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William the Third of England and Louis the Fourteenth of France, are those which relate to the West Indies:
" Article 7. The Most Christian King shall restore to the said King of Great Britain all countries, islands, forts, and colonies, wheresoever situated, which the English did possess before the declaration of this present war : and in like manner, the King of Great Britain shall restore to the Most Christian King all countries, islands, forts, and colonies, wheresoever situated, which the French did possess before the said declaration of war. And this restitution shall be made on both sides within the space of six months, or sooner, if it can be done. And to that end, immediately after the ratification of this treaty, each of the said Kings shall deliver, or cause to be delivered, in his name, for that purpose, all acts of concession, instruments, and necessary orders duly made and in proper form, so that they may have their effect.”
Article 10. allows captures to be made after the signing of the treaty, for the space of twelve days, as far as Cape St. Vincent; ten weeks from the said Cape to the Equator; and six months beyond the Line throughout the whole world.
“ Article 12. But if (which God forbid !) the differences now composed between the said Kings should at any time be renewed, and break out into open war, the ships, merchandises, and all kind of moveable goods, of either party, which shall be found to be and remain in the ports and dominions of the adverse party, shall not be confiscated or brought under any inconveniency; but the whole space of six months shall be allowed to the subjects of both the said Kings, that they may carry away and transport the foresaid goods, and any thing else that is theirs, whither they shall think fit, without any molestation.
Upon the 12th of January, an action took place twelve leagues to windward of St. Domingo, between the French and Spanish squadrons. The French under M. des Augiers captured “ El Christo,” with a vice-admiral on board.
Upon the 21st of April, one of M. de Gennes' squadron arrived at Guadaloupe, and soon afterwards M. de Gennes himself. He had been upon a voyage of discovery to the Straits of Magellan : it was the first voyage which the French ever made to those Straits; and although the English, Spaniards, and Dutch had often been there, M. de Gennes could not get through, but gave up the attempt, and made sail for Bahia de Todos los Santos, where he remained four months, and then sailed for Cayenne, from whence he went to cruize off Martinico, and
newed, andd of moveable in the pored or broughtths s
Charlevoix, tom. iv. pp. 90. 80. 176, 177.
Viages al Magallanes, partie 2. p. 274.
took some prizes from the English; but M. de Gennes was short of provisions : his crew were five days living upon cacao and sugar, which they thought stupified them.
With characteristic modesty, M. de Gennes gave names to a bay and a river in the Straits of Magellan, and to the river he gave his own name !
The capture of Carthagena by M. de Pointis.
Le Sceptre ..................... Commanded by M. de Pointis.
M. de Levy.
M. le Vicomte de Coetlogon.
M. du Buisson.
M. la Mothe Michel.
M. de Monts.
M. du Bouchel.
Le Christ ..................... Commanded by M. de la Motte d'Airan. The whole having on board 4658 men, exclusive of about 700 adventurers or buccaneers, and two companies of Negroes, who were embarked on board the following private ships of war :Le Pontchartain ............ Commanded by M. Monjay, and had on board
M. du Casse, the Governor of St. Domingo,
The Negroes were under the command of Captain Paty. The inhabitants and adventurers formed a separate corps, under the command of M. du Casse— the whole together amounting to about 6500 men. Le Vicomte de Coetlogon was appointed general of artillery, and the other captains of the line-of-battle ships, lieutenants-general under M. de Pointis.
Histoire des Aventuriers, tom. ii. p. 301. Par A. O. Oexmelin.
Upon the 6th of April, the fleet anchored at the Isles de San Blas, fifteen leagues to windward of Carthagenå ; where they were detained by bad weather until the 11th, when they made sail, and upon the 12th of April, at two P. M., anchored before Carthagena.
The galliot bombarded the whole night, and the shells fell into the city. This was the first bomb vessel ever seen in the West Indies. She produced a great effect upon the spirits of the Spaniards, who began to despond when they saw the damage she did.
The 14th, the fleet anchored before Bocca Chica. This fort had thirty-three guns mounted : it had four bastions, and was defended by a dry fosse cut in the rock. The ramparts were bomb-proof, and the walls shot-proof. The St. Louis opened her fire upon it at the same time that the galliot and two other small vessels began to bombard it. Under their fire the troops landed, and advanced within a quarter of a league of the fort without opposition. By the advice of the buccaneers, 3000 men crossed through the wood by a path so difficult, that only one man could pass at a time, and took possession of the road leading from Carthagena to the fort. Here they fortified themselves on both sides, for the purpose of cutting off the communication between the fort and the city. Whilst the troops were at work, the advanced guard gave the alarm, and the whole advanced in single file to a small village within musket-shot of the fort, where they took six Negroes prisoners. Five guns were fired from the fort, which killed five men.
The next morning, at day-light, the adventurers saw a Spanish piragua making for the fort : they immediately took some other boats which they found upon the beach, pursued and captured her. They made twenty prisoners, two of whom were monks of the highest rank. They said that the garrison consisted of only 200 men, but that reinforcements would be thrown in that evening. One of these monks was sent with a flag of truce, a drummer and a trumpeter, to summon the governor to surrender, upon pain of having all the garrison put to the sword. A drum from the fort brought the answer, a refusal, with an expression of surprise at the summons.
