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throughout the Bcpublic. A joint United States' and Mexican Commission would be appointed, if necessary, to administer tho mortgaged property. No stipulation is proposed binding tho Mexican Government to apply the 10,000,000 dollars to satisfying the foreign creditors, or to any other specified object.

It is moro than a month since the advice of the Senate was asked by the President, but the Committee on Foreign Relations has not (if I be rightly informed) yet brought the matter before tho House. I understand that tho principal members of that Committee thought it necessary, before giving advice, to ascertain how the proposed arrangement would be viewed by the Governments of Great Britain and France. If Great Britain and France were satisfied with it, and would desist in consequence from pursuing their claims against Mexico by force of arms, it might be worth while for The United States, even in the present state of their finances, to pay a large sum to Mexico. But if Great Britain and France viewed the arrangement with displeasure, it would bo very unwise to attempt to carry it into effect. This was not a moment at which to provoke unnecessarily disagreeable discussions with the Great Maritime Powers. Nor was the opinion of Spain to bo wholly left out of tho account. The plan could hardly be advantageous, unless it put au end immediately to European intervention in Mexico, and left it open to The United States to profit hereafter by the great mortgage. There was another consideration also which made the Committee hesitate. If the 10,000,000 dollars were paid to Mexico, as tho proposed Convention provided, without any stipulation as to the object to which they were to be applied, they would no doubt be paid into the military chest, and used for the defence of the country against the European Powers. This Government would thus find itself virtually engaged to pay a subsidy for military purposes to the enemy of Great Britain, France, and Spain, and would consequently give thoso Powers a just cause of war against The United States. For these and similar reasons the Committee thought it unadvisable to take up the subject.

The President has, however, I hear, sent, within the last few days, a second message, and requested that the advice for which ho has asked may be given without further delay. 1 doubt, however, whether he has been able to send any information calculated to remove the apprehensions of the Committee as to the effect of the proposed Convention on the Governments of Great Britain, France, and Spain.

As tho communications between the President and the Senate on such subjects are confidential, and are discussed with closed doors, both in the Committee of Foreign Relations and in the House itself, I cannot absolutely vouch for the accuracy of all tho details which I have mentioned in this despatch. I have no doubt, however, that, speaking generally, the account which I have given is substantially correct. I have, &c.

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Earl Bussell. LYONS.

No. 15.Earl Cowley to Earl Bussell.{Received February 22.) (Extract.) Paris, February 21,1862.

M. Thouteneii spoke to me yesterday in terms of great dissatisfaction at the first proceedings of the Allied Commissioners in Mexico. Their proclamation to the- Mexicans had already appeared in the public papers, and his Excellency read to me the joint note which they had addressed to the Mexican Government.

M. Thouvenel said that he had received these documents without any explanations from M. Dubois de Saligny, who had referred him to Admiral Jurien de la Graviere's despatches to the Minister of Marine; these despatches, however, had not yet come to hand, so that M. Thouvenel was unable to account for the deviations both from the terms of the Convention of the 31st October last, and from the instructions furnished to the Commissioners, which characterized both the proclamation and the joint note to the Mexican Government.

M. Thouvenel could not understand why, when the preamble of the Convention justified a reference to the arbitrary and vexatious conduct of the authorities of the Eepublic of Mexico, the Commissioners had taken upon themselves to say that they had no cause of complaint against tho Mexican Government, and why it was made to appear that the intervention of the 3 Powers was rather for the purpose of obtaining a stable Government in Mexico, than for the redressment of past wrongs to their respective subjects. Neither could he approve, as at present advised, the determination taken by the Commissioners not to send in their ultimatum to the persons directing at present tho affairs of Mexico.

Earl Bussell. COWLEY.

No. 16.—Earl Bussell to Sir O. Wyke. Sib, Foreign Office, February 24,1862.

Not having received your despatches, I am unable to form a decided opinion as to the course taken by the Commissioners of the Allies at Vera Cruz; but, so far as I can judge, the Commissioners appear to Her Majesty's Government to have insisted too little on the reparation of the wrongs which the allied nations have sustained, and too much on the reorganization of the Mexican Government.

I have to repeat to you, therefore, that the objects for which the Allies have sent their naval and military forces to Mexico are stated fully and explicitly in the preamble to the Convention of the 31st of October.

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Her Majesty's Government are at all times ready to give their moral support to a Government which can maintain relations of amity and punish assassins who murder foreign residents; but the construction of the form of government capable of fulfilling these conditions is a matter for the consideration of the Mexicans themselves.

The Convention takes no notice of the form of government in Mexico, except to disavow any intention to interfere with the right of the Mexican people to choose their own Government.

I am, &c.

Sir C. Wyhe. BUSSELL.

No. 17.—Earl Russell to Sir C. Wyke. (Extract.) Foreign Office, February 25, 1862.

Since I wrote my preceding despatch, I have seen in the newspapers a copy or translation of the proclamation of the Commissioners and commanding officers of the allied Powers, dated January 10.

Her Majesty's Government cannot approve, indeed they strongly disapprove, this proclamation.

