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A.D. 1870. 10. All sums received by the master of the Mint or any deputy master

or officer of the Mint, in payment for coin produced from bullion purPayment of profits, &c., to

chased by him, and all fees and payments received by the master or any Exchequer.

deputy master or officer of the Mint as such, shall (save as otherwise pro-
vided in the case of any branch mint in á British possession by a pro-
clamation respecting such branch mint) be paid into the receipt of the

Eschequer, and carried to the Consolidated Fund.
Regulations by 11. It shall be lawful for Her Majesty, with the advice of Her Privy
proclamation. Council, from time to time by proclamation to do all or any of the follow-

ing things ; namely,

(1.) To determine the dimension of and design for any coin:
(2) To determine the denominations of coins to be coined at the Mint:
(3.) To diminish the amount of remedy allowed by the first schedule

to this Act in the case of any coin;
(4.) To determine the weight (not being less than the weight (if any)

specified in the first schedule to this Act) below which a coin,
whether diminished in weight by wear or otherwise, is not to be a
current or a legal tender :
(5.) To call in coins of any date or denomination, or any coins coined

before the date in the proclamation mentioned :
(6.) To direct that any coins, other than gold, silver, or bronze, shall

be current and be a legal tender for the payment of any amount
not exceeding the amount specified in the proclamation, and not

exceeding five shillings :
(7.) To direct that coins coined in any foreign country shall be current,

and be a legal tender, at such rates, up to such amounts, and in
such portion of Her Majesty's dominions as may be specified in the
proclamation ; due regard being had in fixing those rates to the
weight and fineness of such coins, as compared with the current

coins of this realm:
(8.) To direct the establishment of any branch of the Mint in any

British possession, and impose a charge for the coinage of gold
thereat ; determine the application of such charge; and determino
the extent to which such branch is to be deemed part of the Mint,
and to which coins issued therefrom are to be current and be a legal

tender, and to be deemed to be issued from the Mint:
(9.) To direct that the whole or any part of this Act sball apply to and

be in force in any British possession, with or without any modifica

tions contained in the proclamation;
(10.) To regulate any matters relative to the coinage and the Mint

within the present prerogative of the Crown wbich are not pro

vided for by this Act;
(11.) To revoke or alter any proclamation previously made.
Every such proclamation shall come into operation on the date therein
in that behalf mentioned, and shall have effect as if it were enacted in this
Act.

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Trial of the рух.

12. For the purpose of arcer'aining that coins issued from the Mint hare boen coined in accordance with this Act, a trial of the pyx shall be held at least once in every year in which coins have been issued from the Mint.

It shall be lawful for Her Majesty, with the advice of Her Privy Council,

A.D. 1870

from time to time, by order, to make regulations respecting the trial of
the pyx and all matters incidental thereto, and in particular respecting
the following matters ; viz.,

(1.) The time and place of the trial :
(2.) The setting apart out of the coins issued by the Mint certain

coins for the trial :
(3.) The summoning of a jury of not less than six out of competent

freemen of the mystery of goldsmiths of the city of London or other

competent persons :
(4.) The attendance at the trial of the jury so summoned, and of the

proper officers of the Treasury, the Board of Trade, and the Mint,
and the production of the coins so set apart, and of the standard

trial plates and standard weights :
(5.) The proceedings at, and conduct of the trial, including the nomi-

nation of some person to preside thereat, and the swearing of the

jury, and the mode of examining the coins :
(6.) The recording and the publication of the verdict, and tlie custody

of the record thereof, and the proceedings (if any) to be taken in

consequence of such verdict. Every such order shall come into operation on the date therein in that behalf mentioned, and shall have effect as if it were enacted in this Act, but may be revoked or altered by any subsequent order under this section

13. The Treasury may from time to time do all or any of the following Regulations by things :

Treasury. (1.) Fix the number and duties of the officers of and persons em

ployed in the Mint:
(2.) Make regulations and give directions (subject to the provisions of

this Act and any proclamation made thereunder) respecting the
general management of the Mint, and revoke and alter such regu-
lations and directions.

Master and Officers of Mint.

