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John Jacob Astor.-His Birthplace.- His Arrival in the United
States. - What first Turned his Attention to the Fur Trade.-
IIis Character, Enterprises, and Success.-IIis Communications
with the American Government.- Origin of the American Fur
Fur Trade in the Pacific. -- American Coasting Voyages.—Russian
Enterprises. - Discovery of the Columbia River.—Carver's Project
to found a Settlement there.—Mackenzie's Expedition.-Lewis
and Clarke's Journey across the Rocky Mountains.-Mr. Astor's
Grand Commercial Scheme.—His Correspondence on the Subject
with Mr. Jefferson.-His Negotiations with the Northwest Com-
pany.--His Steps to carry his Scheme into Effect.....
Two Expeditions set on Foot.—The Tonquin and her Crew.-Cap-
tain Thorn, his Character. – The Partners and Clerks.-Cana-
dian Voyageurs, their IIabits, Employments, Dress, Character,
Songs.—Expedition of a Canadian Boat and its Crew by Land
and Water.- Arrival at New York.-Preparations for a Sea
Voyage.-- Northwest Braggarts.—Underhand Precautions.—Let-
ter of Instructions...
Sailing of the Tonquin.-A Rigid Commander and Reckless Crew.-
Landsmen on Shipboard.- Fresh-water Sailors at Sea.-Lubber
Nests.-Ship Fare.—A Labrador Veteran.-Literary Clerks. –
Curious Travellers.—Robinson Crusoe's Island. -Quarter-deck
Quarrels.-Falkland Islands.-A Wild-goose Chase. — Port Eg-
mont.- Epitaph Hunting.-Old Mortality:-Penguin Shooting.
-Sportsmen left in the Lurch.-A Hard Pull. Further Alter-
cations.- Arrival at Owyhee....
Owynee.-Sandwich Islanders.-- Their nautical Talents.—Tamaah-
maah.-His Navy.-His Negotiations.–Views of Mr. Astor
with respect to the Sandwich Islands.-Karakakooa.-Royal
Monopoly of Pork.-Description of the Islanders.—Gayeties on
Shore.—Chronicler of the Island.- Place where Captain Cook
was killed.—John Young, a Nautical Governor.-His Story.-
Waititi.—A Royal Residence.-A Royal Visit.-Grand Ceremo-
nials.-Close Dealing.-A Royal Pork Merchant.-Grievances of
a Matter-of-fact Man..
Departure from the Sandwich Islands.--Misunderstanding.--Miseries
of a Suspicious Man.- Arrival at the Columbia.-Dangerous Ser-
vice.—Gloomy Apprehensions.—Bars and Breakers.—Perils of
the Ship.-Disasters of a Boat's Crew.-Burial of a Sandwich
Mouth of the Columbia. The Native Tribes.-Their Fishing: -
Their Canoes.-Bold Navigators.-Equestrian Indians and
Piscatory Indians, Difference in their Physical Organization.-
Search for a Trading Site.- Expedition of M’Dougal and Da-
vid Stuart.-Comcomiy, the One-eyed Chieftain.--Influence of
Wealth in Savage Life.-Slavery among the Natives.-An Aris-
tocracy of Flatheads.-Hospitality among the Chinooks.-Com.
comly's Daughter.—Her Conquest...
Point George.-Founding of Astoria.—Indian Visitors.— Their Re-
ception.—The Captain Taboos the Ship.-Departure of the
Tonquin.—Comments on the Conduct of Captain Thorn........ 135
Disquieting Rumors from the Interior.-— Reconnoitring Party. -
Preparations for a Trading Post.-An Unexpected Arrival. –
A Spy in the Camp.—Expedition into the Interior.-Shores of
the Columbia.- Mount Coffin.-Indian Sepulchre. — The Land of
Spirits.—Columbian Valley.—Vancouver's Point.-Falls and
Rapids.-A Great Fishing Mart.--The Village of Wish-ram.-
Difference between Fishing Indians and Hunting Indians.-
Effects of Habits of Trade on the Indian Character. ---Post estab-
lished at the Oakinagan..
Alarm at Astoria.-Rumor of Indian Hostilities.- Preparations for
Defense.-Tragical Fate of the Tonquin.....
Gloom at Astoria.-An Ingenious Stratagem.—The Small-pox Chief.
-Launching of the Dolly.-An Arrival.- A Canadian Trapper.
-A Freeman of the Forest. - An Iroquois Hunter.- Winter on
the Columbia.-Festivities of New Year....
Expedition by Land.-Wilson P. Hunt.-His Character.- Donald
M’Kenzie.—Recruiting Service among the Voyageurs.-A Bark
Canoe.-Chapel of St. Anne.-Votive Offerings.-Pious Carous-
als.-A Ragged Regiment.- Mackinaw.—Picture of a Trading
Post.-Frolicking Voyageurs.--Swells and Swaggerers.--Indian
Coxcombs.-A Man of the North.—Jockeyship of Voyageurs. —
Inefficacy of Gold.-Weight of a Feather.—Mr. Ramsay Crooks.
-His Character. His Risks among the Indians.-His Warning
concerning Sioux and Blackfeet.-Embarkation of Recruits.-
Parting Scenes between Brothers, Cousins, Wives, Sweethearts,
and Pot Companions....
St. Louis. — Its Situation. -- Motley Population. - French Creole
Traders and their Dependants.- Missouri Fur Company.-Mr.
Manuel Lisa. - Mississippi Boatmen.-Vagrant Indians.-Ken-
tucky Hunters.-Old French Mansion.-Fiddling.–Billiards.-
Mr. Joseph Miller.--His Character.-Recruits.—Voyage up the
Missouri.—Difficulties of the River.- Merits of Canadian Voya-
geurs.- Arrival at the Nodowa.—Mr. Robert M'Lellan joins the
Party.-John Day, a Virginia Hunter.—Description of him.-
Mr. Hunt returns to St. Louis.....
Opposition of the Missouri Fur Company.-Blackfeet Indians.-
Pierre Dorion, a Half-breed Interpreter.-Old Dorion and his
Hybrid Progeny.-Family Quarrels.-Cross Purposes between
Dorion and Lisa.—Renegadoes from Nodowa.—Perplexities of a
Commander. — Messrs. Bradbury and Nuttall join the Expedi-
tion.—Legal embarrassments of Pierre Dorion.-Departure from
St. Louis.-Conjugal discipline of a Half-breed.—Annual swell-
ing of the Rivers.—Daniel Boone, the Patriarch of Kentucky.-
John Colter.—His Adventures among the Indians.-Rumors of
Danger Ahead.–Fort Osage.-An Indian War-feast.— Troubles
in the Dorion Family.-Buffaloes and Turkey-buzzards......... 200
Return of Spring. --Appearance of Snakes.-Great Flights of Wild
Pigeons. - Renewal of the Voyage. - Night Encampments. —
Platte River. --Ceremonials on passing it. --Signs of Indian War
Parties.- Magnificent Prospect at Papillion Creek.-Desertion of
Two Hunters.- An Irruption into the Camp of Indian Despera-
does.- Village of the Omahas.-Anecdotes of the Tribe. -Fou-
dal Wars of the Indians.–Story of Blackbird, the famous Omaha