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house of one of his chief officers. This is the way in which the King always entertains.

On the 18th October, about noon, 5 officers with a band, and guard of the King's own grenadiers, dressed in scarlet with white trowsers, arrived from the palace to conduct us to the King. Three o'clock had been originally named as the hour of our reception, but the day threatened rain, so the King sent to beg us to come earlier. On arriving at the palace, we found in the square a large body of troops under a marshal, ready to receive us, which they did, presenting arms and playing a march. "We were then received at the gate of what is called the "Silver House," the lesser palace (the larger palace being closed for a year, on account of the late Queen having died in it), by Bahaniraka, the principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and by him conducted into the audience-room and presented to their Majesties, who received the whole mission with the greatest cordiality and empressement, shaking hands with all. • *

I now presented in due form your Excellency's letter of congratulation, at the same time expressing in your Excellency's name, and in the name of the people of Mauritius, an earnest desire that the good feeling existing between the two countries might continue, and the trade be promoted and extended for the mutual advantage of both nations. I also congratulated him upon his accession.

The King received the letter with marked satisfaction, and had it translated to him. * » •

I may here remark that, except all the high Hovah officers of State and of the palace, not a single person was allowed to enter the room, and no European, with the exception of your Excellency's mission, was admitted or present with us during our reception or leave-taking. After the usual compliments and inquiries after the health of Her Majesty the Queen, the Prince Consort, and Eoyal Family, as is customary, I was asked to propose the health of the King. This was drunk, the band playing "God save the King," and presenting arms. The King then proposed the health of Our Gracious Queen and Her Consort, which was received with the same honours; and, after that, the health of the Governor of Mauritius.

After some further conversation on various subjects, during which the King expressed his great delight at the arrival of the embassy, and his thanks to the Governor of Mauritius for sending it, remarking that it had tended more than anything else to strengthen him on his throne, we took our leave. I had previously expressed to the King my desire to leave for Mauritius at on early day, and accordingly Mondny, the 21st October, was fixed by him for our farewell audience.

On the 19th Octoher, we were received at dinner in the King's name at the house of Rainlavone, the brother of the Prime Minister. It passed off most successfully, and all the usual toasts were drunk; and here, again, we received demonstrations on every side of the importance the King's Ministers, officers, &c., attached to your Excellency's mission. They unanimously declared that it had fixed the King firmly on the throne, and would, they had no doubt, save much war and bloodshed.

On Monday, the 21st October, we took leave of the King (with the same cereniouy as on the day of our reception. I was enabled on this day to present the King with the two horses, sent as presents, they having fortunately arrived the previous day in good condition, though they had to swim 10 rivers, and travel over the same rough mountain and forest roads that we traversed. The King expressed himself much gratified and highly pleased with them. I had, on the day of our reception, given to the King the authenticated list of the presents sent by your Excellency's Government to him, aud expressed my regret that I could not personally present them, as I heard they could not reach the capital for more than a month. The King begged me to give his thanks to your Excellency and the Mauritius Government, and to say how highly he valued the expression of your goodwill. Hia Majesty then informed me that he had sent orders to the Governor of Tamatave to furnish me with 40 bullocks for presentation to your Excellency, and 20 as a present for myself. The King also gave some of the native cloths for your Excellency.

I did not like to dispose of these bullocks at Tamative; so I requested Mr. Mellish to obtain freight for them; and on their arrival in the island I will cause the whole to be made over to the Government, according to your Excellency's orders.

On the morning of the 22nd October we left, on our return journey for Tamatave, which place we reached in 12 days, after the usual amount of difficulty as regards transport. After entertaining the Hovah authorities at dinner on the 4th November, we embarked, all in good health, on board Her Majesty's steamer, Brisk.

I regret that this despatch should have been so long in reaching your Excellency; but I must plead indisposition. A full report from the mission is in course of preparation; but I fear some days must still elapse before it can reach you, as 1 am sorry to say that several members of the mission are or have been suffering from severe fever.

I cannot close this report without bringing to your Excellency's notice the admirable way I have been assisted by the other officers and gentlemen you associated with me in this mission, and expressing my high sense of the abilities and of the cordial eo-opera

tion they ever gave me. I have, &c.

The Governor of Mauritius. W. A. MIDDLETON.

{Inclosure 4.)—Lieutenant-Colonel Middleton, nnd others, to the Governor of the Mauritius. Sib, Port Louis, November 25,1861.

"we have the honour of submitting a report, detailing the proceedings of the mission despatched by your Excellency, for the purpose of congratulating His Majesty King Eadama II, on his accession to the throne of Madagascar.

The mission sailed from Mauritius on the morning of the 22nd September, in the Jessie Byrne, and arrived at Tamatave on the afternoon of the 26th, after a favourable passage. The members of the mission feel bound to acknowledge the great kindness displayed towards them by Captain Charie, of the Jessie Byrne, who did all in his power to render the passage agreeable.

On arriving at Tamatave we found that the flag of King Eadama II had that day been hoisted for the first time, and the community were celebrating the occasion.

The flag is somewhat in form of the broad pennant of our navy, with a narrow red border. • At the broad end of the flag there is a red star of 8 or 10 points, with an inscription, "Eadama II, Pmanjaka ny Madagascar, 1862," and " E. E. II" in the centre.

