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best wishes for the long continuance and prosperity of your reign. We rejoice to learn that your Majesty has opened the porta of Madagascar to commerce, and that you have given your commands to your officers to protect the persons and property of strangers who may resort to your dominions. These liberal and enlightened measures will not only establish friendly relations between Madagascar and other countries, but will, we are persuaded, greatly promote the welfare of your people, by offering to them inducement* to develop the internal resources of the great and fertile island over which you rule, and by opening channels for the interchange of the friends of their industry with foreign countries. With a view to maintain and improve the friendly intercourse between our subjects and those of your Majesty, we shall be ready to enter into a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with your MajeBty, and it is our intention shortly to send to your capital a person possessed of our confidence, who will be furnished with the needful instructions and powers for that purpose.

In the meantime we write this letter to assure you of our friendship and good will, and of our earnest desires for your uninterrupted health and happiness. And so we recommend you to the protection of the Almighty.

Given at our Court at Windsor Castle, the 2lst day of March in the year of our Lord 1862, and in the 25th year of our reign.

Your good Friend, Russell. VICTOEIA R.

No. 7.—Mr. Stevenson to the Members of the Madagascar Mission.

Government House, July 8,1862.

The officers in charge of the Queen's letter and presents to King Radama, viz., the Honourable Major-General Johnstone; the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Mauritius; Inspector General Anson, Captain R.A.; Captain Wilson, R.N.; and Lieutenant Oliver, R.A., acting as General Johnstone's Aide-dfe-Camp, will proceed in Her Majesty's ship, Gorgon, to Tamatave, and thence with all possible expedition to the capital of Antananarivo, where they will receive possession of the presents, which, for tho sake ol expedition, have been placed under transit charge of Mr. Caldwell.

Major-General Johnstone will deliver the accompanying letter from myself to King Radama, and will ask, for himself and the accompanying party, an interview with the King, for the purpose of placing in his Majesty's hands the Queen's letter of compliment and friendly assurances to King Radama, and of delivering the presents of which the party are in charge.

I entrust the Queen's letter, which is under Her Majesty's signmanual, to the express care of Major-General Johnstone, for perBonal delivery to the King at this interview; and I wish him to convey, in Her Majesty's name, every renewed assurance to King Radama of the continuing friendship of Her Majesty and the people of England towards himself and his country, and the desire to see and to aid in its material advancement and prosperity ; and to repeat to the King that, for the purpose of carrying out such objects, Her Majesty has sent, as announced in her letter, a Consul to reside at Madagascar, and to protect and promote British trade and enterprises there, as well as to aid in advancing the mutual interests of the two countries—Madagascar and England. The King may be informed that, for the purpose of affording his Majesty early information of the contents of the Queen's letter, before the original could be placed in his hands in proper official form, a copy of that letter was lately forwarded to His Majesty by the hands of the Reverend William Ellis; and that the British Consul, who may possibly have already arrived, was furnished with another copy, to avoid the chances of miscarriage.

Major-General Johnstone will then present to the King the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Mauritius, and inform His Majesty that the Bishop will place the copy of the "Holy Scriptures" in His Majesty's hands; and the Bishop can accompany the gift of the "Holy Bible" with any hopeful words which his Lordship may consider appropriate to the occasion.

Major-General Johnstone will then present Inspector-General Anson and Commander Wilson to the King, as the officers charged with the care of the remaining presents, which will then be laid before His Majesty in the Queen's name, with Her Majesty's best wishes to the King; and the General and those officers can explain to His Majesty the particular uses of any of the presents which may require description.

This duty being ended, Major-General Johnstone will inform the King that it would be the wish of Her Majesty that he, and the accompanying officers, should be allowed to do honour to the occasion of the coronation by being present thereat, and may ask His Majesty's permission to attend and witness the ceremony; and should the King express a wish that they should form part of the pageant in any complimentary manner, they are at liberty to do so, in testimony of Her Majesty's good feeling towards the King and his Government and people. But care must be taken to avoid any uninvited act that may be construed into an assumed political interference, or which might not be equally performed (under similar invitation) by the high officers of any other Government that may chance to be present on the occasion. Anv assistance that may be given at the ceremony must be confined to that only which may be invited on the part of the King, and be afforded as a compliment and honour to the occasion. In case of any doubt, the British Consul may be consulted; and I believe that Consuls from one or two other Governments will be present at the coronation, and, probably, similar acts of compliment will be invited from visitors or emissaries from other countries also. There should be a common and united feeling among all to join in doing every honour to the occasion.

At the close of the ceremonies, or as soon after as may be most convenient, the party may return to Tamatave; but I have no desire to hasten their return with the same expedition with which they will be obliged to proceed to the capital, in case it be desirable to pursue any useful inquiries on the spot, or they may be invited to furnish to the King any information they may possess for practical purposes of mutual interest and advantages; at the same time, it is not desirable that the stay of the entire party should be unnecessarily prolonged.

For the general convenience of account and resonsibility, I leave all detail arrangements where I have already placed them, with Inspector-General Anson, who will consult the convenience and accommodation of the General and the Bishop, and obtain all the assistance that can be given by Commander Wilson and Lieutenant Oliver.

Upon arrival at Tamatave, when the probable period of return (with reference to the close of the coronation) can be better ascertained, Captain Wilson can make arrangements for the return of the Oorgon to Tamatave, to bring back the party, should he find it desirable to send her on a cruize or on any other duty in the interval.

