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steamer carrying passengers to cause to be prepared a station bill for his own department, and one also for the engineer's department, in which shall be assigned a post or station of duty for every person employed on board such steamer in case of fire or other disaster, which station bills shall be placed in the most conspicuous places on board for the observation of the crew. And it shall be the duty of such master, or of the mate or officer next in command, once at least in each week, to call all hands to quarters and exercise them in the discipline, and in the unlashing and swinging out of the lifeboats, weather permitting, and in the use of the fire pumps and all other apparatus for the safety of life on board of such vessel, with especial regard for the drill of the crew in the method of adjusting life preservers and educating passengers and others in this procedure and to see that all the equipments required by law are in complete working order for immediate use; and the fact of the exercise of the crew, as herein contemplated, shall be entered upon the steamer's log book, stating the day of the month and hour when so exercised; and it shall be the duty of the inspectors to require the officers and crew of all such vessels to perform the aforesaid drills and discipline in the presence of the said inspectors at intervals sufficiently frequent to assure the said inspectors by actual observation that the foregoing requirements of this section are complied with; the master shall also report monthly to the local inspectors the day and date of such exercise and drill, the condition of the vessel and her equipment, and also the number of passengers carried, and any neglect or omission on the part of the officer in command of such steamer to strictly enforce this rule shall be deemed cause for the suspension or revocation of the license of such officer.

The general fire-alarm signal shall be a continuous rapid ringing of the ship's bell for a period of not less than 20 seconds, and this signal shall not be used for any other purpose whatsoever. The master of any steamer carrying passengers may establish such other emergency signals in addition to the ringing of the ship’s bell, as will provide that all the officers and all the crew of the steamer will have positive and certain notice of the existing emergency.

Three copies of this section shall be furnished every steamer carrying passengers, to be framed under glass and posted in conspicuous places about the vessel. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)

VESSELS REQUIRING LICENSED MASTERS. 19. There shall be a duly licensed master on board every steam vessel of more than 150 gross tons whenever such steamer is underway, and also upon every ocean and coastwise seagoing merchant vessel of the United States propelled by machinery, and upon every ocean-going vessel carrying passengers, subject to the inspection laws of the United States. (Secs. 4439, 4463, R. S.)

MASTERS OF OCEAN STEAM VESSELS.

20. Any applicant for license as master of ocean steam vessels shall be eligible for examination after he has furnished satisfactory documentary evidence to the local inspectors that he has had the following experience:

First. Three years' experience in the deck department on ocean steam vessels, one year of which has been as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.

Second. Or one years' experience as chief mate of ocean steam vessels of 1,000 gross tons or upward. If applicant has served part of one year as such chief mate, experience in the next lower grade, while holding chief mate's license, shall be counted one-half in computing experience.

Third. Or two years' experience in the capacity of second mate, or watch officer actually in charge of bridge watch, on steam vessels, while holding a license as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.

Fourth. Or five years' experience as third mate of ocean steam vessels, two years of such time having been served while holding a license as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.

Fifth. Or five years's experience on ocean sail vessels of 300

DO NOT ATTEND SCHOOL License can be obtained by a little study of THE NEW YORK PILOT

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GUIDE

TO THE

U. S. LOCAL INSPECTORS EXAMINATION

OF

MASTERS AND PILOTS

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AND GREAT CAPTAIN ISLAND

CONTAINING ALL USEFUL INFORMATION

BY

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Contains no Misleading Statements to Induce

an Applicant to Attend School

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gross tons or upward, two years of which shall have been as a licensed master of sail vessels.

Sixth. Or one year as master of coastwise steam vessels.

Seventh. Or one year as chief mate of coastwise steam vessels while holding license as master of coastwise steam vessels or license as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.

Any applicant for license as master of ocean steam vessels shall be subjected to such examination as shall satisfy the inspectors that he is capable of navigating such vessels and of determining latitude from the meridian altitude of the sun, latitude by ex-meridian altitude of the sun, latitude from the meridian altitude of a star, latitude by the pole star, longitude by a. m. and p. m. chronometer time sights, longitude by sunrise or sunset sights, ship’s position by Sumner's method, ship’s position by traverse sailing, including the correction of courses for leeway, current, deviation, and variation, one of which courses to be a departure course, and of finding course and distance by Mer. cator's sailing, and be capable of determining the deviation of the compass by an amplitude and azimuth, and the time of high water at a port named; he must also be familiar with charts and chart navigation, storm signals, international code of signals, and with the use of the gun and rocket apparatus for saving life from shipwreck as practiced by the United States Live-Saving Service. (Sec. 4439, R. S.)

MASTERS OF COASTWISE STEAM VESSELS. 21. Any applicant for license as master of coastwise steam vessels shall be eligible for examination after he has furnished satisfactory documentary evidence to the local inspectors that he has had the following experience:

First. Three years' experience in the deck department on ocean or coastwise steam vessels, one year of which has been chief mate of ocean or coastwise steam vessels.

Second. Or one year's experience as chief mate of ocean or coastwise steam vessels of 1,000 gross tons or upward. If appli

cant has served part of one year as such chief mate, experience in the next lower grade, while holding chief mate's license, shall be counted one-half in computing experience.

Third. Or two years' experience as second mate, or watch officer actually in charge of a bridge watch on ocean or coastwise steam vessels, while holding license as chief mate.

Fourth. Or five years' experience as third mate of ocean or coastwise steam vessels, two years of such time having been served while holding a license as chief mate of ocean or coastwise steam vessels.

Fifth. Or one year's experience as master of lake, bay, or sound steam vessels, and also one year's experience as quartermaster or wheelsman on ocean or coastwise steam vessels while holding a license as master of lake, bay, or sound steam vessels, which experience shall have been obtained within the three years next preceding the date of application.

Sixth. Or five years' experience on ocean or coastwise sail vessels of 300 gross tons or upward, two years of which shall have been as a licensed master of sail vessels.

Any applicant for original license as master of steam vessels on coastwise waters between points on routes not exceeding 300 miles shall pass only such examination before the inspectors as shall satisfy them that he is capable of navigating such steam vessels as master.

Any applicant for original license as master of steam vessels on coastwise routes extending more than 300 miles shall pass a satisfactory examination as to his knowledge of the distance from a fixed object by bearings of same, day's work by dead reckoning, latitude at noon by the meridian altitude of the sun, latitude by the pole star, correction of courses for leeway, current, deviation, and variation, international rules for preventing collisions of vessels at sea; and he shall also be familiar with charts and chart navigation, storm signals, the marking of the lead line, and shall be subject to other nonmathematical questions as the inspectors may determine. (Sec. 4439, R. S.)

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