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copy:Montreal, Aug. 16.

My Lord,—I feel the greatest satisfaction in transmitting to your Lordship a letter which I have this day received by express from Major-General Brock, announcing to me the surrender of Fort Detroit, on the 16th inst. by Brigadier-General Hull, with the army under his command, exceeding two thousand five hundred men, together with twenty-five pieces of ordnance. In my dispatches of the 17th and 24th inst. I had the honour of detailing to your Lordship the operations which had taken place in Upper Canada, in consequence of the invasion of that province by the army of the United States. Brigadier-General Hull having crossed the Detroit river on the 12th of last month, with 2,500 men, consisting of regular cavalry and infantry, and militia, bringing with him several field-pieces; and having driven in the militia towards Amherstburg, first advanced to Sandwich, and afterwards approached Amherstburg, with a part of his army to the river Canard, about five miles from the fort, where he was foiled in three attempts to cross that river, and suffered a considerable loss. The garrison of Amherstburg consisted at that time of a subaltern's detachment of the Royal Artillery, commanded by Lieutenant Troughton; of a detachment of 300 men of the 41st regiment, under the command of Captain Muir; and of about as many of

the Militia; the whole under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Saint George, Inspecting Field Officer of Militia in the district. General Brock, relying upon the strong assurances I had given him, of a reinforcement as prompt and as effectual as the circumstances under which I was placed by this new war would permit me to send, adopted the most vigorous measures for the safety of that part of the frontier which had been attacked. In these measures he was most opportunely aided by the fortunate surrender of Fort Michilimachinack, which giving spirit and confidence to the Indian

| tribes in its neighbourhood, part of whom

assisted in its capture, determined them to advance upon the rear and flanks of the American army, as soon as they heard that it had entered the province. The certainty of the expected reinforcements, and the weakness of the enemy on the Niagara frontier, had in the mean time induced General Brock to detach from the garrison of Fort George 50 men of the 41st regiment, under Captain Chambers, into the interior of the country, for the purpose of collecting such of the Indians and Militia as might be ready to join him, and afterwards advancing upon the left flank of the enemy. Sixty men of the same regiment were also detached from that garrison to Amherstburg, and 40 to Long Point, to collect the Militia in that quarter. Having made these dispositions, and having previously sent forward Colonel Proctor, of the 41st regiment, to Amherstburg, where he arrived and assumed the command on the 26th of last month, General Brock proceeded himself from York on the 5th instant, for Fort St. George and Long Point on Lake Erie, which last place he left on the 8th following for Amherstburg, with forty rank and file of the 41st regiment, and 260 of the Militia forces. Whilst General Brock was thus hastening his preparations for the relief of Amherstburg, the prospects of the American army under General Hull were becoming every day more unfavourable, and their situation more critical. The intelligence of the fall of Michilimachinack had reached them, which they knew must expose them to an attack of the Indians on one quarter, at the same time that they were threatened on another by the force approaching under Captain Chambers. An Indian tribe of the Wyandots, whom they had in vain attempted to bribe, aided by a detachment of the 41st regiment from Amherstburg, had succeeded in cutting off their supplies on the opposite side of the river, and in intercepting their dispatches, which described in very strong terms their apprehensions and despondency. The losses they had sustained in their different actions upon the Canard river, as well as those for protecting their supplies, together with the mode of warfare pursued by the Indians, had greatly discouraged and dispirited them, and had convinced General Hull how hopeless any attempt would be to storm Fort Amherstburg, without great reinforcements and a battering train. It was under these circumstances, at this critical period, and when the enemy were beginning to consult their security by intrenching themselves, that General Brock entered

Amherstburg with a reinforcement, which .

