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from the Havana; and as I perceive, on the other hand, that in tone is alluded to by Her Majesty's Government as unsatisfactory, and that the omission in it of all mention of the French and English forces is objected to by the French Government, I have thought it right to transmit herewith to your Lordship a translation of it extracted from the " Gazette of Madrid."

It is to be observed that the report of the landing of the Spanish forces at Vera Cruz, and of General Gas set's Proclamation, first reached London from unofficial sources via New York, and that the official despatches relating the event reached the Spanish GuVi-rument much later via Cadiz. I have, &c.

Earl Butsell. JOHN F. CBAMPTOX.

(Ineloture.)'Extractfrom the "Diario Espanol" of January 23,1862.

Pboclamatioits OP Gejteral GA88BT.

Expeditionary Division to Mexico. Staff. General Order of December (Translation.) 16,1861, on the Coast of Mocambo.

Soldiehs,—The Spanish army finds everywhere glorious recollections of its valour and self-denial. On these very shores there is still a trace of Ferdinand Cortes, who with a handful of Spaniards planted, with the banner of Castille, the sign of the Cross and of civilization, astonishing the world by his marvellous feats.

Our present mission is also glorious: it is intended to demand satisfaction from the Mexican Government for the insults offered to our flag; to exact the fulfilment of Treaties; to prevent the repetition of acts of violence towards our countrymen, and to prove here, as was lately proved in Africa, and as our companions in arms prove by their deeds in Asia, that Spain is never insulted with impunity, and that distances disappear when her honour is called in question.

On taking command of this division, I did not hesitate to guarantee the success of the enterprise, because I know that an appeal is never made in vain to your valour and enthusiasm, that your discipline is equal to your ardour, and that you will be as humane ami generous to the vanquished, as Btrong and terrible towards those who are opposed to you in action.

Soldiers,—Our brilliant navy shares our labours, and has inaugurated them with a prosperous voyage—the presage of certain victory; and the fortress itself of Vera Cruz, has comprehended that all resistance would be useless against those who have conquered so many times in these very regions, without counting their own number or that of their adversaries.

If, therefore, your enthusiasm does not meet with obstacles, do not let it diminish on that account. Your mission will not yet be fulfilled; you will still bo at the commencement of it. Opportunities will offer to you to prove that you are Spaniards, and that you will never depart from the path of honour, and then our magnanimous Queen, and all Spain will say, "These are they who have avenged on Mexico the iusults offered to our flag, and recovered the affection of those who in former times were our brothers." Soldiers,—God Bave the Queen!


The Major-General,


Vera Cruz, December 17,1801.

Inhabitants of Vera Cruz,—The Spanish troops who occupy your city have no mission of conquest, no interested views. They are led solely by the duty of demanding satisfaction for the nonfulfilment of Treaties, and for the nets of violence committed upon our fellow-countrymen, as well as by the necessity of obtaining guarantees that similar outrages shall not be repeated.

Until these objects are obtained, the Spanish army, both here and wherever events may lead it, will be enabled, by means of its vigorous discipline, to preserve public tranquillity at whatever cost, to afford protection to the pacific inhabitants, and to punish with severity the disturbers of order, who will be submitted to the Military Commission, to be appointed to proceed against every kind of criminal.

Inhabitants of Vera Cruz,—Vou have nothing to dread; you know the Spanish soldier, and your attitude has just proved to me that you do. Devote yourselves, therefore, to your ordinary occupations, and rely upon it that the greatest pleasure which can fall to the lot of this army, after fulfilling the mission which the Queen has entrusted to it, will be to return to its own country with the certainty of having secured your affection.

The Commander of the Spanish Forces,


Vera Cruz, December 17, 1861.

Don Manuel Gasset y Mercader, Grand Cross of the Eoyal and distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III, and of the American of Isabella the Catholic, Knight Commander of the Grand Ducal Crown of the Evergreen Oak of the Low Countries, Commander of the Eoyal and Military Orders of San Ferdinand of the first class and of San Hermenegildo, and many others for distinguished conduct in action, Major-General and Commander-in-chief of the Spanish Forces in Mexico;

Having assumed the superior political and military command, having regard to the especial circumstances in which the country is placed, and being determined to punish with all the severity of military law all who in any manner whatever offend against public order, and the personal safety or property of the pacific inhabitants, I hereby decree as follows:

Art. I. The town and the other places occupied by Spanish troops are declared in a state of siege.

II. A permanent Military Commission is hereby established, to take cognizance of every description of crime.

III. Slight faults and offences will be punished summarily.

IV. Every person having in his possession fire-arms of any description whatsoever, shall deliver them at the main guard of this fortress within the period of 24 hours, to be counted from the publication of this decree, without fail.


No. 8.—Sir J. Grampton to Earl Russell.—{Received February 9.) My Lobd, Madrid, February 4, 1862.

I Waited on Marshal O'Donnell, and fully explained to his Excellency the position of Her Majesty's Government in regard to the question of establishing a Monarchy in Mexico under the Archduke Maximilian of Austria.

