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Ohio and Erie Canal.
cate to the Senate the power and authority under district of Mississippi," and no amendment havwhich Don John Beneventure Morales, and the ing been proposed thereto, the President reported Baron Carondelet, granted and disposed of the it to the House; and it passed to a third reading. lands of Spain in Louisiana ; and agreed thereto. The Senate proceeded to consider, as in Com
The bill explanatory of the act for the relief of mittee of the Whole, the bill to amend the act, James Leander Cathcart, passed May the 15th, in entitled "An act to incorporate the subscribers to the year 1820, was read the second time.
the Bank of the United States ;' and, on motion The bill to authorize the appointment of certain by Mr. SANFORD, it was postponed to Wednesday Indian agents was read the second time.
next. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the The Senate proceeded to consider, as in ComWhole, the consideration of the bill to continue mittee of the Whole, the bill to authorize the apin force, for a further time, the act, entitled “An pointment of certain Indian agents; and, on motion act for establishing trading-houses with the Indian by Mr. Trimble, it was postponed to Thursday tribes ;” and, on motion by Mr. Holmes, of Mis- next. sissippi, the bill was laid on the table.
The Senate proceeded to consider, as in ComThe Senate resumed, as in Committee of the mittee of the Whole, the bill explanatory of the Whole, the consideration of the bill authorizing act for the relief of James Leander Cathcart, the payment of a sum of money to Thomas passed May the 15th, in the year 1820 ; and it was Shields; and, on motion by Mr. Parrott, it was postponed to Wednesday next. laid on the table.
OHIO AND ERIE CANAL.
The Senate took up the bill to authorize the Friday, January 5.
appointment of commissioners to lay out a canal Mr. Thomas, from the Committee on Public from Lake Erie to the navigable waters of the Lands, to whom was referred the bill, entitled "An Ohio river. act for the relief of Margaret Perry,” reported it Mr. TRIMBLE, of Ohio, submitted his views in without amendment.
support of the bill, referring to the general advanMr. Eaton, from the same committee, to whom tages of inproved internal intercourse; the neceswas referred the bill, entitled "An act for the relief sity of a canal through the country contemplated, of William McIntosh,” made a report thereupon, for the convenience of the people; the great adwhich was read.
vantages which would thereby accrue to the UniThe Senate resumed the consideration of the ted States, by enhancing the value of the public report of the Committee of Claims on the petition lands in that quarter, &c.; to show the expediency of Joseph Janney; and it was postponed to Mon- of at least authorizing the course or line of a canal day next.
to be laid out, as proposed by the bill. The Senate resumed the consideration of the Mr. Macon was opposed to the bill on general report of the Committee on Public Lands on the grounds, as well as for the further reasons that it petition of the Trustees of Worthington College would encourage a spirit of speculation among the in Ohio; and, on motion by Mr. Thomas, it was people, which it was the duty of the Government postponed to Monday, the 15th instant.
to discountenance—not to encourage; that all A message from the House of Representatives works undertaken by the public became mere jobs; informed the Senate that the House have passed a that canals, &c., ought to be made by individual bill, entitled "An act making a partial appropria- enterprise, or private associations, &c. tion for the military service of the United States Mr. Otis was also opposed to this bill. He was for the year 1821;" a bill, entitled "An act to ex- not in favor of holding out any temptation to purtend the time for locating Virginia military land chasers of public lands, which might never be rewarrants, and returning surveys thereon to the alized. The bill was supported on the ground General Land Office;' and a bill, entitled "An that it would give additional value to the public act for the relief of Daniel Seward;" in which lands in that quarter of the country; but if the they request the concurrence of the Senate. route of a canal were laid out, the canal itself
T'he said bills were severally read, and passed to might never be completed ; and Mr. O. was opa second reading
posed to giving an artificial value to those lands, The bill, entitled "An act making a partial ap- merely as a lure to people to become purchasers. propriation for the military service of the United He argued against affording additional induceStates for the year 1821," was read the second ments to the purchase of public lands; the land of time by unanimous consent, and referred to the the United States was sold with sufficient rapidity Committee on Finance.
