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BARNETT (R. W.)-continued.

Supplementary remarks, after passing of Bill for Extension
of National Bank Charters . . . . . . .
Under new Act, powers of banks to extend their existence

steps necessary for amending Articles of Association
- powers of shareholders to withdraw.

note circulation. .
- section to prevent sudden contraction of circulation by deposit of

money and withdrawal of bonds . .
- section against over-certification of cheques
issue by Treasury of gold and silver certificates, a

cen
bonds . . . . . . . .
The clearing system in the United States . . . . .

Development of the system.
New York clearing-house, its importance to the interests of the business

community during the panic of 1873 .
- commencement of its operations .
- number of its members : all banks represented ..
meetings : arrangements and representation thereat
election of Standing Committees . .
applications for admission to the Association
entrance fee fixed in proportion to capitals of banks
power of Standing Committee to suspend members

description of the operations.
- settlement of errors .

return of unpaid cheques
reporting balances
means of packing gold coin used for payment of balances .
- loss occasioned by abrasion of coin.
discontinuance of issue of gold certificates by Treasury a

establishment of depository of gold coin at the clearing-house
- exclusion of the silver certificates issued by the Treasury ..
gold certificates renewed and rule respecting exclusion of silver

certificates withdrawn . . .
- balances paid during the year ending October 1, 1881

table shewing operations during the years 1853-81
Speculative transactions in the United States. .
Largest amount cleared on any one day.
Progress of clearing during 1881 and 1882 compared
Table of transactions of gold clearing, 1872-9 .
Number of other clearing-houses in the United States

hours for exchange

settlement of balances.
Table giving chief points of interest at the whole of the clearing-houses .
Returns for the first six months of 1882 compared with the same period

of 1881 .
Records of the clearing-houses
Peculiar system at Providence
Non-issue of reports by the St. Paul and Norfolk clearing-houses : :
Aggregate balances .

Tables giving the transactions of all the clearing-houses :
BARTER AND MONEY (see Hamilton) . . . . .
BASTABLE (Mr.) Remarks in Discussion (Chalmers, on Bills of
Exchange Bill) .

. . .
. .

. . .
- (Evans, on £ s. d.)

- (Wenley, Banking in Scotland). .
BELL (Mr.) Remarks in Discussion (Temple, on India-purchasing

power of Rupee) . . . . . . . . . .
BILLINGHURST (H. F.) Remarks in Discussion (Barnett, on National
Banks of United States). .

— (Chalmers, on Bills of Exchange Bill). .
- (Erans, on £ 8. d.) · · ·

· ·
Remarks on Bills of Exchange Act, 1882. .

Examination of those clauses which introduce new law, or legalise
customs or decisions
su

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con

ase of need rations by draweceptance

16.

18.

BILLS OF EXCHANGE, Bills of Exchange Act, 1882 (45 & 46 Vict.,
ch. 61) [Full text of] · · · · ·
Arrangement of sections .

PART I., PRELIMINARY.
Sect.
1&2. Short title and interpretation of terms

PART II., BILLS OF EXCHANGE.
Form and interpretation
3. — bills of exchange defined

inland and foreign bills
5. —-effect where different parties to bill are same person .

address to drawe
- certainty required as to payee

what bills are negotiable
sum payable .
bill payable on demand.

- at future time .
12. - omission of date in bill payable after date ,
13. - ante-dating and post-dating.

computation of time of payment
15.

optional stipulations by drawer or indorser
17. - definition and requisites of acceptance

time for acceptance .
19. general and qualified acceptances

incohate instruments

delivery . .
Capacity and authority of parties
- capacity of parties .
- signature essential to liabilit

forged or unauthorised signature
25. — procuration signatures.

person signing as agent or in representative capacity.
The consideration for a bili.

value and holder for value .
accommodation bill or party
holder in due course

presumption of value and good faith
Negotiation of bills .
31. negotiation of bill

requisites of valid instruments
33. - conditional indorsement
34. - indorsement in blank and special indorsement
35, restrictive indorsement.
36. -

negotiation of overdue or dishonoured bill
37. negotiation of bill to party already liable thereon

rights of the holder .
General duties of the holder

when presentment for acceptance is necessary
time for presenting bill payable after sight
rules as to presentment for acceptance and excuses for non-

presentment
non-acceptance.
dishonour by non-acceptance and its consequences
duties as to qualified acceptances
rules as to presentment for payment
excuses for delay or non-presentment for payment
dishonour by non-payment .
notice of dishonour and effect of non-notice
rules as to notice of dishonour

excuses for non-notice and delay
51. — noting or protest of bill

duties of holder as regards Drawee or Acceptor.
Liabilities of parties , .
53. funds in hands of Drawee