14. The Chancellor of the Exchequer for the time being shall be the Master of Mint. master, worker, and warden of Her Majesty's Royal Mint in England, and governor of the Mint in Scotland.

Provided that nothing in this section shall render the Chancellor of the Exchequer incapable of being elected to or of sitting or voting in the House of Commons, or vacate the seat of the

person who at the passing of this Act holds the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer.

All duties, powers, and authorities imposed on or vested in or to be transacted before the master of the Mint may be performed and exercised by or transacted before him or his sufficient deputy.

15. The Treasury may from time to time appoint deputy masters and Deputy master other officers and persons for the purpose of carrying on the business of and officers. the Mint in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, and assign them their duties, and award them their salaries.

The master of the Mint may from time to time promote, suspend, and remove any euch deputy masters, officers, and persons,

A.D. 1870.

Custody, &c., of standard trial plates.

Standard weight for coin.

Repealed by Act 41 &

42 Vict., ch. 49.

Standard Trial Plates and Weights. 16. The standard trial plates of gold and silver used for determining the justness of the gold and silver coins of the realm issued from the Mint, which now exist or may hereafter be made, and all books, documents, and things used in connection therewith or in relation thereto, shall be in the custody of the Board of Trade, and shall be kept in such places and in such manner as the Board of Trade may from time to time direct; and the perforniance of all duties in relation to such trial plates shall be part of the business of the Standard weights and measures Department of the Board of Trade.

The Board of Trade shall from time to time, when necessary, cause new standard trial plates to be made and duly verified, of such standard fineness as may be in conformity with the provisions of this Act.

17. The standard weights for weighing and testing the coin of the realm shall be placed in the custody of the Board of Trade, and be kept in such places and in such manner as the Board of Trade may from time to time direct; and the performance of all duties in relation to such standard weights shall be part of the business of the Standard weights and measures Department of the Board of Trade.

The Board of Trade shall from time to time cause weights of each coin of the realm for the time being, and of multiples of such of those weights as may be required, to be made and duly verified, and those weights, when approved by Her Majesty in Council, shall be the standard weights for determining the justness of the weight of and for weighing such coin.

The master of the Mint shall from time to time cause copies to be made of such standard weights, and once at least in every year the Board of Trade and the master of the Mint shall cause such copies to be compared and duly verified with the standard weights in the custody of the Board of Trade.

All weights which are not less in weight than the weight prescribed by the first schedule to this Act for the lightest coin, and are used for weighing coin, shall be compared with the said standard weights, and if found to be just shall, on payment of such fee, not exceeding five shillings, as the Board of Trade from time to time prescribe, be marked by some officer of the Standard weights and measures Department of the Board of Trade with a mark approved of by the Board of Trade, and notified in the London Gazette; and a weight which is required by this section to be so compared and is not so marked, shall not be deemed a just weight for determining the weight of gold and silver coin of the realm.

If any person forges or counterfeits such mark, or any weight so marked, or wilfully increases or diminishes any weight so marked, or knowingly utters, sells, or uses any weight with such counterfeit mark, or any weight so increased or diminished, or knowingly uses any weight declared by this section not to be a just weight, such person shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty pounds.

All fees paid under this section shall be paid into the Exchequer, and carried to the Consolidated Fund.

Repealed by Act 41 & 42 Vict., ch. 49.

Summary procedure.

Legal Proceedings. 18. Any summary proceeding under this Act may be taken, and any penalty under this Act may be recovered,

In England, before two justices of the peace in manner directed by the

A.D. 1870.

Act of the session of the eleventh and twelfth years of the reign of Her present Majesty, chapter forty-three, intituled « An Act to facilitate the performance of the duties of justices of the peace out of sessions within England and Wales with respect to summary convictions and orders,” and any Act amending the same.

In Scotland, in manner directed by The Summary Procedure Act, 1864.

In Jreland, so far as respects Dublin, in manner directed by the Acts regulating the powers of justices of the peace or the police of Dublin metropolis, and elsewhere in manner directed by the Petty Sessions (Ireland) Act, 1851, and any Act amending the same.