already, and he wished those sales to go on steadThe Senate took up and considered, as in Com- ily, but gradually. Besides these reasons, Mr. O. mittee of the Whole, the bill for the relief of was not in favor of going into the unpeopled reRobert Purdy; and, no amendment having been gion designated by this bill, and there beginning proposed thereto, the President reported it to the the system of internal improvement. It was be House, and it was ordered to be engrossed, and ginning at the wrong end. There was a commitread the third time.
tee appointed on the subject of internal improveThe Senate proceeded to consider, as in Com- ment. He wished to leave the subject to this mittee of the Whole, the bill, entitled "An act to committee; let them extend their views over the alter the time of holding the district court in the whole Union, and see where it would be better to
begin this great work, before a blow be struck ponement of the bill to Wednesday, as there ap
peared many doubtful questions connected with Mr. TRIMBLE replied to Mr. Otis, and went into this subject, which he wished some little time to a description of the present and prospective con- examine. dition of that part of Ohio, its population, &c., to Mr. Trimble spoke at some length, to afford show the expediency of adopting this measure. the information required by Mr. Holmes, and to He referred to the great extent of the land trans- obviate the objections which he had suggested portation, which was so heavy a burden on the against the bill; and the bill was then postponed agriculture of the country that there was no in- to Wednesday. ducement to raise more than sufficient for the con- The Senate adjourned to Monday. sumption of the people there, and that it would be useless to produce any thing for a foreign market;
MONDAY, January 8. also the burdens on imports, such as salt and other heavy articles. He stated these facts to show the
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from peculiar necessity for affording water transporta- the Clerk of the House of Representatives, transtion by a canal, to the vast population which mitting a resolution of that House, announcing to would certainly spread over that country. The the Senate the death of Join Linn, late a memgeneral advantages of such an improvement were ber of the House of Representatives from the too obvious to require illustration from him, and State of New Jersey, and the letter and resoluhe abstained from touching on them. He argued
tion were read. that this bill would not give an artificial, but a
On motion by Mr. DICKERSON, real and intrinsic additional value to the public
Ordered, That the said letter and resolution be lands there. A great part of those lands were now entered at large on the journal of the Senate, reserved from sale, and might continue to be re- which is done accordingly in the following words: served until they should receive their full value CLERK's Office, House of Rep's U. S., from this improvement; and speculation might be
January 6, 1821. thus prevented, as they would then sell for what Sir: The House of Representatives of the United they were worth. The expense to be incurred by States having received intelligence of the death of this measure, if authorized, would be inconsider- John Linn, late a member of that House from the able, the advantages of it to the Union incalcula- State of New Jersey, and having taken order for ble. If the bill passed, Congress would not be superintending and attending his funeral, have also concluded on the subject, and were expressly not The recess in that body to-day rendering it impossible
directed ine to communicate the same to the Senate. pledged to make the canal. He referred to facts to make such communication in the ordinary way, I to show, however, that a canal there was very have, therefore, the honor to transmit you, enclosed, practicable; that there was water sufficient for all the resolution adopted by the House on that subject. its purposes, &c.
