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Mr. JAVORS. Yes; we did.
Mr. KENNEDY. Who answered the phone?

Mr. JAVORS. Whoever was available in the office. The phone didn't ring very often.

Mr. KENNEDY. After you did not receive the expected insurance business, you dropped out of the operation of the union more and more?

Mr. JAVORS. Well, I wouldn't put it in quite that light, because that might indicate my sole purpose in participating was for the insurance. But as I became more and more active in the insurance business, and certainly due to the fact that I received no income, be it in the form of insurance commissions or salaries from the union, I, of course, devoted less and less time to it.

Mr. KENNEDY. Who was made president originally?
Mr. JAVORS. William Evans.
Mr. KENNEDY. Why was he made president?

Mr. JAVORS. Well, he was instrumental. It was his thought to organize the bank tellers in the city of New York. Of course, very frankly, the name William Evans was a good name, shall we say, for the president of a union.

Mr. KENNEDY. You just thought it was a nice name?
Mr. JAVORS. That is right.

Mr. KENNEDY. You selected the man that was around with the nicest name and he became international president ?

Mr. Javors. That is right.
Mr. KENNEDY. We have an affidavit from him, Mr. Chairman.

The CHAIRMAN. This affidavit may be printed in the record at this point.

Mr. KENNEDY. This is from William Evans. He says that he has been duly sworn and then he says:

I have been asked by Mr. Javors several months ago to appear as a witness before the Labor Board and to testify regarding some case that involves local 12 of the Laundry Workers Union.

Local 12 is part of your International-
Mr. Javors. That is right.

Mr. KENNEDY. And it was the one local that was run by Mr. Amalfitano?

Mr. Javors. That is right. He was the business manager.

(The affidavit referred to follows:) STATE OF NEW YORK, County of Kings:

William Evans, being duly sworn, deposes and says that I am the president of Federated Service Workers' Union. I am making this affidavit at the request of Mr. Sol Javors.

I have been asked by Mr. Javors several months ago to appear as a witness before the Labor Board to testify regarding some case that involves local 12 of the Laundry Workers Union. At that time I told Mr. Javors that I knew nothing about the case and I refused to be bothered. I am a wage earner and am employed and I cannot spend any time testifying in any courts. I refused to accept any summonses to testify and instructed my wife not to accept any such * papers.

I do not know anything about the case that is going on in the Labor Board. I do not know anything at all about the Arrow Linen Laundry. I do not know who owns the Arrow Linen Laundry or even where they are located, I do not know anything about the affairs of local 12, Laundry Workers Union. I do not know anything at all about the membership of local 12 or what shops or how

many shops they have contracts with. I do not know anything about the finances of local 12.

I am not active in the affairs of the Federated Service Workers Union. The last meeting that I attended was in August 1953 at the election of officers. At that time I refused to run again for president but I was promised that if I accepted the office that I would have no active duties to perform. Since I am a working man and have to support my wife and family, I cannot spend any time at meetings or in union work. I have not attended any further meetings of the union although I have received several notices of meetings of the board of trustees of Federated.

I have no actual knowledge as to the granting of the application for a charter for local 12. I do not know who were the people who formed local 12. There is nothing that I can testify to other than I have stated in this affidavit.

I do not receive any salary from the Federated Service Workers Union. All its affairs are conducted by the secretary-treasurer, Mr. Javors, and its meetings are conducted by the vice president, Hexton Harden.

I have come up to the office of Mr. Javors to make this affidavit so that I would not be bothered any more about this Labor Board case or any other case.

WILLIAM Evans. Sworn to before me this 31st day of July 1954.

SOL JAVORS, Notary Public, State of Nero York, No. 41-7077400 Qual. in Queens County. Commission expires March 30, 1956.

Mr. KENNEDY. The same situation existed for the people that followed Mr. Evans, the presidents that followed Mr. Evans? They also just lent their names to it?

Mr. JAVORS. That is correct.

Mr. KENNEDY. There have been approximately 12 local charters issued by this international ?

Mr. JAVORS. I would think that is a fair figure.

Mr. KENNEDY. There is the Bank Employees Union Local 10; and then the Journeymen Barbers Union Local 11. Do you know anything about that

Mr. JAVORS. No. I know that was the first active union to be chartered. Local 10 never became active,

Mr. KENNEDY. Were you personally ever a barber?
Mr. JAVORS. No, I wasn't.
Mr. KENNEDY. Well, you have a statement here. The statement

here says:

We, the undersigned, consisting of more than 10 people employed as journey. men barbers in the city of New York desire to form a union, and do hereby request the issuance of a charter for Journeymen Barbers Union local in the city of New York.

