페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

Commodore Dunlop has reported that he had been jo Challenger by the Mersry, St. George, Sanspareil, and and that it was his intention to proceed direct to Ver command of the British portion of the allied expedition

I am, &c. E. Hammond, Esq.

W. G. R

(Inclosure 1.)-Commodore Dunlop to the Secretary to the Sir,

Challenger, off Cape St. Antonio, Cuba, Janu. I HAVE the honour to transmit herewith, to be laid Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, an extract fro from Captain Von Donop, of Her Majesty's ship Jasor the arrival at Vera Cruz of the Spanish portion of the dition against Mexico, the landing of the Spanish troc occupation by them of the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa Vera Cruz.

I am, &c. The Secretary to the Admiralty.

HUGHI

(Inclosure 2.)-Captain Von Donop to Commodore (Extract.)

I FOUND the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, and the fort south of the city of Vera Cruz, nearly dismantled, all th a few exceptions, having been dismounted, and togethe carriages, powder, musketry, and various other stores 20 miles into the country, where, I understand, the want of carriage to take them further.

On the 8th, about 1 P.M., the first division of the S dition, consisting of 11 steamers, passed this, and Anton Lizardo. The following morning the Spanish shi taken some time since by the Mexicans, and lying di Vera Cruz, was wilfully set fire to and burnt to the wat

On the 10th, about noon, the second division of expedition, consisting of 9 men-of-war and 6 transports and also anchored at Anton Lizardo, squadron appeared to be commanded by a Rear-Admir was flying in a paddle-wheel steamer, I saluted him as be passed the anchorage, which was duly returned afternoon I availed myself of the polite invitation of of the French frigate Foudre to accompany him in for the purpose of paying the Spanish Admiral a co visit.

As this por

any other

will be accepted if presented in a specified way, it is not said it will never be accepted in

way. The movements, by State action, for emancipation in several of the States, not included in the Emancipation Proclamation, are matters of profound gratulation. And while I do not repeat in detail what I have heretofore so earnestly urged upon this subject

, my general views and feelings remain unchanged; and I trust that Congress will omit no fair opportunity of aiding these important steps to a great consummation.

In the midst of other cares, however important, we must not lose sight of the fact that the war power is still our main reliance. To that power alone can we look, yet for a time, to give confidence to the people in the contested regions, that the insurgent power will not again overrun them. Until that confidence shall be established, little can be done anywhere for what is called reconstruction. Hence our chiefest care must still be directed to the army and

nars,
who have thus far borne their barder part so nobly and well. And
it
may

be esteemed fortunate that in giving the greatest efficiency
to these indispensable arms, we do also honourably recognize the
gallant men, from commander to sentinel, who compose them, and
to whom, more than to others, the world must stand indebted for
the home of freedom disenthralled, regenerated, enlarged, and
perpetuated.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

CORRESPONDENCE between Great Britain, France, Spain,

8c., relating to the Affairs of Merico ;-the Occupation of St. Juan d'Ulloa and Vera Cruz by Spanish Troops ; the proposed Offer of the Crown of Mexico to the Archduke Maximilian of Austria ; the Demands made by Great Britain, France, and Spain on Mexico; and the Withdrawal of British and Spanish Governments from further Intervention, in the Affairs of Mexico, &c.; also Conferences between the Allied

Commissioners on the Affairs of Mexico.--1862. No.1.–The Sec". to the Admiralty to Mr. Hammond:-(Ree

. Feb. 4.) SIR,

Admiralty, January 30, 1862. I am commanded by my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty to transmit herewith, for the information of Earl Russell, a copy of a letter, dated the 1st instant, from Commodore Dunlop, with its inclosure from Captain Von Donop, of the Joson, reporting the occupation of the Castle of San Juan d'Ulloa and town of Vera Cruz by Spanish troops on the 17th December last.

>

During our visit, the Admiral informed us, that the following day, he intended informing us as to wl and intentions were with regard to Mexico. We were

in a gun-bon this ship, and and if conto

board with great politeness, and on our quitting, both the English and French flags were saluted with 9 guns.

