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of parliament, your honourable House, acting up to the laudable jealousy of your predecessors, and speaking the pure, constitutional language of a British House of Comimons resolve, as appears by your journals, “That no peer of this realm hath any right to give his vote in the election of any member to serve in parliament;” and also, “That it is a high infringement upon the liberties and privileges of the Commons of Great Britain, for any Lord of Parliament, or any Lord-lieutenant of any county, to concern themselves in the elections of members to serve for the Commons in Parliament.” Your Petitioners inform your honourable House, and are ready to prove it at your bar, that they have the most reasonable grounds to suspect that no less than one hundred and fifty of your honourable members owe their elections entirely to the interference of Peers; and your Petitioners are prepared to shew by legal evidence, that Jorty Peers, in defiance of your resolutions, have possessed themselves of so many burgage tenures, and obtained such an absolule and uncontroled command in very many small boroughs in the kingdom, as to be enabled by their own positive authority to return eighly-one of your honourable members. Your Petitioners will, however, urge this grievance of the interference of peers in elections no farther, because they are satisfied that it is unnecessary. Numbers of your honourable members must individually have known the fact, but collectively your honourable House has undoubtedly been a stranger to it. It is now brought before you by those who tender evidence of the truth of what they assert, and they conceive it would be improper in them to ask that by petition, which must be looked for as the certain result of your own honourable attachment to your own liberties and privileges. Your Petitioners have thus laid before your honourable House, what the mischiefs are which arise from the present state of the representation, and what they conceive to be the grounds of those mischiefs, and therefore pray to have removed. They now humbly beg leave to offer their reasons, why they are anxious that some remedy should be immediately applied. Your Petitioners trust they may be allowed to state, because they are ready to prove, that seats in your honourable House are sought for at a most extravagant and increasing rate of expense. What can have so much augmented the ambition to sit in your honourable House, your petitioners do not presume accurately
to have discovered; but the means taken by candidates to obtain, and by electors to bestow that honour, evidently appear to have been increasing in a progressive degree of fraud and corruption. Your petitioners are induced to make this, assertion by the legislature having found it necessary, during the last and present reigns so much to swell the statute book with laws for the prevention of those offences. As far as conjecture can lead your petitioners, they must suppose that the increasing national debt, and the consequent increase of influence, are the causes of the increased eagerness of individuals to become members of the House of Commons, and of their indifference as to the means used to gratify their speculations. To prove that they do not state this wantonly, or without substantial grounds, they humbly beg to call your attention to the sollowing table, all the vouchers for which are to be found in the journal of your honourable House, or in different Acts of Parliament. It is upon this evidence of the increase of taxes, establishments and influence, and the increase of laws found necessary to repel the increasing attacks upon the purity and freedom of elections, that your Petitioners conceive it high time to inquire into the premises. Your Petitioners are confident that in what they have stated, they are supported by the evidence of facts, and they trust that, in conveying those facts to your honourable House, they have not been betrayed into the language of reproach or disrespect. Anxious to preserve in its purity a constis tution they love and admire, they have thought it their duty to lay before you, not general speculations deduced from theoretical opinions, but positive truths susceptible of direct proof; and if in the performance of this task, they have been obliged to call your attention to assertions which you have not been accustomed to hear, and which they lament that they are compelled to make, they entreat the indulgence of your honourable House. Your Petitioners will only further trespass upon your time, while they recapitulate the objects of their prayer, which are, That your honourable House will be pleased to take such measures, as to your wisdom may seem meet, to remove the evils arising from the unequal manner in which the dif. serent parts of the kingdom are admitted to participate in the representation.— To correct the partial distribution of the elective franchise, which commits the choice of representatives to select bodies of men of such limited numbers, as renders them an easy prey to the artful, or a ready purchase to the wealthy. To regulate the right of voting upon an uniform and equitable principle. Aud, finally, to shorten the duration of Parliaments, and by removing the causes of that confusion, litigation and expense, with which they are at this day conducted, to render frequent and new elections, what our ancestors at the revolution asserted them to be, the means of a happy union and good agreement between the king and people. And your petitioners shall ever pray.” To the allegations in this Petition, which were never contradicted, I shall only add the facts relating to the charge brought against PERceval and his associates Castlereagh and H. Wellesley, in 1809; which facts were as follows: That, on the 11th of May, in the last mentioned year, Mr. Madocks rose in his place in the House of Commons, and made a charge in the following words.