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that the battle was fought 20 wersts from Moscow, on the (27th ult.) 8th Sept. It is said that Murat is among the prisoners. Various other letters from St. Petersburgh have been received; they all agree that the result of the battle was in favour of the Russians. It is stated in some of them that the French lost 100 pieces of cannon. One of them concludes with observing, that the rejoicings at St. Petersburgh on account of the victory was excessive: he says he could not write for the roaring of cannon.
Prince Koutouzoff, General of Infantry, Commander in Chief of all the armies, reports to his Imperial Majesty as follows, from the village of Brodino, under date of , the 6th September: —After my last most humble report to your Imperial Majesty, in which aunounced that I was waiting the attack of the enemy in the position of Brodino, the 5th September, the enemy directed a very strong force against our left flank, which was commanded by Prince Bagration. Observing the impetuosity with which the main force of the enemy threw themselves upon this point, I judged it necessary, in order to fix his attack, to direct it against the heights, which had been previously fortified. The engagement lasted, with great obstimacy, from two o'clock until very late at night; and your Majesty's troops displayed on that day the bravery which I had observed from my first joining the army. The second division of cuirassiers being obliged to make its second attack in the dusk, particularly distinguished itself, and in general all the troops, so far from losing an inch of ground, defeated the enemy on every side, with much greater loss than they sustained themselves: eight guns were taken, of which three, being rendered totally useless, were left on the field. Many officers deserve to be individually named to your Majesty, a list of whom I shall forthwith have the happiness of transmitting; for the present I confine myself to giving your Majesty a precis.
(Translation.)—Bulletin B. General Prince Koutouzoff, Commander in Chief of the armies, makes most respectfully to his Imperial Majesty the following report from the field of battle at the village of Brodino, the 8th of September.— Since my report of the attack which the
enemy had made on the 5th instant, with a considerable force upon the left flank of our army, nothing of importance was undertaken against us during the whole of the 6th. But yesterday, at day-break, that is to say, about four o'clock in the morning, the enemy, availing himself of the foggy weather, again directed the whole of his forces against our left flank. The battle became general, and lasted until night: the loss on both sides is great; that of the enemy, to judge from his terrible attacks upon our fortified position, must greatly have surpassed ours. Your Imperial Majesty's troops sought with incredible valour. The batteries passed from the possession of one party to that of the other, and the result was, that the enemy, with his superior force, has, in no one part, gained an inch of ground. I remained at night master of the field of battle. So soon as I shall have recruited my troops, supplied my artillery, and augmented my forces by reinforcements. from Moscow, I shall, trusting in the assistance of the Almighty, and the incredible valour of the army, see what I can undertake against the enemy. Prince Bagration, to our great regret, has been wounded in the foot by a ball. Lieutenant-Generals Toutschkoff, Prince Gortschakoff. MajorGenerals Bachaustieff, Counts, Worouzoff and Kretoff, have been wounded. We have taken from the enemy some prisoners, some guns, and a General of Brigade. It is still night; and I have not been able to procure any more details. His Imperial Majesty, in acknowledgment of the distinguished services of the General of Infantry, Prince Koutouzoff, has been pleased to appoint him Marshal General, and to grant to him 100,000 roubles, and also five roubles to each soldier who has had a share in this memorable battle.
