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Remarks of Mr. Glyn, Mr. Laing, Mr. Disraeli, Sir C. Wood, Mr. Spooner

and other Members—Committee of Inquiry appointed—THE IN cow E TAX

—Great interest felt by the public respecting the cessation of the War In-

come Tax—The Chancellor of the Exchequer makes his Financial State-

ment on the 13th February—He announces the intention of reducing the

Income Tax for the next three years to 7d. in the pound–Observations of

Mr. Gladstone—On the 20th of February Mr. Disraeli moves a resolution

pledging the House to the total remission of the Income Tax in 1860–

His Speech—He comments with much severity on the calculations of the

Chancellor of the Exchequer, who vindicates his own statement of the

Finances—Mr. Gladstone supports the Motion, and strongly urges a re-

duction of the Estimates—Mr. Wilson replies to Mr. Gladstone—Lord

John Russell supports the financial views of the Government—Remarks

of Mr. Bentinck, Sir F. Baring, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Cardwell, Sir C. Wood

and other Members—The resolution is negatived on a division by 286 to

206—Mr. Gladstone opposes the propositions of the Chancellor of the

Exchequer on the Tea Duties, and advocates a further remission of the

duty—Speeches of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord John Russell,

Mr. Gibson and other Members—Mr. Gladstone's Amendment is rejected

by 187 to 125—The Bill is passed—Debates on the Income Tax—Sir

Fitzroy Kelly moves to reduce the tax to 5d. in the pound, but without

success—Mr. Gladstone moves a resolution in favour of a reduction of

the Expenditure—He enters into a detailed statement, showing the rapid

increase of the National Expenditure within the last few years—The

Chancellor of the Exchequer justifies the conduct of the Government—

Debate in the House of Lords on the Second Reading of the Income Tax

Bill—The Earl of Derby enters upon many topics of public interest with

reference to the impending Dissolution of Parliament–His animadver-

sions upon the financial operations of the Government—He is answered

by Lord Granville—Strictures of Mr. Disraeli to the same effect in the

House of Commons—Lord Palmerston's reply—Remarks of Mr. Gladstone

on the connection between our Foreign Policy and the increase of the

Estimates . - - - - - - - - - - [25

Graham, Sir George Grey, Sir John Pakington, Sir F. Thesiger, Mr. Sidney

Herbert, the Attorney-General, Mr. Roundell Palmer, Mr. Roebuck, Mr.

Gladstone, Lord Palmerston, Mr. Disraeli and several other Members—

The Motion is carried against the Government by 16 votes—Important

results of this division—The Ministers announce in both Houses the Disso-

lution of the Parliament—Discussion thereupon in the House of Commons

—Mr. Speaker Lefevre announces his intention to retire from the Chair—

Lord Palmerston expresses in warm terms the regret of the House at

losing his services—The next day Lord Palmerston moves the thanks of

the House to the Speaker in a laudatory speech—Mr. Disraeli and Lord

John Russell unite in expressing, in strong terms, the respect and grati-

tude of the House for his valuable services—The Motion carried mem.

con.—An Address voted to the Crown for some mark of Royal favour

to the retiring Speaker—An annuity of £4000 a year is voted mem. diss.

The title of Wiscount subsequently conferred by the Crown—The re-

mainder of the Session occupied with financial arrangements, which are

proposed for one year only, and with insidental discussions on Foreign

Affairs—The Marquis of Clanricarde moves for papers to show the cost of

the Expedition to Persia—Discussion on this subject—Lord Ellenborough

introduces a debate on our relations with China, and offers suggestions as

to the conduct of operations in that country—The Prorogation of Parlia-

ment takes place on March 21st—Mr. Thomas Duncombe puts a question

touching our relations with Naples—Lord Palmerston's answer—The

Houses are prorogued to the 30th April by Commission—The Royal

Speech—Parliament dissolved the same day by Proclamation—Prepara-

tions for the Elections - - - - ... [44

CHAPTER W.

