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Evans (John)-continued.

shillings of Philip and Mary
coinage by machinery, Charles II
reformation of coinage, 1696

— loss of re-coinage
state of currency 1798

silver reform of 1816
Origin and development of the pound

pound weights
derivation
Saxon pound of account
attempted gold coinage by Henry III
gold coinage of Edward III
the noble.
the vial or rose noble :
coinage of the pound or sovereign by Henry VII
fluctuations in value of sovereign
the guinea.

enhanced value

proclamation of 1817, settling the value and weight of the pound
Discussion on Mr. Evans' Paper-
Martin (R. B.)

Duodecimal system
Blades (W.).

Sceata in connection with "scot and lot
"Pilhelm" on penny of William I as origin of Bill
Penny of George III

Gun-money in Ireland under James II: :
Bithell (Dr.).

Libra and Pondo
Meaning of sign £
Connection of "shilling" with “shekel"
Metallic value of shilling and shekel estimated from the mina

Etymology of penny
Walford (C.).
Derivation of " sterling" from " Easterling”

that the Easterlings were monks trading in the Baltic
Provinces, having a station in London, where their pure

silver became conspicuous by contrast, and hence the term .
King's exchange, whereat foreigners were compelled to convert
their money into sterling coin

origin of Royal Exchange
at Dover, where all foreign traders were to change their

money, those leaving to re-convert the sterling coin
Tokens and their connection with history of London Bridge
Bastable (Mr.)

The halfpence grievance in Ireland
Hamilton (R.)

Fluctuations in value of precious metals as cause of diminution in

weight of currency
Billinghurst (Mr.).

No copper coinage in colonies
Martin (J. B.)

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Abbey tokens

Tokens temp. Evelyn and nineteenth century
Evans (J.) Reply

Cutting of pennies
Portrait of Duchess of Richmond on halfpenny, 1673
Gun-money in Ireland
Coinage of shekels
Easterlings, and question of their coinage
Purpose of King's Exchanges
Wood's coinage patent
Scarcity of metal as cause of depreciation
Abbey tokens
Paper currency for minute amounts

86
86
86
86
86-87
87
87
87
87-88
88
88

PAGE.

EVELYN, on tokens

71-72
EWART (John). Obituary notice of :

380
EXAMINATIONS, Institute of Bankers, remarks in Annual Report on : 372
Results .

440
Papers

441-448
Prospectus of

448–449
EXCHANGE, primitive methods of

2
value, natural basis of

12

60, 116, 186,
rates of, on London

240, 294, 366,
450, 510, 512,

514, 516, 586
see Bills of Exchange.
EXCHANGES of Notes and Settlements between banks in Edinburgh,
rules for

157-159
Kings'.

84, 87.

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424

425
425

FAILURES, bank, Scotland .

121, 126, 139-140
United States

384, 408-410
FOURPENNY PIECES, withdrawal from circulation

420
circular of Assoc. of Country Bankers.

423
FOWLER (Wm.) Resolution to abolish restriction on £1 notes, and
debate thereon, in Commons

358-361
FRANCE, gold currency in

321
see BanksBank of France.
FREMANTLE (Hon. C. W.) Report to H. M. Government on Inter-
national Monetary Conference, 1881

424
Circumstances leading to the meeting
conference of 1867 and its results

424-425
conference of 1878, reply of England to invitation

results; propositions of United States' Commissioners
resolutions of French and English delegates in answer, recog-
nising monetary function of silver, but opposing double
standard

425-426
Latin monetary convention, suspension of silver coinage,
India alone having silver coinage unrestricted

426
invitation to England by France and United States to conference

1881
reply of H. M. Government

426-427
Opening address .
scheme of debate and procedure
Of eighteen governments represented, reservations made by twelve

427
The six bi-metallic countries.

428
Declaration by German government, of willingness to help re-establish
position of silver

428
Motion of adjournment
Reassembling of conference, scheme of debate

428-429
Reply of directors of Bank of England as to issue of notes upon silver 429-430
Declaration by French and American delegates .
Motion of adjournment

431
Position of England towards the question of bimetalism

431-432
FRIENDLY SOCIETIES, banking accounts of

214-215

426

427
427

428

430

172-174

428
322

GERMANY, Bank Act of, 1875, and Issue of Notes

declaration upon silver question at International Monetary

Conference.

gold currency in
GIBBS (H. H.), address 'at meeting of International Monetary

Standard Association
GILBART'S History, Principles and Practice of Banking. ' New

Edition, by A. S. Mitchie, notice

220-221

62

PAGE.