Immediately on arrival, Lieutenant Marindin was despatched with the Colonial Secretary's letter to the Governor of Tamatave, together with a letter from Colonel Middleton, announcing the arrival and objects of the embassy, and requesting an hour to be named for landing. He found the Governor of Tamatave in "cobar" or council with Eaharolahy and Eazafinkiarefo, two officers of high rank, respectively 13th and 14th Honours, who had been sent from the capital on a special commission, with instructions to proclaim King Eadama II, and hoist his flag.

On the morning of the 27th, according to the purport of a communication received from the Governor of Tamatave, 4 officers came on board, the principal among whom was Bazafinkiarefo, Aide-deCamp to the Commander-in-chief. The mission accompanied them on shore, and shortly afterwards had an interview with Eaharolahy and Eainiferingia, the Governor. A number of soldiers formed an escort, and a band occasionally performed, " God save the Queen" being frequently played. It has been adopted as the Malagasy National Anthem.

On the 28th we were present at a dinner given in honour of the mission, to which most of the European residents in Tnmatave were invited. The health of Her Majesty, the Royal family, and that of your Excellency were amongst the toasts.

The Governor is anxious, as far as his exertions will enable him. to maintain a cordial understanding with Europeans. He was always ready to carry out any suggestions offered by us, and seems very free from prejudice, and glad to think that European influence and European appliances are now being introduced into Madagascar. He is an old man, was in England 30 years ago, and still speaks English with tolerable ease. * * *

It would appear that on the evening of the 30th a "cobar" or council assembled, at which the expediency of inviting us to the fort was discussed. It was almost unanimously resolved to do so, although no European had, up to that period, been permitted to enter. We were duly invited, and on the afternoon of the 31st proceeded thither. "We found Baharolahy, the Governor, the Second Commandant, and other officers, assembled to receive us.

Our visit to the fort was but of short duration, as it was necessary to prepare for our departure on the following day.

On the 1st October the mission started for Antananarivo, the Governor of Tamatave having done all in his power to facilitate our movements. Several officers of high rank attended the mission for some miles on the road; on the same evening we reached Hivoondroo, a considerable village about 8 miles from Tamatave. * * *

About 8 o'clock in the morning of the 16th, 3 officers of the palace came to conduct us to Antananarivo. The road was crowded with the populace, dressed in their best, and evidently anxious to welcome us. Even the precipitous banks on the side of the road were covered with people, who contrived to preserve their balance there. The mission was attended by a body of soldiers, and a band of music had also been sent to accompany us. Horses were sent for us to ride into the capital, and we were informed that this was intended as an especial honour. We were then conducted to the houses that we were to occupy, and found that every attention had been paid to our personal comfort.

His Majesty intimated through one of his principal officers that he would receive us on the 18th, at 12 o'clock. His carefully explained motive for this was, that we might have a clear day of repose after the fatigues of our journey. It was, however, passed in receiving presents and visitors.

On the 16th, after our arrival, we were the object of great curiosity on the part of the inhabitants, who surrounded our houses in crowds, even mounting on the top of all the mud walls in the neighbourhood, in order to get a satisfactory view of the strangers.

The members of this Embassy cannot quit this portion of their [1862-63. Mil] K

report without bearing testimony to the entire trustworthiness, of the bearers and others who were in their employ during the entire pertod of their stay in Madagascar. The Betsimarasaka tribe more especially, are an honest, cheerful, intelligent race of people, and very far above the* standard to be expected, when the brutolising effect of the last 30 years is considered. Their bodily strength and development of muscle are surprising. It is strongly to be hoped that His Majesty will raise the social standard of these subordinate races; and that they will be found faithful subjects, little doubt can be ontertained. There are already a few iustances in which other than those of Hovah descent have been raised to honour.

Due testimony must also be borne to the diligence and uniformly creditable way in which the Hovah officers who accompanied the Embassy discharged their duties.

The view from the height of Antananarivo is very extensive. On all sides fortified villages are to be seen, always located on the summits of hills. Rice fields are very numerous, but scarcely any other article of food is cultivated. During the reign of the firwt Kadama, it would appear that dry rice and even wheat were cultivated, but whilst the late Queen occupied the throne, no attempts whatever were made to increase the produce of the country. With inference to the political state of the country, the Embassy learnt that liainbousalama, the officer who asserted his claim to the throne on the death of the Queen, had been exiled by His Majesty's command. The King's clemency of disposition is well known, and it is sincerely to be hoped that his subjects will learn more and more to estimate such enlightened policy as it deserves.

He constantly impressed upon us his aversion to shedding blood, and declared that he would not do so. This accords with the previous statements that have reached us with regard to His Majesty's character. It is the opinion of the members of the Embassy, that although there are the elements of faction, and party spirit in Antananarivo, and to some extent, the cause of truth and humanity is in the ascendant, the sad experience of the last 30 years has taught many things; a desire for commerce has sprung up, and it now remains for Europeans to foster that desire, and to establish trade upon its true principles. That cannot be done until the Government of Madagascar has become sensible of its own immense resources, and will proceed to render them available. Government revenue and expenditure are as yet as a sealed book. The construction of roads is a point which the Embassy have not failed to dwell upon as indispensable, and it has been pointed out to the King that the undertaking would not bo so difficult as it appears at first sight. The works might be carried out by the inhabitants of each village, and in their own respective neighbourhoods.

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