he was fortunately enabled to do on the 12th instant, without the smallest molestation, in consequence of our decided naval superiority on the lakes. To his active and intelligent mind, the advantages which the enemy's situation afforded him over them, even with his very inferior force, became immediately apparent; and that he has not failed most effectually to avail himself of those favourable circumstances, your Lordship will, I trust, be satisfied, from the letter which I have the honour of transmitting. Having thus brought to your Lordship's view the different circumstances which have led to the successful termination of the campaign on the western frontier of Upper Canada, I cannot withhold from Major-General Brock the tribute of applause so justly due to him for his distinguished conduct on this occasion, or omit to recommend him, through your Lordship, to the favourable consideration of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, for the great ability and judgment with which he has planned, and the promptitude, energy, and fortitude with which he has effected the preservation of Upper Canada, with the sacrifice of so little British blood in accomplishing so important a service. My Aid-de-camp, Captain Gore, will have the honour of delivering to your Lordship this dispatch; and, as he is well qualified to give your Lordship information respecting the military resources of this command, I shall beg leave to refer your Lordship to him for farther particulars. I have the honour, &c.

GeoRGE PREvost.

Head-quarters, Detroit, Aug. 16, 1812.

Sir, I hasten to apprize your Excellency of the capture of this very important post. Two thousand five hundred troops have this

day surrendered prisoners of war, and about twenty-five pieces of ordnance have been taken without the sacrifice of a drop of British blood. I had not more than seven hundred troops, including militia, and about six hundred Indians, to accomplish this service. When I detail my good fortune, {. Excellency will be astonished. I have een admirably supported by Colonel Proctor, the whole of my Staff, and I may justly say every individual under my command. - Believe me, &c. Isaac Brock, Major-General.

To his Excellency Lieut.-General Sir George Prevost, Bart.

Head-quarters, Montreal, Sept. 1. 1812.

My Lord, Since I had the honour of transmitting to your Lordship my letter of the 26th ult: in charge of my Aid-de-, Camp, Captain Gore, I have received from . Major-General Brock a dispatch, of which the enclosed is a copy, containing the particulars of Brigadier-General Hull's invasion of Upper Canada, which has terminated, most gloriously to His Majesty's arms, in that officer's defeat and surrender, as a prisoner of war, with the whole of the northwestern army, together with the fort Detroit, and 33 pieces of ordnance. I forward this dispatch express, in the expectation of its reaching Captain Gore previously to his leaving Canada, which, with the colours of the 4th United States' regiment accompanying it, I trust that officer will have the honour of delivering to your Lordship.–I have the honour to be, &c.

GeoRGE PREvost.

To the Right Hon. Earl Bathurst.

Head-quarters, Delroit, August 17.

Sir, I have had the honour of informing your Excellency, that the enemy effected his passage across the Detroit river on the 12th ult. without opposition, and that after establishing himself at Sandwieh, he had ravaged the country as far as Moravia town. Some skirmishes occurred between the troops under Lieut.-Col. St. George and the enemy upon the river Canard, which uniformly terminated in his being repulsed with loss. I judged it proper to detach a force down the river Thames, capable of acting in conjunction with the garrison of Amherstburg offensively; but Captain Chambers, whom I had appointed to direct this detachment, experienced difficulties that frustrated my intentions. The

