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X. All annuities under this or former Treaties shall be paid as the Chiefs in council may request, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, until otherwise altered or amended, which shall be done whenever the board of visitors, by the request of the Chiefs, may recommend it, provided that no change shall take place ofteuer than once in two years.
XI. Whenever the services of labourers are required upon the reservation, preference shall be given to full or mixed bloods, if they shall be found competent to perform them.
XII. It shall not be obligatory upon the Indians, parties to this Treaty, to remove from their present reservations, until The United States shall have first complied witii the stipulations of Articles IV and VI of this Treaty, when The United States shall furnish them with all necessary transportion and subsistence to their new homes, and subsistence for 6 months thereafter: provided that, owing to the heretofore good conduct of the Mille Lac Indians, they shall not be compelled to remove so long as they shall not in any way interfere with or in any manner molest the persons or property of the whites.
XIII. Female members of the family of any Government employ^ residing on the reservation, who shall teach Indian girls domestic economy, shall be allowed and paid a sum not exceeding 10 dollars per month while so engaged: provided that not more than 1,000 dollars shall be so expended during any one year, and that the President of The United States may suspend or annul this Article whenever he may deem it expedient to do so.
XIV. It is distinctly understood and agreed that the clearing and breaking of land for the Chippewas of the Mississippi, as provided for in Article IV of this Treaty, shall be in lieu of all former engagements of The United States as to the breaking of lands for those bands.
In testimony whereof, the said "William P. Dole and Clark W. Thompson, on behalf of The United States, and Henry M. Eice and the undersigned Chiefs and Headmen, on behalf of the Indians, parties to this Treaty, have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals this 11th day of March, A D., 1863.
¥M. P. DOLE, Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
Supt. of Indian Affairs for the Northern Superintendency.
And whereas, the said Treaty having been submitted to the Senate of the United States for its constitutional action thereon, the Senate did, on the 13th day of March, 18G3, advise and consent to the ratification of the same by a resolution with amendments in the words and figures following, to wit:
In Executive Session, Senate Of The United States,
March 13, 1863. "Resolved (two-thirds of the Senators present concurring), That the Senate advise and consent to the ratification of the ' Articles of Agreement and Convention made and coucluded at the city of Washington, the 11th day of March, A.d. 18C3, between William P. Dole, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and Clark W. Thompson, Superintendent of Indian Affairs of the Northern Supcrintendency, on the part of The United States, and Henry M. Rice, of Minnesota, for and on behalf of the Chippewa* of the Mississippi, and the Pillager and Lake Winibigoshish bands of Chippewa Indians in Minnesota,' with the following
"Article III, line 8, strike out' 30,000,' and insert: '20,000.'
"Article III, line 9, after the word 'dollars' insert: 'Or so much thereof as may be necessary, provided that no money shall be paid under this item, except upon claims which have been duly adjudicated and found to be due under existing Treaties, from said Indians, and allowed by the Secretary of the Interior, or under his direction."
"Article III, lines 9, 10, and 11, strike out the following words: '3rd, To enable said Indians to pay their present just engagements, the sum of 30,000 dollars, as the Chiefs in council may direct."
"Article IV. At the end thereof, insert: 'Provided, That the amount expended under this Article shall not exceed the sum of 3,600 dollars.'
"Article V. At the end thereof insert: 'Not exceeding in the aggregate 1,000 dollars.'
"Article VI. At the end thereof insert: 'But not more than 3;000 dollars shall be expended for this purpose.'
"Article VII. Strike out this Article, and in lieu thereof insert the following:
"' Article VII. The President shall appoint a board of visitors, to consist of not less than 2 nor more than 3 persons, to be selected from such Christian denominations as he may designate, whose duty it shall be to attend the annuity payments to the Indians, and to inspect the fields and other improvements of the Indians, and to report annually thereon on or before the 1st of November; and also as to the qualifications and moral deportment of all persons residing upon the reservation under the authority of law; and they shall receive for their services 5 dollars per day for the time actually employed, and 10 cents per inilo for travelling expenses: Provided, That no one shall bo paid in any one year for more than 20 days' service, or for more than 300 miles' travel.'
"Article VIII, line 10, strike out' their agent,' and insert: 'the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.'
"Article IX, line 7, strike out the word' ' family,' and insert 'lawful wife.'
"Article IX, lines 9, 10, and 11, strike out 'whose moral habits and fitness shall be reported upon annually by the board of visitors.'
"Article IX, line 16, strike out the words ' and may be expelled from the reservation.'
"Article X, lines 5, 6, 7, and 8, strike out: 'which shall bo done whenever the board of visitors, by the request of the Chiefs, may recommend it, provided that no change shall take place oftener than once in two years.'
"Article X. At the end of Article X, as amended, insert the following: 'Provided, That not less than one-half of said annuities shall be paid in necessary clothing, provisions, and other necessary and useful articles.'