The Negroes having cleared the road, a battery of mortars and guns was raised against the fort. The artillery, the troops, and the buccaneers, who were excellent sharp-shooters, opened upon the fort, which returned the fire. At two P. M. two half-galleys attempted to throw supplies into the fort: they were unable to stand the fire opened against them, therefore tacked and returned to Carthagena. The buccaneers, in their efforts to stop the galleys, advanced so near the fort, that they found shelter under
the covered way; and from thence prevented the garrison from working their guns, killing every man who made his appearance upon the batteries, which were en barbette.
The grenadiers had already gained the draw-bridge — the scaling-ladders were placed, and the troops were advancing to the assault, when D. Francisco Ximenes, the governor, hoisted a white flag, and asked to capitulate. He tried for favourable conditions, but was told that the garrison must surrender prisoners of war. As thirty ladders were placed, and the men ready to mount if these terms were not accepted, the garrison threw their arms over the ramparts, and opened the gates. The assailants entered immediately, and secured the garrison, about 100 men, in a chapel : there were also 200 wounded. When the governor delivered the keys of the fortress to M. de Poincy, he said, " I put into your hands the keys of all the Spanish Indies." About forty of the adventurers were killed, and as many wounded. M. du Casse was wounded in the thigh, and M. Canet, the first engineer, in the arm.
The next day, the 17th, the fleet entered the harbour, and the Spaniards burnt all their vessels, to prevent their being taken.
M. de Pointis sent a summons to Don Diego de los Rios, the governor of Carthagena, and offered him very advantageous terms. The governor replied, that he neither wanted guns nor men nor courage to defend his post — that he should do his duty; and if, in the end, he should find himself pressed, he would endeavour to profit by the obliging offers which had been made to him!
The adventurers were now embarked, to cross over to attack the convent of Nuestra Senhora de la Popa — to occupy the heights and roads, and to stop every thing that might come out of the town. As M. du Casse was wounded, M. Galifet was appointed to command them; but it was not without some difficulty that they were brought to obey their new commander. The convent stood upon a mountain about gun-shot from Carthagena: the monks had abandoned it, and carried off all their valuables.
The army also marched to the Fort Santa Cruz: the men suffered extremely from the want of water upon their march, and arrived near it before sun-set. This fort could mount sixty guns, and had a wet ditch: it was accessible from the land-side only by a narrow road, where the mud was half way up their legs. To the great surprise of the assailants, the garrison, which had been weakened to strengthen the city, hoisted a white flag, and surrendered without firing a shot!
Fort St. Lazare was the next obstacle to be surmounted : it was on the other side of the city, and commanded the suburbs. The adventurers had advanced to within gun-shot of it. M. de Pointis a conference with the garrison, amusing them, whilst his troops were defiling round the fort without danger. At six P.M. a reconnoitring party of fifty men were pushed to the foot of the fort: several men were killed on this service.
The next day, roads were cut in a hill, by which the fort could be approached, under shelter of a wood, to within pistol-shot ; and within that distance, behind an eminence, the army were placed, covered from the fire of the Spaniards. The adventurers from a small mountain commanded the garrison so completely, that they could pick off the men behind the embrasures. The Spaniards lost their commander, abandoned the place in disorder, and retired into the city. Scaling-ladders were then laid, and the fort taken. · Fort St. Lazare was only musket-shot from “Gezemanie" so the suburbs were called : it had only six guns mounted. The next day, four more were placed in it, and a fire opened upon a bastion to the left, which incommoded the assailants. The sharpshooters were again of great service in clearing the streets, and forcing the besieged to seek shelter in their batteries; from whence, however, they did considerable damage to their enemy. Preparations were now made for forming the siege of the city. On the 21st, two six-pounders were mounted in a chapel, musketshot from “ Gezemanie;" they were soon obliged to be withdrawn, and were mounted in fort St. Lazare. Thirty men were killed or wounded in this attempt. The fire from the city was so successful, that M. de Pointis ordered the camp to be removed behind Fort St. Lazare, where the men were sheltered : he himself was wounded in the breast by a musket-ball, and obliged to commit the conduct of the siege to M. de Levy. The 22d, 23d, and 24th, the men worked night and day in making the batteries and landing the artillery.
On the 26th, four batteries were completed: the breaching battery had four thirty-six pounders.
The second battery had six guns — five eighteen pounders, and one thirty-six pounder.
The third had three eighteen pounders.
The fire from these batteries was evidently efficacious. The galliot in the roads, and the mortars on shore, continued to bombard the city all night.
The next day, information was received, or said to have been received, that an army of Indians were coming to succour the city : 350 adventurers were detached to watch them. After plundering the country for four leagues, they returned with fifty prisoners, several oxen, 4000 crowns, and other plunder.
The 28th and 29th the cannonade continued. At five P.M. De Coetlogon attempted to gain the draw-bridge, but failed.
On the 30th, at three P.M., the breach was reported practi