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on page on page
7. Letter dated July 28, 1948, addressed to A.M.I. Phono-
on page on page
23. Letter dated August 14, 1957, addressed to Mr. Al Cohen,
Local 531 UIŬ, signed by Joseph La Rocco, United In-
26. Minutes of a meeting at Foffe's Restaurant, dated Septem-
35. Certified copy of certificate of incorporation of United Coin
Machine Operators of New York, Inc., dated January 17,
Operators of New York, Inc., letterhead, dated January
38. Labels, vending machines, Local 266, Teamsters, for the
May be found in the files of the select committee.
on page on page
paper for a total of $2, dated May 15, 1958, marked "Paid"
Machine Operators of New York, Inc., and the Auto-
ment Machine Operators of New York, Inc., and the
28, 1950, addressed to "Dear Jay," re: “Our resolutions
‘May be found in the files of the select committee.
INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1958
Washington, D.C. The select committee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to Senate Resolution 221, agreed to January 29, 1958, in the caucus room, Senate Office Building, Senator John L. McClellan, chairman of the select committee, presiding.
Present: Senators John L. McClellan, Democrat, Arkansas, and John F. Kennedy, Democrat, Massachusetts.
Also present: Robert F. Kennedy, chief counsel; Jerome S. Adlerman, assistant chief counsel; Arthur G. Kaplan, assistant counsel; Ruth Y. Watt, chief clerk.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
(Members of the select committee present at the convening of the session were Senators McClellan and Kennedy.)
The CHAIRMAN. Call your first witness.
The CHAIRMAN. Will you be sworn! You do solemnly swear that the evidence you shall give before this Senate select committee shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?
Mr. CAMMARATA. I do.
TESTIMONY OF FRANK CAMMARATA
The CHAIRMAN. The Chair will make this brief statement. This testimony will be related to a subject matter that will be involved in the next series of committee hearings as now planned. This witness would not be available at a later date, and for that reason we are taking his testimony at this time. Further explanation of it will be made possibly at the conclusion of his testimony,
State your name, your place of residence, and your business or occupation, please, sir.
Mr. CAMMARATA. I refuse to answer on the ground
The CHAIRMAN. Will you pull the microphone in front of you, please? It is difficult to hear.
Mr. CAMMARATA. I refuse to answer on the ground I might incriminate myself.
The CHAIRMAN. What is your name?
The CHAIRMAN. Thank you. Where do you live?
The CHAIRMAN. You are ordered and directed to answer the question. Where do you live?
Mr. CAMMARATA. I refuse to answer.
The CHAIRMAN. Do you wish counsel? Do you desire to have an attorney present to represent you when you testify? Will you speak up? Do you? Again I ask you, do you desire counsel to represent you? Mr. CAMMARATA. I have no counsel.
The CHAIRMAN. That was not the question. Have you undertaken to arrange for counsel since you were notified or subpenaed to be before the committee?
Are you shaking your head, or what are you doing?
The CHAIRMAN. All right. The question is, did you desire counsel, and your answer to that, as I understand, is you refuse to answer on the ground it might tend to incriminate you; is that correct !
Mr. CAMMARATA. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. That is correct, then. All right, the Chair asks you then, have you undertaken to arrange for counsel since you were subpenaed to be before this committee?
Mr. CAMMARATA. I cannot afford to have any counsel.
What is the date of the subpena? Let the subpena served on the witness be placed in the record at this point, with the return thereon.
(The subpena referred to follows:)
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES
To FRANK CAMMARATA, Detroit, Michigan, Greeting:
Pursuant to lawful authority, you are hereby commanded to appear before the Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field of the Senate of the United States, on December 1, 1958, at 10 a.m., at their committee room, 101 Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C., then and there to testify what you may know relative to the subject matters under consideration by said committee.
HEREOF FAIL NOT, as you will answer your default under the pains and penalties in such cases made and provided.
To Edward M. Jones, to serve and return.
GIVEN under my hand, by order of the committee, this 15th day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and fifty-eight.
(Signed) JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Chairman, Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor
or Management Field.
NOVEMBER 24, 1958. I made service of the within subpena by personal service the within-named Frank Cammarata, at 3770 East Jefferson, Detroit, Mich. (Office of the District Director Walter A. Sahli) Immigration and Naturalization Service, at 3 p.m., on the 24th day of November 1958.
(Signed) EDWARD M. JONES.