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CONTENTS

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Foreword...

I. Mutual Security Act of 1951, as amended..

II. Mutual Security Act of 1952, sections 11 and 12.

III. Mutual Security Act of 1953, section 710 (b)----

IV. Assistance to Greece and Turkey -

V. Retained provisions of Economic Cooperation Act of 1948,

as amended...

VI. Assistance to the Far East:

A. China Aid Act of 1948..

B. Far Eastern Economic Assistance Act of 1950.-

C. China Area Aid Act of 1950..

VII. Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949, as amended.

VIII. Act for International Development :

IX. Institute of Inter-American Affairs Act

X. United Nations Palestine Refugee Aid Act of 1950.-

XI. Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act of 1951 (Battle Act).

XII. Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1953-

XIII. Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1954.

XIV. Mutual Security Appropriatior Act, 1954.

XV. Famine Relief Act of 1953.

XVI. Pakistan Wheat Act of 1953.

XVII. Refugee Relief Act of 1953-

XVIII. Loan of submarines to Turkey --

XIX. Loan of vessels to Italy, France, and friendly nations in the

far eastern area..

XX. North Atlantic Treaty.

XXI. Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1953.

XXII. Reorganization Plan No. 8 of 1953-

XXIII. Executive Order 10476 (administration of foreign aid and

foreign information functions).

XXIV. Executive Order 10458 (providing for the administration of

certain foreign aid programs and related activities)

XXV. Executive Order 10483 (establishing the Operations Coordi-

nating Board)--

XXVI. Executive Order 10387 (specification of laws from which

certain functions authorized by the Mutual Security Act

of 1951, as amended, shall be exempt).

XXVII. Executive Order 10446 (specification of laws from which the

escapee program shall be exempt).-

XXVIII. Executive Order 10487 (providing for the administration of

the Refugee Relief Act of 1953)

XXIX. Memorandum by the President regarding the reorganiza-

tion of the executive branch for the conduct of foreign

affairs...

XXX. Memorandum by the President with respect to the reorgani-

zation of the Special Representative in Europe...

MUTUAL SECURITY LEGISLATION AND RELATED

DOCUMENTS

I. MUTUAL SECURITY ACT OF 1951, AS

AMENDED

Text of Public Law 165, Eighty-second Congress

[H. R. 5113], 65 Stat. 373, approved October 10, 1951, as amended by the Mutual Security Act of 1952, Public Law 400, Eighty-second Congress, second session [H. R. 70051, 66 Stat. 141, approved June 20, 1952, and by the Mutual Security Act of 1953, Public Law 118, Eighty-third Congress, first session [H. R. 5710], 67 Stat. 152, approved July 16, 1953.

AN ACT To maintain the security and promote the foreign policy

and provide for the general welfare of the United States by furnishing assistance to friendly nations in the interest of international peace and security.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Mutual Security Act of 1951”. Sec. 2.1 (a) The Congress declares it to be the purpose Purpose of

Act. of this Act to maintain the security and to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing military, economic, and technical assistance to friendly countries to strengthen the mutual security and individual and collective defenses of the free world, to develop their resources in the interest of their security and independence and the national interest of the United States and to facilitate the effective participation of those countries in the United Nations system for collective security. The purposes of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949, as amended (22 U. S. C. 1571-1604), the Economic Cooperation Act of 1948, as amended (22 U. S. C. 15011522), and the Act for International Development (22 U.S. C. 1557) shall hereafter be deemed to include this purpose. (6)2 The Congress welcomes the recent progress in

political federation, military integration, and economic unification in Europe and reaffirms its belief in the necessity of further vigorous efforts toward these ends as a means of building strength, establishing security, and preserv