GLADSTONE (Mr.), on silver question .

228
Speech in Commons on £1 note question

359
Glasgow, banks in

130-131
draft clearing

269
GOLD COINAGE, our, an enquiry into its present defective condition,
with a view to its reform (see Martin)

297
Annual Report of Deputy-Master of Mint on

421-423
GOLD, in currency and as commodity

6
currency in France

321
in Germany.

322
in United States

322
holding of, against Notes, in Scotland

210-212
heavy and light

152-154
light, loss from

306, 307, 310, 313
calling in of.

316-317
tables

328-335
remarks in Annual Report of Deputy Master of Mint (1881) on 421-423
Reports on International Monetary Conference, 1881

424-436
Stock of gold in Europe, 1871
Supply and demand of gold .

total production of gold mines of the world
demands upon this supply

effects of appreciation of gold :
stability of, depends on demand and supply

8,12
GOLDSMITH'S COMPANY, Jury of the Pyx

300, 336, 345

199, 201, 202,
GRACE, days of, in relation to Bank Holidays

207, 208, 523,

525, 527, 531
GREIG (W. K.) Remarks in Discussion (Wenley, Banking in
Scotland)

167
GRENFELL (H. R.) address at meeting of International Monetary
Standard Association

216–217
“ What is a Standard ?" (notice of)

363-365
Remarks in Discussion (Martin, on Gold Coinage)

346
GRIGSBY (Mr.) Remarks in Discussion (Chalmers, on Bills of
Exchange Bill)

203
GROATS, coinage of

73
GROOME, London and County Bank v. Groome, report of case

233-239
GUARANTEE, Questions, with Answers of the Council-
discharge of, as to giving up instrument

419
of overdrawn account, it preference security in case of
bankruptcy

419
to banker, if subject to Statute of Limitations

501
GUINEA, coinage of

79

433
433
433
434
436

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1

HALFPENNY of Alfred the Great
HAMILTON (Rowland) Money and Barter'

Definition of money

that money is purchasing power"
Barter in communal village systems
Primitive forms of exchange : doneta ard pecus
Use of precious metals for money

historical illustration of its universal character
Fallacy of “regulating value'

that gold in currency and gold as commodity are different
Conditions of interchange governing transfers of bullion
Stability of gold or silver depends on university of demand, with limited
nature of supply

the silver question

basis of exchange value
Waste of precious metals
Local currencies

3,10
2
2
3
4-6
6
6-7
7

8
8-9
12

9, 11

B

PAGE,

10
10

10

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11-12
11
12-13
13-14
14

21
22
23

23

HAMILTON (Rowland)-continued.

Forms of money

bullion
coin.

notes
-- cash balances at bankers
Tokens
Higher mechanism of exchange defined as " barter by valuation"
Clearing-house operations as "barter"

are transfers of “ purchasing power” and therefore money :
Professor Jerons's * ratio of exchange"
Intuitive perception of supply and demand

14-15
Commercial crises are rectifications of accounts.

15
Gold in Bank of England is reserve of the whole mercantile community 16-17
Appendix .

18-21
separate and distinct trade in bills :

18-21
Bankers' differentiated from traders' bills

19, 21
Discussion on Mr. Hamilton's Paper-
Hendriks (Fred.).

21
Definition of Money as "stored value"
Waste of precious metals

- diminished by perfection of banking facilities
Bithell (Dr.)

Barter in modern life
Lubbock (Sir J.)