Eighteenth Bulletin of the Grand French
On the 4th the Emperor set out from Ghjat, and encamped near the post of Gritneva. The 5th, at six o'clock in the morning, the army put itself in motion. At two in the afternoon, we perceived the Russians formed with their right upon Moskwa, the left upon the heights on the left bank of the Kologha. At 1,200 toises in advance of the left, the enemy had begun to sortify a fine height, between two woods, where they had placed 9 or 10,000 men. The Emperor having reconnoitred
it, resolved not to lose a moment, and to carry this position. Orders were given to the King of Naples to pass the Kologha, with the division Compans and the cavalry. Prince Poniatowski, who had marched on the right, was in a condition to turn the position. At four o'clock the attack commenced. In one hour the enemy's redoubt was carried, with the cannon; the enemy's corps driven from the wood, and put to flight, leaving the third part on the field of battle. At seven in the evening the firing ceased.—On the 6th, at two o'clock in the morning, the Emperor surveyed the enemy's advanced posts: the day was passed in reconnoitring. The enemy were in a position much contracted. Their left was weakened by the loss of the position on the day before; backed by a large wood, supPorted by a fine height, crowned by a redoubt, planted with twenty-five pieces of cannon. Two other heights, crowned with redoubts at 100 paces from each other, protected their line, as far as a large village which the enemy had destroyed, to cover the ridge with artillery and infantry, and to support the centre. Their right extended behind the Kologha, in the rear of the village of Borodino, and was supported by two fine heights, crowned with redoubts, and fortified with batteries. This position appeared strong and favourable. It was easy to manoeuvre, and to oblige the enemy to evacuate it, but that would have been renouncing our object, and the position was not judged sufficiently strong to render it necessary to avoid fighting. It was easy to
erceive that the redoubts were but half ormed, the fosse shallow, and neither palisaded nor defended with chevaux-de-frise. We reckoned the enemy's force at about 120 or 130,000 men. Our forces were equal, but the superiority of our troops was not doubtful.—On the 7th, at two in the morning, the Emperor was surrounded by the Marshals in the position taken the evening before. At half past five o'clock, the sun rose without clouds: it had rained the preceding evening. “This is the sun of Austerlitz,” said the Emperor. Though but the month of September, it was as cold as a December in Moravia. The army received the omen: the drum beat, and the following order of the day was read: “Soldiers! there is the field of battle you have so much desired' henceforth victory depends on you: it is necessary to us: it will give us plenty, good quarters for the winter, and a speedy return to your country. Behave yourselves as you
did at Austerlitz, at Friedland, Vitepsk, at Smolensk: and that the latest posterity may speak of your conduct this day with pride —that it may say of you, ‘He was at that great battle under the walls of Moscow."— At the Imperial Camp, on the heights of Borodino, 7th Sept. three o'clock a. m.” The army answered with reiterated acclamations. The ground on which the ariny stood was spread with the dead bodies of the Russians killed the preceding day. Prince Poniatowski, who was on the right, put himself in motion to turn the forest on which the enemy rested his left. The Prince of Eckmuhl marched on the skirt of the forest, the division Compans at the head. Two batteries of 60 cannon each, commanding the enemy's position, had been constructed in the night. At six o'clock, General Count Sorbier, who had armed the battery on the right with the artillery of the reserve of the guard, commenced the fire, General Pernetty, with thirty pieces of cannon, put himself at the head of the division Compans (4th of the 1st corps), who skirted the wood, turning the head of the enemy's position. At half past six General Compans was wounded; at seven the Prince of Eckmuhl had his horse killed. The attack advanced; the musketry commenced. The Viceroy, who formed our left, attacks and carries the village of Borodino, which the enemy could not defend; that village being on the left bank of the Kologha. At seven the Marshal Duke of Elchingen put himself in motion, and under the protection of sixty pieces of cannon, which General Foucher had placed the evening before against the enemy's centre, bore upon the centre. A thousand pieces of cannon spread death on all sides. At eight o'clock the positions of the enemy were carried, his redoubts taken, and our artillery crowned his heights. The advantage of position which the enemy's batteries had enjoyed sor two hours, now belonged to us. The parapets which had been occupied against us during the attack, were now to our advantage. The enemy saw the battle lost, which he thought had only commenced. A part of his artillery was taken; the rest was withdrawn to his lines in the rear. In this extremity he attempted to restore the combat, and to attack with all his masses those strong positions which he was unable to protect. Three hundred pieces of French cannon placed on these heights, thundered upon his masses, and his soldiers died at the foot of those parapets which they had
raised with so much labour, and as a protecting shelter. The King of Naples, with the cavalry, made various charges. The Duke of Elchingen covered himself with glory. and displayed as much intrepidity as coolness. The Emperor ordered a charge of the front, the right in advance; this movement made us masters of three parts of the field of battle. Prince Poniatowski fought in the wood with various success.--There still remained to the enemy his redoubts to the right. General Count Morand marched thither, and carried them; but at nine in the morning, attacked on all sides, he could not maintain himself there. The enemy, encouraged by this advantage, made his reserve and his last troops advance to try his fortune again. The Imperial Guards formed a part of them. He attacked our centre, which formed the pivot to our right. For a moment it was feared that he might carry the village which was burnt; the division Friant advanced thither: 80 pieces of French cannon immediately arrest, and then annihilate the enemy's columns, which stood for two hours in close order under the chain-shot, not daring to advance, unwilling to retire, and renouncing the hope of victory. The King of Naples decided their uncertainty. He caused the 4th corps of cavalry to make a charge, who penetrated through the breaches which our cannonshot had made in the condensed masses of the Russians, and the squadrons of their cuirassiers; they dispersed on all sides. The General of Division, Count Caulincourt, Governor of the Emperor's Pages, advanced at the head of the 5th regiment of cuirassiers, overthrew every thing, and entered the redoubt on the left by its gorge. From this moment there was no longer any uncertainty. The battle was gained. He turned upon the enemy the 21 pieces of cannon which were found in the redoubt. Count Caulincourt, who had distinguished himself in this fine charge, has terminated his career. He fell dead, struck by a bullet; a glorious death, and worthy to be envied. It was now two in the afternoon; the enemy had lost all hope; the battle was ended, the cannonade still continued; the enemy fought for retreat and safety, but no longer for victory. The loss of the enemy is enormous ; from 12 to 13,000 men, and from 8 to 9,000 Russian horses, have been counted on the field of battle: 60 pieces of cannon and 5,000 prisoners have remained in our power.—We have had 2,500 killed, and thrice that number
wounded. Our total loss may be estimated
people in the churches to chant prayers, conformably to the usage of the Church in similar circumstances. This letter having no other object, I pray God to have you in his holy keeping. From our Imperial quarters at Mojaisk, the 10th of Sept. 1812. “By the Emperor, NAPOLEON. “The Minister Secretary of State, “Count DARu.”
