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Unless some local custom (as in certain London parishes) override the general law, the churchwardens will be chosen by the incumbent and the parishioners in the Easter vestry jointly; or if they do not agree -and the usage is to act as in case of disagreementthe incumbent will nominate one, and the vestry will nominate the other churchwarden. (Can. 89.)

Vestry meetings, and the proceedings therein, are not affected by the Act of 1868 (31 & 32 Vict. cap. 109), which only prevents church-rates from being enforced by legal process.

Although an organist be appointed and paid by the vestry, they have no control over him. (Wyndham v. Cole, 1 P. Div. 130.) The well-established rights of incumbent and parishioners as to electing churchwardens are not taken away without an explicit declaration to that purpose in any local Act affecting the Church. (Green v. Reg. 1 App. Ca. 513.)

Visitation.

An Archbishop, although not empowered to suspend or deprive a Bishop of his province, may exercise visitatorial powers. Several instances are on record of visitations held in London and elsewhere by Archbishops. The capitular body of St. Paul's have been so visited, though not without protest on their part. In 1840 the Dean and Chapter of York were visited by the Commissary of the Archbishop of York; and (incidently) his right to visit was upheld by the Court of Q. B. (Dean of York's Case, Phill. Eccl. Law, 1334.)

In the Exeter Case it was decided that the Bishop may, as visitor of the cathedral, judge as to the legality or otherwise of any new decorations or ornaments. Thence an appeal lies to the Court of Arches. (Phillpotts v. Boyd, Phill. Judgm. 343 ; L. Rep. 6 P. C. 435.)

Anciently, Bishops visited the clergy of their

dioceses every year, as they still do in Ireland. The visitation now takes place every three years, as suggested by Can. 60. It is the duty of all the clergy, including the holders of donatives, and the incumbents of new parish or district churches, and perpetual curates, to attend a visitation. The fees payable on a visitation, fixed by authority of 30 & 31 Vict. cap. 135, are as follows:-To the Bishop's Official or Chancellor, 2s.; to the registrar or acting registrar, 12s. 6d. ; and to the apparitor or summoner, 3s. 6d. As to the attendance of churchwardens, see Churchwarden's Guide.'

An Archdeacon's visitation may lawfully be held annually, but the practice varies in different districts.*

Wafers and Wafer-bread: vide COMMUNION, HOLY.

* As regards the small payment by custom made to the bishop or archdeacon on his visitation, vide PROCURATION.

APPENDIX.

34 & 35 VICT. CAP. 37.

An Act to amend the law relating to the Tables of Lessons and Psalter contained in the Prayer Book.

[13th July, 1871.]

WHEREAS Commissioners were appointed by Her Majesty

WHEREquire and consider (amongst other matters) the

Proper Lessons appointed to be read in Morning and Evening Prayer on the Sundays and Holy-days throughout the year, and the Table of First and Second Lessons contained in the Calendar in the Book of Common Prayer according to the use of the United Church of England and Ireland, with a view of suggesting and reporting whether any and what alterations. and amendments might be advantageously made in the selection of Lessons to be read at the time of divine service :

And whereas the said Commissioners have made a Report recommending that the revised Tables of Lessons proper to be read on Sundays and Holy-days, and the revised Table of daily First and Second Lessons set out in the Schedule to that Report and in the Schedule to this Act, should be adopted in lieu of the Table of Proper Lessons to be read at Morning and Evening Prayer on the Sundays and other Holy-days throughout the year, and the Table of daily First and Second Lessons in the Calendar prefixed to the said Book of Common Prayer :

And whereas it is expedient to authorize the use of the said revised Tables of Lessons, and to make such consequential alterations as may be necessary in the directions contained in the said Book of Common Prayer respecting "the order how "the rest of Holy Scripture is appointed to be read":

Be it enacted, &c., as follows :

1. This Act may be cited as "The Prayer Book (Tables of "Lessons) Act, 1871."

2. [Substitution of Tables of Lessons in Schedule for old tables: Old tables may be used until 1st Jan. 1879.] After the Ist day of January, 1872, the directions respecting "the order "how the rest of Holy Scripture is appointed to be read," the

Table of Proper Lessons, and the Table of daily First and Second Lessons contained in the Second Part of the Schedule to this Act shall be substituted for the following parts of the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England respectively; that is to say,

(1) The said directions for the directions respecting “the "order how the rest of Holy Scripture is appointed

"to be read," set out in the First Part of the said Schedule.

