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I have read the foregoing statement and to the best of my recollection and believe, the facts contained herein are true.
(Signed) FRANK RABINOW. Sworn to before me this 14th day of October 1958.
(Signed) SOL JAVORS, Notary Public, State of New York, No. 30–7077400, Qualified in Nassau
Det. CYRIL T. JORDAN,
No. 1142, C.I.S. Mr. KENNEDY. May we have this made an exhibit, too, Mr. Chairman?
Mr. May can identify it. This is a request to have a local charter granted.
The CHAIRMAN. May I present to you a letter, Mr. May.
You have been previously sworn. I ask you to examine the letter and state if you identify it.
Mr. May. Yes, Senator. This is apparently a request for a charter from a person by the name of Al Gallo. We received this original letter from Mr. Charles Wapner, who was administrator of the welfare fund for Local 12, Federated Service Workers Union.
The CHAIRMAN. The letter may be made exhibit No. 27.
(Document referred to was marked "Exhibit No. 27" for reference and may be found in the files of the select committee.)
Mr. KENNEDY. Did you know anything about the operation of these locals after you granted the charters, Mr. Javors?
Mr. Javors. No, sir.
Mr. KENNEDY. Did you ever look to find out if they had contracts or anything?
Mr. Javors. No. Each local was supposed to function autonomously. The only purpose of the Federated, the international, was to step in should there be any complaints about any improper or illegal functions of any of the locals. So we had nothing whatever to do with the running of each particular local.
Mr. KENNEDY. Mr. Amalfitano actually ran this union, did he not, for all practical purposes?
Mr. JAVORS. Well, if we consider that the only successful local in my opinion was local 12, which Mr. Amalfitano ran, then your statement is certainly an accurate one.
Mr. KENNEDY. I am talking about the operations of the international. This was really Mr. Amalfitano's operation, because you were granting charters at his suggestion.
Mr. Javors. Generally a charter would be granted at his suggestion, yes, and your statement is accurate.
Mr. KENNEDY. For instance, we have found, just from an examination, from looking at the contracts of local 21 of your union with Roeder Auto Body Co., Inc., of Brooklyn, N.Y., an examination of the contract reveals that there is no provision for wages at all, and that many of the other important paragraphs in a contract, important clauses in the contract are left in blank.
Mr. JAVORS. I would know nothing whatever of that. That wasn't my function.
Mr. KENNEDY. You just signed the charters?
Mr. JAVORS. Apparently. The CHAIRMAN. I hand you what purports to be an original letter, handwritten, addressed to you, or addressed to the Federated Services Workers Union, dated October 16, 1957.
I will ask you to examine it and state if you identify it. (Document was handed to the witness.) Mr. JAVORS. Yes. This was the letter received by Federated requesting a charter be granted to what is now local 19.
The CHAIRMAN. To what is now local 19?
(Document referred to was marked "Exhibit No. 28" for reference and may be found in the files of the select committee.)
Mr. KENNEDY. From your personal experiences in this field, do you see that one individual can own an international union and then grant local charters out as the system is at the present time?
Mr. Javors. As the system is at the present time, apparently it can be done. I feel it is improper. I feel that certainly it gives too much responsibility to an individual who might well abuse that responsi
The CHAIRMAN. In other words, we need some legislation to make it impossible for this practice to be engaged in? Mr. Javors. I would be wholeheartedly in favor of such legislation.
The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Javors, I think you are to be commended for coming here and telling the truth about the operation. In retrospect, as you say, you realize now it should not have been handled in that
Mr. JAVORS. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. 'You probably were motivated by a desire to really be helpful to working people. But it clearly demonstrates again and again that the power that is reposed in labor organizations is a power that must be controlled and restricted. Mr. JAVORS. I agree. The CHAIRMAN. Senator Church, do you have any questions? Senator CHURCH. No, Mr. Chairman, I do not have any questions.