I have the honor to be, &c. Mr. Holmes, of Maine, wished, before he could
THOMAS DOUGHERTY, support this bill, more information on the subject
Clerk of the House of Rep's. than he now possessed. In all incipient measures Hon. Joan GAILLARD, it was natural to inquire, what next? He de
President of the Senate. sired to know what was to follow this bill. He
IN THE HOUSE OF REP's Oy TAE U. S., wanted to know whether this canal was to be
January 6, 1821. made, by whom it was to be made, in whom the Resolved, That a message be sent to the Senate to property of it or interest would be, &c. It was to notify them of the death of John Linn, late a meniber go through the lands of the United States; but, he of this House from the State of New Jersey, and that asked, in substance, could the United States have his funeral will take place this day at three o'clock jurisdiction over it when completed? Would the from the Hall of the House of Representatives. State consent? Would the United States have Attest,
TH. DOUGHERTY, C. H. R. exclusive jurisdiction without, or even with, the On motion by Mr. DICKERSON, consent of the State ? And could the State give Resolved, unanimously, That the Senate, as a tesexclusive jurisdiction, &c. ? These were ques- timony of respect for the memory of the honorable tions which admitted doubt; though on some of John Linn, late a member of the House of Representhem he himself had none. Suppose the State tatives from the State of New Jersey, will go into should choose, for any cause, to stop this canal up, mourning and wear a black crape round the left arm could the United States prevent it, &c. ? If not,
for thirty days. was it worth while to make a canal over which The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from they might not have complete control ? If the JAMES J. Wilson, a member of the Senate from State or individuals were to own the canal, were the State of New Jersey, resigning his seat in the the United States to have no more interest in it Senate; which was read. than the additional value which it might give to The PRESIDENT also coinmunicated a letter their lands, &c.? He had no doubt the United from the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting States could construct roads or canals in the statements exhibiting the names of the clerks emStates, but the exclusive control and jurisdiction ployed in the Navy Department and in the office over the property of them was another question, of the commissioners of the Navy for the year not so clear, &c.
1820, and the amount of compensation paid to Mr. Johnson, of Louisiana, moved the post- each; and the letter and statements were read.
JANUARY, 1821. Mr. HORSEY presented the memorial of the Seward," was read the second time, and referred President and Cashier of the Bank of the Me- to the Committee of Claims. tropolis, on behalf of the Directors and Stock- The bill for the relief of Robert Purdy was read holders of said bank, praying a renewal of their the third time, and passed. charter; and the memorial was read, and referred The bill from the House of Representatives, ento the Committee on the District of Columbia. titled "An act to alter the time of holding the dis
Mr. Sanford presented the petition of Terrence trict court in the district of Mississippi,” was read Clark, of New York, praying to be confirmed in the third time, and passed. his title to certain land; and the petition was read, The Senate resumed the consideration of the and referred to the Committee on Public Lands. motion of the second instant, instructing the Com
Mr. Walker, of Alabama, presented the peti- mittee on the Judiciary to report a bill extending tion of P. P. Saint Guirons and others, members the laws of the United States over the State of of the French association established in the State Missouri; and it was postponed to Monday next. of Alabama, by virtue of an act, entitled “An act The Senate resumed the consideration of the to set apart and dispose of certain public lands for report of the Committee of Claims on the petition the encouragement of the cultivation of the vine of Joseph Janney; and it was postponed until toand olive;" praying certain modifications of said morrow. act; and the petition was read, and referred to the The Senate proceeded to consider, as in ComCommittee on Public Lands.
mittee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act for Mr. WALKER, of Alabama, also presented the the relief of Margaret Perry;" and, no amendment petition of the citizens of Lawrence and Franklin having been proposed thereto, the PRESIDENT recounties, in the State of Alabama, praying that ported it to the House, and it passed to a third all persons who have purchased lands for actual reading, settlement, and who have settled upon and im- The Senate proceeded to consider, as in Comproved the same, may be authorized to obtain a mittee of the Whole, the bill, entitled "An act for patent for a limited quantity, to be ascertained by the relief of William McIntosh,” together with the law, on paying the sum of one dollar and twenty- report of the Committee of Public Lands thereon ; five cents per acre, at any time within five years and, on motion, by Mr. EDWARDS, it was laid on from the date of the sales; and the petition was the table. read, and laid on the table.
