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ENERGY POLICY AND CONSERVATION ACT

Public Law 94–163, as Amended AN ACT To increase domestic energy supplies and availability; to restrain energy

demand; to prepare for energy emergencies; and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Energy Policy and Conservation Act”. (42 U.S.C. 6201 note)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sec. 2. Statement of purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I–MATTERS RELATED TO DOMESTIC SUPPLY AVAILABILITY

PART A DOMESTIC SUPPLY Sec. 101. Coal conversion. Sec. 102. Incentives to develop underground coal mines. Sec. 103. Domestic use of energy supplies and related materials and equipment. Sec. 104. Materials allocation. Sec. 105. Prohibition of certain lease bidding arrangements. Sec. 106. Production of oil or gas at the maximum efficient rate and temporary

emergency production rate.

PART BSTRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE
Sec. 151. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 152. Definitions.
Sec. 153. Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office.
Sec. 154. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
Sec. 155. Early Storage Reserve.
Sec. 156. Industrial Petroleum Reserve.
Sec. 157. Regional Petroleum Reserve.
Sec. 158. Other storage reserves.
Sec. 159. Review by Congress and implementation.
Sec. 160. Petroleum products for storage in the Reserve.
Sec. 161. Drawdown and distribution of the Reserve.
Sec. 162. Coordination with import quota system.
Sec. 163. Disclosure, inspection, investigation.
Sec. 164. Naval petroleum reserves study.
Sec. 165. Annual reports.
Sec. 166. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 167. SPR Petroleum Account.
PART C_AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT FOR PETROLEUM PRODUCT NOT OWNED BY THE

UNITED STATES
Sec. 171. Contracting for petroleum product and facilities.
Sec. 172. Implementation.
Sec. 173. Contracts for which no implementing legislation is needed.
Sec. 174. Contracts for which implementing legislation is needed.

PART D-EXPIRATION
Sec. 181. Expiration.

TITLE II-STANDBY ENERGY AUTHORITIES

PART A-GENERAL EMERGENCY AUTHORITIES Sec. 201. Conditions of exercise of energy conservation and rationing authorities. Sec. 202. Energy conservation contingency plans. Sec. 203. Rationing contingency plan. Sec. 204. Termination date.

PART B-AUTHORITIES WITH RESPECT TO INTERNATIONAL ENERGY PROGRAM
Sec. 251. International oil allocation.
Sec. 252. International voluntary agreements.
Sec. 253. Advisory committees.
Sec. 254. Exchange of information.
Sec. 255. Relationship of this title to the international energy agreement.
Sec. 256. Domestic renewable energy industry and related service industries.

PART C-ENERGY EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
Sec. 271. Congressional findings, policy, and purpose.
Sec. 272. Preparation for petroleum supply interruptions.

PART D_EXPIRATION
Sec. 281. Expiration.

TITLE III—IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY

PART A-AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY
Sec. 301. Amendment to Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act.

"TITLE V-IMPROVING AUTOMOTIVE EFFICIENCY

"PART A-AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY “Sec. 501. Definitions. "Sec. 502. Average fuel economy standards applicable to each manufacturer. “Sec. 503. Determination of average fuel economy. "Sec. 504. Judicial review. “Sec. 505. Information and reports. “Sec. 506. Labeling: “Sec. 507. Unlawful conduct. “Sec. 508. Civil penalty. “Sec. 509. Effect on State law. “Sec. 510. Use of fuel efficient passenger automobile by the Federal Govern

ment. “Sec. 511. Retrofit devices.

"Sec. 512. Reports to Congress.". PART BENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS OTHER THAN

AUTOMOBILES
Sec. 321. Definitions.
Sec. 322. Coverage.
Sec. 323. Test Procedures.
Sec. 324. Labeling.
Sec. 325. Energy efficiency standards. 1
Sec. 326. Requirements of manufacturers and private labelers. 2
Sec. 327. Effect on other law.
Sec. 328. Rules.
Sec. 329. Authority to obtain information.
Sec. 330. Exports.
Sec. 331. Imports.
Sec. 332. Prohibited acts.
Sec. 333. Enforcement.
Sec. 334. Injunctive enforcement.
Sec. 335. Citizen suits.
Sec. 336. Administrative procedure and judicial review.

1 Probably should be "Energy conservation standards.". 2 Probably should be “Requirements of manufacturers."

Sec. 337. Consumer education.
Sec. 338. Annual report.
Sec. 339. Authorization of appropriations.