- liability of Acceptor .
55. liability of Drawer or Indorser
56. stranger signing Bill liable as Indorser
57. -_- measure of damages against parties to dishonoured
58. - Tranferor by delivery and Transferee

Discharge of Bill
59. - payment in due course.
60. — Banker paying demand draft whereon indorsement is forged : :

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BILLS OF EXCHANGE-continued.

61. - Acceptor the Holder at maturity

- express waiver

63. cancellation

64. — alteration of bill

Acceptance and payment for honour

- acceptance for honour, suprà protest

liability of acceptor for honour

- presentment to acceptor for honour.

- payment for honour, suprà protest .

Lost instruments

- holder's right to duplicate of lost bili

70. action on lost bill

71. Bills in a set : rules as to sets

72. Conflict of Laws: rules

PART III., CHEQUES ON A BANKER.

73. Cheque defined

74. Presentment of cheque for payment

75. Revocation of banker's authority.

Crossed cheques

76. — general and special crossings defined .

7. — crossing by drawer or after issue

- crossing a material part of cheque.

79. duties of bankers as to crossed cheques

80, protection to banker and drawer where cheque is crossed . .

81. effect of crossing on holder .

protection to collecting banker

PART IV., PROMISSORY NOTES.

83. Promissory note defined

84. Delivery necessary .

85. Joint and several notes

86. Note payable on demand

87. Presentment of note for payment

88. Liability of maker

89. Application of Part II. to notes

Part V., SUPPLEMENTARY.

90. Good faith

91. Signature

92. Computation of time.

93. When noting equivalent to protest.

94. Protest when notary not accessible

95. Dividend warrants may be crossed ..

96. Repeal .

97. Savings .

98. Saving of summary diligence in Scotland

99, Construction with other Acts, &c.

100. Parole evidence allowed in certain ju

ceedi

Scotland

Schedules . . .

Notes on (see Chalmers) ..

- Remarks by Mr. Billinghurst on clauses which introduce

new law or legalise customs or decisions . . . .
Bills of Exchange Bill, 1882, resolution of Association of

Chambers of Commerce

- remarks in Annual Report of Council on ,

- notice of issue of . . . . .

separate and distinct trade in .
short, with banker for collection, question of lien, case with

counsel's opinion .
discounted by Bank of France in 1881, enormous total, and large

number for small amounts

documentary, notice issued by Exchange Banks in the East

Legal Decisions-

- re-indorsement . . . . . . . . .

cheque given as security for

accepted but not signed by drawer, death of acceptor,

drawer's name may be added . . . . . .

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PAGE.

BILLS OF EXCHANGE-continued.
Questions with Answers of Council upon-

bankruptcy of acceptor before maturity . . . . 264
bankruptcy of both parties before maturity

264
cheques drawn abroad with foreign address regarded as . 214

cheque attached to Bill without stamp, as to payment of . 361-362
- endorsement and signature ; honouring signature of retired
partner .

212
- payment by banker when signature as first endorser
differs from signature as drawer ,

419
— payment when endorsement differs and when
endorsed per pro, not bearing banker's guarantee . . 501
- forged endorsement, protection of banker (case
submitted to Counsel, and their opinion). . . .

567-566
- recovery of notarial charges

109, 177
payable to order of A.B. " accepted payable at Y. L. & Co.

to A. B.,” presented to banker, what course to adopt . 419
BILLS (Parliamentary), Mr. Lowe's, on Note Issue, 1873.

173, 174
Banking Laws (Scotland), Amendment Bill, description of . 283–284
BIMETALLISM
notices of articles, &c. “What is a standard ?" by Mr. Grenfell 363
- S. Dana Horton's letter to Prof. Jevons on Prohibitive
Tariff upon Silver.

37
“How money does its work,” by Prof. Bonamy Price . . 181-185
“What is Money?" by Lord Sherbrooke . .