The following day, about noon, the Spanish Admiral came up to the anchorage in a gun-boat, and after paying the Foudre and Ariadne a visit, came on board this ship, and proposed that a conference should be held on board the Foudre, and if convenient to me at once, which I assented to, and, after saluting him with 13 guns on quitting, I went on board the Foudre, where the Conference was held, at which were present the Spanish Rear-Admiral with his secretary, the Captain of the Foudre, and myself. At this meeting, the Admiral informed us that some months since Spain had ordered an expedition to be fitted out for the purpose of obtaining redress from Mexico for the various and numerous insults Spain had received from that country.

That when the expedition was (with the exception of two frigates daily expected from Europe) fully equipped, news reached Cuba that, in all probability, both England and France would join Spain in the expedition.

The two frigates having arrived, and everything being in readiness, the Governor-General of Cuba ordered the expedition to leave for Mexico, and the Admiral was desired, in the event of falling in with any of Her Majesty's ships, or those of the French Imperial navy, to ask their co-operation in demanding possession of the Fort St. Juan d'Ulloa and the city of Verą Cruz, as it had been the original intention of Spain to take possession of these places as a guarantee, before it was known that England and France intended to take part in the expedition against Mexico, and that should the surrender of these places be refused, he purposed taking them þy force,

I declined taking any part in offensive operations against Mexico, as I had no orders to that effect; the captain of the Foudre also declined taking any part.

The Admiral then informed us that it would have afforded him great pleasure to have had our co-operation, but as we had no orders to act he should demand, in the name of Spain, the surrender of the castle of San Juan d'Ulloa and the city of Vera Cruz, giving 48 hours for decision, but the holding of these places should be on behalf of England, France, and Spain jointly. If the Mexicans, declined to surrender, he should use force to compel them.

In taking these measures, the Admiral pledged himself that in taking and holding these places, Spain would only do so for these Powers ;

That in the event of the allies arriving, no opposition would be made by Spain to their landing any number of men in these places and holding joint possession ;

[graphic]

378

GREAT BRITAIN.

board with great politeness, and on our quitting, both the English and French flags were saluted with 9 guns.

The following day, about noon, the Spanish Admiral came up to the anchorage in a gun-boat, and after paying the Foudre and Ariadne a visit, came on board this ship, and proposed that a con. forence should be held on board the Foudre, and if convenient to me at once, wbich I assented to, and, after saluting him with 13 gus on quitting, I went on board the Foudre, where the Conference was held, at which were present the Spanish Rear-Admiral with his secretary, the Captain of the Foudre, and myself. At this meeting, the Admiral informed us that some months since Spain had ordered an expedition to be fitted out for the purpose of obtaining redress from Mexico for the various and numerous insults Spain had received from that country.

That when the expedition was (with the exception of two frigates daily expected from Europe) fully equipped, news reached Cuba that, in all probability, both England and France would join Spain in the expedition.

The two frigates having arrived, and everything being in readiness, the Governor-General of Cuba ordered the expedition to leave fior Mexico, and the Admiral was desired, in the event of falling in with any of Her Majesty's ships, or those of the French Imperial navy, to ask their co-operation in demanding possession of the Fort St. Juan d'Ulloa and the city of Vera Cruz, as it had been the original intention of Spain to take possession of these places as a guarantee, before it was known that England and France intended to take part in the expedition against Mexico, and that should the surrender of these places be refused, he purposed taking them by force.

I declined taking any part in offensive operations against Mexico, as I had no orders to that effect; the captain of the Foudre also declined taking any part.

The Admiral then informed us that it would have afforded him great pleasure to have had our co-operation, but as we had no orders to act he should demand, in the name of Spain, the surrender of the castle of San Juan d'Ulloa and the city of Vera Cruz, giving 48 hours for decision, but the holding of these places should be on behalf of England, France, and Spain jointly. If the Mexicans declined to surrender, he should use force to compel them.

