry
them inboard to center line; man mainstay, tend main throat halyards and main shrouds; prepare to open main gate. Forecastle and foremast details stand by
to receive mainmast as it is lowered. (c) Unstep mainmast, Open main gate; ease away on main throat
'ease away, haul halyards; haul down on mainstay; steady down.
mast by tending main shrouds, and lower it to starboard of foremast. Launch main boom forward as mast is lowered, sliding hoops toward masthead. Lower mast until forward details can support it with their shoulders and then remove king pin. Place mast outboard on star
board side. The crew then take stations for unstepping
the foremast. Tend jib halyards; carry starboard fore shrouds outboard and take one turn through eyebolt, and tend both starboard and port shrouds to steady mast. Mainmast detail stands by to receive fore
mast. (d) Unstep foremast, Open fore gate; tend shrouds to keep mast ease away
in fore and aft line; ease away on jib halyards until mainmast detail can support mast on their shoulders. Remove king pin. Place mast outboard on port side
11. To STEP Masts. (a) Prepare to step Place foremast on fore and aft line and see masts.
all gear clear. Reeve and tend shrouds;
reeve and man jib halyards. (6) Step foremast.. .Mainmast detail pick up foremast and place
heel of mast in step. Put in king pin. hoist away on jib halyards, tending shrouds; close fore gate.