The bill" to incorporate the Columbian Society, Mr. PLEASANTS, from the Committee on Naval for literary purposes," was taken up in Committee Affairs, to whom was referred the petition of John of the Whole. Gooding and James Williams, made a report, ac- On the numerous provisions of this bill, and the companied by a bill authorizing the payment of a various amendments proposed to it in the course of sum of money to John Gooding and James Wil- its consideration, much discussion arose, and much liams; and the report and bill were read, and the time was consumed. The bill was not disposed bill passed to a second reading.
of nor got through with; and, the usual hour of adThe Senate proceeded to fill the vacancies oc- journment having arrived, the Senate adjourned. casioned in several Committees, by the death of Mr. Burrill and the resignation of Mr. Wilson, when the following appointments were made :
TUESDAY, January 9. On the Committee of Commerce, Mr. LANMAN. Mr. HOLMES, of Maine, presented the petition of
On the Committee of Accounts, Mr. Williams, Josiah Hook, jr., collector of the port of Penobof Mississippi.
scot, praying to be indemnified for his losses, and On the Committee of Claims, Mr. PalMER. for the money he has paid, with interest thereon, On the Committee of the Public Buildings, Mr. in satisfaction of a judgment obtained against him Talbot.
for an act done by him in his official capacity; On the Committee on the Post Office and Post and the petition was read, and referred to the ComRoads, Mr. King, of Alabama.
mittee on the Judiciary: And Mr. Johnson of Kentucky, having, on his Mr. Sanford, from the Committee on Finance, request, been excused from serving on the Commit- to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An aci tee on Enrolled Bills, Mr. Morril was appointed making a partial appropriation for the military in his place.
service of the United States for the year 1821," Mr. Eaton submitted the following motion for reported the same with an amendment, which was consideration :
read. Resolved, That the Committee of Claims inquire Mr. HOLMES, of Maine, submitted the following into the expediency of allowing the claim of Matthew motion for consideration: B. Carthey, for two horses lost in the public service, at Resolved, That a committee be appointed to inquire Pensacola and at New Orleans.
into the expediency of diminishing, equalizing, and The bill, entitled "An act to extend the time for establishing the fees of district attorneys, clerks, and locating Virginia military land warrants and re- marshals, and other officers. turning surveys thereon to the General Land Of- On motion, by Mr. WILLIAMS, of Mississippi, fice,” was read the second time, and referred to the the letter received from the Commissioner of the Conimittee on Public Lands.
General Land Office, with the copies of the reports The bill, entitled "An act for the relief of Daniel of the land commissioners at Jackson courthouse,
and other documents therewith transmitted, were The bill was then ordered to be engrossed and referred to the Committee on Public Lands. read a third time.
Mr. Eaton, from the Committee on Public Lands, to whom was referred the petition of Nicholas Perkins, made a report accompanied by a
WEDNESDAY, January 10. bill for the relief of Nicholas Perkins; and the re
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from port and bill were read, and the bill passed to a sec- the Secretary of State, transmitting a list of the ond reading.
American seamen registered in the several ports Mr. Smith, from the Committee on the Judici- of the United States for the three first quarters of ary, to whom was referred the letter from the Sec- the year 1820, made in pursuance of “An act to retary of State, requesting to be supplied with an revive and continue in force certain parts of the additional number of the documents printed by 'act for the relief and protection of American order of the Senate, reported the following resolu- seamen ; and the letter and list were read. tion, which was read:
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from Resolved, That twenty-five copies of all documents the Secretary of the Navy, transmitting a stateprinted for the use of ihe Senate, except bills and ment of the expenditure and application of the amendments, including the number now furnished, moneys drawn from the Treasury on account of shall be furnished to the Secretary of State.
the Navy, from the first day of October, 1819, to The Senate proceeded to consider the motion of the 30th of September, 1820; and of the unexyesterday, instructing the Committee of Claims to pended balances of former appropriations remaininquire into the expediency of allowing the claim ing in the Treasury on the first of October, 1820; of Matthew B. Carthey, and agreed thereto.
and the letter and statement were read. The Senate resumed the consideration of the
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from report of the Committee of Claims on the
peti- the. Secretary of the Navy, transmitting a report tion of Joseph Janney; and, on motion of Mr. of the Commissioners of the Navy Pension Fund, PLEASANTS, it was laid on the table.
made in obedience to the act for the better governThe bill to establish an uniform system of bank-ment of the Navy of the United States; and the ruptcy throughout the United States was read the letter and report were read. second time, and referred to the Committee on the the Secretary of War, transmitting a statement
The PRESIDENT communicated a letter from Judiciary.