(To be continued./

As illustrated in the Prosecution and Punishment of


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In order that my countrymen and that the world may not be deceived, duped, and cheated upon this subject, I, WILLIAM COBBETT, of Botley, in Hampshire, put upon record the following facts; to wit: That, ou the 24th June, 1809, the following article was published in a London news-paper, called the Counier:—“The Mutiny amongst the LO“CAL MILITIA, which broke out at Ely, was “fortunately suppressed on Wednesday by the “arrival of four squadrons of the GERMAN “ LEGION CAVALRY from Bury, under the “command of General Auckland. Five of the “ringleaders were tried by a Court-Martial, and “sentenced to receire 500 lashcs each, part of which “punishment they received on Wednesday, and “a part was remitted. A stoppage for their knup“sacks was the ground of the complaint that ex“cited this mutinous spirit, which occasioned “ the men to surround their officers, and demand “what they deemed their arrears. The first “ division of the German Legion halted yesterday “at Newmarket on their return to Bury.”— That, on the 1st July, 1809, I published, in the Political Register, an article censuring, in the strongest terms, these proceedings; that, for so doing, the Attorney General prosecuted, as seditious libellers, and by Ex-Officio Information, me, and also my printer, my publisher, and one of the principal retailers of the Political Register; that I was brought to trial on the 15th June, 1810, and was, i. a Special Jury, that is to say, by 12 men out of 48 appointed by the Master of the Crown Office, found guilty; that, on the 20th of the same month, I was compelled to give bail for my appearance to receive judgment; and that, as I came up from Botley (to which place I had returned to my family and my farm on the evening of the 15th), a Tipstaff went down from London in order to seize me, personally; that, on the 9th of July, 1810, I, together with "...' publisher, and the newsman, were brought into the Court of King's Bench to receive †." that the three former were sentenced to be imprisoned for some months in the King's Bench prison; that I was sentenced to be imprisoned for two years in Newgate, the F. receptacle for malefactors, and the front of which is the scene of numerous hangings in the course of every year; that the part of the prison in which I was sentenced to be confined is sometimes inhabited by felons, that felons were actually in it at the time I entered it; that one man was taken out of it to be transported in about 48 hours after I was put into the same yard with him; and that it is the place of confinement for men guilty of unnatural crimes, of whom there are four in it at this time; that, besides this imprisonment, I was sentenced to pay a thousand pounds TO THE KING, and to give security for my good behaviour for seven years, myself in the sum of 3,000 pounds, and

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two sureties in the sum of 1,000 pounds each; that the whole of this sentence has been executed upon me, that I have been imprisoned the two years, have paid the thousand pounds TO THE

XING, and have given the bail, Timothy Brown and Peter Walker, Esqrs. being my sureties; that the Attorney General was Sir Vicary Gibbs, the Judge who sat at the trial Lord Ellenborough, the four Judges who sat at passing sentence Ellen

borough, Grose, Le Blanc, and Bailey; and that the jurors were, Thomas Rhodes of Hampstead

Road, John Davis of Southampton Place, James

Ellis of Tottenham Court Road, John Richards

of Bayswater, Thomas Marsham of Baker Street,

Robert Heathcote of High Street Marylebone, John Maud of York Place Marylebone, George Bagster of Church Terrace Pancras, Thomas Taylor of Red Lion Square, David Deane of St. John Street, William Palmer of Upper Street Islington, Henry Favre of Pall Mall; that the Prime Ministers during the time were Spencer Perceval, until he was shot by John Bellingham, and after that Robert B. Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool; that the prosecution and sentence took place in the reign of King George the Third, and that, he having become insane during my imprisonment, the 1,000 pounds was paid to his son, the Prince Regent, in his behalf; that, during my imprisonment, I wrote and published 364 Essays and Letters upon political subjects; that, during the same time, I was visited by persons from 197 cities and towns, many of them as a sort of deputies from Societies or Clubs; that, at the expiration of my imprisonment, on the 9th of July, 1812, a great dinner was given in London for the pur. pose of receiving me, at which dinner upwards of 600 persons were present, and at which Sir Francis Burdett presided; that dinners and other parties were held on the same occasion in many other places in England; that, on my way home, I was received at Altou, the first town in Hampshire, with the ringing of the Church bells; that a respectable company met me and gave me a dinner at Winchester; that I was drawn from more than the distance of a mile into Botley by the people; that, upon my arrival in the village, I found all the people assembled to receive me; that I of the day by explaining to them the cause of my imprisonment, and by giving them clear notions respecting the flogging of the Local Militia-men at Ely, and respecting the emiployment of German Troops; and, finally, which

is more than a compensation for my losses and all

my sufferings, I am in perfect health and strength,

and, though I must, for the sake of six children,

feel the diminution that has been made in my

property (thinking it right in me to decline the

offer of a subscription), I have the consolation to

see growing up three sons, upon whose hearts, 1

trust, all these facts will be engraven.