In taking these measures, the Admiral pledged himself that in taking and holding these places, Spain would only do so for these Powers;

That in the event of the allies arriving, no opposition would be made by Spain to their landing any number of men in these places and holding joint possession;

That the Spanish forces would not advance beyond of these places, and only act on the defensive till the arr allies;

That any funds found in the public treasuries would for the disposal of the allied Powers;

That Spain would not enter into any Treaty with the arrival of the allies;

That Spain pledged herself to protect all foreigners property to the utmost of her power;

That in the event of a blockade being found necessar only be in force to the exclusion of Mexican vessels;

That should Mexico make any resistance to the castl being taken by Spain, it might be necessary to cause the the various merchant-ships now at anchor between those that directly Spain got possession, the vessels would be to resume their former position.

As I am fully aware of the great hatred the Mexican bear to Spain, I asked the Admiral why he could nu operations till the arrival of the allies, who, I felt convi be well received, and no opposition offered to their taking quiet possession of the town and fort.

To this he replied that, in the first place, his orders him to commence operations against Mexico; and, se the health of the troops compelled their being landed at

I then suggested to the Admiral that as, in all pro entire Mexican Government would evacuate the tov directly they received his summons, I feared by so lon 48 hours being given, anarchy and riot would probab the town during the interval of the summons and the a possession, which might be attended with great risk to

To this the Admiral replied that he should regret e any foreigners suffered, but he feared he could not shorter summons.

Thus ended the conference, and I think if Spain a pledges, her taking temporary sole possession of these 1 be of any material consequence, whatever may be the tions of the allies.

On the 15th, about 3 P.M., a squadron of 12 Span anchored between us and the main, evidently intendi portion of their troops, as 3 gun-boats (row) were sen protect the disembarkation; but about 5 the breez having considerably increased from the northward, t was abandoned, and during the night the squadron former position off Sacrificios,

On the 16th, about 4 P.M., two paddle-steam frigates

the Admiral's flag, proceeded from this and both anchored close on the south-west side of the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, where they remained for the night.

On the 17th, the Spanish troops commenced landing both at the town and the fort, and at noon the Spanish flag was hoisted on all the forts of Vera Cruz, and also in the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, where it was saluted with 21 guns by the Spanish Admiral off Vera Cruz, and also by the Spanish Commodore off Sacrificios.

The disembarkation of troops has continued, though it has been considerably delayed by fresh northers setting in during the afternoon. I should think about 3,000 have been landed.

Shortly after the Spanish Commodore bad saluted the Spanish flag on the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, be sent to inform me that had he known the Admiral intended saluting he would have given me notice, but he was only following his superior orders.

I did not consider it necessary to salute, as by so doing I felt I should be insulting the Mexican Republic. As yet the French frigate has not saluted.

The town continues to be perfectly quiet, though about 5,000 inhabitants appear to have quitted it: all the shops are open.

An efficient police is established, who have already apprehended numerous thieves.

I communicated with Her Majesty's Consul yesterday, who does not need any assistance. Commodore Dunlop.

VON DONOP.

No. 2.- Earl Russell to Lord Bloomfield. (Extract.)

Foreign Office, February 5, 1862. WITH reference to the subject of the offer of the Crown of Mexico to the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, I have to instruct you to inform Count Rechberg that it is the intention of Her Majesty's Government to abide strictly by the terms of the Convention of the 31st of October,* concluded between Great Britain, France, and Spain, relative to the intervention in Mexico. Lord Bloomfield.

RUSSELL.

No. 3,- Earl Cowley to Earl Russell.(Received February 8.) (Extract.)

Paris, February 5, 1862. I OBSERVED to M. Thouvenel that I was bound to inform Her Majesty's Government if I had any reason to believe that the stipulation of non-intervention in the internal affairs of Mexico, which had been introduced into the Convention of the 31st October, 1861, was possibly about to be overstepped. M. Thouvenel replied that

• Vol. LI. Page 63.

the Imperial Government would certainly not attempt any Government whatever on the Mexican people. Earl Russell.

the Admiral's flag, proceeded from this and both anchored close on the south-west side of the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, where they remained for the night.