277-279
“ Position and Prophecies of Bimetallists,” by A. Crump . 279
- supplement to the Bullionist . .

282
- extracts from annual report of United States Mint, on. 179-180
resolutions and addresses of International Monetary Standard
Association . . . .

215-221
International Monetary Conference, 1881, Report by English
delegate (see Fremantle).

424-432
- Report by Indian Delegates (see Mallet): : : : 432–436

see Silver Question.
BITHELL (Dr.) Remarks in Discussion (Evans, on £ 8. d.) . . 82

- (Hamilton, on Money and Barter) . . . . . 23
BLADES (W.) Remarks in Discussion (Evans, on £ 8. d.).
BOND, drawn as security for advance, question of interest (with answer) 263
Bonds, with banker, question of lien.

175-176
United States, deposited at Treasury by National Banks against
note circulation

382, 391, 395
Bonus, dividend and, Bank of Scotland, on capital (table). : 155-156
- average on Stock (table)

157
BRITISH LINEN COMPANY, origin

129-130
- charters .

130
- capital . .

133
BULLION, as money .

10
shipments of, from Australia to the United States . . .

43
transfers, conditions governing . .
BULLIONIST, supplement, notice . . . . . . 282

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CANADA, clearing system
Canals, of India, as field for capital . .
CAPITAL, Bank of Scotland

dividend and Bonus on (table) .
paid-up, of Scotch Banks, 1845 to 1881 (table)
capacity of India to absorb new, and direction where required (see

Temple) . . . . . . . . . .

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PAGE.
CARTER . WRIGHT, report of case.

436-439
CASE, with Mr. Chalmers' opinion, regarding bankers' lien on securities 175-177

with opinion of Mr. A. Cohen and Mr. Chalmers regarding
bankers' power to recover on forged endorsements

564-566
CASES, reports of -
Carter v. White .

436
London and County Bank Appellant, T. Ratcliffe Respondent :

45
London and County Bank v. Groome.
Suffell v. Bank of England .

568
Wilkinson & Co. v. Unwin.

. . . . . . 110
Ex parte Richdale. In re Palmer

284
CASH Balances at bankers, as money.

11
Credit system, in Scotland .

127-128
Order, accepted payable at bank, question as to stamp (with
answer . . . . .

178
. . . .

( 399, 414
CERTIFICATION of Cheques in United States . . .

· 417, 494
CHALMERS (M. D.) Notes on the Bills of Exchange Bill

189
Criticisms of Mr. Behrens

190
Preparation of the Bill

193
Amendments proposed to express existing law more clearly.

193-195
Amendments proposed in substance of law

195
Discussion on Mr Chalmers' Paper-
Venn (W. W., Jun.)

197
Codification

197
- in France

198
Lubbock (Sir J.).

197, 208
Opening remarks

197
Position of the Bill

198
Crossing of dividend warrants

208
Days of grace in relation to bank holiday

208
Proposed amendments.

209
Billinghurst (Mr.)

198
Suggested amendments

198
- days of grace

199
incohate instruments .

199
- signatures of agents to cheques .

- crossed cheques. .
Slater (Mr.) . .

199
Remarks, as one of sub-committee, on the practical aspect of the
question

199
. . .
Martin (R. B.) . .

200
Crossing of dividend warrants other than Bank of England;

harmonising of the law with existing practice in the subject : 200
Bastable (Mr.) . . .

200
Payment of undated cheques,
Place where payable not stated on bill

201
Discrepancy between amount as stated in figures and word

201
Payment of bills due on non-business days

201
Signature per pro

201
Payment by banker determined :

202
Banks (G.) . ...

202
Diversity in practice of noting bills of exchange

202
Payment of bills due on non-business days . . . . 202-203
Rowett (Mr.)

203
Proposition for saving clause to the Bill .

203
Grigsby (Mr.) ..

203
Clauses in proposed Bill considered as altering the law : Agent
signing bill not liable unless acting without authority ; that bill
or note shall not be discharged when holder makes acceptor his
executor ; that bill shall not be invalidated by alteration made
without holder's consent .

204
Smith (J.) . .

204
Argument against including accommodation bills in the measure,
and suggested amendment that “value received" should not
admit of question

205

199
199

200

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