페이지 이미지

pendant les guerres civiles que déclaraient 1'Abyssinia jusqu'à l'élévation du Boi actuel au Trône, et quoique Sa Majesté est aujourd'hui assez puissant pour garder ses propres domaines, l'amitié qui existe entre mon Gouvernement et le vôtre, aussi bien que les liens qui nous attachent à l'Abyssinie, me justifient dans ce cas-çi en vous priant de faire payer ces vaches à mou aide, M. Speedy, qui restera à Bogos jusqu'à la fin d'Août pour les recevoir. Si'l n'a pas une réponse avant ce tems-là il a des ordres à faire un rapport spécial à Alexandrie, accompagne par un schedule représentant la valeur en argent des vaches volées des gens de Bogos, afin que mes supérieurs décident s'ils ne doivent pas être remboursés par votre Gouvernement.

Il faut s'en souvenir sur ce point que les tribus de Bogos sont parmi les plus inoffeusifs de l'Afrique; mais s'ils ne l'étaient pas, jo ne peux pas croire qu'un pays comme le vôtre voudrait encourager un système de brigandage, qui ne fait qu'empêcher l'établissement d'une entente cordiale entre les deux nations.

M. Speedy a des ordres à visiter les Chefs, ou Egyptiens ou Abyssins, qui se trouvent entre ici et Massowab, afin de les conseiller de cesser à attaquer l'un l'autre.

J'ai prié à votre "Wakil à Cassala de lui fournir un officier quelconque pour le supporter dans ces efforts amicales.

Mais j'espère bien que vous agirez fortement aussi; comme ju vous ai déjà promis de faire de ma part.

J'ai, &c.

Le Pasha de Soudan. C. DUXCAN CAMERON.

(Inclosure 3.)—Assessment of Value, in Maria-Theresa dollars, of Cattle due by the Egyptian Government to the Inhabitants of Bogos, in lieu of those plundered by the troops of Cassala on February 23, 1854; with estimate of loss to proprietors in consequence of non-payment from that date to the present.

Kadarif, Soudan, May 20, 1863.


I hereby certify that I have carefully investigated the above claim, that I believe the number of cattle to be approximately

correct, and that the estimated loss lias been expressly fixed by me at a lower rate than the truth.


{Inclosure 4.)—Consul Cameron to Consul- General Colquhoun. Sib, Kadarif, Soudan, May 20, 1863.

With reference to my despatch of this day's date, stating that Mr. Speedy is directed to go down to Massowah, visiting as many native Chiefs on his way as he can, I would beg to mention that he has expressed a desire to open friendly relations with the tribes called indiscriminately " Barea," " Basa," and " Shangalla."

The service is not quite safe, but I have left it to himself, and placed some articles at his disposal as ransom for any Abyssinian slaves he may meet there, presents, &c.

Mr. Speejly in a late shooting excursion penetrated further among the adjoining tribes than any European has hitherto done and I have no doubt that the report on the tribes of the Egyptian frontier which he has been directed to draw up will be replete with interest.

One of the most advantageous results of his succeeding in establishing a friendship with this people will be the checking of the Slave Trade, which they carry on in Abyssinian Christians; an object, in accordance with instructions issued to my predecessor, may be possibly hereafter effectually arrested by Treaty.

Another advantage will be that a communication will have been opened with these tribes, in the event of the settling of the Egyptian and Abyssinian frontiers, in which they form a third and most important party, being forced upon our consideration. In regard to the traffic in slaves, I would beg to draw your attention to Mr. Plowden's despatch to you of the 19th of October, 1855, and his suggestion that the Pasha of Egypt should be urged to cause all the Christian Abyssinians in Soudan to be sent back to their country as an act of grace. If we could effect this, I know nothing that would give a stronger idea alike of our good will and the benefit which may be derived from it, on both which points I think that King Theodore is inclined to doubt. As regards the Baza, I may add that they inhabit the country to the noith-west of Tigre, on which they are continually making inroads. They are plundered of what is called tribute in these countries by both Egypt and Abys>inia, but never without fierce res;stance.

They acknowledge ^io master, nor could they be induced to submit to either of their more powerful neighbours by any diplomatic iuleivention.

They are a handsome race, with long crispy hair; admirable warriors; republican in their form of government; simple and Hustere in domestic life; and in their political, singularly honest and true to their word.

They are said to muster only 6,000 spears, and preserve their independence without the aid of guns or horses, neither of which they possess. I have, &c.

£. O Colquhoun, Esq. C. DUNCAN CAMERON.

(Inclosure 5.)—Consul Cameron to Consul-General Colquhoun. (Extract.) Kadarif, Soudan, May 20, 1863.

You will have gathered from my despatches of this day's date that Mr. Speedy will not be fixed at Massowah during my absence.

The fact is, that the affairs of the Abyssinian frontier have fallen into confusion, principally in consequence of Mr. Plowden's agent at Massowah being of necessity tied to the spot for the transmission of letters, money, &c.

My communications are at present kept up through one of the King's interpreters, whom I sent down to bring the answers to my despatches of the 31st of October last.