PART C—CERTAIN INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Sec. 340. Definitions. Sec. 341. Purpose and coverage. Sec. 342. Standards. Sec. 343. Test procedures. Sec. 344. Labeling requirements: Sec. 345. Administration, penalties, enforcement, and preemption. Sec. 346. Energy conservation standards for high-intensity discharge lamps, dis

tribution transformers, and small electric motors.

PART D-STATE ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAMS
Sec. 361. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 362. State energy conservation plans.
Sec. 363. Federal assistance to States.
Sec. 364. State energy efficiency goals.
Sec. 365. General provisions.
Sec. 366. Definitions.

PART E INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION 1
Sec. 371. Definitions.
Sec. 372. Program.
Sec. 373. Identification of major energy consumers.
Sec. 374. Industrial energy efficiency improvement targets.
Sec. 374A. Targets for use of recovered materials.
Sec. 375. Reports.
Sec. 376. General provisions.

PART F-OTHER FEDERAL ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES Sec. 381. Federal energy conservation programs. Sec. 382. Energy conservation in policies and practices of certain Federal agencies. Sec. 383. Federal actions with respect to recycled oil.

PART G-ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS
Sec. 391. Definitions.
Sec. 392. Guidelines.
Sec. 393. Preliminary energy audits and energy audits.
Sec. 394. State plans.
Sec. 395. Applications for financial assistance.
Sec. 396. Grants for project costs and technical assistance.
Sec. 397. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 398. Allocation of grants.
Sec. 399. Administration; annual reports.
Sec. 400. Records.
PART H–ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR BUILDINGS OWNED BY UNITS OF

LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC CARE INSTITUTIONS
Sec. 400A. Definitions.
Sec. 400B. Guidelines and rules.
Sec. 400C. Preliminary energy audits and energy audits.
Sec. 400D. State plans.
Sec. 400E. Applications for grants for technical assistance.
Sec. 400F. Grants for technical assistance.
Sec. 400G. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 400H. Allocation of grants.
Sec. 4001. Administration; annual reports.
Sec. 400J. Records.

* Public Law 99-509 repealed Part E, but did not amend the table of contents.

PART I-OFF-HIGHWAY MOTOR VEHICLES Sec. 385. Off-Highway motor vehicle conservation study.

(PART JI_ENCOURAGING THE USE OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS

[Sec. 400AA. Alternative fuel use by light duty federal vehicles. [Sec. 400BB. Alternative fuels truck commercial application program. ĪSec. 400CC. Alternative fuels bus program. [Sec. 400DD. Interagency commission on alternative motor fuels. [Sec. 400EE. Studies and reports.) TITLE IV–PETROLEUM PRICING POLICY AND OTHER AMENDMENTS TO

THE ALLOCATION ACT

PART A-PRICING POLICY
Sec. 401. Oil pricing policy..
Sec. 402. Limitations on pricing policy.
Sec. 403. Entitlements.

PART B-OTHER AMENDMENTS TO THE ALLOCATION ACT
Sec. 451. Amendments to the objectives of the Allocation Act.
Sec. 452. Penalties under the Allocation Act.
Sec. 453. Antitrust provision in Allocation Act.
Sec. 454. Evaluation of regulation under the Allocation Act.
Sec. 455. Conversion to standby authorities.
Sec. 456. Technical purchase authority.
Sec. 457. Direct controls on refinery operations.
Sec. 458. Inventory controls.
Sec. 459. Hoarding prohibitions.
Sec. 460. Asphalt allocation authority.
Sec. 461. Expiration of authorities.
Sec. 462. Reimbursement to States.
Sec. 463. Effective date of Allocation Act amendments.

TITLE V-GENERAL PROVISIONS

PART A-ENERGY DATA BASE AND ENERGY INFORMATION
Sec. 501. Verification examinations.
Sec. 502. Powers of the Comptroller General and reports.
Sec. 503. Accounting practices.
Sec. 504. Enforcement.
Sec. 505. Amendment to Energy Supply and Coordination Act of 1974.2

Sec. 506. Extension of energy information gathering authority.
Sec. 507. Petroleum product information.

PART B-GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 521. Prohibition on certain actions.
Sec. 522. Conflicts of interest.
Sec. 523. Administrative procedure and judicial review.
Sec. 524. Prohibited acts.
Sec. 525. Enforcement.
Sec. 526. Effect on other laws.
Sec. 527. Transfer of authority. 3

3

Sec. 528. Authorization of appropriations for interim period.
Sec. 529. Intrastate natural gas.
Sec. 530. Limitation on loan guarantees.

1 Editorially supplied. Public Law 100_494 added a new part J, but did not amend the table of contents.

2 Probably should be “Amendment to Energy Supply and Environmental Coordination Act of 1974."

8 Public Law 95-619 repealed sec. 527, but did not amend the table of contents.

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