I said that Her Majesty's Government did not understand that 'the French Government had proposed the Archduke as a candidate for the throne of that country, as the Spanish Government had inferred from the telegram they had received from Senor Isturiz; that the French Government had not made any such proposal to the British Government, but asked whether, in case the Mexican people should choose the Archduke for their King, Great .Britain would oppose such a settlement. I added, that the reply of Her Majesty's Government was, that they could not oppose the wish of the Mexican people, but they should not take any part in promoting such an arrangement; and I concluded by saying that I would now reiterate what I had already repeatedly stated, viz., that Great Britain adheres to the Convention, and will not consent to any modification or addition to it.

Marshal O'Donnell observed that he received this communication with great satisfaction, because it proved to him that the views and intentions of our two Governments in regard to Mexico had all along been, and continued to be, identical. No communication had been made to Spain by France in regard to the Archduke or a Monarchy, but if it were, their answer would be precisely the same as that of Her Majesty's Government. The Spanish Government had no candidate to put forward, and had no intention of interfering with the internal affairs of Mexico. It followed as a necessary conSpain would neither give her support to any other candidate, nor oppose the Mexican nation in the free choice of the person, whether President or Monarch, whom they desire to place at the head of their Government. The only conditions which Spain would require to her consent to such an arrangement as Mexico might adopt, would be, that they should feel satisfied that the choice of Mexico was a free choice, and that it was really made in conformity with the will of the nation. A Sovereign and a Constitution set up by a faction comprising but a small fraction of the people would not be recognized by Spain. The Presidents of the Republic had usually been brought into power by these means, but he could not admit that one of the petty local revolutions of the sort which were continually occurring in Mexico would form a satisfactory basis for so radical a change in the political Constitution of the country as the establishment of a Monarchy under an European Prince, or even for placing the Republic upon a basis offering the least guarantee for durability, or for the fulfilment of international duties.


"In short," I remarked, "your Excellency will not be satisfied with a Government got up upon what is commonly known in that country by the name] of a 1 pronunciamento,' but will require it to be based upon a bond fide representation of the nation."

"That," replied Marshal O'Donnell, "is exactly my meaning."

At a later hour of the same day I had an interview with Senor Calderon Collautes, who had just attended a Cabinet Council which had met since I had communicated with Marshal O'Donnell.

Senor Calderon Collautes' language was in entire conformity with that used to me by the Marshal. I have, <&c.

Earl Bwuell. JOHN F. CRAMPTON.

No. 10.—Earl Euwell to Lord Bloomfield. Mr Loed, Foreign Office, February 13, 1862.

I Hate received your Excellency's despatch of the 6th instant, on the subject of the proposal for placing the Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian on the throne of Mexico.

With reference to this project it appears, as your Excellency observes, to have originated with the Mexican refugees at Paris.

This class of people are notorious for unfounded calculation of the strength of their partizans in their native country, and for the extravagance of their expectations of support. Marshal O'Donnell, as your Excellency will perceive by the printed papers laid before Parliament, is of opinion that the notion of establishing, by foreign intervention, a Constitutional Monarchy in Mexico, is very chimerical.

Her Majesty's Government would lend no support to such a project, although they woidd gladly see a Government in Mexico that would maintain order and tranquillity. If our estimate of the disorganization of Mexico iB correct, the Archduke, if he were to assume the Crown, would have to rely wholly on the support of the French troops.

It would take a long time so to consolidate a throne in Mexico as to render the Sovereign independent of foreign support, even if there can be created in Mexico elements out of which a stable support for a Monarchy could bo built up; and in the meantime, if the foreign support were to be withdrawn, the Sovereign might possibly be driven out by the llopublicans of Mexico. Such a position would not be dignified or safe.

I am, &c.

Lord BloomfieU. EUSSELL.

No. 13.—Earl Russell to Sir J. Crampton. Sib, Foreign Office, February 17,1862.

I Have received your despatch of the 3rd of February, in which you inclose a copy of General ©asset's proclamations to the Spanish army and to the inhabitants of Vera Cruz, and I have to observo that no mention is made in these proclamations of the Governments of Great Britain and France as acting in concert with Spain in the operations of Mexico. I am, &c.

Sir J. Orampton. BUSSELL.

No. 14.—Lord Lyons to Earl Russell.{Received February 18.) My Lobd, Washington, February 3, 1862.

In my despatches of the 10th of September and of the 21st of December last, I had the honour to convey to your Lordship information given to me by Mr. Seward on the subject of a proposed Convention with Mexico, in virtue of which The United States Bhould assist that country in satisfying the claims for money made upon it by Great Britain, France, and Spain.

In the latter despatch I mentioned that the President had asked the advice of the Senate with regard to a draft of a Convention for the purpose stated above, which had been sent here by Mr. Corwin, The United States' Minister in Mexico. Your Lordship may remember that Mr. Seward did not acquaint me with the particulars of Mr. Corwin's draft, but that I gave some details which had transpired, and which were confidently asserted to be correct. I have some reason to doubt whether the details were in ftct as accurate as they were stated to be when I wrote. The real draft, I have reason to think, provides that The United States shall lend to Mexico 10,000,000 dollars, and shall receive in return a mortgage on all the public lands, minerals, and property of every description

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