It is I join with you in expressing my appreciation to the witness. in this way that we ascertain what would be appropriate in the way of new legislation. Your testimony has been very helpful. Mr. JAVORS. Thank you. The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much. The committee will stand in recess until next Tuesday morning at 10:30 o'clock.
(Members of the select committee present at the taking of the recess were Senators McClellan and Church.)
(Whereupon, at 4 p.m., the committee recessed, to reconvene at 10:30 a.m., Tuesday, February 17, 1959.)
INVESTIGATION OF IMPROPER ACTIVITIES IN THE
LABOR OR MANAGEMENT FIELD
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1959
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D.C. The select committee met at 10:30 a.m., pursuant to Senate Resolution 44, agreed to February 2, 1959, in the caucus room, Senate Office Building, Senator John L. McClellan (chairman of the select committee),
presiding. Present: Senator John L. McClellan, Democrat, Arkansas; Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Democrat, North Carolina; Senator Barry Goldwater, Republican, Arizona; Senator Homer E. Capehart, Republican, Indiana.
Also present: Robert F. Kennedy, chief counsel; John P. Constandy, assistant counsel; Arthur G. Kaplan, assistant counsel; Walter R. May, investigator; Sherman S. Willse, investigator; Walter De Vaughn, investigator; James P. Kelly, investigator; Ruth Y. Watt, chief clerk.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
(Members of the select committee present at time of reconvening: Senators McClellan and Capehart.)
The CHAIRMAN. Call the next witness.
Mr. KENNEDY. Mr. Chairman, the next witness is Mr. Sidney Saul, from Brooklyn, N.Y.
The CHAIRMAN. Come forward, please. Be sworn.
You do solemnly swear the evidence you shall give before this Senate select committee shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?
Mr. Saul. I do.
TESTIMONY OF SIDNEY SAUL The CHAIRMAN. State your name, your place of residence, and your business or occupation.
Mr. Saul. Sidney Saul, Brooklyn, N.Y. I am a salesman.
Mr. KENNEDY. Mr. Chairman, I might say before I begin the questioning of this witness that in this phase of our investigation we have had tremendous help and assistance from the district attorney in Brooklyn, and without that help and assistance we would not have this witness today, nor be able to develop some further facts in connection with him.
During the whole of this investigation into the coin-machine business, they have rendered great assistance to the committee as, of course, the district attorney in Manhattan, Mr. Hogan, as well as the commissioner of police, Mr. Kennedy.
Mr. Saul, you were a partner in a television and appliance business?
Mr. KENNEDY. And the business was not successful and you were looking around for another business; is that right?
Mr. SAUL. Yes; I was.
Mr. KENNEDY. You had a relative, Mr. Sanford Warner, who was head of AAMONY?
Mr. SAUL. Well, he was a relative through marriage.
Mr. KENNEDY. He was head of the amusement game jukebox asso ciation-just the game association ?
Mr. SAUL. Not at that time.
Mr. KENNEDY. And subsequently became head of the game association ?
Mr. Saul. Yes, sir.
Mr. KENNEDY. Did he suggest that you go into this business, the game and jukebox business?
Mr. Saul. Yes, sir. Mr. KENNEDY. And eventually, in March of 1956, you did; is that right? Mr. SAUL. Yes, sir. Mr. KENNEDY. And you obtained a route of some 22 machines? Mr. SAUL. Yes, sir. Mr. KENNEDY. Was that game machines or jukebox machines ? Mr. Saul. Both. Mr. KENNEDY. Did you buy those ? The CHAIRMAN. Did you buy that route? Mr. SAUL. Yes; I did. Mr. KENNEDY. Were you a member of any union then ?
Mr. Saul. I then became a member, automatically became a member, of the union that was associated with the machine operators association.
Mr. KENNEDY. That was local 1690 of the Retail Clerks; is that right? Mr. SAUL. I don't remember the number.
Mr. KENNEDY. When you came into the association, you automatically became a member of this union ?
Mr. Saul. Yes, sir.
Mr. KENNEDY. The record has shown, Mr. Chairman, that is was local 1690.