23
Bank reserves
Hamilton (R.)

25
Remarks in reply
Remarks in Discussion (Evans, on £ s. d.) .

85
HENDRIKS (F.) Remarks in Discussion (Hamilton, on Money and
Barter)

21
(Martin, on Gold Coinage):

318

199, 201, 202,
HOLIDAYS, bank, and payment of Bills due on those days . 207, 208, 523,

525, 527, 531
half, bank

43
post office bank

43
HOLLAND (John), first governor of Bank of Scotland

120-121
HORTON (S. Dana) “Sir Isaac Newton and England's Prohibitive

Tariff upon Silver Movey,” notice
HUBBARD (J. G.) table of amount of gold received at Bank of
England and percentage of light gold

312
HUSBAND AND WIFE-

separate accounts at same bank, question as to paying cheques on
total of both (with answer)

178
in regard to banking, under Married Women's Property Act,
1882 (see Paget)

541

24

25-26

37, 38

.

199
463

INCOHATE INSTRUMENTS

in Bills of Exchange Act, 1882
IMPERIAL Bank of Germany, see Banks.
INDIA, purchasing power of rupee, capacity of Empire to absorb new

capital, and direction in which it will most probably be required
(see Temple).

effects of disturbance in ratio gold and silver upon
INDIGO, cultivation, in India, as field for capital
INSTITUTE OF BANKERS in Scotland, Lord McLaren's Address
INTEREST, claim for, on drawn bond, question (with answer)

on loans, Bank of Scotland (1704)
INTERNATIONAL Monetary Conference, 1881 (see Fremantle and

Mallet)

243
435
252
210-212
263
123

424-436

PAGE.
104
215-221
270-272
308

INTERNATIONAL Monetary Standard Association

resolutions and addresses at first meeting
IRELAND, clearing system

return of gold and silver held by Irish and Scotch banks

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JENCKEN (H. D.) Obituary notice of
JEVONS (Prof.) Investigation of loss by wear of coinage

on Exchange

obituary notice of
JOINT STOCK COMPANIES ACTs, suggested amendment
JOURNAL OF INSTITUTE OF BANKERS, remarks in annual report of

council on

44
349
13,14
507
227

371

.

.

LANGLEY (E.) address at meeting of International Monetary Standard
Association

219
LATIMER, Bishop, on the coinage, in his sermons to Edward vi:

74
LA TOUCHE (William Digges) Obituary notice of

507
LAVELEYE (Èmile de) "Commonplace Fallacies concerning Money,
notice

38-40
Law, German, of Note issue

172-174

385, 389,
United States, National Bank Acts

393-395,

493-495
see Acts of Parliament, Legal Decisions.

45, 110,
LEGAL DECISIONS affecting bankers

233, 284,

436, 568'
see Advances, Bankruptcy, Bills of Exchange, Cheques,

Endorsement, Notes, and for names see Cases.
"LEAVES from the diary of an Edinburgh Banker in 1745,” notice of 129
LIABILITIES, National Banks of United States, restrictions on . 397
LIABILITY, limited, adopted by unlimited banks of Scotland

141
see Company.
LIBRA, origin of pound

82
LIBRARY, notes on additions to

232
LIEN, bankers', on securities deposited with them, case with Mr.
Chalmers' opinion

175-177
on shares, as security for advance, question (with answer) 262
LIMITED LIABILITY adopted by unlimited banks of Scotland 141

see Company.
LOAN OFFICE, styling itself a bank, question as to paying cheques of
(with answer)

500
Loans, Bank of Scotland (i 704).

123
National Banks of United States, restrictions on

397, 399
LONDON AND COUNTY BANK, appellants; Thomas Rateliffe,
respondent, report of case

46-59
LONDON AND COUNTY BANKING COMPANY v. Groome, report of case 233-239
LONDON BRIDGE, tokens in connection with

84
L. S. D.; or, the Origin of Pounds, Shillings and Pence (see Evans) 63
LUBBOCK (Sir J.) Remarks in Discussion (Chalmers, on Bills of
Exchange Bill)

197, 198, 208
(Hamilton, on Money and Barter)

23
(Martin, on Gold Coinage)

354
Remarks on Report of the Council read at Fourth Annuai
Meeting

377-379
Speech in House of Commons on £1 note question

359

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