-‘‘ I affirm, that Mr. “ Dick purchased a seat in the House of “Commons for the borough of Cashel, “ through the agency of the Honourable “ HENRY Wellesley, who acted for, “ and on behalf of, the Treasury; that, “ upon a recent question of the last im** portance, when Mr. Dick had deter“mined to vote according to his conscience, “ the noble Lord, CastleREAch, did in“timate to that gentleman the necessity of “ either his voting with the Government, “ or resigning his seat in that House; and “ that Mr. Dick, sooner than vote against “ principle, did make choice of the latter ** alternative, and vacated his seat accord“ ingly. To this transaction I charge the “Right Honourable Gentleman, Mr. Per“ ceval, as being privy, and having con** nived at it. This I will ENGAGE TO ** PROVE BY WITNESSES AT YOUR “ BAR, if the House will give me leave to “ call them.”—That, at the end of a debate, which ensued upon this, the question was taken upon a motion FOR AN INQUIRY into the matter; there appears, from the report, to have been 395 members present; and, out of the 395, 85 voted for the motion, which, of course, was lost, there being three hundred and ten out of three hundred and ninety five, who voted. AGAINST THE INQUIRY. Now let the world judge:
SUMMARY OF POLITICS. -Nonthern War.-If I had room, I
should again press upon those who have power to treat, to lose no time in offering Napoleon terms of peace, though I begin to fear, that the golden opportunity is gone, never to return. The terms, which offended us, only a few months ago, appeared to me, for the reasons I then gavey to be perfectly fair and equitable ; and, indeed, such as I could not possibly trace to any source, other than that of his doubts as to success against Russia; and, therefore, I must lament, that they were not accepted of; for, if success attend him in the North, it would be an insult to common sense to affect to believe, that we shall ever hear of such terms again. As to the war in the Southern Peninsula, that will follow the fortunes of the war in the North; because, when once the French armies are let loose from their present enterprise, they will pour in upon Spain like a deluge; and, if they be defeated in the North, the contest in Spain will soon be decided against France. My opinion is, however, that Napoleon will succeed; that he will bring the Czar to his terms; and that he will next bend his course towards Portugal, and afford the King's German Legion another opportunity to “distinguish them“selves.” They may beat him; it is possible; but, IF THEY SHOULD NOT! If they should not beat him 2 Why, then it will be time for us to begin to look about us; unless, like the Russians, we are made to believe, that the advance of the enemy and the retreat of our own troops are proofs of his being defeated. Accompanying their last Bulletins, the French have given the world a specimen of the way, in which the Russian People are gulled. But, really, they are not more completely gulled than are the people of England, who believe just what the Russians believe, and who will never be undeceived, till they actually see the treaty, which Napoleon will make with the Czar.
CANADA.—The Governor of U
Canada has, it appears, assembled the Legislature, in consequence of the American invasion. He, in his speech to them, talks in a pretty high strain of the loyalty and devotion of the people; but, he calls u
the Legislature for A SUSPENSION OF THE LAWS OF PERSONAL SAFETY. He says, that he wants an act “to restrain for a limited period the liberty of individuals;” and in this, he says, he is warranted by “the history and experience of the molher country.” This would be all in regular course, only the Governor talks, in the very same breath, of the loyalty and zeal of the people But, amidst all this, it does creep out, that “A FEW TRAI. TORS have already joined the enemy.” What! Traitors in Canada! Traitors' A few, a few, only a few Well, then, why suspend the Habeas Corpus Act 2 But, no more. A little time will, I am certain, unriddle the mystery.
WM. COBBETT. Bolley, 30th September, 1812.
NoRTHERN WAR.—Fourteenth Bullelin of the French Grand Army. (Continued from page 414./
vitsch, and the General of Artillery Aubry, who directed the artillery of the 2d corps with great distinction. General Merle, with only a part of his division, repulsed with great skill an attack which the enemy made on our left, to protect their retreat to the wood. The Croats distinguished themselves in this charge, supported by a part of General Castex's cavalry. In general I demand the consideration of his Majesty; the troops have merited encouragement and rewards. His Majesty will give me great pleasure by dispensing his favour on M. de Maille, my Aid-de-Camp, the bearer of this letter, whose zeal I have every reason for praising. I have also nothing but eulogiums to bestow upon the Chiefs of the 2d and 6th corps. I have the honour to be, your Highness's most obedient and very humble servant, -
Count GAU vion SAINT CYR.
Report of the Prince of Eckmuhl to the Prince Major-General Doubrowna, the 7th Aug.
