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afford attraction to European settlers, or whether they will continue to be occupied by natives, and will merely require the development of native industry.

There is another point •which it is necessary that you should not overlook. Public opinion in England will never consent to the toleration in any British territory of any of those inhuman practices among the natives to which I have already referred. It will therefore be necessary to consider, with the care which so important a question demands, whether the local Government, if constituted, can at once interpose its authority, in aid of the efforts of the missionaries to suppress these practices.

Tou will also have to consider what the first expenses of the Government are likely to be, especially if some display of force is requisite for tlie above purpose, and also for keeping order between Europeans and natives, and how soon, and in what manner, the local resources may be expected to afford a revenue for these and other purposes.

The arguments in favour of occupying new sites as necessary to the national honour and security hardly come within the province of your inquiry, but you will be at liberty to make any remarks on this subject that may occur to you, or may be urged upon ycu by others.

With these remarks I intrust to you the duties of your mission, confident, as I said at the outset, that you will fulfil them with the intelligence, fidelity, and firmness which it demands.

I have, &c.

Colonel Smythe. NEWCASTLE.

No. 8.—Lord Wodehouse to Sir F. Rogers. Sib, Foreign Office, July 2, I860.

With reference to my letter of the 29th of November last, and to previous correspondence respecting the cession of the Fiji Islands to Great Britain, I am directed by Lord John Russell to transmit to you, to be laid before the Duke of Newcastle, four despatches and their enclosures from Mr. Consul Pritchard, by which his Grace will perceive that the Chiefs of those islands contiuue to press very urgently for the acceptance of the cession by Her Majesty.

I am to request that you will call the Duke of Newcastle's attention to this matter, upon which the Colonial Office do not appear to have yet decided. I am, &c.

Sir F. Rogers, Bart. WODEHOUSE.

(Inclosure 1.)—Consul Pritchard to the Secretary of State. Mi Loud, Fiji, December 31, 1859.

With reference to the cession of these Islands to Great Britain, 1 have the honour to report for your Lordship's information that on the 14th instant, in a council representing all the districts of Fiji, the chiefs unanimously ratified and renewed the act of cession of Thakombau of 14th October, 1858, and 1 hey have begged me again to bring the question under the consideration of Her Majesty's Government.

I now therefore have the honour to enclose a copy of the document delivered to me by these assembled chiefs. The original, which was signed in presence of Commander Campion and myself, I have retained for the present, at the request of the chiefs, as there are one or two more (prevented from attending on the 14th instant) to add their names.

Candidly, my Lord, as far as I can ascertain, it seems a settled question in the minds of the Fijians, that they cannot resist the encroachments of the white race; and their act of cession to Great Britain they view as a choice of the least of many evils. They believe that Britain will prove a better master than any other nation; and hence I conceive they are sincere in offering the sovereignty of their islands to Her Majesty.

I have, &c.

Lord J Bussell. WM, T. PRITCHABD.

{Inclosure 2.)—Act of Cession of Fiji to Great Britain Benewed. December 14, 1859.

We hereby acknowledge, ratify, and renew the cession of Fiji to Great Britain made on the 12th day of October, 1858,* by Thakombau.

In witness whereof we have hereto affixed our names, this 14th day of December, 1859.



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We hereby certify that the foregoing Chiefs signed this document with a full understanding of its meaning in our presence, this 14th day of December 1859.

H. CAMPION, Commander B.K, HM.S. Elk.

WILL. T. PB1TCHAED, H.B.M. Consul.

We hereby certify that we translated the foregoing document to the Chiefs who have signed, and that they thoroughly understand its meaning.

W. COLLIS, Wesleyan Mission Training Master.
E. P. MAETIN, Wesleyan Mission Printer.

December 31, 1859.
I hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy.


(Inclosure 3.)—Consul Pritchard to the Secretary of State. My Loed, Fiji, December 31, 1859.

Enclosed I have the honour to transmit the copy of a general Treaty which has been signed by the Chiefs of Fiji and myself, subject to your Lordship's approval.

The original is retained for the signatures of Chiefs who were unable to attend on the present occasion, after which it will be duly forwarded.

By this Treaty I hope to define the intercourse of Her Majesty's subjects with this people. Hitherto there has been no rule by which to regulate their commercial transactions, and to adjust the differences more or less arising therefrom.

Each Article in the Treaty was fully discussed and explained, and then formally put to the vote by Thakombau, and a show of hands duly required; and I must add each Article was carried unanimously.

