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that although no United States' eruizers had boen specially appointed for the same service, those of them which are stationed in the neighbourhood of Cuba for other purposes have likewise been instructed to be on the watch for ships engaged in the Slave Trade.

I have, &c.

Earl Unwell. W, STUART.

iVo. 355.—Mr. Stuart to Earl Russell.{Received October 23.) (Extract.) Washington, October 9, 1862.

I Have not yet received an answer to the note which I addressed to Mr. Seward on the 13th ultimo, iu conformity with the directions contained in your Lordship's despatch of the 30th of August last, relative to the instructions which it is intended to furnish to the Commanders of Her Majesty's eruizers who may be employed in carrying out the provisions of the Treaty recently concluded between Great Britain and the United States for the suppression of the African Slave Trade.

When I first reminded Mr. Seward that Her Majesty's Government were anxious to receive his answer with as little delay as possible, he informed me that he was waiting for the decision of the Navy Department, to whom my nuto had been referred.

He, however, authorized me to tell your Lordship, that although The United States' Government could not, under present circumstances, detach a squadron to the coast of Africa for the suppression of the Slave Trade, it was their desire that the operations of Her Majesty's eruizers under the Treaty should not on that account be delayed, and he did not appear to entertain any objections to the instructions proposed by Her Majesty's Government. It was less heaessary, he observed, that United States' eruizers should be furnished with similar instructions or commissions, as their Commanders are now empowered to search all vessels in the exercise of their belligerent rights.

I believe that Her Majesty's Government may safely act upon the assurance given to mo by Mr. Seward that Her Majesty's eruizers may exercise their right of search under the Treaty without further delay. But his official note to that effect will probably reach me in a day or two, as it was stated to be detained merely on account of a slight alteration being required in it.

A copy of my note to Mr. Seward is herewith inclosed. Earl Russell. W. STUART.

(Inclosure.)Mr. Stuart to Mr. Seward. Sib, Washington, September 13,18G2.

I Iiave been instructed by Earl Russell to communicate to you tho accompanying copy of this instruction, which it is intended to furnish to the Commanders of Her Majesty's cruizers who may be employed in carrying out the provisions of tho Treaty recently concluded between Her Majesty's Government and the Government of The United States for tho suppression of the African Slave Trade.

I have the honour likewise to inclose lists of the several ships employed on the African, North American, and "West Indian stations, whose Commanders will be authorized to act under the Treaty, stating also the names of the Commanders and tho force of each vessel, and I am to request that you will furnish me with a similar list of United States' cruizers.

I am at the same time desired to inform you that Her Majesty's Government have already Mixed Commission Courts established at Sierra Leone and the Cape of Good Hope; and that by the first mail from England in the present month, the officers in those Courts were to bo authorized and instructed to adjudicate in tho cases of any vessels that may be brought before them under the provisions of the Treaty-.

As regards the Court to be established at New York, Mr. Archibald, Her Majesty's Consul in that city, is to be appointed to the office of Her Majesty's Judge, and Mr. Ryder, now Her Majesty's Arbitrator in the Mixed Commission Court at the Havana, is to be appointed in the same capacity at New York.

In making known these appointments to The United States' Government, I am to state to you that Her Majesty's Government are only now waiting the appointment of officers on the part of the American Government to the Courts to be established at the Cape of Good Hope and Sierra Leone, in order to issue the necessary instructions to Her Majesty's cruizers to carry out the stipulations of the Treaty between the two countries.

An officer, in whose discretion and judgment Her Majesty's Government have every confidence, was to be appointed in a few days after the date of Lord Russell's despatch to me (which was of the 30th ultimo), to the command of Her Majesty's naval forces on the West Coast of Africa, and it is expected that that officer will take his departure from England towards the end of this month.

As it is considered important that he should take out with him the instructions for the squadron to act under tho Treaty, I am further instructed to ask you whether there will be any objections on the part of The United States' Government to the necessary instructions being sent out by him, or whether they would wish that the operations of the squadron should bo delayed until they are assured of the arrival at their post of tho officers appointed on the part of The United States' Government to the Mixed Commission Courts on the African coast.

I shall accordingly feel obliged to you if you will make mo acquainted with the decision of The United States' Government on this matter with as little delay as possible.

I have, &c.

lion. W. H. Seward. W. STUART

No. 356.—Earl Russell to Lord Lyons. Mt Lobd, Foreign Office, November 7, 1862.

I Transmit to your Lordship herewith an extract of a letter from Eear-Admiral Sir Baldwin Walker, Bart., the Commander-inchief of Her Majesty's naval forces on the Cape of Good Hope and African stations, pointing out that vessels under American colours are in the habit of shipping slaves from the west coast of the Island of Madagascar beyond the limits laid down by the Treaty of the 7th of April last, within which British cruizers are empowered to detain United States' vessels engaged in the Slave Trade.