Monseigneur, I have the honour to lay before your Highness the report of the affair which took place on the 23d July, in front of Mohilow, between a part of the troops belonging to the 1st corps, and the Russian corps under Prince Bagration.—I entered Mohilow on the 20th, and on the 21st the 3d regiment of chasseurs were attacked by the van-guard of Prince Bagration, who wished to occupy this important town. The regiment lost 100 men, and were driven out. On the 22d I placed in position the 83d regiment of infantry of
the line, commanded by Gen. Frederick. General Bagration was arrived at Novoi Brickow; he intended giving battle, in order to enter Mohilow; he had four divisions of infantry, 5,000 Cossacks, and 8,000 cavalry, being in the whole 35,000 men. I had at Mohilow only the 57th, 61st, and 111th regiments of the division of Campans (the 23d, together with the brigade of Pajol and the 1st of chasseurs, I had left on the Berezira to cover Minsk), the 85th and the 108th of the division Dessaix, General Valence's division of cuirassiers, and the third of horse chasseurs. The position of Salta Naecka, of which I herewith transmit your Highness a sketch, appeared to me a proper place for duly receiving the enemy. In the night of the 22d, I caused the bridge which lies on the grand route to be barricadoed, and destroyed the inn which is situated next to it. The mill-bridge on the right was cut by a company of sappers, and the houses in the neighbourhood pulled down. The 85th was charged with the defence of these posts, and in case of being attacked, to keep them, in order to give time for the other troops stationed between this place and Mohilow to arrive. These dispositions being taken, I myself retired to Mohilow, to press the arrival of the division Claperede, and of the troops detached by General Pajol. On the 23d, at 7 o'clock in the morning, I received a report of the advanced posts being attacked. At eight o'clock I sound the 83d regiment very spiritedly attacked ; General Frederick, who commanded it, had taken good dispositions, and during the whole of the day has shewn much coolness and great intrepidity. The light artillery of his division, and that of the 85th, had been disposed on the preceding evening.—Their fire was very mischievous, and in about an hour after the combat had began they had already killed above 500 Russians. Twelve or fifteen pieces of Russian artillery came out of the wood, and were ranged in order of battle on the mill plain, where the bridge had been destroyed. The Russian regiments of infantry formed themselves. A battalion of the 108th was sent to sustain the companies of the 85th, which were on the bridge. Some pieces of artillery were opposed to those of the Russians. The combat became exceedingly lively on this side, and the enemy's force increased with every moment. The battalion of the 108th, which had repulsed the Russians, was obliged to yield to numbers. General GuHorodetzka. After having passed the defile at Kosebrod, it took the road of Bizese by Zabra, where it took a position. At the commencement of night the advanced guard advanced to Podubno, and occupied the small dike which crosses the marshes to the firm ground at Podubno, and which is not passable for artillery; it drove off the enemy's posts of cavalry which observed the passage, and established posts in advance of the marsh, which extend from beyond Horodetzka to the entry of the wood of Podubno.
report of the 12th of August.
The reconnoitrings sent early into the wood of Podubuc, on the roads of Brzesc and Twele occupied the debouche of the wood upon the two roads, and made some Russian. Uhlans prisoners at Kiwatice. Some patrols of infantry, passing the marshes by Zabia, took several of the enemy's horsemen, who were seeking their horses, which had run off during the night into the marshes. At eight in the morning, a strong column of the enemy's infantry, which it was afterwards known was the 9th and 15th divisions, with a brigade of cavalry, appeared on the heights between Zambosc and the farm of Podubuc, attacked the posts that had passed the dike which crosses the marshes, and forced them to fall back to the entrance of the dike: this column formed upon the heights, placed there in battery 30 pieces of cannon, and sent infantry into the marshes to possess themselves of the dike which the advanced guard defended. The corps d'armée began its march to support the advanced guard, placed itself before Podubuc, and forced the enemy to give up the attack of the dike. The advanced guard, composed of a battalion of light infantry, a battalion of light artillery, hussars, the light horse of Polentz, and Saxon lancers, supported by the Austrian regiments of light horse of Hohenzollern and Orcily, sent by the Prince of Schwartzenberg, put itself in march to turn the marsh, traversed the wood, which the enemy had only caused to be observed by the regiment of dragoons of Czernikowski and Uhlan Tartars, and placed itself at the debouche of this wood on the road to Twele. The first division of the 7th corps followed the movements of its advanced guard about ten o'clock, and the second division followed it to the entrance of the wood as: soon as the Austrian division of General Siegenthal arrived to replace it at