The bill from the House of Representatives, prepared in conformity with the fifth section of entitled "An act for the relief of Margaret Perry," the “Act to amend the several acts for the estabwas read the third time, and passed.
lishment and regulation of the Treasury, War,
and Navy Departments,” showing the expendi. COLUMBIAN SOCIETY.
ture of the moneys appropriated for the contingent The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the expenses of the military establishment for the year Whole, the consideration of the bill to incorporate 1820; and the letter and statement were read. the Columbian Society for literary purposes, to- The PRESIDENT also communicated a letter from gether with the amendment last reported thereto the Secretary of the Treasury, transmitting a reby the Committee on the District of Columbia, and port of the register of the district of Edwardsville, the said amendment having been further amended made in conformity with the provisions of the and agreed to, the bill was reported to the House "Act for the relief of the inhabitants of the village amended accordingly, and the said amendments, of Peoria, in the State of Illinois," upon the claims except the seventh and tenth sections, having been exhibited under the said act; and the letter and concurred in, on the question to concur in the said report were read.-Referred to the Committee on seventh section, as follows:
Public Lands. “Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That persons of
Mr. PLEASANTS presented the petition of Thomas every religious denomination shall be capable of being W. Todd, praying to be reimbursed in the expenses elected trustees; nor shall any person, either as pre- incurred by him in consequence of a suit wrongsident, professor, tutor, or pupil
, be refused admittance fully instituted against him by the United States ; into said college, or denied any privileges, immunities, and the petition was read, and referred to the Comor advantages thereof, for, or on account of, his senti- mittee of Claims. ments in matters of religion.”
Mr. Horsey presented, severally, the memorials It was determined in the affirmative, as follows: of the President and Directors of the Bank of Yes—Messrs. Brown, Chandler, Dickerson, Eaton, Washington, of the Bank of Alexandria, and of Elliott, Gaillard, Holmes of Maine, Horsey, Hunter, the Bank of Potomac, praying a renewal of their Johnson of Louisiana, Lanman, Lloyd, Mills, Otis, respective charters; and the memorials were read, Roberts, Ruggles, Sanford, Stokes, Talbot, Van Dyke, and referred to the Committee on the District of Walker of Alabama, Walker of Georgia, and Wild Columbia. liams of Mississippi.
Mr. BARBOUR obtained leave to bring in a bill Nays-Messrs. Barbour, Johnson of Kentucky, concerning the collection of public moneys; and King of Alabama, Lowrie, Macon, Morril, Palmer, the bill was twice read by unanimous consent, and Pleasants, Smith, Taylor, Thomas Tichenor, and referred to the Committee on nance. Trimble.
Mr. Noble, from the Committee on Pensions, And the said tenth section having been amend- to whom was referred the petition of Moses Wing, ed, it was concurred in.,
made a report, accompanied by a resolution, that
Vaccine Institution—Ohio and Erie Canal.
the prayer of the petitioner ought not to be granted. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the The report and resolution were read.