Your name appears on it.
Mr. Javors. I don't recall ever putting my name on it.
Mr. KENNEDY. You weren't a barber at the time?
Mr. JAVORS. I never have been.

The CHAIRMAN. I will ask you to look at your signature and see if you identify it.

(The document was handed to the witness.)

The CHAIRMAN. I have presented to you a document dated August 31, 1950, addressed to William Evans, president, Federated Service Workers Union.

State if you identify your signature on it or if it is not your signature.

Mr. Javors. That definitely is my signature,

The CHAIRMAN. It is your signature! Mr. JAVORS. Yes. The CHAIRMAN. You don't recall it? Mr. JAVORS. I don't recall the circumstances of signing it. I know I have never been a barber.

The CHAIRMAN. You at that time were promoting unionism, obviously

Mr. JAVORS. That is correct.

The CHAIRMAN. You were signing anything to get a charter and promote a union.

Mr. Javors. I don't recall the circumstances either of the signing, or why.

The CHAIRMAN. But you do recall that you are not, and have not, been a barber?

Mr. JAVORS. That is correct.

Mr. KENNEDY. There was the Bank Employees Local 10, Journeymen Barbers Local 11, Laundry Workers Local 12 and 12-A, Restaurant Local 14, Journeymen Barbers, again, local 15, Clerical Workers Union Local 16, Mechanical Workers Union No. 17, and Messengers Local Union No. 512. They really spread themselves around.

Mr. JAVORS. That is right.

The CHAIRMAN. Make the document that I showed the witness exhibit No. 25.

(Document referred to marked "Exhibit No. 25" for reference and may be found in the files of the select committee.)

Mr. KENNEDY. Where would you have your meetings?
Mr. Javors. The meetings for Federated !
Mr. KENNEDY. Yes.

Mr. JAVORS. Well, the original meeting was held at the Labor Lyceum in Brooklyn. Subsequently we had a number of meetings at various restaurants, usually in Brooklyn. We had one meeting, I recall, at the St. George Hotel.

Mr. KENNEDY. You would have them in various restaurants, also ?

Mr. Javors. That is correct. On occasions there would be meetings in my office.

Mr. KENNEDY. This, actually, was just a paper union that handed out charters, was it not, as it turned out?

Mr. Javors. No; I wouldn't put it quite as drastically as that. We were a small, independent union. Apparently, during my being with Federated, the only one of any success was local 12, the Laundry Workers local, and that, to my knowledge, has always functioned smoothly and properly.

Mr. KENNEDY. Do you think this idea of a group of people getting together and, without any office, just getting together and forming an international and granting local charters out as they see fit-do you think that is a proper way to proceed?

Mr. JAVORS. Well, in retrospect, certainly, I would say that if this committee accomplished nothing else but help to enact legislation which would prevent the easy and indiscriminate chartering of locals, I would call the contribution of this committee most worthwhile.

Mr. KENNEDY. That is exactly what was going on here, was it not? As you look back on it, that is. Maybe you did not realize at the time, but as you look back on it it was, in fact, a paper international. All you had, you said, was a phone which, you said, nobody used particularly. The only place you met was in various restaurants around town, and when Mr. Amalfitano had been granted to some local union, you would grant a charter and the people were in business.

Mr. Javors. That would be a pretty accurate description; yes.

The CHAIRMAN. I hand you a document dated September 24, 1957, which purports to be, as I read it, minutes of the meeting held in Foffe's Restaurant. It appears to bear your signature. I ask you to examine it and see if you identify it as purported or what you intended to be minutes of a meeting that you held at that time.

(Document handed to the witness.) Mr. JAVORS. Yes. This is in my handwriting and signed by me.

The CHAIRMAN. In other words, you just happened to meet there, or someone called you, you met at this restaurant, had this meeting and granted a charter

Mr. Javors. No, I wouldn't put it that way.
The CHAIRMAN. How did it happen that you met?
That may be made exhibit No. 26.

(Minutes referred to were marked "Exhibit No. 26" for reference and will be found in the appendix on p. 16935.)

