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ports of the Republic, with an equal control over the receipts of their Custom-Houscs as is exercised by the Mexican authorities themselves, so as to secure the just and proper distribution of that portion of the duties which is assigned to both classes of bondholders by the Conventions and Agreements above alluded to.

4. That all such claims of British subjects ns have been already acknowledged by the Mexican Government shall be at once liquidated, and that all others not yet fully examined into shall, if founded in justice and right, be also acknowledged as valid when such has been proved to be the case, and paid with as little delay us possible.

The English, French, and Spanish officers who are ordered to present the despatch to His Excellency the President, in which this note forms an inclosure, will return here in 4 days after their arrival in Mexico, and Captain Tatham of Her Majesty's Navy will be happy to take charge of any communication you may wish to forward to me in reply to this note. I avail, &c.

General Doblado. C. LENNOX WYKE.

{Inclosure 4.)—The Allied Commissioners to the President of Mexico.

Vera Cruz, le 14 Janvier, 1862.

Les Soussignés, Représentants de Sa Majesté la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, de Sa Majesté l'Empereur des Français, et de Sa Majesté la Heine d'Espagne, ont l'honneur d'exposer à votre Excellence qu'ils ont reçu de leurs Gouvernements respectifs l'ordre de lui présenter un ultimatum dans lequel se trouveront exposées leurs justes réclamations.

Des dettes sacrées et déjà reconnues par les Traités n'ont pas été acquittées; la sûreté individuelle de nos compatriotes a été compromise: à un odieux système d'extorsions ont succédé le pillage et le meurtre. Un pareil état de choses devait contraindre les Gouvernements alliés à venir demander au Mexique non seulement des réparations pour le passé, mais aussi des garanties pour l'avenir; mais les Représentants soussignés, investis de la confiance de leurs Gouvernements, n'ont pas pensé qu'il leur suffirait d'exposer leurs griefs et d'en exiger la réparation immédiate.

Prenant en considération l'état actuel du Mexique, ils ont cru que leur mission pouvait avoir un but plus élevé et une fin plu» généreuse.

Trois grandes nations n'ont point formé une puissante alliance uniquement pour venger les outrages dont a pu se rendre coupable vis-a-vis d'elles un peuple soumis lui-même à de cruelles épreuves. 11 était plus digne d'elles, en unissant leurs armes, de tendre à ce malheureux peuple une main amie et de chercher à le sauver sans l'humilier. Le Mexique a été en proie à de trop fréquentes convulsions; il est temps que le désordre et l'anarchie fassent place à un état normal fondé sur lo respect de la loi et des droits des étrangers comme de ceux des citoyens.

Le peuple Mexicain a une existence qui lui est propre. 11 a son histoire et sa nationalité. Les 3 nations alliées ne peuvent donc être soupçonnées de vouloir porter atteinte à l'indépendance du Mexique. Le rang qu'elles occupent en Europe, la loyauté dont elles ont toujours fait preuve, doivent les mettre à l'abri d'un pareil soupçon. Ce qu'elles voudraient obtenir c'est qu'un pays aussi richement doué par la Providence que l'a été le Mexique ne laissât point l'instabilité du pouvoir anéantir tant de dons précieux en on traîner fatalement la ruine de la ^République.

Nous venons ici pour être les témoins et au besoin les protecteurs de la régénération du Mexique. Nous venons assister à sou organisation définitive sans vouloir intervenir en aucune façon dans la forme de son Gouvernement ni dans son administration intérieure. C'est au Mexique seul qu'il appartient de juger quelles sont les institutions qui lui conviennent, quelles sont celles qui s'accordent le mieux avec ses besoins et avec la civilisation du 19mo siècle.

Nous pouvons montrer au peuple Mexicain quelle est la route qui le conduira sûrement à la prospérité. Seul il doit, sans intervention étrangère, et en obéissant à ses propres inspirations, s'engager dans cette route. C'est ainsi qu'il établira dans un pays si souvent troublé par les révolutions un ordre de choses stable et permanent. C'est ainsi qu'il trouvera facile l'accomplissement des devoirs internationaux, et qu'il pourra faire régner à l'intérieur l'ordre et la liberté.





No. 31.—Sir C. Wyhe to Earl Russell.—(Received March 2.) My Lohd, Vera Cruz, January 25, 1862.

At the fifth conference, which took place this morning, the principal questions brought forward were those mentioned in my despatch of the 16th instant, as having been adjourned for future consideration, namely, the collection of the Custom-House revenues and the appointment of civil authorities.

General Prim informed us that it had been found impossible to collect the duties on merchandize now in the Custom-House; that the merchants, principally German, had positively stated their inability to pay those duties in ready money; and that if we refused to accept their bills, the)' would leave their goods in bond, and hold us responsible for all losses and damages thereby incurred.

That there was a scarcity of money in Vera Cruz at the present moment could not be doubted, though hardly to the extent set forward by the commercial body; yet it was equally certain that their bills on Mexico would be so much waste paper, as our object was to obtain at once a sufficient sum to defray the actual salaries of the Custom-House officers and cover other local charges and expenses.

As General Prim most truly remarked, this was a difficulty which had been overlooked by our respective Governments, who had imagined that, once Vera Cruz in the possession of the Allies, the collection of the revenue would be the simplest thing in the world —a supposition which, theoretically, looked well enough, but practically, and in the actual state of the country, could not be acted upon.

