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members.

cases of civil process, be privileged from arrest, during the session of the general assembly, and for four days before the com-mencement, and after the termination of any session thereof. And for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

SEC. 14. The debates of each house shall be public, except Debates. on such occasions as, in the opinion of the house, may require secrecy.

SEC. 15. The compensation of members of the general Compensation of assembly shall be five hundred dollars in full for the term for which they are elected. The general assembly may in addition to such compensation provide by law for the transportation of each member or member elect by public conveyance by the most convenient route between his home station and the place of meeting during the session of the general assembly to which he was elected; and until the general assembly shall by law take action thereon the comptroller shall provide for such transportation.

SEC. 16. Neither the general assembly, nor any county, Pay or compencity, borough, town, or school district, shall have power to pay or increased; when. grant any extra compensation to any public officer, employe, agent, or servant, or increase the compensation of any public officer or employe, to take effect during the continuance in office of any person whose salary might be increased thereby, or increase the pay or compensation of any public contractor above the amount specified in the contract.

ARTICLE FOURTH.

OF THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.

SECTION 1. The governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary, State officers : treasurer, and comptroller shall hold their respective offices from term of office of. the Wednesday following the first Monday of the January next succeeding their election until the Wednesday after the first Monday of the third January succeeding their election, and until their successors are duly qualified.

Sec. 2. At the meetings of the electors in the respective Duties of presidtowns held biennially as herein provided for the election of state ing officers. officers, members of the general assembly, and for such other officers as are and may be hereafter prescribed, the presiding officers shall receive the ballots and shall count and declare the same in the presence of the electors. When such ballots shall have been so received and counted, duplicate lists of the persons voted for, and of the number of votes given for each, shall be made and certified by the presiding officer, one of which lists shall be deposited in the office of the town clerk within three

days, and the other, within ten days after said election, shall be transmitted to the secretary, or to the sheriff of the county, in which such election shall have been held. The sheriff receiving said votes shall deliver, or cause them to be delivered to the secretary, within fifteen days next after said election. The votes so returned shall be counted, canvassed, and declared by the treasurer, secretary, and comptroller, within the month of November. The vote for treasurer shall be counted, canvassed, and declared by the secretary and comptroller only; the vote for secretary shall be counted, canvassed, and declared by the treasurer and comptroller only; and the vote for comptroller shall be counted, canyassed, and declared by the treasurer and secretary only. A fair list of the persons and number of votes given for each, together with the returns of the presiding officers, shall be, by the treasurer, secretary, and comptroller, made and laid before the general assembly, then next to be holden, on the first day of the session thereof. In the election for governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary, treasurer, comptroller, and attorney-general, the person found by the general assembly, in the manner herein provided, to have received the greatest number of votes for each of said offices respectively, shall be declared by said assembly to be elected. But if two or more persons shall be found to have an equal and the greatest number of votes for any of said offices, then the general assembly, on the second day of its session, by joint ballot of both houses, shall proceed without debate to choose said officer from a list of the names of the persons found to have an equal and greatest number of votes for said office. The general assembly shall by law prescribe the manner in which all questions concerning the

election of the above named officers shall be determined. Duties of gover- Sec. 3. The supreme executive power of the state shall be

vested in the governor. No person, who is not an elector of this state, and who has not arrived at the age of thirty years, shall be

eligible. Lieutenant-gov- SEC. 4. The lieutenant-governor shall possess the same

qualifications as are herein prescribed for the governor. Compensation of SEC. 5. The compensations of the governor and lieutenant

governor shall be established by law, and shall not be varied so as to take effect until after an election, which shall next suc

ceed the passage of the law establishing said compensations. Governor to be Sec. 6. The governor shall be captain-general of the captain-general.

militia of the state, except when called into the service of the

United States. May require in- SEC. 7. He may require information in writing from the writing. officers in the executive department, on any subject relating to

nor.

ernor.

governor and lieutenant-governor.

the duties of their respective offices,

formation in

messages.

laws.

Sec. 8. The governor, in case of a disagreement between Adjournment of

general assembly the two houses of the general assembly, respecting the time of by governor. adjournment, may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper, not beyond the day of the next stated session.

Sec. 9. He shall, from time to time, give to the general Governor's assembly information of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall deem expedient

Sec. 10. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully ex- Execution of ecuted.

Sec. 11. The governor shall have power to grant reprieves Reprieves. after conviction, in all cases except those of impeachment, until the end of the next session of the general assembly, and no longer.

SEC. 12. All commissions shall be in the name and by au- Commissions. thority of the state of Connecticut; shall be sealed with the state seal, signed by the governor, and attested by the secretary.