Podubuc. When the advanced guard, after having debouched from the wood, appeared on the flank and rear of the enemy, they caused a part of the 9th and 15th divisions to change its front, and directed on the advanced guard the fire of a numerous artillery, which dismounted several pieces of the two batteries of Saxon and Austrian light artillery. The arrival of the first division with other artillery, supported the advanced guard; it extended itself behind the left of the enemy. The brigade of Austrian infantry of General Sillenberg, sent by the Prince Schwartzenberg to General Regnier, placed itself between the left of the first division and the extremity of the wood: that General was soon afterwards wounded, and Lieutenant-General Bianchi took the command of this brigade. The second Saxon division, composed only of the brigade of General Saar, also passed the wood, and placed itself before the left of the Austrian brigade: it was soon attacked by the enemy, who endeavoured to take the wood. This brigade repulsed several attacks, and was seconded by the Austrian troops which occupied Podubuc, and sent tirailleurs into the marshes. It endeavoured, after having repulsed the attacks of the enemy upon the wood, to possess itself of the heights which command the dike of Podubuc. This brigade was supported by two batteries of six pieces of cannon each, and the fire of the artillery of the first division, as also by that of the Austrian batteries placed near Podubuc.; but this was the point which the enemy most obstinately defended, because they feared that if they abandoned it, the Austrian troops which were at Podubuc, might pass the marshes and augment the forces which were on their flank and rear. They continually directed fresh troops against the brigade of General Saar. A regiment of dragoons charged the second regiment of Saxon light infantry, which immediately formed with the greatest order in square, and repulsed the charge. During this time, the cavalry of the advanced guard extended towards the right, nearly to the great road to Kobryn, and connected itself with the first division, which was in the same direction; but which could not advance so far. The enemy's cavalry extended from the elevated plain of Podubuc to Zawanies, on the road to Kobryn, and was supported by a numerous artillery and by a part of the enemy's 13th division, which remained in the morning before Horodetzka, and had come to take position at some distance from the left of the 15th division. All this line was furnished with a very numerous artillery. The enemy's cavalry attempted a charge against the right of the cavalry, but was repulsed by the regiment of Austrian dragoons of Hohenzollern, and the Saxon light horse of Polentz, which made a very fine charge, and took several prisoners. A moment after this charge General Frelich arrived to reinforce the cavalry of the right with two Austrian regiments of hussars. Towards evening, General Regnier caused a new effort to be made by the brigade of General Saar, to possess himself of the elevated plain of Podubuc. He caused this to be supported by an Austrian battalion of the division of General Bianchi and the tirailleurs of the first division, while the tirailleurs of the troops, which the Prince of Schwartzenberg had at Podubuc, traversed the marshes. The elevated plain was taken possession of, but night terminated the combat, and prevented the enemy, who had then begun their retreat, from being pursued. At the same time the cavalry had orders to send out several-parties and patrols towards Twele, on the road to Kobryn, and a commissary was taken, who confirmed the retreat of the enemy.
Repont of the 13th of Aucust.
At five in the morning, the troops began their march to attack the enemy, who were retreating on the road of Kobryn, but who had still a rear-guard on the heights between Horodetzka and Zamrlym. The right of the cavalry, which was reinforced by the Austrian regiment of dragoons of Levenchr, took its direction upon Twele, and placed itself to the left of this village, in order to cut off the retreat of the enemy, who were in haste to effect it, and were briskly cannonaded on the road till the cavalry had entered Twele, where the enemy had a rear-guard of infantry, which retired as soon as it saw this movement. The Prince of Schwartzenberg then caused the cavalry of the enemy, which was between Twele and Sulkow, to be charged, and they were pursued, retiring in the greatest disorder upon Kobryn, where, however, they did not dare to stop. ; A regiment of infantry, which was at Kobryn, behind the Muchawice, and had begun to burn the bridge, fled on the arrival of the hussars and Saxon light artillery. Two batteries, served by Saxon gunners on foot, which had been advanced in the morning, along with the cavalry, arrived at Kobryn as
soon as the light artillery. A great number of the enemy were killed and taken in this pursuit. Exact accounts, by which to estimate their loss in the actions of the 12th and 13th, have not yet been obtained, because the field of battle was very extensive, and the prisoners are not collected, but it cannot be estimated at less than 3,000 in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The inhabitants of Kobryn say, that a great number of wounded have passed through that place, and many still remain on the field of battle. Statements of the loss of the 7th corps have not yet been made out, but it may be estimated at 1,000 killed or wounded. The Saxon troops displayed the greatest bravery; the brigade of General Saar fought and attacked with infinite vigour, and the division of General Lacoq supported with calmness a very great fire of artillery. The tirailleurs march with ardour upon the enemy. The artillery was perfectly well directed, and well sustained the fire of the enemy, who had a superior artillery, of which many pieces were dismounted. The General Commander in Chief of the 7th corps of the Grand Army,
Kobryn, Aug. 13. REGNIER.
BAttle of SALAMAncA. Report ef Marshal the Duke of Ragusa to the Minister at War. Tudela, July 31.
Monsieur—The interruption of the communications with France since the opening of the campaign having prevented me from giving you the successive accounts of the events which have passed, I shall commence this Report from the moment at which the English began operations; and I am going to have the honour to place before you in detail all the movements, which have been executed, to the unhappy event that has just taken place, and which we were far from expecting. In the month of May, I was informed the English army would open the campaign with very powerful means. I informed the King of it, in order that he might adopt such dispositions as he thought proper, and I likewise acquainted General Caffarelli with it, that he might take measures for sending me succours when the moment should have arrived. The extreme difficulty in procuring subsistence, and the impossibility of provisioning the troops when assembled, prevented me from having more than 8 or 9 battalions in Salamanca, but all were in readiness to join me in a few days.-On