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1. Before an original license is issued to any person to act as a master, mate, pilot, or engineer he shall personally appear before some local board or a supervising inspector for examination. Any person who has attained the age of 19 years and has had the necessary experience shall be eligible for examination: Provided, That no person shall receive a license as master or chief engineer before reaching the age of 21 years.
Inspectors shall, before granting an original license to any person to act as an officer of a vessel, require the applicant to make written application upon the blank form furnished by the Department of Commerce, to be filed in the inspectors' office. When practicable, applicants for master's, mate's, pilot's, or engineer's license shall present to the inspectors, to be filed with their application, discharges or letters from the master or other officer under whom they have served, certifying to the name of the vessel and in what capacity the applicant has served under him; also period of such service. Inspectors shall also, when practicable, require applicant for pilot's license to have the written indorsement of the master and engineer of the vessel upon which he has served, and of one licensed pilot, as to his qualifications. In the case of applicants for original engineer's license, they shall also, when practicable, have the indorsement of the master and engineer of a vessel on which they have served, together with one other licensed engineer.
The first license issued to any person by a United States inspector shall be considered an original license, where the United States records show no previous issue to such applicant.
No original license shall be issued to any naturalized citizen on less experience in any grade than would have been required of a citizen of the United States by birth. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
VISUAL EXAMINATIONS REQUIRED FOR ORIGINAL AND RENEWED
LICENSES. 2. No original license as master, mate, or pilot of any vessel
propelled in whole or in part by steam, gas, fluid, naphtha, alco• vapor, electric, or other like motors, or master or mate of sail vessels, shall be issued except upon the official certificate of a surgeon of the Public Health Service respecting the vision of the person applying for such original license. The word "original” as contemplated in this section shall mean the first license of any character issued to a master, mate, or pilot, and shall not be held to mean, for instance, that a license issued to a master who was previously licensed as a mate or pilot shall be considered an original master's license.
No license as master, mate, or pilot of any class of vessel specified and enumerated in the foregoing paragraph shall be renewed except upon the official certificate of a surgeon of the Public Health Service that the color sense of the applicant for renewal is normal.
Where an applicant for renewal of license is situated so that it would put him to great inconvenience or expense to appear before a surgeon of the Public Health Service for examination, the certificate of a reputable physician or oculist as to the color sense of the applicant shall be accepted in lieu of the certificate of the surgeon of the Public Health Service.
In case an applicant for original license or renewal of license is pronounced color-blind he may, in the discretion of the inspectors, be limited to act as master, mate, or pilot on a vessel navigating in daylight only.
Any applicant for renewal of license who has been refused such renewal on account of the requirements of section 48, Rule V, as amended in January, 1911, respecting visual acuity and color sense, may apply for renewal of license under the provisions of the foregoing section, and nothing herein contained shall debar an applicant who has lost the sight of one eye from securing a renewal of his license, providing that his color sense is normal. (Secs. 4439, 4440, 4442, R. S.)
3. No original master's, mate's, pilot's, or engineer's license shall be issued hereafter or grade increased except upon written examination by a board of local inspectors or a supervising inspector, which written examination shall be placed on file in the office of the inspectors issuing said license: Provided, however, That upon navigable waters of the United States newly opened to steamboat navigation, and where the oniy pilots obtainable are illiterate Indians or other natives, the fact that such persons can neither read nor write shall not be considered a bar to such Indians or other natives receiving license as pilot of steam vessels, provided they are otherwise qualified therefor.
Before granting or renewing a license, inspectors shall satisfy themselves that the applicants can properly hear the bell and whistle signals.
When any person makes application for license it shall be the duty of the local inspectors to give the applicant the required examination as soon as practicable. (Secs. 4405, 4439, 4440, 4441, 4442, R. S.)
REEXAMINATIONS AND REFUSAL OF LICENSES. 4. Any applicant for license who has been duly examined and refused may come before the same local board for reexamination at any time thereafter, but he shall not be examined by any other local board until one year has expired from the date of the refusal.
If the inspectors shall decline to grant the applicant the license asked for, they shall furnish him a statement, in writing, setting forth the cause of their refusal to grant the same. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
PREPARATION OF LICENSES. 5. All licenses hereafter issued to masters, mates, pilots, and engineers shall be filled out on the face with pen and black ink instead of typewritten. Inspectors are directed, when licenses are completed, to draw a broad pen and black-ink mark through all unused spaces in the body thereof, so as to prevent, as far as possible, illegal interpolation after issue. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
CERTIFICATE OF LOST LICENSE.
6. In case of loss of license, of any class, from any cause, the inspectors, upon receiving satisfactory evidence of such loss, shall issue a certificate to the owner thereof, which shall have the authority of the lost license for the unexpired term, unless in the meantime the holder therof shall have the grade of his license raised, after due examination, in which case a license in due form for such grade may be issued. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
PARTING WITH LICENSE.
7. Any license granted to a master, mate, pilot, engineer, or operator shall be immediately revoked if, for any purpose, the holder thereof voluntarily parts with its possession or places it beyond his personal control by pledging or depositing it with another. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
RENEWAL OF LICENSES.
8. Whenever an officer shall apply for a renewal of his license for the same grade, the presentation of the old license, with satisfactory certificate of visual examination, where required, and with oath of office, shall be considered sufficient evidence in his title to renewal, which old license, certificate of visual examination, and oath of office shall be retained by the inspectors upon their official files as the evidence upon which the license was renewed: Provided, That it is presented within 12 months after the date of its expiration, unless such title has been forfeited or facts shall have come to the knowledge of the inspectors which would render a renewal improper; nor shall any license be renewed more than 30 days in advance of the date of the expiration thereof, unless there are extraordinary circumstances that shall justify a renewal beforehand, in which case the reasons therefor must appear in detail upon the records of the inspectors renewing the license.
Whenever an officer shall apply for renewal of his license for same grade, after 12 months after date of its expiration, he shall be required to pass an examination for the same grade of license. The renewed license in either case shall receive the next higher number for number of issue of present grade and for number of issues of all grades.
Whenever a license officer makes application for a renewal of his license, he shall appear in person before some board of local inspectors or supervising inspector, except that upon renewal of such license for the same grade, when the distance from any local board or supervising inspector is such as to put the person holding the same to great inconvenience and expense to appear in person, he may, upon taking oath of office before any person authorized to administer oaths, and forwarding the same, together with the license to be renewed and certificate of visual examination where required, to the local board or supervising inspector of the district in which he resides or is employed, have the same renewed by the said inspectors, if no valid reason to the contrary be known to them; and they shall attach such oath to the stub end of the license, which is to be retained on file in their office: Provided, however, That any officer holding a license, and who is engaged in a service which necessitates his continuous absence from the United States, may make application in writing for renewal and transmit the same to the board of local inspectors, with his certificate of citizenship, if naturalized, and a statement of the applicant, verified before a consul or other officer of the United States authorized to administer an oath, setting forth the reasons for not appearing in person; and upon receiving the same the board of local inspectors that originally issued such license shall renew the same and shall notify the applicant of such renewal, and no license as master, mate, or pilot of any class or vessel shall be renewed without furnishing a satisfactory certificate of color blindness. (Secs. 4405, 4438, R. S.)
EXTENSION OF ROUTE AND RAISE OF GRADE OF LICENSES.
9. Licensed officers serving under five years' license, entitled by license and service to raise of grade, shall have issued to them