As the object which the two Governments had in view in concluding the Treaty above referred to, would to a certain extent be frustrated if American vessels were permitted to ship slaves with impunity from the coast of the Island of Madagascar, I have to desire that you will bring this matter to the notice of The United States' Government, and you will ask Mr. Seward whether the Cabinet of Washington would consent to conclude a Convention extending the mutual right of search and detention to within a certain distance of the coast of Madagascar. I am, &c.

Lord Lyons. EUSSELL.

No. 363.—Lord Lyons to Earl Russell.(Received December 17.) Mt Lobd, Washington, December 2, 1862.

In obedience to the instruction contaiued in your Lordship's despatch of the 7th ultimo, I yesterday asked Mr. Seward whether the Cabinet of Washington would consent to conclude a Convention extending to within a certain distance of the coast of Madagascar, the mutual right of search and detention established by the Treaty of the 7th of April last.

Mr. Seward said that he could not give me an official answer without taking the orders of the President; but that he himself was of opinion that there would not be any difficulty in making the proposed extension.

Mr. Seward added that it would be important that the Convention for the purpose should be signed as soon as possible, in order that it might be submitted without delay to the Senate for ratification, The present session, he observed, would end on the 4th March next, and the press of business towards the close would be so great that the Senate might not have time to act upon a Convention which was not sent in early.

It would, probably, expedite matters, if your Lordship should send ine, in answer to this despatch, a draft in regular form of such a Convention as Her Majesty's Government would wish to conclude. I could, of course, sign under my general full powers.

J. have, &c.

Earl Russell. LYONS.

27b. 364.—Lord Lyons to Earl Bussell.(Received December 17.) Mr Lord, Washington, December 2, 1802.

"wuen speaking to Mr. Seward yesterday on the subject of extending the provisions of the Treaty of tho 7th of April last to the neighbourhood of Madagascar, I took an opportunity of asking him whether he thought there would be any objection to extending them at the same time to Puerto Eico. I said that I had no instructions to ask him this question, and that I did not know whether Her Majesty's Government desired or would agree to such an extension. Mr. Seward had, I observed, no doubt seen that Lord Brougham had, in the House of Lords, while expressing warmly the satisfaction which he derived from the Treaty in general, criticized it on the ground of its not having been made applicable to Puerto Eico. This had induced me to mention the subject privately to Mr. Seward, in order to save time, if it should turn out that both Governments desired now to include that island.

Mr. Seward said that, speaking privately between ourselves, he would tell me that he believed that this Government would be quite willing to extend the Treaty to Puerto Eico.

I shall, of course, say no more to him on the subject without instructions from your Lordship.

It may, perhaps, be worth while to consider whether or no it would be advisable to extend the Treaty to San Domingo also.

As I have stated in my immediately preceding despatch of this date, the shortness of the present session of the Senate renders it important that any Articles which it is desired to insert in a Convention should be put into form as soon as possible.

I have, &c.

Earl Russell. LYONS.

No. 365.—Lord Lyons to Earl Russell.(Received December 26.) My Lokd, Washington, December 12, 1862.

"with reference to my despatches of the 2nd instant, I have the honour to report to your Lordship that Mr. Seward informed me yesterday that he was authorized to express to me officially the consent of the President to the proposal to conclude a Convention extending to within a certain distance of Madagascar the mutual right of search and detention established by the Treaty of the 7th of April last. I have, &c.

Earl Russell. LYONS.

UNITED STATES (new Yobk).

No. 3G7.—Consul Archibald to Earl Russell.—(Received March 12.) (Extract.) New York, February 21, 1862.

I Have the honour to report to your Lordship that the execution of the sentence of death on Captain Nathaniel Gordon, of the slaver Erie, took place on Friday last, the 21st instant. The most strenuous efforts on the part of his friends, aided doubtless by the pecuniary influence of the slave-trading interest in this city, were made with a view to set aside the conviction, and failing success, by resort to every available legal proceeding, to obtain a commutation of the sentence of death. A petition, said to have been signed by 25,000 inhabitants of New York, was, for this purpose, presented to the President, who, however, remained inflexible. A general impression prevailed to the last moment that the sentence would not be carried into effect, so little was the public sentiment in harmony with this exceptional enforcement of a law which, not very long since, was regarded to be so sanguinary as to induce a former prosecuting officer to abstain from pressing prosecutions for its violation.

The execution of this unhappy man at last took place under the most shocking circumstances, the prisoner having attempted to commit suicide by the taking of poison, and from the effects of stimulants to prevent the action of poison, being all but unconscious of what was taking place. Revolting, however, as are all these sickening incidents of the death-scene, for which the miserable victim was himself responsible, there is no question that whatever good effect the conviction may have, would have been very greatly lessened, had the prisoner been allowed to die by his own act. Earl Russell. E.M.ARCHIBALD.

2Vo. 368.—Consul Archibald to Earl Russell.(Rec. November 17.) (Extract.) New York, October 31, 1862.

I Have the honour to report to your Lordship the conviction, after a patient and impartial trial in The United States' Circuit Court, of Albert Horn, of the crime of fitting-out and despatching from this port, for the purpose of slave-trading, the steam-ship City of Ne w York.

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