ADMIssion of THE JEws to PARLIAMENT.-On the 15th May, Lord Pal-

merston moves for leave to bring in a Bill to alter the Oaths taken by

Members of the House of Commons—His Speech—Sir F. Thesiger

declares his opposition to the measure —- Remarks of Lord John Russell,

Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Henley and other Members—The Bill brought in

and read a second time without discussion—On committal, Sir F. Thesiger

moves as an Amendment to retain the words, “on the true faith of a Chris-

tian "-Some of the Roman Catholic Members oppose the Bill, as retain-

ing the distinction between the Oath taken by them and by Protestants—

Speech of Mr. Deasy—Answer of Lord Palmerston to this objection—Sir

J. Pakington declares his adhesion to the Bill–Speeches of Mr. White-

side and Lord John Russell—After debate, Sir F. Thesiger's amendment,

as well as one moved by Mr. Roebuck, are negatived by large Majorities—

On the passing of the Bill a question is raised as to the eligibility of Jews

to high offices of State—Mr. Seymour Fitzgerald proposes a clause, dis-

qualifying them for the office of Lord Chancellor, Lord Lieutenant

of Ireland, and other high offices—Lord Palmerston assents to this

clause, which is inserted in the Bill—Strong protests are made against

the measure by Mr. Wigram, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Bentinck and other

Members—The Third Reading is carried by 291 against 168—The Second

Reading is moved in the House of Lords on the 10th of July–Speeches

of Earl Granville, Lord Lyndhurst, the Duke of Norfolk, the Bishop of
London, the Earl of Albemarle and Lord Brougham in favour of the Bill,

GREAT MUTINY IN INDIA—Discussions in Parliament on that subject—The

Earl of Ellenborough on the 9th of June draws the attention of the

House of Lords to the state of affairs in the East Indies—His Speech,

and Earl Granville's answer—Mr. D. Kinnaird moves resolutions in the

House of Commons with respect to Grievances in the Administration of

India—Speeches of Mr. Vernon Smith, Sir E. Perry, Lord John Russell,

Mr. Mangles and other Members—The Previous Question is moved and

carried by 119 to 18–On the 20th of June the Earl of Ellenborough

again makes a Statement in the House of Lords, and offers various sug-

gestions as to the Measures required in the alarming position of affairs in

India—Lord Granville offers Explanations on behalf of the Government—

In the House of Commons Mr. Disraeli addresses a series of Questions to

the President of the Board of Control—Speech of Mr. Vernon Smith in

answer–On the arrival of further news from India, Lord Ellenborough

again presses the Government with inquiries and suggestions—Speeches

of Lord Granville and of Lord Melville–Lord Palmerston in the House of

Commons gives an account of the Measures determined on by Govern-

ment—Debate on the best mode of transport for troops to India–Prefer-

ence given by Sir Charles Wood to sailing-ships over steam-vessels—

Unfortunate result of that decision—On the 29th of July Mr. Disraeli

makes a formal Motion on the Administration of India, which he intro-

duces in a long and elaborate Speech—Speeches of Mr. Vernon Smith,

Sir E. Perry, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Mangles, and Lord John Russell, who

moves as an Amendment an Address to the Queen, expressing the resolution
of the House to support the Crown in quelling therebellion—Lord Palmerston

LEGAL AND SocIAL REFor Ms.--THE TESTAMENTARY JURISDICTION BILL–

Introduced and explained by the Lord Chancellor on the 18th of May in

the House of Lords—Passed in that House, after undergoing some altera-

tions—The Attorney-General moves the Second Reading in the House of

Commons on the 26th of June—His Speech—Mr. Henley seconds the

Motion—Speeches of Mr. Collier, Mr. Rolt, Mr. Cairns and other Members

—An important Amendment is carried in Committee against the Govern-

ment—The Attorney-General intimates that the Bill may be withdrawn

in consequence; but Lord Palmerston concedes the point, and the Bill is

passed—MARRIAGE AND Divorce BILL–It occasions a warm conflict in

Parliament, and leads to protracted debates—The Lord Chancellor moves

the Second Reading of the Bill, and states the grounds on which it is

introduced—Speeches of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Lyndhurst,

Lord Wensleydale, Lord Campbell, the Duke of Norfolk, Lord Redesdale,

the Bishops of Salisbury, Oxford and London, and other Peers—The

Second Reading is carried by 47 against 18–The Bill is fully discussed

in Committee, and undergoes several alterations—Debates on the question

of Re-marriage of Divorced persons, on the Action for Crim. Con, and

other matters—The Third Reading is warmly opposed by the Bishop of

Oxford, Earl Nelson, and Lord Redesdale–It is passed by 46 against 25–

In the Commons the opposition is still more vigorous, and the debates are

protracted to great length—Mr. Henley moves to defer the Second Read-

ing for six months—The House rejects the Motion by 217 to 139—The

Attorney-General moves the Second Reading in an able Speech, taking a

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