Whole, the consideration of the bill for the relief Mr. Lloyd submitted the following motion for of the purchasers of public lands prior to the first consideration :
day of July, 1820; and it was postponed to, and Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be made the order of the day for, to-morrow. instructed to inquire into the justice and expediency of The Senate proceeded to consider, as in Comgranting land for the purpose of education within the mittee of the Whole, the bill, entitled "An act limits of the old States, corresponding with the appro. making a partial appropriation for the military priations which have been made for the same object service of the United States for the year 1821," within the limits of the new States.
together with the amendment reported thereto by Mr. Noble, from the Committee on Pensions, the Committee on Finance; and the said amendto whom was referred the petition of Alexander ment having been agreed to, the President reIrwin, made a report, accompanied by a resolution, ported the bill to the House amended accordingly; that the prayer of the petitioner ought not to be and the amendment was concurred in, and ordered granted. The report and resolution were read.
to be engrossed, and the bill read a third time as Mr. Thomas, from the Committee on Public amended. Lands, to whom was referred the bill granting to
NATIONAL VACCINE INSTITUTION. the Governor of the State of Louisiana, for the time being, and his successors in office, two tracts
The Senate proceeded to the consideration of of land in the county of Point Coupee, reported the bill from the House of Representatives to inthe same with amendments ; which were read. corporate the National Vaccine Institution. Mr. Thomas, from the same committee, to
On this bill there arose a short debate. whom was referred the bill for the relief of John Messrs. Roberts and Talbot opposed the bill, Coffee, reported the same with an amendment; on the ground that it was not necessary to the obwhich was read.
ject avowed, which could be easily accomplished Mr. Roberts, from the Committee of Claims, without it; that, if necessary, an act of incorporato whom was referred the petition of Richard G. tion could be obtained from the State of Maryland Waterhouse, communicated a letter from the Sec- sufficient for all useful purposes; that the bill proretary of the Treasury, transmitting to the com- posed to incorporate an institution without limitmittee a report of the Third Auditor on said peti- ing it to the District; that there were within the tion ; and the letter and report were read.
District so many corporations that the number On motion, by Mr. ROBERTS, the committee ought not to be increased, unless under an urgent were discharged from the further consideration of necessity, &c. said petition, and had leave to withdraw his peti
Messrs. Horsey and Lloyd supported the bill, tion and papers.
on the ground of its importance to the proper acThe Senate proceeded to consider the motion of complishment of an object of great interest to buyesterday, for the appointment of a committee to manity, which could not be in any other way so inquire into the expediency of diminishing, equal- well accomplished. The same explanation of the izing, and establishing, the fees of attorneys, clerks, bill was substantially given as was given of its and marshals, and it was amended and agreed to merits when pending in the House of Represenas follows:
tatives. Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be
Mr. Roberts had moved a general postponeinstructed to inquire into the expediency of diminish. ment of the bill; but, with a view to allow gentleing, equalizing and establishing, the fees of district men favorable to the bili to amend it, if they deattorneys, clerks, and marshals, and other officers. sired, he withdrew his motion; and, on motion of
Mr. Lloyd, the bill was postponed to Monday The Senate proceeded to consider the resolution
next. yesterday reported by the Committee on the Judiciary, on the application of the Secretary of State,
OHIO AND ERIE CANAL. for an additional supply of the documents printed The Senate then resumed the consideration of by order of the Senate; and agreed thereto. the bill to authorize the appointment of commis
The bill authorizing the payment of a sum of sioners to lay out a canal between the navigable money to John Gooding and James Williams was waters of the Ohio and Lake Erie. read the second time.
Mr. Kuggles moved to strike out the clause The bill for the relief of Nicholas Perkins was which provides that nothing in the bill shall be read the second time.
construed as pledging the United States to defray The bill to incorporate the Columbian Society any part of the expense of making the said canal, for literary purposes, was read the third time. and to insert, in lieu thereof, a provision that, on
Resolved, That this bill pass; and the title there the canal being laid out, so much of the proceeds of be "An act to incorporate the Columbian Col- of the sales of public lands in the Delaware dislege in the District of Columbia.”
trict, in Ohio, as should exceed the minimum cash The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the price of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An should be applied to the purpose of making this act for the relief of Nicholas Jarrott,” together canal. with the amendments reported thereto by the Com- Mr. LOWRIE required a division of the question, mittee on Public Lands; and it was postponed so as to take it first on striking out. until to-morrow.
Mr. Holmes, of Maine, moved to amend the