Report to his Majesty the Emperor and King.
Sire, The result of the examination of the prisoners, of whom the greater part are ignorant recruits, or men taken before the close and off the field of battle, as well as almost all of them wounded with bullets, and the greater part dying, has afforded me the sollowing information with regard to some divisions of the enemy's army. 1st. The 12th division, forming part of the 7th corps, composed of the infantry regiments of Smolensko, Narva, Alexopol, and New Ingria, as well as of the 6th and 41st regiments of foot chasseurs, and commanded by Major-General Palitzin, who had succeeded General Kulbakin, wounded at Mohilow, received its recruits, which were drawn from depots, and brought up by Miloradowitz on the 3d instant, in consequence of which the regiments of infantry were raised to 800 each, and the chasseur
regiments to 1,200, which makes the
strength of this division to have amounted, before the battle, to 4,800 men, exclusive of two companies of artillery, with twentyfour pieces of cannon, from 6 to 12 poundets. On the day of the battle of the 7th of September, this division was stationed in the centre of the first line. About two in the afternoon it had already sustained great losses, and was in want of ammunition. A Lieutenant of the regiment of Alexopol, named Peter Voronin, who, having been sent to the reserve to demand more, lost his way among the brush-wood, and was taken after the retreat of the army, declares, that General Rajewsky, commanding the corps d’armée, received a severe contusion, which obliged him to quit the field of battle, and that the General in Chief, Prince Bagration, was wounded. All the prisoners of this division agree in stating, that it lost more than half of its number; that its confusion was complete at the time of its retreat; and that it owed its safety solely to Platow and Uvaroff, who covered it. Those of the 41st chasseurs say, that there scarcely remained 50 men
to each company. 2d. The 1st division of grenadiers, consisting of the grenadiers of the body guard, of St. Petersburgh, Ekaterinoslay, Taurida, Pawlowski, and Arakschezeff, commanded by Count Strogonoff, and forming part of the 3d corps d’armée, was on the extremity of the left, in the rear of the battery, where it suffered considerably by the fire of the artillery; it was flanked by two squadrons of cuirassiers, which equally suffered without being brought into action. The respective strength of these grenadier regiments amounted, before the battle, to from 8 to 900 men. Their loss is estimated at one-third, which they ascribe to the cowardice of the officers, who abandoned their ranks, and concealed themselves in the brush-wood. Two regiments of chasseurs attached to this division, which were stationed in advance, were dispersed; their loss is unknown. A soldier, named Gregoriot de Pskow, who has served for nine years in the regiment of St. Petersburgh, declares, that he never saw his regiment give way as it did on this occasion. He says, that before the battle, Gen. Koutouzoff rode along their line, and harangued his troops, which, however, did not produce much effect. This man adds, that he heard Major Dalin, the commandant of his regiment, say, that about mid-day Beningsen had gone 49 versts beyond Mojaisk, to prepare there the means of defence: he believes that he went to Little Viasma. It was not known what had become of Tutsckow, the Commander in Chief of the 3d corps, or of the 3d division of Kanowitzin, which formed part of it. 3d. The 2d division of grenadiers, consisting of the regiments of Astracan, Fanagoria, Kioss, Moscow, Little Russia, and Siberia, commanded by Prince Charles of Mecklenburgh, and forming part of the 8th corps of Borosdin, was stationed on the 5th of September at the great redoubt, which was taken on the same day, and where it lost its cannon, a Colonel, and more than the half of its men. The regiments of this division were quite full on arriving at Smolensko; but they had not more than 1,000 each on the 5th, before the action; and numbered not more than from 7 to 800 each, on the morning of the 7th, when they were in the village which they were charged to defend, in advance of the batteries of the left flank. It was at this time that the Prince of Mecklenburgh was wounded. 