In any British possession, in the courts, and before such justices or magistrates, and in the manner in which the like proceedings and penalties may be taken and recovered by the law of such possession, or as near thereto as circumstances admit, or in such other courts, or before such other justices or magistrates, or in such other manner as any Act or Ordinance having the force of law in such possession may from time to time provide.

Miscellaneous. 19. This Act, save as expressly provided by this Act, or by any procla- Extent of Act. mation made thereunder, shall not extend to any British possession. 20. The Acts mentioned in the first part of the second schedule to this Repeal of Acts

and parts of Act are hereby repealed to the extent in the third column of such schedule Acts in second mentioned, and those mentioned in the second part of the same schedule schedule. are hereby repealed entirely. Provided that, (1.) This repeal shall not affect anything already done or suffered, or

any right already acquired or accrued :
(2.) All weights for weighing coin which have before the passing of

this Act been marked at the Mint or by any proper officer shall be

deemed to have been marked under this Act:
(3.) Every branch of the Mint which at the passing of this Act issues

coins in any British possession shall, until the date fixed by any
proclamation made in pursuance of this Act with respect to such
branch Mint, continue in all respects to have the same power of
issuing coins and be in the same position as if this Act had
not passed, and coins so issued shall be deemed for the purpose of

this Act to have been issued from the Mint:
(4.) The said Acts (unless relating to a branch Mint and unless in the

said schedule expressly otherwise mentioned) are not repealed so
far as they apply to any British possession to which this Act does
not extend until a proclamation directing that this Act or any part
thereof, with or without any modification contained in the procla-
mation, shall be in force in such British possession comes into
operation,

3

SCHEDULES.

FIRST SCHEDULE.

Standard Weight.

Lcast current weight.

Remedy Allowance.

Denomination of

Coin.

Imperial
Weighi.

Metric
Weight.

Imperial
Weight.

Metric
Weight.

Standard
Fineness,

Weight per piece.

Millesimal
Fineness.

Grains.

Grams.

Grains,

Imperial
Graius,

Grams.

Metric
Grams.

616.37239
246.54895
i23.27447
61.63723

39.94028
16.97611
7.98805
3.99402

612.50000
245.00000
122:50000
61:12500

39.68935
15.87574
7.93787
3.96083

Eleven-twelfths
fine gold, one-
twelith alloy

or millesim-1
fineness 916.66

1.00000
0:40000
?0.20000
0:10000

0.06479
0.02592
0 01296
0.00648

0.002

GOLD:

Five Pound
Two Pound
Sovereign

Half-sovereign
SILVER:

Crown
Half-crown
Florin
Shilling
Sixpence
Groat or Fourpence.
Threepence
Twopence

Penny
BRONZE :

Penny
Halfpenny
Farthing

436.36363
218.18181
174.54545
87.27272
43:63636
29.99090
21.81818
14.54545
7.27272

28.27590
14:13795
11.31036
5.65518
2.82759
1.88506
1.41379
0.94253
0.47126

Thirty-seven-
fortieths fine

silver, three.
fortieths alloy ;

or millesimal
fineness 925

11.81818
0.90909
0.72727
0.36363
0.18181
0.12121
0.09090
0.06060
0-03030

0:11781
0.05890
0.04712
0.02356
0.01178 >0.0
0.007851
0.00589
0.00392
0.00196

145.83333
87.50000
43.76000

9.41984
5.66990
2.83495

Mixed metal,
copper, tin, and

zinc.

12-91666

1.75000
10.87500

0.18899
0:11339
0.05669

None.

The weight and fineness of the coins opecified in this Schedule are according to what is provided by the Act fifty-six George the Third, chapter sixty-eight, that the gold coin of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland should hold such weight and fineness as were prescribed in the then existing Mint indenture (that is to say), that there should be nine hundred and thirty-four sovereigns and one ten shilling piece contained in twenty pounds weight troy of etandard gold, of the fineness at the trial of the name of twenty-two carats fine gold and two carats of alloy in the pound weight troy; and further as regards silver coin, that there should be sixty-six shillings in every pound troy of standard silver of the fineness of eleven ounces two pennyweights of fine silver and eighteen pennyweights of alloy in every pound. weight troy.

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