It appears to Her Majesty's Government that your course was clearly before you. Vera Cruz having been evacuated by the Mexican forces, the Allies should have sent, by proper messengers, to Mexico, the terms they demanded for the wrongs enumerated in the preamble of the Convention.

Subsequent proceedings should have depended on the answers received; but if an encampment out of Vera Cruz, or an advance to Jalapa, should, for sanitary or military reasons, have become necessary, it should have been asked for in terms which should have inspired respect, and not in a way to encourage resistance. But on this point I wait for your explanations before forming a final opinion.

Sir C. Wyke. BUSSELL.

No. 21.—Earl Cowley to Earl Russell.{Received March 1.) Mr Lord, Paris, February 28, 1862.

I Have communicated to M. Thouvenel your despatches of the 24th and 25th instant to Sir Charles "Wyke.

M. Thouvenel expressed his assent in your Lordship's opinion upon the proclamation issued by the British, French, and Spanish Commissioners to the Mexican people. He said that he would write in a similar sense to M. Dubois de Saligny. though he could hardly pronounce himself Bo strongly, because the French Commissioners had objected to the proclamation, and had only joined in it in order not to separate themselves from their colleagues.

I have, &c.

Earl Russell. COWLEY.

No. 22.Earl Cowley to Earl Russell.{Received March 1.) (Extract.) Paris, February 28, 1862.

In conversing yesterday with M. Thouvenel on the present state of affairs in Mexico, his Excellency said that there appeared to be some misunderstanding respecting the French claims, Sir C. "VVyke having told M. Dubois de Saligny that he could not support them -without having first submitted them to the consideration of Her Majesty's Government. M. Thouvenel observed that he had never understood that the Commissioners were, as it were, to sit in judgment on the claims of their respective Governments. He did not suppose that Her Majesty's Government would submit their demands to the sanction of the Imperial Government any more than that they would desire to have a voice in the French claims. Besides, if these matters were to be referred to Europe, there would be no end to the delays which would ensue. His conception of the engagements existing between the 3 Governments was, that they were generally to support each other's demands. Of course, if any one of them put forward claims which, in the opinion of the other two, were extravagant or ill-founded, and the settlement of the claims of the two were thereby to be delayed, it could not be expected that they should join in what they might consider to be an act of injustice, to the detriment of their own claimants. It would be open to them to express their opinions, and if not listened to, to proceed with their own affairs. But this could not invalidate the claims of the third Power, who might prosecute them alone; it being, however, clearly understood that the Baid Power was still bound by the Article of the Convention of October 31st, abjuring all particular and special advantages.

I said to M. Thouvenel that he would remember that I had, by your Lordship's orders (see your despatch of the 2nd of December), invited his Excellency to communicate to Her Majesty's Government on terms of reciprocity the conditions which they would think it necessary to require for the reparation of the wrongs which they had sustained at the hands of the Mexicans, and that his Excellency had informed me that he was unable to do so, and that he must leave it to the Commissioners to examine into and settle the amount; that I knew nothing of the reference to Her Majesty's Government to which M. Thouvenel had alluded, but that I should lose no time in communicating his observations to your Lordship.

Earl Russell. COWLEY.

No. 23.—Earl Russell to Earl Cowley. (Extract.) Foreign Office, March 1, 1862.

With reference to your Excellency's despatches of the 28th ultimo, I have to state to you that Her Majesty's Government have not received any despatches from Sir Charles Wyko respecting the late proceedings of the allied Commissioners in Mexico.

Sir Charles Wyke may possibly have considered some of the French claims extravagant.

As to the existing Government, it was never understood that the Government de facto of Mexico was not to be treated with.

If the Mexicans show a preference to the existing Government, it would be a violation of the Convention to interfere with the right of the Mexican people in that respect.

Earl Cowley. BUSSELL.

No. 24.—Sir C. Wyke to Earl Russell.—(Received March 2.) (Extract.) Vera Ortiz, January 16, 1862.

On the 6th instant, Commodore Dunlop arrived here from tho Havana with a squadron consisting of 7 vessels, on board one of which, the St. George, was His Eoyal Highness Prince Alfred.

On the following day came Admiral de la Graviere with tho French squadron, and on the 8th, General Prim with two more Spanish vessels of war.

Commodore Dunlop brought me a small box, containing a joint commission for Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Milne and myself, and the French Admiral delivered to me, on the following day, a Foreign Offico bag, inclosed in which were your Lordship's several despatches dated from October 31 to November 15, 1861.

Should any other despatches from the first named date to tho 2nd ultimo have been addressed to me, they have not been received, and I ought, consequently, to be furnished with their duplicates. Earl Swell. C. LENNOX WYKE.

No. 25.—Sir O. Wyke to Earl Eustell.—(Received March 2.) (Extract.) Vera Cruz, January 10, 1862.

On the 8th instant I received the official visits of General Prim and Bear-Admiral de la Graviere, and had long conversations with those officers as to the best means to be adopted for carrying out the intentions of the allies in our joint intervention in the affairs of Mexico.

1 found that the General entirely coincided with me in thinking

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