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manner explained and clearly set forth in its several provisions, having for object the duration, confirmation, and maintenance of amity between them.

Dated on Saturday, the 26th day of Rabi-el-Thany, 1280 of the Hedjira, corresponding to the 10th of October, in the year of our Lord 1863, at the Palace of the Goletta.

(L.S.) RICHARD WOOD.

(L.S.) MOHAMED ESSADOK BEY. (Countersigned by the Bey's Prime Minister.)

I by the Ba (L.8.) mined in Arabia

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE to the Treaty between Great

Britain and the United States of April 7, 1862,* for the Suppression of the African Slave Trade.Signed at Washington, February 17, 1863.

[Ratifications exchanged at London, April 1, 1863.]

WHEREAS by Article I of the Treaty between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and The United States of America, for the suppression of the African Slave Trade, signed at Washington on the 7th of April, 1862, it was stipulated and agreed that those ships of the respective navies of the two High Contracting Parties which shall be provided with special instructions for that purpose, as thereinafter mentioned, may visit such merchant-vessels of the two nations as may, upon reasonable grounds, be suspected of being engaged in the African Slave Trade, or of having been fitted out for that purpose, or of having, during the Poyage on which they are met by the said cruizers, being engaged in the African Slave Trade contrary to the provisions of the said Treaty; and that such cruizers may detain and send or carry away such vessels in order that they may be brought to trial in the manner thereinafter agreed upon: And whereas it was by the said Article further stipulated and agreed, that the reciprocal right of search and detention should be exercised only within the distance of 200 miles from the Coast of Africa, and to the southward of the 32nd parallel of north latitude, and within 30 leagues from the coast of the Island of Cuba: And whereas the two High Contracting Parties are desirous of rendering the said Treaty still more efficacious for its purpose ; the Plenipotentiaries who sigued the said Treaty have, in virtue of their full powers, agreed that the reciprocal right of visit and detention, as defined in

* Vol. LII. Page 50.

manner explained and clearly set forth in its sereral prezi having for object the duration, confirmation, and maintete; amity between them.

Dated on Saturday, the 26th day of Rabi-el-Thans, 13): Hedjira, corresponding to the 10th of October, in the rear Lord 1863, at the Palace of the Goletta.

(L.S.) RICHARD WOOD

(Signed in Arabic)

(L.8.) MOHAMED ESSADOK (Countersigned by the Bey's Prime Minister.)

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE to the Treaty between in

Britain and the United States of April 7, 1862,* * Suppression of the African Slave Trade.-Signed at a ington, February 17, 1863.

[Ratifications exchanged at London, April 1, 1863.]

WHEREAS by Article I of the Treaty between Her Majesty" Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, eThe United States of America, for the suppressiou of the di Slare Trade, signed at Washington on the 7th of April, 1862, it : stipulated and agreed that those ships of the respective naria the two High Contracting Parties which shall be provided special instructions for that purpose, as thereinafter mentioce. may visit such merchant-vessels of the two nations as may, ux reasonable grounds, be suspected of being engaged in the AfriSlave Trade, or of having been fitted out for that purpose, of having, during the Poyage on which they are met by the su cruizers, being engaged in the African Slave Trade contrary to t: provisions of ihe said Treaty; and that such cruizers may deta and send or carry away such vessels in order that they may! brought to trial in the manner thereinafter agreed upon: du. whereas it was by the said Article further stipulated and agrer: that the reciprocal right of search and detention should be exerciso only within the distance of 200 miles from the Coast of Africa, as to the southward of the 32nd parallel of north latitude, and wit: 30 leagues from the coast of the Island of Cuba: And whereas tu two High Contracting Parties are desirous of rendering the si Treaty still more eficacious for its purpose; the Plenipotentiar. " who sigued the said Treaty have, in virtue of their full poren agreed that the reciprocal right of visit and detention, as defined

* Vol. LII. Page 50.

found to exist on the part of their Agents in such countries as Abyssinia, will stimulate foreign Agents to declare a partizanship for the other, and thus a civil contest will be promoted and encouraged, which would otherwise die out of itself, or very shortly be brought to a conclusion by the decided preponderance of a victorious party.

The principles, therefore, on which you should act, are—abstinence from any course of proceeding to which a preference for either party should be imputable to you; abstinence from all intrigues to set up an exclusive British influence in Abyssinia; and, lastly, the promotion of amicable arrangements between the rival candidates for power.

Her Majesty's Government are aware that religious rivalry has contributed its share to promote dissension in Abyssinia, but such rivalry should receive no countenance from a British Agent; on the contrary, his study should be to extend as far as possible general toleration of all Christian sects, as being most consistent with the doctrines of Christianity and with sound policy. The British Government claim no authority to set up or advocate in a foreign country one sect of Christianity in preference to another; all that they would urge upon the rulers of any such country is, to show equal favour and toleration to the professors of all Christian sects.