4th. The 2d corps of Bagavout had manoeuvred on the 6th and 7th, in order to advance to the left of the line, to support the 3d corps. All the prisoners assert, that not one half of it returned to Mojaisk. The musketeer regiments of Minsk, Tobolsk, Volhynia, and Krementschug, as well as the 4th and 34th chasseurs of the 4th division, commanded by the Prince of Wirtemburg, amounted to 800 men each; and after the battle, noue of them could muster 400: it was the same with the regiments of Raizan, Belosersky, Bresc, and Wilmanstradt, as well as the 30th and 48th chasseurs of the division of Alsoufieff. A subaltern of the regiment of Raizan, named Prohoroff, declares, that his Colonel, Avens, was killed; and that during the retreat, he saw on the bank of the river, the General in Chief Tutsckow wounded, as well as the Colonel of the grenadiers of Moscow. This corps had few officers killed, but many wounded. 5th. The 24th division of the 6th corps, which was stationed in the grand central battery, mustered after the battle only 30 men each company, though two days before they amounted to 100 each in the regiments of Shirwansk, Butinkas, Usa, and Tomsk; while the companies of the 19th and 40th chasseurs amounted to 115 men each, by means of recruits drawn from Novogorod-Sewersky. 6th. The 2d division of the guards, composed of the Ismailoff and Lithuanian regiments of grenadiers, and of two chasseur regiments of the
uards, and of Finland, under the orders of
eneral Lawroff, were stationed in line in the rear of the three batteries on the left of the centre. These regiments suffered considerably from the artillery; but that of Ismailoff having advanced with the bayonet, was so vigorously charged by the cavalry, that not more than 40 men of each company were left to it. General Krapowitski, commanding a brigade, and the Colonel of the regiment of Ismailoff, were there wounded.
Sokolnicki, Gen. of Division, Charged with a special service.
Mojaisk, Sept. 10, 1812.
Mineteenth Bulletin of the Grand Army. Moscow, Sept. 16.
After the battle of the Moskwa, the French army pursued the enemy upon Moscow, by the three routes, Mojaisk, Svenigorod, and Kalouga. The King of Naples was on the 9th at Koubinskoe, the Viceroy at Rouza, and Prince Poniatowski at Feminskoe. The head-quarters were on the 12th transferred from Mojaisk to Peselina; on the 13th they were at the castle of Berwska; on the 14th, at mid-day, we en
tered Moscow. The enemy had raised on the Sparrow Mountain, two wersts from the city, some redoubts, which he abandoned. The city of Moscow is as large as Paris; it is an extremely rich city, full of palaces of all the nobles of the empire.
The Russian Governor, Rostapchin, wished
to ruin this fine city when he saw it aban
doned by the Russian army. He had arm
ed 3,000 malefactors, whom he had taken
from the dungeons; he also summoned together 6,000 satellites, and distributed
arms among them from the arsenal. Our advanced guard, arrived in the centre of the city, was received by a fire of musketry, which issued from the Kremlin. The King of Naples ordered a battery of a few pieces of cannon to be opened, dispersed this rabble, and took possession of the Kremlin. We have found in the arsenal 60,000 new muskets, and 120 pieces of cannon on their carriages. The most complete anarchy reigned in the city; some drunken madmen ran through its different quarters, and every where set fire to them. The Governor Rostapchin had caused all the merchants and shopkeepers to be carried off, through whose instrumentality order might have been re-established. More than 400 French and Germans were arrested by his orders; in fine, he had taken the precaution of carrying off the firemen with the fire-engines; so that the most complete anarchy has desolated this great and fine city, and the flames are devouring it. We have found in it considerable resources of every kind. The Emperor is lodged in the Kremlin, which is in the centre of the city, like a kind of citadel, surrounded by high walls. Thirty thousand wounded or sick Russians are in the hospitals, abandoned, without succour and without nourishment, The Russians acknowledge that they lost fifty thousand men in the battle of the Moskwa. Prince Bagration was mortally wounded. A list has been made of the Russian Generals wounded or killed in the *: it amounts to between forty-five and
Twentieth Bulletin of the Grand Army, Moscow, Sept. 17.
The Russians have celebrated Te Deum for the battle of Polotsk. Te Deums have been sung for the battles of Riga, for the battle of Ostrowno, and for that of Smolensko. According to the Russian accounts, they were every where conquerors, and they drove the French to a great distance