The usual complimentary salutes should be fired from the Oorgon on arrival and departure.

WILLIAM STEVENSON.

No. 8.—Mr. Murray to Sir Frederic Rogers. Sib, Foreign Office, August 25.1862

I Am directed by Earl Kussell to transmit to you, for the information of his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, a copy of « despatch from Her Majesty's Consul at Eeunion, reporting the appointment by the French Government of a special Mission from that island to assist at the coronation of the King of Madagascar.

I am, &c.

-8m- F. Sogers, Bart. JAMES MUKEAT.

(Inclosure.)Mr. Hill to Earl Russell. My Lord, Reunion, July 8,18^2.

I Have the honour to inform your Lordship that, in addition to the gentleman who has been selected by His Majesty the Emperor of the French to be the bearer of the presents to the King of Madagascar at his ensuing eorouation, and whose arrival from Suez in a war steamer is daily expected; a special Mission has also been appointed from this island to assist at the ceremony.

[graphic]

His Excellency the Governor of lieuuion entertained the various members of this Mission nt a banquet a few days since; and, in proposing the health of Ilis Majesty the Emperor of the French, alluded to the "political and commercial relations about to commence with .Madagascar, and the preponderance which France a called upon to exercise in this African territory."

The Mission consists of M. Dupro, Commandant of the Naval Station, Chief of the Mission; M. Lesseliue, Lieutenant-Colonel of 1th Marine; M. Delagrange, Naval Lieutenant and Commandant of Saintc Marie, in Madagascar; M. Dewatie, Aide-de-camp to M. Dupr<5; M. Langc de Ferneses, Naval Lieutenant; M. Magieres, Captain Marino Artillery; M. Prud'homme de St. Maur, Captain and Adjutant of Marine; and his medical officers.

All these gentlemen are on the point of departure for Madagascar in the steam-frigate llcrmione (42), the flag-ship of the station. I have, &c.

Earl Butsell. J. D. HAY HILL.

Ao. 9.—Sir W. Steventon to the Duke of Jfewcanlle.{Bee. Dec. 12.) (Extract.) Mauritius, November i, 18G2.

In continuation of my despatch of the 7th July, in which 1 reported the arrangements J had made for the transmission and delivery of the Queen's letter and presents to the King of Madagascar, and for aiding in doing honour to his coronation, by authorizing the officers who were to be the bearers of the letter and presents to remain and assist at the ceremony i

1 have now the honour to report that the "Hiei n charged with that duty left Mauritius in Her Majesty's ship Gorgon on the 12th July, and, after completion of all the services required of them, returned on the 12th ultimo, after a longer absence than I anticipated when I sent them, but which was rendered necessary by the postponement of the coronation, and their required duty of assisting at the pageant.

Tho officers and others who finally formed or accompanied the mission consisted of Major-General Johnstone, commanding the troops in the colony; the Lord Bishop of Mauritius (charged with the special duty of presenting the Bible to the King); InspectorGeueral Anson, Captain Royal Artillery; Lieutenant Oliver, K.A., acting as Aide-de-Camp to the General; and Dr. Mcllor, a gentleman and naturalist attached to Dr. Livingstone's

party, and then on board Her Majesty's ship Oorgon, on his return to Africa, who, at his request, was authorized to accompany the party to the capital. The Bishop and Dr. Mellor did not remain for the coronation, but returned about the middle of September.

The result was, under all circumstances, as satisfactory as could have been desired; and I am happy to be able to report that the head of the party, and all others who were attached to the mission, or afforded their assistance, performed the various duties with which they were entrusted entirely to my satisfaction.

I have now the honour to transmit copies of two official communications which I have received from General Johnstone, reporting the arrival of the mission at their destination, and the performance of their duties, together with the accompanying report from the Bishop, and a narrative of his visit to the graves of the massacred Christians; also a botanical report from Dr. Mellor, and an excellent map of the route by Lieutenant Oliver, K.A.

I also add a short report from Inspector-General Anson (Captain, E.A.), to whom the specific charge of the presents was confided,' showing that he faithfully discharged that part of his duty.

I hope I may ask your Grace to authorize me to express to General Johnstone, Captain Anson, and the other members of the mission, as well as those who afforded their assistance, your satisfaction at the successful results, and at the manner in which they respectively performed their duty.

The Duke of Newcastle. WILLIAM STEVENSON.

(lnclosure.)Major- General Johnstone to Sir W. Stevenson. Tottk Excellency, Port Louis October 27,1862.

On the 20th August,* I had the honour of addressing you on the subject of the mission to King Radama II. Up to that period we had hoped the coronation of His Majesty would have taken place early in September. It was found, however, impracticable to expedite it to any day prior to the 23rd of that month; and although this delay involved many inconveniences, yet there were so many stroDg reasons to enforce it, that none of us were found to urge objections to their necessity.

The crown and robes, a present from the Emperor of the French, had not yet arrived; the cars of state, the dresses of the Queen and her court, the materials for the uniform of the body guard, were all still on their way from France. The return of King Eadama's Ambassador from France, with the crown and other costly presents, had not yet occurred; nor was it expected before the first week of September. The day named for the pageantry was the King's own birth-day; and furthermore, before that day could arrive, the nume

* Tbi« w»s one of the missing despatches never received by me.—W. 8.

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