SEC. 13. Every bill which shall have passed both houses Bills to be preof the general assembly, shall be presented to the governor. If ernor. he approves, he shall sign and transmit it to the secretary, but if not, he shall return it to the house in which it originated, Vetoes. with his objections, which shall be entered on the journals of the house; who shall proceed to reconsider the bill. If after such reconsideration, that house shall again pass it, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other house, which shall also reconsider it. If approved, it shall become a law. But in such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the members voting for and against the bill, shall be entered on the journals of each house respectively. If the bill shall not be returned by the governor within three days, Sundays excepted, after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it; unless the general assembly, by their adjournment, prevents its return, in which case it shall not be a law.

SEC. 14. The lieutenant-governor shall, by virtue of his Lieutenantoffice, be president of the senate, and have, when in committee president of of the whole, a right to debate, and when the senate is equally divided, to give the casting vote.

Sec. 15. In case of the death, resignation, refusal to serve, Lieutenantor removal from office of the governor, or of his impeachment, exercise powers or absence from the state, the lieutenant-governor shall exercise herovernor, the powers and authority appertaining to the office of governor, until another be chosen at the next periodical election for governor, and be duly qualified; or until the governor impeached or absent, shall be acquitted or return.

senate.

President pro tempore of senate.

Secretary to convene senate, when.

Duties of treasurer.

Duties of secretary.

SEC. 16. When the government shall be administered by the lieutenant-governor, or he shall be unable to attend as president of the senate, the senate shall elect one of their members as president pro tempore. And if during the vacancy of the office of governor, the lieutenant-governor shall die, resign, refuse to serve, or be removed from office, or if he shall be impeached, or absent from the state, the president of the senate pro tempore, shall, in like manner, administer the government, until he be superseded by a governor or lieutenant-governor.

Sec. 17. If the lieutenant-governor shall be required to administer the government, and shall, while in such administration, die or resign during the recess of the general assembly, it shall be the duty of the secretary, for the time being, to convene the senate for the purpose of choosing a president pro tempore.

SEC. 18. The treasurer shall receive all moneys belonging to the state, and disburse the same only as he may be directed by law. He shall pay no warrant or order for the disbursement of public money, until the same has been registered in the office of the comptroller.

SEC. 19. The secretary shall have the safe keeping and custody of the public records and documents, and particularly of the acts, resolutions, and orders of the general assembly, and record the same; and perform all such duties as shall be prescribed by law. He shall be the keeper of the seal of the state,

which shall not be altered. Duties of comptroller.

Sec. 20. The comptroller shall adjust and settle all public accounts and demands, except grants and orders of the general assembly. He shall prescribe the mode of keeping and rendering all public accounts. He shall ex officio be one of the auditors of the accounts of the treasurer. The general assembly may assign to him other duties in relation to his office, and to that of the treasurer, and shall prescribe the manner in which his

duties shall be performed. Sheriffs.

Sec. 21. Sheriffs shall be elected in the several counties quadrennially on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November, as now provided by law, and shall hold office for the term of four years from the first day of June following their election. They shall become bound, with sufficient sureties, to the treasurer of the state, for the faithful discharge of the duties of their office, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law. They shall be removable by the general assembly. In case the sheriff of any county shall die, resign, or shall be removed from office by the general assembly, the governor may fill the vacancy occasioned thereby, until the same shall be filled by the next quadrennial election.

SEC. 22. A statement of all receipts, payments, funds, and statements of debts of the state, shall be published from time to time, in such be published. manner and at such periods as shall be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE FIFTH.

OF THE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT.

peace.

SECTION 1. The judicial power of the state shall be vested Courts. in a supreme court of errors, a superior court, and such inferior courts as the general assembly shall, from time to time, ordain and establish; the powers and jurisdiction of which courts shall be defined by law.

Sec. 2. The justices of the peace for the several towns in Justices of the this state shall be appointed by the electors in such towns; and the time and manner of their election, the number for each town, and the period for which they shall hold their offices, shall be prescribed by law. They shall have such jurisdiction in civil and criminal cases as the general assembly may prescribe.

Sec. 3. The judges of the supreme court of errors and of Appointment of the superior court shall, upon nomination of the governor, be preme and su

perior courts. appointed by the general assembly in such manner as shall by law be prescribed. They shall hold their offices for the term of eight years, but may be removed by impeachment; and the governor shall also remove them on the address of two-thirds of each house of the general assembly. No judge or justice of the peace shall be capable of holding office after he shall arrive at Age limit. the age

of seventy years. Sec. 4. Judges of the courts of common pleas, and of the Appointment of district courts, shall be appointed for terms of four years. terior courts. Judges of the city courts and police courts shall be appointed for terms of two years.

SEC. 5. Judges of probate shall be elected by the electors Judges of proresiding in their respective districts at the general election bate. quadrennially. They shall hold their offices from the Wednesday after the first Monday of the January next succeeding their election, until the Wednesday after the first Monday of the fifth January succeeding their election, and until their successors are qualified.

ARTICLE SIXTI.

OF THE QUALIFICATIONS OF ELECTORS, SECTION 1.

All persons who have been, or shall hereafter, who are electors. previous to the ratification of this constitution, be admitted freemen, according to the existing laws of this state, shall be electors.

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