On the 17th, the Spanish troops commenced landing both at the town and the fort, and at noon the Spanish flag was hoisted on all the forts of Vera Cruz, and also in the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, where it was saluted with 21 guns by the Spanish Admiral off Vera Cruz, and also by the Spanish Commodore off Sacrificios.

The disembarkatiou of troops has continued, though it has been considerably delayed by fresh northers setting in during the afternoon. I should think about 3,000 have been landed.

Shortly after the Spanish Commodore had saluted the Spanish flag on the Fort of San Juan d'Ulloa, be sent to inform me that had he known the Admiral intended saluting he would have given me notice, but he was only following his superior orders.

I did not consider it necessary to salute, as by so doing I felt I should be insulting the Mexican Republic. As yet the French frigate has not saluted.

The town continues to be perfectly quiet, though about 5,000 inhabitants appear to have quitted it: all the shops are open.

An efficient police is established, who have already apprehended numerous thieves.

I communicated with Her Majesty's Consul yesterday, who does not need any assistance. Commodore Dunlop.

VON DONOP.

No. 4.-Sir J. Crampton to Earl Russell.—(Received F

Madrid, Janua (Extract.)

In obedience to your Lordship's instructions I hav. cated with Marshal O'Donnell and Señor Calderon ('oll the subject of your Lordship’s despatch of the 23rd inst

My first interview was with Marshal O'Donnell.

As soon as I had read to his Excellency your Lordship he said that he observed, with satisfaction, that the idea tions of the Spanish Cabinet in regard to Mexico wer accord with those of Her Majesty's Government.

With respect to the departure of the Spanish exp the Havana before it had been joined by the Englista forces, it was a circumstance caused by the distance of action from the seat of Government, and the conseque the timely arrival of its instructions to the officer in the Spanish forces, modifying those of which he was al session, the nature of which had never been concealMajesty's Government, or that of France. His Excell to General Gasset's proclamations to the army an habitants of Vera Cruz of the 17th December last, as clusively that the Spanish Government never entertai tion, either of making a conquest of Mexico, of se particular Government there, or of furthering any viev interest. He could see nothing in this to cause un rather a proof that the Spanish Government at no tim views at variance with the conditions of the Conventio afterwards signed with England and France.

With respect to the preamble and the Article of ti which defined what our intervention is intended to d is not intended to do, Marshal O'Donnell observed t necessary to refer to the text of the Treaty, inam fully acquainted with its terms and penetrated with

No. 2.-Earl Russell to Lord Bloomfield. (Extract.)

Foreign Office, February 5, 1862. With reference to the subject of the offer of the Crown of Mexico to the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, I have to instruct you to inform Count Rechberg that it is the intention of Her Majesty's Government to abide strictly by the terms of the Convention of the 31st of October, concluded between Great Britain, France, and Spain, relative to the intervention in Mexico. Lord Bloomfield.

RUSSELL

No. 3.-Earl Cowley to Earl Russell.—(Received February 8.) (Extract.)

Paris, February 5, 1862 I OBSERVED to M. Thouvenel that I was bound to inform Her Majesty's Government if I had any reason to beliere that the stipu. lation of non-intervention in the internal affairs of Mesico, which had been introduced into the Convention of the 31st October, 1861, pas possibly about to be overstepped. M. Thourenel replied that

• Vol. LI. Page 63.

from which he had never intended, or now contempl in the slightest degree.

He was fully aware, and had uniformly declared, forces are not to be used for the purpose of depriving of the right to choose their own Government. Such ditions of the Convention with England and Fran he would add, was his opinion of what the principles tion in Mexico ought to be, long before that consells and wluen an intervention by Spain alone had boende

« 이전계속 »