I trust to obtain your Lordship's approval of my proceedings on this occasion, and to be favoured with instructions for my future guidance. I have, &c.

Lord J. Russell. WILL. T. PRITCHAED. {Inclotttre 4.)—Treaty of Cession of Fiji to Great Britain. December 15, 1859. At a meeting held this day at the British Consulate, Levuka, Fiji, the parties present being "William Thomas Pritchard, Esquire, Her Britannic Majesty's Consul for Fiji, Ebenezer Thakombua and his Chiefs representing the various districts of Fiji: It is hereby enacted and agreed to:

Art. I. That the full, supreme, and entire jurisdiction over British subjects in Fiji, is hereby delegated and ceded ta Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, to hold, exercise, and enjoy such jurisdiction in manner and form as Her Majesty may deem most effectual.

II. That British subjects s'lall have full and unrestricted right and liberty to engage in "all legal and proper commercial transaction? and trading operations in all Fiji, and may have factories and houses therein, and may hold lands; and every favour or privilege which may be granted or shown to the subjects or citizens of any other nation shall be equally granted and shown to British subjects.

III. That in the event of any Chief or other Fijian making an agreement to take goocU from a ship at a certain rate, such agreement, if the sum contracted for shall be 250 dollars or upwards to .r)00 dollars, shall be recorded in the archives of Her Majesty's Consulate, and shall be binding on all the parties thereto.

IV. That should any merchant, trader, or vendor give trust to any Fijian over and above the sum of 500 dollars, such trust shall be at the risk of the merchant trader or vendor.

V. That should any Fijian take trust within the limits of Article IV of this enactment or agreement from any merchant, trader, or vendor, and be unable to pay the debt, his house and property shall be sold by Her Majesty's Consul, after 14 clear days' notice; and the proceeds of the sale shall be applied towards the liquidation of the debt.

VI. That should any British subject wrong a Fijian, or take trust from a Fijian, and be unable to pay the debt, the case shall be duly represented and referred to Her Majesty's Consul who shall take proceedings for the punishment of the offender according to British law, or to the local law, as the case may be.

VII. That the ministers and teachers of the Christian religion shall be permitted to reside and erercise their calling in all Fiji, and full liberty and protection is hereby guaranteed to them; and any Fijian who may embrace the Christian faith shall not on that account, or on account of his teaching or exercise thereof, be molested or troubled in any manner whatsoever.

VIII. That within a convenient distance of all the principal towns and ports of Fiji there sh ill be set apart a piece of land of suitable extent, for a burial-ground for all Christian persons; and the funerals and sepulchres of the dead shall not be disturbed in anyway or upon any account whatever.


IX. That no human beings shall at any time be sacrificed ou account of religious or any other ceremonies, and cannibalism and infanticide shall altogether and for ever cease; and any person or persons who may hereafter be convicted of cannibalism or infanticide shall forfeit to the State all his or their property and land, and shall be made to labour on the public works.

X. That the infringement of any of these Articles shall subject such offender to any punishment Her Majesty's Government piay deem proper in the case.

XI. That it shall be open to add or to substitute any Article or Articles of this enactment or agreement which may hereafter be deemed expedient or necessary.

In witness whereof we have this 15th day of December, 1859, affixed our names hereto, as well as to a Fijian copy hereof, fully understanding the purport and force of the same.


THAKOMBAU, Vunivalu Tni Viti K and 19 Chiefs.



"We hereby certify that we have translated the foregoing document to the Chiefs who have signed the same, and that they fully understand the meaning thereof.

W. COLLIS, Wesleyan Training Matter.
E. P. MARTIN, Wesleyan Mission Printer.

(Incloture 5.)—Consul Pritchard to the Secretary of State.
My Lohd, Fiji, December 31, ls.30.

In the absence of native courts competent to hear causes wherein British subjects are litigants, I applied to the Chiefs of Fiji, when assembled in council on the 15th instant, for a commission authorizing the constitution of a court in this Consulate for that purpose.

This commission I have the honour to transmit herewith, and if approved by your Lordship I beg for the necessary authority and instructions to rule the proceedings of the court, and for directions as to the reports to be forwarded to the Foreign Office.

In the meantime, with your Lordship's permission, I shall endeavour, basing my action on the broad principles of justice, to satisfy the many complaints which are preferred before mo, keeping a record of the particulars in the archives of this office.

I have, Ac.


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