122 U. S. C. $ 1651. ? This subsection was added by sec. 2 of the Mutual Security Act of 1952.

ing peace in the North Atlantic area. In order to pro-
vide further encouragement to such efforts, the Congress
believes it essential that this Act should be so adminis-
tered as to support concrete measures for political fed-
eration, military integration, and economic unification in
Europe. Appropriations made pursuant to paragraphs
101 (a) (1), relating to military assistance, and 101 (a)
(2), relating to defense support and economic assistance,
of this Act may be used, pursuant to the applicable terms
and conditions of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of
1949, as amended, and of section 503 of this Act, respec-
tively, to furnish assistance (including, in the case of
amounts available pursuant to paragraph 101 (a) (2),
transfers of funds) to any of the following organiza-
tions: (A) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization,
(B) the European Coal and Steel Community, (C) the
organization which may evolve from current interna-
tional discussions concerning a European defense com-
munity.

TITLE I-EUROPE

Europe appropriations authorized.

Military assistance to NATO countries.

SEC. 1018 (a) In order to support the freedom of Europe through assistance which will further the carrying out of the plans for defense of the North Atlantic area, while at the same time maintaining the economic stability of the countries of the area so that they may meet their responsibilities for defense, and to further encourage the economic unification and the political federation of Europe, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the President for the fiscal year 1952 for carrying out the provisions and accomplishing the policies and purpose of this Act,

(1) not to exceed $5,028,000,000 for assistance pursuant to the provisions of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949, as amended * (22 U. S. C. 1571–1604), for countries which are parties to the North Atlantic Treaty,' for Spain, and for any country of Europe (other than a country covered by another title of this Act), which the President determines to be of direct importance to the defense of the North Atlantic area and whose increased ability to defend itself the President determines is important to the preservation of the peace and security of the North Atlantic area and to the security of the United States (any such determination to be reported forthwith to the Committee on Foreign Rela

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Other countries.

N

: 22 U. S. C. $ 1681.
Text on p. 90.
6 Text on p. 167.

6 The words "for Spain" were added by sec. 3 (a) of the Mutual Security
Act of 1952.

tions of the Senate, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the

Maximum House of Representatives), and not to exceed $100,- amount for 000,000 of such appropriation for any selected per- encapees, etc.

, sons who are residing in or escapees from the Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, or the Communist-dominated or Communist-occupied areas of Germany and Austria, or any Communist-dominated or Communist-occupied areas of Asia and any other countries absorbed by the Soviet Union either to form such persons into elements of the military forces supporting the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or for other purposes, when it is determined by the President that such assistance will contribute to the defense of the North Atlantic area or to the security of the United States. In addition, unexpended balances of appropriations heretofore made for carrying out the purposes of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949, as amended, through assistance to any of the countries covered by this paragraph are hereby authorized to be continued available through June 30, 1952, and to be consolidated with the appropriation authorized by this paragraph. Section 408 (c) of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949, as amended (22 U. S. C. 1579), is hereby repealed. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the President for the fiscal year 1953 not to exceed $3,415,614,750, for assistance pursuant to the provisions of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949, as amended (22 U. S. C. 15711604) to countries eligible for assistance under this paragraph; and in addition unexpended balances of any appropriations heretofore made pursuant to this paragraph are authorized to be continued available for their original purposes through June 30, 1953, and to be consolidated with the appropriation hereby authorized.8

? The portion of this subparagraph beginning with "and not to exceed $100,000,000 * * *” was revised by sec. 703 of the Mutual Security Act of 1953. The changes made are shown as follows: "and not to exceed $100,000,000 of such appropriation for any selected persons who are residing in or escapees from the Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, or the Communist-dominated or Communist-occupied areas of Germany and Austria, or any Communist-dominated or Communist-occupied areas of Asia and any other countries absorbed by the Soviet Union either to form such persons into elements of the military forces supporting the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or for other purposes, when it is [similarly] determined by the President that such assistance will contribute to the defense of the North Atlantic area [and] or to the security of the United States. .

8 This last sentence was added by sec. 3 (b) of the Mutual Security Act of 1952. See sec. 540 for fiscal year 1954 authorization.

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