It was evident, however, that we should come to a dead-lock if matters continued as they were, and as the merchants remained obstinate, it was resolved that the matter should be referred to the Governor of the town and his Council, mentioned in my despatch of the 17th instant; our respective Consuls, as part of the Council, being requested to draw up some plan which, from their long residence here, was more likely than any other to offer some solution of this mercantile problem.

Mr. Consul Giffard having, meanwhile, drawn up, at my request, a separate plan for the proper working of the Custom-House, I presented it to my colleagues, who approved of it, and begged it might be transmitted to the Council above alluded to.

As yet nothing definitive has been settled upon these two important points, and I much fear that if the merchants determine upon making a stand, we shall be forced, against our will, to depart from the line of conduct we had laid down—to carry through all our measures in a spirit of moderation and friendship.

The next question discussed was that of the " Ayuntamiento," or Municipality.

It appeared from General Prim's statement, that this body, which had been formed by his predecessor, General Gasset, wished to resign.

As such an act at the present moment would greatly increase our embarrassments, it was agreed that we (the Commissioners) should jointly request them to continue in the discharge of their duties.

Like the merchants, however, they continue obstinate, and it remains to be seen what measures will have to be taken either for compelling the old municipality to act, or for instituting a new one.

We then returned to the subject of the expulsion of the Spaniards, mentioned in my despatch of the 17th instant, and it was resolved that as soon aa we received President Juarez' reply to onr "note collective," we should again address him, and stipulate for their immediate return to Tampico unmolested, and with full liberty to recommence their occupations.

After some further observations from General Prim, relative to the exorbitant prices demanded by the managers of the railway from Vera Cruz to La Tejeria and Medellin, for the transport of mules, baggage, &c., and to the necessity that existed for taking immediate steps so as to ensure the sanitary arrangements of the town being properly carried out, the conference terminated; and I shall have the honour of laying before your Lordship in a separate despatch a resume of our sixth meeting.

I have, &c.

Earl Russell C. LENNOX WYKE.

jVo. 32.—Sir G. Wyke to Earl Russell.—(Received March 2.) My Lohd, Vera Cruz, January 30, 1862.

Dubing the conference which took place on the 25th instant, a rumour was stated to be prevalent that General Miramon and Staff were shortly expected here, as he had formed a plan for penetrating into the interior of the country, and again raising the standard of revolt, by placing himself at the head of the Reactionary, or old Church party.

On this statement being made, Commodore Dunlop declared that he would arrest him for having robbed the British Legation, if he landed in this town whilst our flag was flying here.

This declaration gave rise to a discussion, the French and Spanisli Commissioners objecting to such a proceeding, and M. de Saligny even declaring that, if such a thing was attempted, he should • protest against it in the name of his Government.

General Prim was much more mild in his objection to the measure, he only fearing that such a step would alienate the Conservative party, whose assistance we might have to rely on, in case the Liberals now in power refused to treat with us.

On this I remarked that if we did allow Miramon to land here, and thus invade the country with an expedition of his own, we should as certainly utterly disgust the present Government, to whom we were now making overtures of peace and conciliation, for they would never believe we were friendly in our intentions towards them, if we thus allowed a fresh element of strife and discord to be introduced into the country when we might so easily have prevented it.

This argument had its weight with General Prim, but was only half admitted by Admiral de la Graviere, and still opposed by M. de Saligny.

After a long discussion, it was finally settled that if Miramon arrived in the English packet, the Commodore should arrest him if he chose to do so, and if he came in any other vessel, that he was to be ordered not to land, in the name of the Allied Commissioners, whereupon General Prim immediately sent instructions to that effect to the Captain of the Port, who was ordered to keep a lookout on all vessels arriving.

Two days afterwards the English mail-steamer came in, having Miramon and 30 followers on board, amongst whom was the notorious Padre Miranda and other members of the ultra-Church party. None of these people were interfered with; but the Commodore had Miramon arrested, and placed for better security on board Her Majesty's ship Challenger, there to be kept until the packet's return to the Havana, from whence he came.

It appears that his partizans were waiting for him on the coast with horses and arms, and all else necessary to enable him once more to renew a civil war which has only just died out after a 3 years' bloody struggle.

The news of his being frustrated in his designs cannot but be productive of the very best results, as the great majority of the nation is Liberal, and violently opposed to the principles which he pretends to support, whilst in reality only thinking of his own personal ambition. I have, &c.

Earl Russell. C. LENNOX WTKE.

M. S3.—Sir 0. Wylse to Earl Russell—{Received March 2.) My Loed, Vera Oruz, January 30, 1862.

The English, French, and Spanish officers who were the bearers of our joint note to the President of this Republic, and who left this on the 14th instant, returned here the night before last with his Excellency's reply, which I have the honour herewith to inclose for your Lordship's information.

After stating that Mexico is a great nation, and that its Government requires no foreign assistance to maintain its authority, which is now acknowledged throughout the length and breadth of the Republic, the note goes on to say that, taking into consideration the friendly intentions of the allied Powers, as expressed by their Representatives, the Mexican Government is willing to treat with us by Commissioners, and for that purpose invites us to proceed to Orizaba with a guard of honour composed of 2,000 men, but hopes that the remainder of the forces may be re-embarked, so as to free the nation from the apprehension of being dictated to by an armed force, &c.

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