Mr. Javors. Normally the way a charter was issued, the mechanics would be as follows: A letter would be received at the office of Federated requesting a charter. I, then, would send out letters to the members of Federated, the board of trustees, and the officers, suggesting that a meeting be held at a certain place and time for the purpose of discussing whether or not a charter should be issued. That meeting might have taken place at Foffe's Restaurant in this particular case.

The CHAIRMAN. In other words, after you got a request for a charter, you would send out notices or write them and say “Let's meet at a certain place and discuss it" ?

Mr. JAVORS. That is correct.
The CHAIRMAN. That is probably what you did at that time?
Mr. JAVORS. That is correct.
The CHAIRMAN. And you decided to issue the charter?
Mr. JAVORS. Yes.

Mr. KENNEDY. Exhibit 26 is all of the minutes of that meeting, Mr. Chairman.

In June 1957 you granted a charter to local 26, the Restaurant and Cafteria Employees Union.

Mr. JAVORS. Apparently.

Mr. KENNEDY. And that was to a gentleman by the name of Al Gallo who signed the letter requesting that charter?

Mr. JAVORS. I would not recall.
Mr. KENNEDY. Do you know anything about Gallo?
Mr. JAVORS. No.
Mr. KENNEDY. Do you know anything about his two brothers?

Mr. Javors. Never heard of them, met them, or had any dealings whatsoever.

Mr. KENNEDY. Amalfitano suggested these people?
Mr. Javors. I would think so, in view of what has happened.

Mr. KENNEDY. Were you acquainted with Joseph Iovine, who was the uncle of the Gallo's?

Mr. JAVORS. I have never met him. Mr. KENNEDY. He was also an applicant and later became president of that local.

Mr. Javors. I never knew anything of them.

Mr. KENNEDY. When Mr. Profacci was arrested and they went through his address book and cards that he had, one of the cards that he had in his possession was a card from this local.

Here is the letter requesting the charter.

Then a letter dated October 16, 1957, requested a cigarette vending machine employees charter for local 19. Do you remember that?

Mr. JAVORS. Yes: I do. Mr. KENNEDY. Who suggested you grant that charter? Mr. JAVORS, Mr. Amalfitano. Mr. KENNEDY. The letter purports to be from a man by the name of Diagio Latirano and six others. Did you know him?

Mr. JAVORS. No. I knew none of the signatories of that letter. Mr. KENNEDY. Did you know the Gallos being behind that local? Mr. JAVORS. I did not.

Mr. KENNEDY. With the system that you used, of course, anybody, any group, no matter what their backgrounds or records, could get these charters, could they not, relying on Mr. Amalfitano!

Mr. Javors. Well, if Mr. Amalfitano advocated the issuance of such charter, I would say that such charter would have been issued.

Mr. KENNEDY. Å number of those locals that were given charters got into a good deal of difficulty with the law.

Mr. Javors. Well, the only one that I know of, other than possibly local 19, was this local 512, which, as I say, we revoked the charter on prior to their indictment.

Nr. KENNEDY. Mr. Chairman, we have an affidavit from another one of the presidents of this international, bearing on the same subject.

The CHAIRMAN. This affidavit may be printed in the record at this point.

(The affidavit referred to follows:) I, Fr Rabinow, of 1770 Andrea Road, East Meadow, N.Y., give the following voluntary statement to James P. Kelly, who has identified himself as a staff member of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor and Management Field.

I received a telephone call some time in the fall of 1956 from a Sol Javors whom I have known for many years at which time he requested that I do him a favor by assuming the office and title of president of Federated Service Workers Union. The purpose of this appointment was to serve an interim period of about 3 months pending the election of a new president. I was not a member of any local union affiliated with the Federated Service Workers Union or any other labor organization at this time.

Several days later I met with Mr. Javors, a Mr. John Amalfitano and one other unidentified man in Foffe's Restaurant on Montague Street in Brooklyn. During a luncheon I discussed with Mr. Javors and Mr. Amalfitano' that I would only work for approximately 3 months. I consented. During my period as "president" I never signed any letters, visited any office of the Federated or performed any official acts in connection with this union. At no time did I attend any meetings of the union or sign any checks or authorize any disbursements from this union. After approximately 3 months I notified Mr. Amalfitano by telegram c/o Federated Service Workers Union informing him of my resignation as president of this union. Since that time I have never seen Mr. Amalfitano or spoken to him on the telephone.

36751-59- pt. 46--23

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