But although it is not desirable that you should engage in a contest with the Agent of any other Power for superiority of influence, or that you should openly exhibit suspicion or jealousy of his proceedings, or of the influence which he may be supposed to have acquired, it will be your duty closely to watch any proceedings which may tend to alter the state of possession either on the sea. coast or in the interior of the country, and you will keep her Majesty's Government at home, and Her Majesty's Governor-General of India, fully informed of all matters of interest which may come under your observation, sending your despatches under flying seal in the one case through Her Majesty's Agent and Consul-General in Egypt, and in the other through the Political Agent at Aden.

In addition to matters of a political or commercial nature, you will pay particular attention to any traffic in slaves which may be carried on within your district, and report fully upon the same; and you will further avail yourself of any suitable opportunity to impress upon any native rulers who may directly or indirectly encourage or perniit such a traffic the abhorrence in which it is held by the British Government, and the dislike with which any parties who may have recourse to it are likely to be regarded in this country.

I am, &c. C. D. Cameron, Esq.

RUSSELL.

found to exist on the part of their Agents in such comes Abyssinia, will stimulate foreign Agents to declare a peris for the other, and thus a civil contest will be promoted : raged, which would otherwise die out of itself, or verser brought to a conclusion by the decided preponderie :

torious party.

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The principles, therefore, on which you should act, arm nence from any course of proceeding to which a preferes, either party should be imputable to you; abstinence for intrigues to set up an exclusive British influence in Abraca lastly, the promotion of amicable arrangements between the candidates for power.

Her Majesty's Government are aware that religious rires contributed its share to promote dissension in Abyssinia, te rivalry should receive no countenance from a British Agent, : contrary, his study should be to extend as far as possible or toleration of all Christian sects, as being most consistent : doctrines of Christianity and with sound polics. The 22 Government claim no authority to set up or adrocate in s í country one sect of Christianity in preference to another; as they would urge upon the rulers of any such country is, to r. equal favour and toleration to the professors of all Christian song

But although it is not desirable that you should ence": contest with the Agent of any other Power for superiority of I ence, or that you should openly exhibit suspicion or jealouss d' proceedings, or of the influence which he may be supposed acquired, it will be your duty closely to watch any procera which

may tend to alter the state of possession either on the # coast or in the interior of the country, and you will keep Majesty's Government at home, and Her Majesty's Governor-Gexy of India, fully informed of all matters of interest which map c: under your observation, sending your despatches under flying in the one case through Her Majesty's Agent and Consul-Ger in Egypt, and in the other through the Political Agent at Adel

In addition to matters of a political or commercial nature, will pay particular attention to any trafic in slaves which ma carried on within your district, and report fully upon the same; you will further avail yourself of any suitable opportunity to im upon any native rulers who may directly or indirectly encourage permit such a traffic the abhorrence in which it is held by : British Government, and the dislike with which any parties a may have recourse to it are likely to be regarded in this country.

I am, &c. C. D. Cameron, Esq.

RUSSELL

Her Majesty bas intrusted these articles to Captain Charles Duncan Cameron, whom she has appointed her Consul in Abyssinia, as the successor of the late Mr. Plowden, and who has lately taken his departure for his post, and I take this opportunity of introducing him to your Highness, and of requesting your protection and favour in his behalf. He is well acquainted with all that concerns the interests of both countries, and will, I am confident, do all in his power to make himself acceptable to your Highness and to promote your welfare.

I thank your Highness for the letter which you addressed to me, inforniing me of the steps which you had taken to punish the men who murdered Mr. Plowden and Mr. Bell; and with my best wishes for your uninterrupted health and happiness, I recommend you to the protection of the Almighty.

Your faithful friend, (L.S.) The large signet.

RUSSELL.

No.4.-Consul Cameron to Earl Russell.(Rec. February 12, 1863.) My LORD,

Godjam, Abyssinia, October 31, 1862. I HAVE the honour to report that King Theodore having sent for me at the close of the rainy season, I joined him at his camp here on the 7th instant.

I was received with a salute of 12 guns, and 6,000 cavalry, infantry, and matcblock men were marched out to escort me to camp.

My reception, as regards this point, was the best His Majesty has yet accorded to an Envoy.

On my arrival I was conducted to the King, who awaited me in a large apartment, entirely covered and carpeted with silk.

He received me in a reclining posture, with a double-barrelled gun and two loaded pistols by his side. His Ministers and Generals stood round in their robes of State. I was allowed to be seated.

After a few compliments, mead and broiled meat were brought in, and the interview became public. It lasted many hours, during which His Majesty gave me a detailed account of his last campaign against Negusi. This he did with much apparent modesty. He dwelt with graphic clearness on the death-scene of his late Grand Chamberlain, the Englishman Bell, in which our countryman singled out the Chief Garratt, to whoin Mr. Plowden owed his death, and killed him on the battle-field, while the King similarly dispatched the same rebel's brother.

Both the slain were His Majesty's cousins.
He spoke of his further revenge for Mr. Plowden's death when

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