- WM. COBBETT. Botley, July 23, 1812.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges street, covent Garden.


LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

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Vol. XXII. No. 16.1 LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1812. [Price is.

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481] [482

To the Freeholders of the County of sources in flour, soap, drugs, &c. and Southampton. large magazines of brandy were found.

Gentlemen, The Russians burnt the magazines, and the

Our triumph yesterday was as complete as even I could have wished; for, though the Sheriff did, at last, decide the disputed point as to the show of hands against me, there was, I believe, not a single individual present, who was not convinced that a majority of the numerous assemblage were in my favour; or, rather, in favour of the honour and freedom of the country. In the course of my address to you, and which you received in a manner which convinced me that success must finally attend our exertions, I made many assertions, which assertions, I will, in my next Number, prove to be strictly true. I am now absent from my books and papers; but, in my next, I will not only go fully into all the matters here alluded to ; but will also lay before you a plan for effecting an emancipation from the trammels which now disgrace the Freeholders of this county. In the mean while, Gentlemen, I am

Your faithful friend,

WILLIAM COBBETT. Winchester, October 14, 1812.


Northern WAR.—Sixteenth Bulletin of the Grand French Army. (Continued from page 475./ result of this small affair. The positions of the enemy were carried, and he was obliged to quicken his retreat. On the 28th, the enemy was pursued. The advanced guards of three French columns came up with the rear guard of the enemy; they exchanged several cannon shot. The enemy was driven every where. General Count Caulincourt entered Viasma on the 29th, at day-break. The enemy had burned the bridges, and set fire to several quarters of the city. Viasma is a town of 15,000 inhabitants: there are 4,000 burghers, merchants, and artisans; there are 32 churches. Considerable re

finest houses in the town were on fire at our arrival. Two battalions of the 25th were employed with much activity in extinguishing them. We got it under and saved three quarters of the town. The Cossacks before they left it committed the dreadfullest pillage, which has made the inhabitants say, that the Russians think Viasma will be no longer under their dominion, since they treat it in so barbarous a manner. All the population of the towns retires upon Moscow. It is said there are now one million and a half of souls in that great city. They fear the result of these crowds. The inhabitants say that General Kutusow has been appointed Commander in Chief of the Russian army, and that he took the command on the 28th. The Grand Duke Constantine, who had returned to the army, having fallen ill, has quitted it. A little rain has fallen, which has laid the dust that incommoded the army. The weather to-day is very fine—it will last, as they believe, to the 19th Oct., which gives us still 40 days' campaign.

Seventeenth Bulletin of the Grand Army. Ghjal, Sept. 3.

The headquakers were, on the 31st of August, at Velitchero; on the 1st and 2d of September at Ghiat. The King of Naples, with the advanced guard, had his head-quarters on the 1st, ten wersts in advance of Ghjat; the Viceroy had his the same distance in advance on the left; and Prince Poniatowski had pushed forward two leagues on the right. Some discharges of artillery and attacks with the sabre were exchanged in each direction, and a few hundreds of prisoners were taken. The Ghjat river empties itself into the Wolga. —Thus we are in possession of the course of those waters that flow into the Caspian Sea. The Ghjat is navigable to the Wolga. The City of Ghjat contains a population of eight or ten thousand souls. Many of the houses are built of stone and