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(2) The said Table of Proper Lessons for the Table of Proper Lessons to be read at Morning and Evening Prayer on the Sundays and other Holy-days through"out the year;"

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(3) The said Table of daily First and Second Lessons for the corresponding portion of the Table of daily First and Second Lessons contained in the "Calendar with the

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and all Acts relating to the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England shall be construed to refer to such Book as altered by this Act, and after the 1st day of October, 1871, the directions and Tables of Lessons contained in the Second Part of the Schedule to this Act shall be printed and published in all editions of the said Book of Common Prayer and (so far as necessary) of the said Acts in lieu of the directions and Tables of Lessons for which they are by this Act substituted Provided that the Table of Lessons hitherto in legal use may at any time prior to the 1st of January, 1879, be followed in lieu of the table hereby substituted therefor ; and provided that the occasions whereon power to alter the appointed Psalms and Lessons is, by the Schedule to this Act, committed to the Ordinary, shall be all occasions whereon the Ordinary shall judge that such alteration will conduce to edification.

SCHEDULE.-FIRST PART.

Existing Directions prefixed to the Prayer Book to be omitted in future.

THE ORDER HOW THE REST OF HOLY SCRIPTURE IS APPOINTED TO BE READ.

The Old Testament is appointed for the First Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, so as the most part thereof will be read every year once, as in the Calendar is appointed.

The New Testament is appointed for the Second Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, and shall be read over orderly every year thrice, besides the Epistles and Gospels, except the

Apocalypse, out of which there are only certain Proper Lessons appointed upon divers feasts.

And to know what Lessons shall be read every day, look for the day of the month in the Calendar following, and there ye shall find the chapters that shall be read for the Lessons, both at Morning and Evening Prayer, except only the moveable feasts, which are not in the Calendar, and the immoveable, where there is a blank left in the column of Lessons, the Proper Lessons for all which days are to be found in the Table of Proper Lessons.

And note that whensoever Proper Psalms or Lessons are appointed, then the Psalms and Lessons of ordinary course appointed in the Psalter and Calendar (if they be different) shall be omitted for that time.

Note also that the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel appointed for the Sunday shall serve all the week after where it is not in this Book otherwise ordered.

SECOND PART.

Directions to be prefixed to the Prayer Book in lieu of the
Directions in the First Part of this Schedule.

THE ORDER HOW THE REST OF HOLY SCRIPTURE IS
APPOINTED TO BE READ.

The Old Testament is appointed for the First Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, so as the most part thereof will be read every year once, as in the Calendar is appointed.

The New Testament is appointed for the Second Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, and shall be read over orderly every year twice, once in the morning and once in the evening, besides the Epistles and Gospels, except the Apocalypse, out of which there are only certain Lessons appointed at the end of the year, and certain Proper Lessons appointed upon divers feasts.

And to know what Lessons shall be read every day, look for the day of the month in the Calendar following, and there ye shall find the chapters and portions of chapters that shall be read for the Lessons, both at Morning and Evening Prayer, except only the moveable feasts, which are not in the Calendar, and the immoveable, where there is a blank left in the column of Lessons, the Proper Lessons for all which days are to be found in the Table of Proper Lessons.

If Evening Prayer is said at two different times in the same place of worship on any Sunday (except a Sunday for which alternative Second Lessons are specially appointed in the

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