I will give you an idea of the slowness with which my Government correspondence is carried on, when I state that I do not yet know whether those letters have reached England or not, yet I have received a packet from Massowah to-day.

Jl. O. Colquhoun, Esq. C. DUNCAN CAMERON.

JVo. 10.—Earl Bussell to Consul Cameron. Sib, Foreign Office, September 8, 1863.

I Have received from Her Majesty's Agent and Consul-Geueral in Egypt your despatches of the 20th May last; and I have to state to you that Her Majesty's Government do not approve your proceedings in Abyssinia, nor your suggestions founded upon them.

I have only to desire that you will abstain from all interference in the internal affairs of that country, and that you will remain at your post at Massowah, whither you were ordered by my despatch of the 22nd of April last to return and reside.

I am, Ac.

C. D. Cameron, Esq. RUSSELL. CORRESPONDENCE relative to Offer of the Sovereignty of the Fiji Islands to Great Britain.*—1859—1861.

No. 1.—Mr. Hammond to Mr Merivale. Sib, Foreign Office, February 18, 1859.

I Am directed by the Earl of Malmesbury to transmit to you herewith, to be laid before Secretary Sir Edward Lytton, the enclosed despatch from Mr. Pritchard, Her Majesty's Consul in the Fiji Islands, reporting the proposal of the King of that group to cede his territories to Great Britain, and enclosing a statement of the advantages accruing from the possession of those islands.

I am to request that you will move Sir Edward Lytton to favour Lord Malmesbury with his opinion on this subject.

I am, &c.

H. Merivale, Esq. E. HAMMOND.

(Inclosure.)Mr. Pritchard to the Earl of Malmesbury.

Ojffioe of Messrs. Lloyd, Beilby, and Co., My Lobd, Royal Exchange Buildings, London, February 8, 1859.

I Now proceed to lay before your Lordship the circumstances which induced me to assume the responsibility of leaving my post, and waiting personally upon your Lordship.

The great importance attaching to the possession of the richest and most extensive group of islands in Western Polynesia, and tho weight of the British interests there at stake; together with the measures adopted by other Governments, I conceived required the promptest attention, and as delay in communicating with your Lordship would be detrimental to any action Her Majesty's Government may deem wise to take in reference to the islands in my Consular district, I venture to hope my conduct will be honoured with your Lordship's approval.

The document which I have the honour to lay before your Lordship is the voluntary act of the King of the Fiji Islands. By it he cedes his territories and sovereignty to Her Majesty, for certain considerations. I was careful to ascertain whether the King's title is unquestionable, and whether his subjects would willingly acquiesce in the cession. With regard to the former points, Thakombau has been acknowledged by the commanders of English, French, and American vessels of war as King of Fiji; and the French and the American Governments have treaties with him as such. With regard to the latter point, I can assure your Lordship that the people are anxious to become British subjects.

Your Lordship will observe that Thakombau and his people do not seek merely a protectorate; they cede the " full sovereignty and * Laid before Parliament, 1862.

domain in anil over" Fiji to Her Majesty; their object is to become a part of the British Empire, and bond Jide British subjects.

It is necessary for me to inform your Lordship that the period named for the settlement of the American claims is October of tho present year; and hence the necessity for the immediate action to which I have already adverted.

With ycmr Lordship's permission, I shall now advance tho political importance of Fiji, and secondly, the commercial advantages it offers.

The political importance of Fiji arises from its geographical position. Situated on the highway of commerce between Australia and Panama, its capacious and secure harbours, in the possession of an enemy, would afford shelter to an imposing (loot, and a basis for offensive operations against our commerce in the southern seas, and the coast of Australia.

In prospect of the immediate establishment of a line of mail steamers from Sydney to Panama, the importance of Fiji as a naval rendezvous is greatly increased.

The commercial advantages offered by Fiji originate in its internal and latent resources; its salubrious climate and fertile soil. I would bring most prominently under your Lordship's notice tho capability of this group to produce cotton. In compliance with tho instructions of Lord Clarendon, I instituted inquiries and made personal observations, in search of information respecting the production of this invaluable article; aud 1 am convinced, my Lord, that as a cotton producing country, Fiji is of the utmost value to Great Britain. Your Lordship will, I doubt not, be surprise i to learn that the largest island in the group is about 300 miles in circumference containing some 8,000,000 of acres of rich land, and several large rivers varying from 50 to 200 feet in width, and navigable by small vessels. One of these rivers, named by Commodore Wilkes, of The United States exploring expedition, " Peale's Itiver," was followed in its windings through a fertile country, by the boats of that expedition for a distance of 80 miles. And in passing I would remark, that I am of opinion that it is from the report of that officer to his Government that tho attention of The United States has been directed to these islands. Tho island next in s'ze to the above is some 300 miles in circumference, having also irs large rivers and good harbours. There are in all -11 islands.

It may be interesting to your Lordship to know that, in Fiji, 9 months after planting, the cotton tree shows its first pod, and then continues to yield without intermission for, 10, 12, or 15 years, as the plaul may live. At the same time, and on tj^ seen the blossom, the green pod, aud the

« 이전계속 »