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brick. There are many parish churches,
and several manufactories of linen cloth.
It is perfectly clear that agriculture has
made great progress in this country within
the last forty years. It no longer bears
any resemblance to the descriptions which
are given of it. Potatoes, pulse, and
cabbages grow there in abundance: the
granaries are full. The present is the
harvest season, and we enjoy now the same
weather here as we have in France at the
commencement of October. The de-
serters, the prisoners, the inhabitants, all
agree that the greatest confusion prevails
at Moscow, and in the Russian army,
which is distracted with a diversity of
opinions, and has suffered enormous losses
in the different actions. Some of the Ge-
nerals have been changed. It appears
that the opinion of the army is not fa-
vourable to the plans of Barclay de Tolli:
he is accused of having made his divisions
fight in detail. The Prince of Schwart-
zenburg is in Volhynia: the Russians fly
before him. Some sharp affairs have
taken place before Rioga; the Prussians
have always had the advantage. We
have found in this place two Bulletins,
which give an account of the actions before
Smolensk, and of the battle of the Drissa.
They have appeared sufficiently curious to |
be annexed to this Bulletin. When we
shall receive the sequel of these Bulletins,
they shall be sent to the Moniteur. It ap-
pears by their contents that the Editor has
profited by those instructions he received
from Moscow, “that the truth is not to
be told to the Russian people, but that
they are to be deceived with lies.” Smo-
lensk was set on fire by the Russians. They
set fire to the suburbs on the day after the
battle, when they saw our bridge establish-
ed over the Boristhenes. They also set
fire to Dorohoboni, to Viasma, and to
Ghjat; but the French came up in time to
extinguish it. This may be easily con-
ceived. The French have no interest in
burning those towns that belong to them,
and in depriving themselves of the re-
sources which they afford. The cellars
have been every where filled with brandy,
Heather, and every species of article that
is useful to an army. If the country be
wasted, if the inhabitants suffer more than
a state of war warrants, the fault is in the
Russians. The army rested on the 2d
and 3d in the vicinity of Ghjat.—It is
positively asserted, that the enemy is em-
ployed in forming an intrenched camp in
front of Mojaisk, and has established lines

before Moscow. At the battle of Kras-
noi, Colonel Marbeuf, of the sixth light
cavalry, was wounded with a, bayonet at
the head of his regiment, in the midst of
a square of Russian infantry, which he had-
penetrated with the greatest intrepidity.
We have thrown six bridges over the
Ghjat.—(Moniteur, Sept. 18./

The following are the Russian articles alluded to in the Seventeenth Bulletin.

Military Intelligence. On the 4th (16th) of August, the Emperor Napoleon, at the head of his whole army, 100,000 strong, made his appearance before Smolensk. He was received about six wersts from the city, by the corps of Lieut.-Gen. Rayewsky. The battle commenced at six o'clock in the morning, and at noon became most bloody. The courage of the Russians overcame numbers, and the enemy was overthrown. The corps of Gen. Doctorow,

which had arrived to replace that of Ray

ewsky, attacked the enemy on the 5th (17th) at day-light, and the engagement lasted till night-fall. The enemy was repulsed at every point, and the Russian soldiers, full of that courage and intrepidity which animates them in the defence of their country, fought with desperacy, invoking the assistance of the Almighty. But during this time the city of Smolensk was a prey to the flames, and our troops took a position between the Dnieper, the village of Peneva, and Doroghoboni. The capture of Smolensk, which was reduced to ashes by the enemy, cost them more than 20,000 men. The inhabitants had all left it previous to the battle. The loss in killed and wounded on our side amounts to 4,000 men. The brave Generals Skalen and Bulla are amongst the former. We have made a great number of prisoners, and whole battalions of the enemy's army were obliged to lay down their arms in order to escape death. Three regiments of Cossacks and three of cavalry overthrew sixty squadrons of the enemy's horse, commanded by the King of Naples.

Report of Lieutenant-General Count Wiltgenstein to his Majesty the Emperor, dated Oswec, July 31 (Aug. 12/, 1812.

I have received information from my advanced posts, that the enemy was making every effort from Polotsk to carry them, and by prisoners and deserters, that the French Grand Army was constantly receiving reinforcements of Bavarian and Wirtem

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