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father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those $things which be not as though they were.
18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might 5 become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, * So shall thy seed be.
19 And being not weak in faith, whe considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb :
like unto him. A. V. should. Ham. Whit. Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham ; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
* Rom. viii. 11: He that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. Eph. ii. 1,5: And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, by grace ye are
* Rom. ix. 26: And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not '
my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. '1 Cor. i. 28: And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are. 1 Pet. ii. 10 : Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God; which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
Gen. xv. 5: Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
u Gen. xvii. 17: Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old ? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? do. xviii. 11: Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. HEB. xi. 11, 12: Through faith also Sarah herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised." Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.
20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;
21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.
22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.
23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him ;
24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead ;6
25 Who was '? delivered for our offences,
6 from death. Ma. Gen. xviii. 14: Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son. Ps. cxv. 3: Our God is in the heavens : he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased. LUKE, i. 37, 45: With God nothing shall be impossible. And blessed is she that believed : for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord. Heb. xi. 19: Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
w Rom. xv. 4: Whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope. 1 Cor. ix. 10 : For our sakes, no doubt, this is written. do. x. 6, 11: Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples : and they are written for our admonition. 2 Tim. iii. 16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.
* Acts, ii. 39 : For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
y See on Acts, ii. 24.
2 Isa. liii. 5, 6: But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities : the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquits
and was raised again for our justification.
CHAP. V. 1 Being justified by faith, we have peace with God, 2 and joy in our
hope, 8 that since we were reconciled by his blood, when we were enemies, 10 we shall much more be saved, being reconciled: 12 as sin and death came by Adam, 17 so much more righteousness and life by Jesus Christ : 20 Where sin abounded, grace did superabound. THEREFORE being a justified by faith, we
us all. Mat. xx. 28 : The Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. Rom. iii. 25 : Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. do. v. 6: For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. do. viii. 32: He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things ? 2 Cor. v. 21: He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin. Gal.i.4: Who gave himself for our sins. do. ii. 20: The Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. EPH. v. 2: Walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour. 1 Tim. ii. 6: Who gave himself a ransom for all. Tit. ii. 14: Who gave himself for us. HEB. ix. 14, 28 : How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation. 1 Pet. ii. 24: Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness : by whose stripes ye were healed. do. iii. 18 : For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit. Rev. 1.5: And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood. :
a 1 Cor. xv. 17: If Christ be not raised, your faith is vain ; ye are yet in your sins. 1 Pet.i. 21: Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
CHAP. V. . a Isa, xxxii. 17: And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance
have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and é rejoice in hope of the glory of God
3 And not only so, but we fglory in tribulations also : 5 knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope :
for ever. Rom. iii. 28, 30: Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. See on Acts, xiii. 39.
See on JOHN, xvi. 33. c John, . 9: I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved. do. xiv. 6: Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life : no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. Eph.li. 18: Through him we both have an access by one Spirit unto the Father. do. iii. 12 : In whom we have boldness and access with confidence by the faith of him. Heb. iv. 16: Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. do. x. 19-22: Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; and having an High Priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith.
1 Cor. xv. 1: Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the Gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand.
e Heb, jii. 6: But Christ as a son over his own house ; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
James, i. 12: Blessed is the man that endureth temptation : for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord bath promised to them that love him. 1 Pet. iii. 14 : But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye : and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled. See on Acts, v. 41.
& JAMES, i. 3: Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. .
b 2 Cor. i. 5 : For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us,
5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts kby the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
6 For when we were yet without strength, in m due timeln Christ. died for the ungodly.
7 For scarcely for a righteous man 2 will one 3 •die : yet 4 peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
8 But God commendeth his P love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. · 9 Much more then, being now justified by his
1 according to the time. Gal. iv. 4. A. V. 2 a mere honest man. Pu. 3 any one. Ham. Pu. although. Pu. so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. 2.Tim. iv. 17: The Lord stood with me, and strengthened me. James, i. 12. See the words under ver. 4.
Ps. xxii. 5: They trusted in thee, and were not confounded. Phi.i. 20 : According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed.
* Rom. viii. 16: The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God. 2 Cor. i. 22 : Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. Gal. iv. 6: And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Eph. i. 13, 14: In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the Gospel of your salvation : in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
Éph. ii. 1: You hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. Heb. vii. 18 : For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.
m See on MARK, i. 15.
9 Rom. iii. 25 : Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God. Eph. ii. 13 : But now in Christ Jesus ye who some
on that i 20 : They