Attest: J. W. Forney, Secretary.
By W. Hicket, Chief Clerk.
And whereas the foregoing amendments having been fully interpreted and explained to the said Henry M. Bice, Commissioner, and the hereinafter named Chiefs and headmen of the various bands of Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and the Pillagers, parties to the foregoing Treaty, they did, on the 14th day of March, 18G3, at the city of Washington, in the district of Columbia, give their free and voluntary assent to the same, in the words and figures following, to wit:
"We, the Undersigned, Chiefs and headmen of the various bands of Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and the Pillagers, parties to the foregoing Treaty, concluded between The United States and the Chippewas of the Mississippi, on the 11th day of March, 1863, hereby give our free and voluntary assent to the amendments thereto made by the Senate on the 13th day of March, 1803, after having the said amendments fully explained to us.
In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names and affixed our seals, at the city of "Washington, this 14th day of March, A.d. 1863.
HENBY M. BICE, Commissioner, and 25 Chiefs and Headmen.
Signed in presence of—
D. Geo. Morrison, and 11 others.
CONSTITUTION of the United States of Columbia.—Rio Negro, May 8, 1863.
The National Convention, in the name and by the authority of the people and of the United States of Colombia which it represents, has decreed the following
Chap. I.—The Nation. Aet. I. The Sovereign States of Antioquia, Bdlivar, Boyaca, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Panama, Santander, and Tolinia, created respectively by the Acts of the 27th of February, 1855, 11th of June, 1856,13th of May, 1857, 15th of Juno of the same year, 12th of April, 1861, and 3rd of September of the same year, consulting their exterior security and mutual aid, do unite and confederate in perpetuity, and form a free, sovereign, aud independent nation, by the name of " United States of Colombia."
II. The said States undertake mutually to aid and defend each other against all violence affecting the sovereignty of the Uniou or of the States.
III. The limits of the territory of the United States of Colombia are the same as those which in 1810 separated the territory of the Viceroyalty of New Granada from that of the Captain-Generalships of Venezuela and Guatemala and from that of the Portuguese possessions of Brazil; on the south they are, provisionally, those designated in the Treaty concluded with the Government of Equator on the 9th of July, 1856,* and such others as now separate it from the said Republic and from that of Peru.
IV. Those Sovereign States into which one or more of the existing ones may be divided, agreeably to the following Article, shall also form part of the same nationality, as well as those which, being entirely independent, agree to unite themselves to the Union by Treaties duly entered into.
V. The federal law may decree the creation of new States by dismembering the population and the territory of existing ones, when such may be solicited by the Legislature or Legislatures of the State or States from whose territory the new State is to be formed, upon condition that each of the newly created States shall contain, at least, 100,000 inhabitants, and that after the segregation the original States still contain not lesB than 150,000 inhabitants each.
§. The limits of the States recognized in Article I cannot be changed or altered except with the consent and agreement of the States interested therein, and with the approbation of the General Government.
* Vol. XLVII. Page 1270.
Chap. II.—Bases of the Union.
Sect. 1.—Bights and Duties of the States.
VI. The States agree to establish in their Constitutions and civil legislation, the principle of the inability of any religious community, corporation, society, or body, to acquire landed property, and also to ordain as a general rule that landed property cannot be acquired under any other character than as alienable and divisible according to the exclusive will of the proprietor, and as transmissible to the heirs in conformity with the common law.
VII. The said States likewise agree to prohibit for ever all settlements, endowments, trusts or feods, and all kinds of similar establishments, having for their object the withdrawal of any landed property from free circulation.
§. They likewise agree and declare that henceforward no perpetual annuity can be established otherwise than on the public treasury, and by no means on landed property.
VIII. Out of consideration for the national integrity, of the expeditious progress of the Union, and the pacific relations between the States, they hereby engage:
1st. To organize themselves in accordance with the principles of popular, elective, representative, alternative, and responsible government.
2nd. Not to cede to a foreign Power any part of their territory.
3rd. Not to obstruct, by means of taxes, or in any other manner, the navigation of the rivers or other navigable waters which have not required artificial canalization.
4th. Not to impose taxes upon such products as are liable to national duties, previously to their being offered for consumption, even when such may have been declared free from importation duties; nor upon productions destined for exportation, the freedom of which shall be maintained by the General Government.
5th. Not to impose contributions upon productions passing through the State, and not destined for consumption within the same.
6th. Not to impose any obligation upon the national employes, excepting in their capacity of members of the State, and only when such obligation shall not be incompatible with the national public service.
7th. Not to impose taxes upon the productions or property of the Columbian Union.
8th. To defer and submit to the decision of the General Government in all controversies which may arise between two or more States, when a peaceable solution cannot be arrived at j and in no case nor from any cause shall any State declare or make war upon any other State; and